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Stabilized Criegee intermediates react with organic acids in the gas phase and at the air-water interface to form a class of ester hydroperoxides, α-acyloxyalkyl hydroperoxides (αAAHPs). A number of recent studies have proposed the importance of αAAHPs to the formation and growth of secondary organic aerosol (SOA). The chemistry of αAAHPs has not been investigated due to a lack of commercially available chemical standards. In this work, the behavior of αAAHPs in condensed phases is investigated for the first time. Experiments were performed with two synthesized αAAHP species. αAAHPs decomposed rapidly in the aqueous phase, with the rate highly dependent on the solvent, temperature, solution pH, and other compounds present in the solution. The measured 1st-order decomposition rate coefficient varied between 10^(-3) s^(-1) and 10^(-5)s^(-1) under the conditions examined in this work. Elucidation of the reaction mechanism is complicated by byproducts arising from the synthetic procedure, but observations are consistent with a base-catalyzed hydrolysis of αAAHPs. The rapid hydrolysis of αAAHPs observed in this work implies their short lifetimes in ambient cloud and fog waters. Decomposition of αAAHPs likely give rise to smaller peroxides, such as H_2O_2. The loss of αAAHPs is also relevant to filter extraction, which is commonly practiced in laboratory experiments, potentially explaining contradictory results reported in the existing literature.

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Caltech Authors  


Zhao, Ran -  Kenseth, Christopher M. -  Huang, Yuanlong -  Dalleska, Nathan F. -  Kuang, Xiaobi M. -  Chen, Jierou -  Paulson, Suzanne E. -  Seinfeld, John H. - 

Id.: 71326521

Versión: 1.0

Estado: Final

Tipo:  application/pdf - 

Tipo de recurso: Article  -  PeerReviewed  - 

Tipo de Interactividad: Expositivo

Nivel de Interactividad: muy bajo

Audiencia: Estudiante  -  Profesor  -  Autor  - 

Estructura: Atomic

Coste: no

Copyright: sí

Formatos:  application/pdf - 

Requerimientos técnicos:  Browser: Any - 

Relación: [References] http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180521-153616529
[References] https://authors.library.caltech.edu/86526/

Fecha de contribución: 22-may-2018


* Zhao, Ran and Kenseth, Christopher M. and Huang, Yuanlong and Dalleska, Nathan F. and Kuang, Xiaobi M. and Chen, Jierou and Paulson, Suzanne E. and Seinfeld, John H. (2018) Rapid Aqueous-Phase Hydrolysis of Ester Hydroperoxides Arising from Criegee Intermediates and Organic Acids. Journal of Physical Chemistry A . ISSN 1089-5639. (In Press) http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180521-153616529

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