Saturday, October 25, 2014

 

 



Soy un nuevo usuario

Olvidé mi contraseña

Entrada usuarios

Lógica Matemáticas Astronomía y Astrofísica Física Química Ciencias de la Vida
Ciencias de la Tierra y Espacio Ciencias Agrarias Ciencias Médicas Ciencias Tecnológicas Antropología Demografía
Ciencias Económicas Geografía Historia Ciencias Jurídicas y Derecho Lingüística Pedagogía
Ciencia Política Psicología Artes y Letras Sociología Ética Filosofía


Assessing the impact of road safety policy measures at the regional level: modelling approach and application

1) La descarga del recurso depende de la página de origen
2) Para poder descargar el recurso, es necesario ser usuario
    registrado en Universia


  Descargar recurso

Detalles del recurso

Pertenece a: Document Server@UHasselt  

Descripción: Methods estimating road safety effects are an essential prerequisite to scientifically assess the effects of policy measures. Starting from the regional road safety explorer model developed by the Dutch institute SWOV (Reurings and Wijnen, 2008), a computational model for the region of Flanders in Belgium is developed to assess the road safety effects of a set of measures at a regional level. The model consists of five stages: the reference situation, the baseline prognosis, the measure prognosis, the number of saved road safety outcomes and the cost-benefit analysis. The reference situation describes the current exposure (or the degree of participation in traffic) and the current road safety situation (in terms of road injury accidents, fatalities, severely injured and slightly injured persons) in the region. A division into three road types is made: highways, regional roads and local roads. Data about the traffic performance and road accident data are available for each individual municipality in the region for the reference year 2007. Disposing of road safety targets for 2015 on the one hand and a regional road safety action plan (Ministerie van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap, 2007) consisting of a set of measures on the other hand, interest is in evaluating road safety by 2015. In this respect, it is important to take the evolution in key underlying aspects into account. This occurs in the baseline prognosis. In particular, the evolution in kilometres travelled and the collective learning process caused by the growing knowledge of road users, the constant improvement of road safety education, better equipped motor vehicles and roads as well as legislation and enforcement are incorporated in the model. The measure prognosis relates to the situation after applying the measures on particular locations in particular years and estimating the effectiveness of this set of measures on road safety. A road safety measure can be applied at the regional level (thus for all municipalities) or at a local level (for one or a few specific municipalities). The main outputs of the model are the number of saved injury accidents, fatalities, severely injured and slightly injured persons in the region. By expressing both the saved road safety quantities in monetary values and incorporating the costs of the measures, cost-benefit ratios are calculated. This cost-benefit analysis determines whether the applied measures are cost-effective. Through this analysis, policy makers are assisted in selecting target oriented policies that make the most efficient use of resources.In this paper, the different phases of the model are demonstrated. Focus is on the road safety situation in Flanders in the period 2007-2015. The degree to which the postulated targets will be met is determined given that measures with respect to education, infrastructure, target groups, etc. are taken.

Autor(es): ARIEN, Caroline -  HERMANS, Elke -  WETS, Geert -  BRIJS, Tom - 

Id.: 55207277

Idioma: English  - 

Versión: 1.0

Estado: Final

Tipo:  2 -  application/pdf - 

Tipo de recurso: Proceedings Paper  -  Refereed  -  Paper  - 

Tipo de Interactividad: Expositivo

Nivel de Interactividad: muy bajo

Audiencia: Estudiante  -  Profesor  -  Autor  - 

Estructura: Atomic

Coste: no

Copyright: sí

Formatos:  2 -  application/pdf - 

Requerimientos técnicos:  Browser: Any - 

Fecha de contribución: 11-may-2014

Contacto:

Localización:
* Proceedings of the 24th ICTCT Workshop (abstractproceedings)


Otros recursos del mismo autor(es)

  1. Modeling and simulation in transportation engineering
  2. The effect of family climate on risky driving of young novices: The moderating role of attitude and locus of control The aim of the study was to examine the relative importance of young novice drivers??? family climat...
  3. Psychological determinants of motorcycle helmet use among young adults in Cambodia Cambodian accident statistics show that motivating motorcyclists to make proper use of a safety helm...
  4. Geographical Extension of the Activity-based Modeling Framework FEATHERS FEATHERS is an activity-based micro-simulation modeling framework used for transport demand forecast...
  5. A driving simulator study on the effect of transversal rumble strips located nearby dangerous curves under repeated exposure

Otros recursos de la misma colección

  1. A characterization of missingness at random in a generalized shared-parameter joint modeling framework for longitudinal and time-to-event data, and sensitivity analysis We consider a conceptual correspondence between the missing data setting, and joint modeling of long...
  2. Possible morphological substrates in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis in human finger joints In conclusion, we state that curiosity-driven research after normal synovial folds within the PIP-jo...
  3. Advances in mobility theories, methodologies, and applications
  4. Modeling and simulation in transportation engineering
  5. Whole-body cooling does not compromise muscle oxidative capacity in subjects with multiple sclerosis. BACKGROUND: Whole-body cooling improves exercise tolerance in patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS...

Valoración de los usuarios

No hay ninguna valoración para este recurso.Sea el primero en valorar este recurso.
 

Busque un recurso