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Severe and persistent haze pollution involving fine particulate matter (PM_(2.5)) concentrations reaching unprecedentedly high levels across many cities in China poses a serious threat to human health. Although mandatory temporary cessation of most urban and surrounding emission sources is an effective, but costly, short-term measure to abate air pollution, development of long-term crisis response measures remains a challenge, especially for curbing severe urban haze events on a regular basis. Here we introduce and evaluate a novel precision air pollution control approach (PAPCA) to mitigate severe urban haze events. The approach involves combining predictions of high PM_(2.5) concentrations, with a hybrid trajectory-receptor model and a comprehensive 3-D atmospheric model, to pinpoint the origins of emissions leading to such events and to optimize emission controls. Results of the PAPCA application to five severe haze episodes in major urban areas in China suggest that this strategy has the potential to significantly mitigate severe urban haze by decreasing PM_(2.5) peak concentrations by more than 60% from above 300 μg m^(−3) to below 100 μg m^(−3), while requiring ~30% to 70% less emission controls as compared to complete emission reductions. The PAPCA strategy has the potential to tackle effectively severe urban haze pollution events with economic efficiency.

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Caltech Authors  

Autor(es)

Yu, Shaocai -  Liu, Pengfei -  Wang, Liqiang -  Wu, Yujie -  Wang, Si -  Liu, Kai -  Zhu, Tong -  Zhang, Yuanhang -  Hu, Min -  Zeng, Liming -  Zhang, Xiaoye -  Cao, Junji -  Alapaty, Kiran -  Wong, David C. -  Pleim, Jon -  Mathur, Rohit -  Rosenfeld, Daniel -  Seinfeld, John H. - 

Id.: 71341711

Versión: 1.0

Estado: Final

Tipo:  application/pdf -  application/pdf - 

Tipo de recurso: Article  -  PeerReviewed  - 

Tipo de Interactividad: Expositivo

Nivel de Interactividad: muy bajo

Audiencia: Estudiante  -  Profesor  -  Autor  - 

Estructura: Atomic

Coste: no

Copyright: sí

Formatos:  application/pdf -  application/pdf - 

Requerimientos técnicos:  Browser: Any - 

Relación: [References] http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180525-101017448
[References] https://authors.library.caltech.edu/86621/

Fecha de contribución: 26-may-2018

Contacto:

Localización:
* Yu, Shaocai and Liu, Pengfei and Wang, Liqiang and Wu, Yujie and Wang, Si and Liu, Kai and Zhu, Tong and Zhang, Yuanhang and Hu, Min and Zeng, Liming and Zhang, Xiaoye and Cao, Junji and Alapaty, Kiran and Wong, David C. and Pleim, Jon and Mathur, Rohit and Rosenfeld, Daniel and Seinfeld, John H. (2018) Mitigation of severe urban haze pollution by a precision air pollution control approach. Scientific Reports, 8 . Art. No. 8151. ISSN 2045-2322. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180525-101017448

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