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Pulmonary emphysema induced by passive smoking: an experimental study in rats

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Pertenece a: SciELO Brasil - Scientific Electronic Library Online  

Descripción: We describe a short time model for inducing experimental emphysema in rats by chronic tobacco smoke inhalation. Three groups of male Wistar rats (6 months old) were studied: controls (N = 8), rats intoxicated for 45 days (s-45, N = 7) or for 90 days (s-90, N = 8). The exposed animals were intoxicated 3 times a day (10 cigarettes per exposure period), 5 days a week. Pulmonary damage was assessed by means of functional tests and quantitative pathological examination of the airways and lung parenchyma. The s-45 and s-90 animals were similar in terms of functional residual capacity (FRC) corrected for body weight (FRC/kg) but both groups of smoking rats exhibited significantly higher FRC/kg values than the controls (s-45 = 6.33; s-90 = 6.46; controls = 3.78; P<0.05). When the two groups of smoking rats were pooled together and compared to controls, they showed decreased lung elastance (1.6 vs 2.19; P = 0.046) and increased mean linear intercept (Lm) (85.14 vs 66.44; P = 0.025). The s-90 animals presented higher inflammation and muscular hypertrophy at the level of the axial bronchus than the controls (P<0.05). When smoking groups were pooled and compared to controls, they presented significantly higher inflammation at the lateral level (P = 0.028), as well as airway secretory hyperplasia (P = 0.024) and smooth muscle hypertrophy (P = 0.005) at the axial level. Due to its simplicity, low cost and short duration, this technique may be a useful model to obtain new information about airspace remodeling due to chronic tobacco consumption

Autor(es): Cendon,S.P. -  Battlehner,C. -  Lorenzi -  Filho,G. -  Dohlnikoff,M. -  Pereira,P.M. -  Conceição,G.M.S. -  Beppu,O.S. -  Saldiva,P.H.N. - 

Id.: 507184

Idioma: English  - 

Versión: 1.0

Estado: Final

Tipo:  text/html - 

Palabras clavepassive smoking - 

Tipo de recurso: journal article  - 

Tipo de Interactividad: Expositivo

Nivel de Interactividad: muy bajo

Audiencia: Estudiante  -  Profesor  -  Autor  - 

Estructura: Atomic

Coste: no

Copyright: sí

Formatos:  text/html - 

Requerimientos técnicos:  Browser: Any - 

Fecha de contribución: 22-may-2005

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