1) La descarga del recurso depende de la página de origen
2) Para poder descargar el recurso, es necesario ser usuario registrado en Universia


Opción 1: Descargar recurso

Detalles del recurso

Descripción

A variety of academic studies argue that a relationship exists between the structure of an organization and the design of the products that the organization produces. Specifically, products tend to "mirror" the architectures of the organizations in which they are developed. This dynamic occurs because the organization's governance structures, problem solving routines, and communication patterns constrain the space in which it searches for new solutions. Such a relationship is important, given that product architecture has been shown to be an important predictor of product performance, product variety, process flexibility, and even the path of industry evolution. We explore this relationship in the software industry. Our research takes advantage of a natural experiment, in that we observe products that fulfill the same function being developed by very different organizational forms. At one extreme are commercial software firms, in which the organizational participants are tightly coupled, with respect to their goals, structure, and behavior. At the other, are open-source software communities, in which the participants are much more loosely coupled by comparison. The mirroring hypothesis predicts that these different organizational forms will produce products with distinctly different architectures. Specifically, loosely coupled organizations will develop more modular designs than tightly coupled organizations. We test this hypothesis, using a sample of matched-pair products. We find strong evidence to support the mirroring hypothesis. In all of the pairs we examine, the product developed by the loosely coupled organization is significantly more modular than the product from the tightly coupled organization. We measure modularity by capturing the level of coupling between a product's components. The magnitude of the differences is substantial—up to a factor of six, in terms of the potential for a design change in one component to propagate to others. Our results have significant managerial implications, highlighting the impact of organizational design decisions on the technical structure of the artifacts that these organizations subsequently develop.

Pertenece a

Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard  

Autor(es)

Maccormack, Alan D. -  Baldwin, Carliss Young -  Rusnak, John - 

Id.: 70688882

Idioma: inglés (Estados Unidos)  - 

Versión: 1.0

Estado: Final

Palabras clavecommunication - 

Tipo de recurso: Journal Article  - 

Tipo de Interactividad: Expositivo

Nivel de Interactividad: muy bajo

Audiencia: Estudiante  -  Profesor  -  Autor  - 

Estructura: Atomic

Coste: no

Copyright: sí

: open

Requerimientos técnicos:  Browser: Any - 

Relación: [References] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.04.011
[References] Research Policy

Fecha de contribución: 03-dic-2017

Contacto:

Localización:
* MacCormack, Alan, Carliss Baldwin, and John Rusnak. 2012. “Exploring the Duality Between Product and Organizational Architectures: A Test of the ‘mirroring’ Hypothesis.” Research Policy 41 (8) (October): 1309–1324. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2012.04.011.
* 0048-7333

Otros recursos del mismo autor(es)

  1. Visualizing and Measuring Software Portfolio Architecture: A Power Utility Case In this paper, we test a Design Structure Matrix (DSM) based method for visualizing and measuring so...
  2. Designing an Agile Software Portfolio Architecture: The Impact of Coupling on Performance The modern industrial corporation encompasses a myriad of different software applications, each of w...
  3. The mirroring hypothesis: theory, evidence, and exceptions The mirroring hypothesis predicts that organizational ties within a project, firm, or group of firms...
  4. Exploring the Relationship between Architecture Coupling and Software Vulnerabilities: A Google Chrome Case Employing software metrics, such as size and complexity, for predicting defects has been given a lot...
  5. Explaining the Vertical-to-Horizontal Transition in the Computer Industry This paper seeks to explain the technological forces that led to the rise of vertically integrated c...

Otros recursos de la mismacolección

  1. Highly Viscous States Affect the Browning of Atmospheric Organic Particulate Matter Initially transparent organic particulate matter (PM) can become shades of light-absorbing brown via...
  2. It doesn’t hurt to ask: Question-asking increases liking. Conversation is a fundamental human experience, one that is necessary to pursue intrapersonal and in...
  3. Who Gets Hired? The Importance of Competition among Applicants Despite seeming to be an important requirement for hiring, the concept of a slot is absent from virt...
  4. Financing Risk and Innovation We provide a model of investment into new ventures that demonstrates why some places, times, and ind...
  5. Excusing Selfishness in Charitable Giving: The Role of Risk Decisions involving charitable giving often occur under the shadow of risk. A common finding is that...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.