Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (75.894 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

2005-06

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 56

  1. What is Anti-Americanism: Tendency, Prejudice or Ideology?

    O'Connor, Brendan
    Brendon O'Connor is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Politics and Public Policy at Griffith University, Australia. Currently his main area of research is anti-Americanism.

  2. The IMF and Low-Income Countries -- Poverty of Ideas or Ideas on Poverty?

    Plant, Mark
    As Senior Advisor in the Policy Development and Review Department of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Mark Plant is an economist closely engaged in development policies for low income countries. Plant's talk at the Mershon Center encompassed a discussion of the current debate on what needs to be done to fight poverty as well as of how the IMF is involved in this fight.

  3. The Evolution of Iran's Foreign Policy: A Constructivist Analysis

    Moshir Zadeh, Homeira
    Dr. Moshirzadeh presents her research as a Mershon Center Post-Doctoral Fellow. Following the Islamic Revolution of 1979, the foreign policy of Iran changed dramatically from a status quo pro-Western to a revolutionary anti-Western one. This change can be best understood on the basis of a significant identity change that was itself the result of discursive changes and the dominance of the “movement discourse” and the “movement identity” that had emerged in the course of the revolution.

  4. Afghan Ambassador to the United States speaks at Mershon Center

    Jawad, Said Tayeb
    His Excellency Said Tayeb Jawad, appointed as Afghanistan's Ambassador to the United States of America by President Hamid Karzai, presented his credentials to President George W. Bush on December 4, 2003. He addresses the Mershon Center.

  5. Hills and Valleys and States in Southeast Asia, or, Why Civilizations Can't Climb Hills

    Scott, James C.
    James C. Scott is Sterling Professor of Political Science and Anthropology at Yale University. His latest book, Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed , was published in 1998.

  6. Redemption Through Blood: The White Line Terrorist Movement in Mississippi, 1875

    Fellman, Michael
    In contrast with the prevailing narrative, which depicts the destruction of Reconstruction as an elitist and conservative event, Fellman argues that it was a revivalist and terrorist white supremacist popular movement, grounded in political violence, and coupled to evangelical rallying of the white race and systematic denial of any political or public expression of collective black power.

  7. The Problem of Redundancy Problem: Why More Nuclear Security Forces May Produce Less Nuclear Security

    Sagan, Scott
    Much attention has focused since 9/11 on the risk that terrorist organizations might someday steal or purchase nuclear materials or weapons. Most scholars and policy makers assume that increasing the number of security forces at US, Russian, and other nuclear facilities should be part of our policy response to reduce such risks. In contrast, Sagan argues that adding redundancy to the nuclear security system can backfire by creating hidden common-mode failures, producing social shirking, and encouraging over-compensation. Better organizational practices, not more security forces, are the best route toward increased nuclear security in a dangerous world.

  8. Shiite Politics and the Future of Iraq

    Cole, Juan
    Juan R. I. Cole is Professor of Modern Middle East and South Asian History at the History Department of the University of Michigan. He has written extensively about modern Islamic movements in Egypt, the Persian Gulf, and South Asia. His current research focuses on two contemporary phenomena: 1) Shiite Islam in Iraq and Iran and 2) the "jihadi" or "sacred war" strain of Muslim radicalism, including al-Qaeda and the Taliban among other groups. He lectures to the Mershon Center about the future of Iraq.

  9. Constructivism and Political Economy: Blissful Union or Shotgun Wedding?

    Blyth, Mark
    Mark Blyth is a political economist who is at the forefront of studies on the role of ideas and uncertainty in politics. He is particularly interested in the recent turn to ideas and constructivist theory in various fields of political science. In his talk at the Mershon Center , he focused on economics and the subfield of international political economy and explored the possibilities and promises of utilizing a constructivist approach in them.

  10. Empires and International Structure

    Nexon, Daniel; Wright, Thomas
    Dan Nexon, a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Mershon Center, lectures on his working paper "Empires and International Structure," written with Thomas Wright. It attempts to theorize imperial order and then explores Pax Americana within this framework.

  11. Using Event Data to Test a Rational Choice Model of Aerial Hijackings

    LaFree, Gary
    Gary LaFree is a Professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice and a founding member of the Democracy Collaborative at the University of Maryland, College Park. Much of his recent work has dealt with national and international macro-level crime trends.

  12. Anti-Americanism Studies, Past and Future: The Case of Latin America

    McPherson, Alan
    Alan McPherson is a specialist in American and Latin American history whose current research focuses on anti-Americanism and its role in US-Latin American relations. Given the current surge in interest among the American public in understanding anti- American feelings around the world, McPherson delivered a highly relevant and timely lecture at the Mershon Center on this phenomenon and its causes and offered his suggestions how the topic could be more fruitfully approached.

  13. Argumentation and Compromise: Why the Republic of Ireland Selected the Territorial Status Quo Norm

    Kornprobst, Markus
    How do states come to select norms? Kornprobst contends that, given a number of conditions are present, states select norms in three ideal-typical stages: innovative argumentation, persuasive argumentation, and compromise. Kornprobst is a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Mershon Center.

  14. Reina Pennington lectures to the Graduate Workshop on the History of Armed Coercion

    Pennington, Reina
    Reina Pennington (Ph.D., University of South Carolina) is a former Air Force officer and specialist in Soviet aviation; she worked as an intelligence officer in F-4 and F-16 squadrons, as the Aggressor Intelligence Officer at the Air Force Fighter Weapons School, and as an analyst for the Defense Intelligence Agency and Alaskan Air command.

  15. Strained Embrace: The United States and the Arab World in the 1970s

    Yaqub, Salim
    Dr. Salim Yaqub is an assistant professor of history at the University of Chicago. His first book is Containing Arab Nationalism: The Eisenhower Doctrine and the Middle East , which was published by the University of North Carolina Press.

  16. Constructivist Implications of Material Power: Military Engagement and the Political Identity of States, 1972-2000

    Atkinson, Carol
    Carol Atkinson's latest research looks at the role of military exchange programs and military-to-military interaction and how they influence a state's democratic systems and processes. Her work draws, in part, on her own experience as an officer in the U.S. Air Force.

  17. Fear, Interest and Honor: A General Theory of International Relations

    Lebow, Richard Ned
    Richard Ned Lebow's latest research seeks to define a theory of politics situated in a theory of history based on ontological and epistomological factors. His theory stems from the the three parts of classical Greek psyche, comprised of appetite, spirit, and reason. Lebow thinks that strong community, and therefore order, stems from a balanced intersection of all three: strength in reason can restrain whims of appetite and spirit, by suggesting that these psychic needs are best sated by the merits of a strong community balanced by reason. Lebow thinks this leads to order, and that order is lost when there is a loss of control over appetite or spirit.

  18. Fear and Faith: Religion as an International Security Issue

    Wæver, Ole; Waever, Ole
    Since Sept. 11, it has become fashionable to talk of a “clash of civilizations” between the West and Islam. The world may now be standing on the brink of a long conflict, perhaps a new “cold war” that features small-scale, but spectacular violence. Ole Waever argues that there is a real danger that the West will once again see only what is wrong with the “other,” and will be unable to discern the overall nature and pattern of the conflict. In order to engage in constructive dialogue, he said, it is crucial that we make an effort to understand what drives the clash in the international arena and...

  19. Political Mobilization in the Absence of a State: Islamism, Nationalism and Sectarianism in Iraq

    Dodge, Toby
    Iraq is the first autocratic and Muslim-majority country that the United States has attempted to democratize since Sept. 11. Regime change in Iraq was part of the broader U.S. project to plant democracy in the Middle East, albeit with force and from without, in hopes that this would eradicate terrorism and create an impetus for positive change in the broader region. Unfortunately, said Toby Dodge, lecturer in the Department of Politics at Queen Mary University in London, this project has clearly failed, both in its implementation and the realization of its goals.

  20. Iranian Aspirations and American Options: A Tale of Two Cities

    Yaphe, Judtih
    Name two conservative world leaders who champion family values and hate liberal relativism. One is U.S. President George W. Bush, according to Judith Yaphe, distinguished research professor at the Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, in Washington D.C. But the other might surprise you: Mahmood Ahmadinejad of Iran. Yaphe, who specializes in the Middle East, discussed the differences and surprising similarities between the outlooks of Bush and Ahmadinejad during her talk.

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