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CD56+ cells have been recognized as being involved in bridging the innate and acquired immune systems. Herein, we assessed the effect of two major classes of immunostimulatory oligonucleotides (ODNs), PyNTTTTGT and CpG, on CD56+ cells. Incubation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMC) with some of these ODNs led to secretion of significant amounts of interferon gamma (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and granulocyte/monocyte colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), but only if interleukin 2 (IL2) was present. IMT504, the prototype of the PyNTTTTGT ODN class, was the most active. GM-CSF secretion was very efficient when non-CpG ODNs with high T content and PyNTTTTGT motifs lacking CpGs were used. On the other hand, CpG ODNs and IFNα inhibited this GM-CSF secretion. Selective cell type removal from hPBMC indicated that CD56+ cells were responsible for GM-CSF secretion and that plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) regulate this process. In addition, PyNTTTTGT ODNs inhibited the IFNα secretion induced by CpG ODNs in PDCs by interference with the TLR9 signaling pathway. Since IFNα is essential for CD56+ stimulation by CpG ODNs, there is a reciprocal interference of CpG and PyNTTTTGT ODNs when acting on this cell population. This suggests that these synthetic ODNs mimic different natural alarm signals for activation of the immune system.

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Directory of Open Access Journals - Articles  

Autor(es)

Juan M Rodriguez -  José Marchicio -  Mariela López -  Andrea Ziblat -  Fernanda Elias -  Juan Fló -  Ricardo A López -  David Horn -  Jorge Zorzopulos -  Alejandro D Montaner - 

Id.: 65667952

Idioma: EN  - 

Versión: 1.0

Estado: Final

Palabras claveMedicine - 

Tipo de recurso: article  - 

Tipo de Interactividad: Expositivo

Nivel de Interactividad: muy bajo

Audiencia: Estudiante  -  Profesor  -  Autor  - 

Estructura: Atomic

Coste: no

Copyright: sí

: CC BY

Requerimientos técnicos:  Browser: Any - 

Relación: [IsBasedOn] PLoS ONE, Vol 10, Iss 2, p e0117484 (2015)
[References] http://europepmc.org/articles/PMC4338301?pdf=render
[References] https://doaj.org/toc/1932-6203

Fecha de contribución: 16-jun-2016

Contacto:

Localización:
* 10.1371/journal.pone.0117484
* 1932-6203

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