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Ocean acidification, recognized as a major threat to marine ecosystems, has developed into one of the fastest growing fields of research in marine sciences. Several studies on fish larval stages point to abnormal behaviours, malformations and increased mortality rates as a result of exposure to increased levels of CO2. However, other studies fail to recognize any consequence, suggesting species-specific sensitivity to increased levels of CO2, highlighting the need of further research. In this study we investigated the effects of exposure to elevated pCO2 on behaviour, development, oxidative stress and energy metabolism of sand smelt larvae, Atherina presbyter. Larvae were caught at Arrábida Marine Park (Portugal) and exposed to different pCO2 levels (control: 600 µatm, pH = 8.03; medium: 1000 µatm, pH = 7.85; high: 1800 µatm, pH = 7.64) up to 15 days, after which critical swimming speed (Ucrit), morphometric traits and biochemical biomarkers were determined. Measured biomarkers were related with: 1) oxidative stress-superoxide dismutase and catalase enzyme activities, levels of lipid peroxidation and DNA damage, and levels of superoxide anion production; 2) energy metabolism - total carbohydrate levels, electron transport system activity, lactate dehydrogenase and isocitrate dehydrogenase enzyme activities. Swimming speed was not affected by treatment, but exposure to increasing levels of pCO2 leads to higher energetic costs and morphometric changes, with larger larvae in high pCO2 treatment and smaller larvae in medium pCO2 treatment. The efficient antioxidant response capacity and increase in energetic metabolism only registered at the medium pCO2 treatment may indicate that at higher pCO2 levels the capacity of larvae to restore their internal balance can be impaired. Our findings illustrate the need of using multiple approaches to explore the consequences of future pCO2 levels on organisms.

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PANGAEA - Publishing Network for Geoscientific & Environmental Data  

Autor(es)

Silva, Cátia S E -  Novais, Sara C -  Lemos, Marco F L -  Mendes, Susana -  Oliveira, A P -  Gonçalves, Emanuel J -  Faria, Ana M - 

Id.: 65925596

Idioma: inglés  - 

Versión: 1.0

Estado: Final

Tipo:  text/tab-separated-values, 5835 data points - 

Palabras claveAlkalinity, total -  Alkalinity, total, standard deviation -  Animalia -  Aragonite saturation state -  Behaviour -  Bicarbonate ion -  Body depth -  Calcite saturation state -  Calculated -  Calculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010) -  Carbohydrates, per protein -  Carbon, inorganic, dissolved -  Carbonate ion -  Carbonate system computation flag -  Carbon dioxide -  Catalase, per protein -  Chordata -  Coast and continental shelf -  Containers and aquaria (20 -  1000 L or < 1 m**2) -  DNA damage, per protein -  Electron transport system activity, per protein -  EXP -  Experiment -  Fugacity of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air) -  Growth/Morphology -  Height -  Isocitrate dehydrogenase, activity per mass protein -  Laboratory experiment -  Lactate dehydrogenase, activity per mass protein -  Length -  Lipid peroxidation, per protein -  Nekton -  OA -  ICC -  Ocean Acidification International Coordination Centre -  Other metabolic rates -  Partial pressure of carbon dioxide, standard deviation -  Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air) -  Pelagos -  pH -  pH, standard deviation -  Portinho_da_Arrabida -  Potentiometric -  Potentiometric titration -  Reactive oxygen species, per protein -  Registration number of species -  Salinity -  Salinity, standard deviation -  Single species -  Species -  Speed, swimming -  Superoxide dismutase activity, unit per protein mass -  Temperate -  Temperature, water -  Temperature, water, standard deviation -  Treatment -  Type -  Uniform resource locator/link to reference - 

Cobertura:  LATITUDE: 38.480000 * LONGITUDE: -8.983060 * DATE/TIME START: 2014-07-01T00:00:00 * DATE/TIME END: 2014-07-31T00:00:00 - 

Tipo de recurso: Dataset  - 

Tipo de Interactividad: Expositivo

Nivel de Interactividad: muy bajo

Audiencia: Estudiante  -  Profesor  -  Autor  - 

Estructura: Atomic

Coste: no

Copyright: sí

: CC-BY: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported

Formatos:  text/tab-separated-values, 5835 data points - 

Requerimientos técnicos:  Browser: Any - 

Relación: [IsBasedOn] Supplement to: Silva, Cátia S E; Novais, Sara C; Lemos, Marco F L; Mendes, Susana; Oliveira, A P; Gonçalves, Emanuel J; Faria, Ana M (2016): Effects of ocean acidification on the swimming ability, development and biochemical responses of sand smelt larvae. Science of the Total Environment, 563-564, 89-98, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.091
[References] Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Epitalon, Jean-Marie; Lavigne, Héloise (2015): seacarb: seawater carbonate chemistry with R. R package version 3.0.8. https://cran.r-project.org/package=seacarb

Fecha de contribución: 18-may-2018

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