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The results of the study of the bioclimate, biogeography, flora and vegetation of Cabo Verde Islands, after seven years of field works in all inhabited isles are presented in this paper. Tropical hyperdesertic to pluviseasonal, upper infra- to low supratropical and upper ultrahyperarid to upper dry, and occasionaly lower subhumid (short period years), are the bioclimates in these archipelago. Biogeographically they are situated in the Paleotropical Kingdom, Afrotropical Subkingdom, Tropical Saharan Region, and Cabo Verde Province. Eight new species are described: Acacia caboverdeana, Asphodelus mariolousae, Frankenia pseudoericifolia, Hyparrhenia caboverdeana, Lotus chevalieri, Polycarpaea caboverdeana, Suaeda caboverdeana and Tetraena vicentina, and also fifteen new combinations are proposed. In taxonomic phytosociology, five new classis: Cocculo penduli-Sarcostemmetea daltonii, Heteropogonetea contorti, Tetraenetea simplicis, Frankenio pseudoericifoliae-Suaedetea caboverdeanae and Arthrocnemetea franzii; nine new orders: Euphorbio tuckeyanae-Sarcostemmetalia daltonii, Dichrostachyo platycarpae-Acacietalia caboverdeanae, Melinio grandiflorae-Heteropogonetalia contorti, Aristido cardosoi-Tetraenetalia simplicis, Frankenio pseudoericifoliae-Suaedetalia caboverdeanae, Artrocnemetalia franzii, Sesuvietalia sesuvioidis, Kickxietalia elegantis and Euphorbietalia prostrato-hirtae; fourteen new alliances: Asparago squarrosi-Sarcostemmion daltonii, Globulario amygdalifoliae- Periplocion chevalieri, Fico gnaphalocarpae-Acacion caboverdeanae, Phoenicion atlanticae, Tamaricion senegalensis, Heteropogonion melanocarpo-contorti, Aristido cardosoi-Tetraenion simplicis, Polycarpaeo caboverdeanae-Tetraenion waterlotii, Arthrocnemion franzii, Sesuvion sesuvioidis, Adiantion trifidi, Kickxion elegantis, Adiantion incisophilippensis and Trianthemion portulacastri and, finally, fifty two new associations: Cocculo penduli-Sarcostemmetum daltonii, Campylantho spathulati-Sarcostemmetum daltonii, Frankenio caboverdeanae-Asparagetum squarrosi, Aeonio gogonei-Sarcostemmetum daltonii, Echio stenosiphonis-Euphorbietum tuckeyanae, Suaedo caboverdeanae-Asparagetum squarrosii, Tetraeno waterlotii-Sarcostemmetum daltonii, Erysimo caboverdeanae-Periplocetum chevalieri, Echietum vulcanori, Actinopterido radiatae-Sarcostemmetum daltonii, Echio hypertropici-Euphorbietum tuckeyanae, Launaeo thalassicae-Euphorbietum tuckeyanae, Loto latifolii-Artemisietum gogonei, Melanoselino bischoffii-Globularietum amygdalifoliae, Asterisco smithii-Euphorbietum tuckeyanae, Dichrostachyo platycarpae-Acacietum caboverdeanae, Cocculo penduli-Acacietum caboverdeanae, Forsskaoleo procridifoliae-Acacietum caboverdeanae, Cocculo penduli-Ficetum gnaphalocarpae, Forsskaoleo procridifoliae-Ficetum gnaphalocarpae, Dichrostachyo platycarpae-Ficetum sur, Euphorbio tuckeyanae-Ficetum sur, Sideroxyletum marginati, Dracaenetum caboverdeanae, Cocculo penduli-Phoenicetum atlanticae, Cocculo penduli-Tamaricetum senegalensis, Dichanthio foveolati-Heteropogonetum contorti, Heteropogonetum melanocarpi, Bothriochloo bladhii-Enneapogonetum desvauxii, Aristido cardosoi- Tetraenetum simplicis, Asphodelo mariolousae-Aristidetum cardosoi, Sehimatetum ischaemoidis, Polycarpaeo caboverdeanae-Tetraenetum waterlotii, Tetraenetum vicentinae, Sporobolo spicati-Cyperetum crassipedis, Loto brunneri- Pulicarietum diffusae, Arthrocnemetum franzii, Cressetum salinae, Sesuvietum sesuvioidis, Sesuvietum portulacastri, Blutaparonetum vermicularis, Adiantetum trifidi, Hypodematio crenati-Campanuletum bravensis, Kickxietum webbianae, Diplotaxio hirtae-Kickxietum elegantis, Umbilico schmidtii-Cheilanthetum acrosticae, Campanuletum jacobaeae, Campanulo bravensis-Launaetum thalassicae, Adiantetum inciso-philippensis, Trianthemetum portulacastri, Euphorbio hirtae-Boerhavietum repentis and Oldenlandietum corymbosae are proposed and described

Pertenece a

UTL Repository Universidade Técnica de Lisboa   

Autor(es)

Rivas -  Martinez, Salvador -  Lousã, Mário -  Costa, José Carlos -  Duarte, Maria Cristina - 

Id.: 70977765

Idioma: eng  - 

Versión: 1.0

Estado: Final

Palabras claveCabo Verde - 

Tipo de recurso: article  - 

Tipo de Interactividad: Expositivo

Nivel de Interactividad: muy bajo

Audiencia: Estudiante  -  Profesor  -  Autor  - 

Estructura: Atomic

Coste: no

Copyright: sí

: openAccess

Requerimientos técnicos:  Browser: Any - 

Fecha de contribución: 03-mar-2018

Contacto:

Localización:
* Rivas-Martínez, M. Lousã, J.C. Costa & M.C. Duarte. Geobotanical survey of Cabo Verde Islands (West Africa). International Journal of Geobotanical Research, Vol. nº 7. 2017. pp. 1-103S
* 10.5616/ijgr 170001

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