Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (75.275 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

2003-04

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 69

  1. State Responses to the Collapse of Civil Order: an Italian Example

    Davis, Robert
    After 1560, the Papal States in central Italy were engulfed in an upsurge of urban and rural violence tied to a sharp increase in clan warfare, lethal new weaponry, and general rebellion against centralizing authority. By the late 1570s, the rule of law had largely disappeared from much of the Papal territories. This paper examines the (often unsuccessful) responses attempted by a succession of popes, applied with increasing ferocity against their subjects. In the process, it also explores the contrasting nature of state and private violence, both in a pre-modern and a present-day context, and traces the roots of some of the more extreme methods of repression that...

  2. The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Threats to Security and Nation-Building in Afghanistan

    Perkins, Doug
    An Army reservist, Mr. Perkins was mobilized from November 2001 - November 2003 to work as an analyst on the Afghan Crisis Team at the National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC) in Charlottesville, VA. During this time, he gave regular briefings and published several assessments on the various ground forces in Afghanistan. The last two months of his mobilization was spent as NGIC's liaison officer to U.S. forces in Afghanistan. He received the Meritorious Service Medal and the Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal for his efforts. He currently serves as a civilian defense economist at the National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC).

  3. New Boundaries for the World: The Postwar Visions of Eight World War II Leaders

    Weinberg, Gerhard
    Gerhard Weinberg, a historian well known for his work on World War II discussed his work on the post-war visions of Allied and Axis leaders. He emphasized that there were serious disagreements between these leaders about most things during the war, and a post-war vision was no exceptions.

  4. Essence of Victory: Winning and Losing International Crises

    Tierney, Dominic
    Perceptions of victory and defeat in international crises, regardless of the reality, can make or break political careers, destroy or solidify alliances, and produce a distribution of praise and blame that endures long into the future. On the face of it, evaluating the winning and losing states in crises often seems a straightforward question – winning results from achieving one's aims and gaining tangible benefits in the final settlement or outcome. This talk will argue, however, that people's beliefs about which country has won or lost can be influenced as much by perceptions and misperceptions of the crisis, as they are by the actual reality of the final outcome. The talk,...

  5. The War on Terrorism: Are We Safer Today?

    Beers, Rand
    A look at Afghanistan, Iraq, WMD terrorism, the UN and international coalitions, the US approach to the Islamic World, and Homeland Security and Civil Liberties.

  6. Virtue Ethics and Social Psychology

    Annas, Julia
    Recently some philosophers have claimed that work in social psychology undermines virtue ethics by showing that it rests on a false conception of our moral psychology. I argue that these attacks misconceive what virtue is, and that a more accurate understanding of virtue shows that the philosophers' attacks fail and that virtue ethics can welcome the psychologists' findings.

  7. Americans and Homeland Security

    Gilmore, James
    Event webpage, photo

  8. Al Qaeda and Political Terrorism in Southeast Asia

    Thayer, Carlyle
    This presentation critically examines three approaches to the study of political terrorism in Southeast Asia: international terrorism studies, regional security studies, and country studies. International terrorism specialists place al Qaeda at the center of analysis. Regional security analysts have uncritically accepted this al Qaeda-centric paradigm. Country specialists initially denied there was an international dimension to terrorism, particularly in the case of Indonesia. Recent research by Indonesianists indicates the saliency of local over international factors in explaining political terrorism in Southeast Asia.

  9. Opportunistic Policy Cycles: A Test in a New Democracy Setting

    Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina
    Dr. Zhuravskaya received her Ph.D in Economics from Harvard and is the Director of Research at the Center for Economic and Financial Research in Moscow. She is currently a member of the Institute for Advanced Studies at Princeton.

  10. George Lowther Steer: Reporting the Bombing of Guernica in 1937

    Rankin, Nick
    Nicholas Rankin is a prize-winning British broadcaster and the author of two critically acclaimed books: Dead Man's Chest: Travels after Robert Louis Stevenson (Faber, 1987) and Telegram from Guernica: The Extraordinary Life of George Lowther Steer, War Correspondent (Faber, 2003). Nick spent his childhood in Kenya, was educated in England and then worked and travelled in the "southern cone" of South America, and lived in Barcelona, Spain during the transition from Francoism to democracy. He has been a member of the National Union of Journalists in the UK for over twenty years. He works for BBC World Service making radio programmes on a wide variety of subjects. Among the notable feature series...

  11. Partners Apart? The Foreign Policy Attitudes of The American and European Publics

    Isernia, Pierangelo
    Pierangelo Isernia (Ph.D., University of Padua) is Professor of International Relations in the Department of History, Law, Political and Social Science at the University of Siena. His primary research focuses on public opinion and foreign policy, Europeanization and domestic policy and the role of national identity and the use of force. He is the author of numerous books, including Public Opinion and the International Use of Force (Routledge, 2001), and numerous articles.

  12. POWER CYCLE THEORY IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, MANAGEMENT, AND FINANCE: ABSOLUTE CHANGE AND THE NON-LINEARITIES OF COMPETITION

    Doran, Charles
    What matters in the structural dynamics of any political or economic system is the contradiction between absolute and relative trends. The “single dynamic” of power and role, of state and system (or firm and industry), encodes the “perspective of statecraft” (of strategic planning and implementation) in the trends and shifting trends of relative share. These “tides of history” shift counter-intuitively, creating enormous uncertainty, inverting future expectations about role and security (the trend of future profits), disrupting the normal stability of statecraft. These critical points (structural shifts) on the power cycle are causally related to alliance behavior and to the most massive wars in history. Complementarity and competitiveness lead to productive...

  13. Evaluating IR’s Crystal Balls: How Predictions of the Future Have Withstood Fourteen Years of Unipolarity

    Fettweis, Christopher
    The fall of the Berlin Wall inspired a variety of scholars to speculate about why the Cold War came to such an abrupt and shocking end, why no school of thought anticipated its demise, and what the event meant for international relations theory. A set of articles simultaneously emerged purporting to identify the most salient aspects of the new system, structural and otherwise, and to anticipate the direction in which it was heading. This paper begins a re-examination of some of those predictions, using the evidence that has accumulated over the decade and a half since the collapse of bipolarity to evaluate how early visions of the post-Cold...

  14. Chechnya Diary: A War Correspondent’s Story of Surviving the War in Chechnya

    Goltz, Thomas
    A self-styled “Post-Sovietologist,” Goltz has been writing and speaking about the former Soviet Union since its collapse in 1991. His articles have appeared in publications as diverse as the Washington Post, New York Times, Business Week, The Nation, and Soldier of Fortune. He has also produced short films that have aired on the BBC, PBS and Turkish and Russian NTV stations, while his book on Azerbaijan (M.E. Sharpe, 1998) is regarded as obligatory reading for students of the region. His most recent publication, Chechnya Diary (St. Martin's Press, 2003) will be a central part of his presentation. Of the book, the author John le Carre (David Cornwell) has written: "Russia's murderous and...

  15. Conflict on the Korean Peninsula? An Analysis of Inter-Korean Relations

    Yoo, Ho Yeol
    Ho Yeol Yoo is a visiting scholar this year at the Mershon Center. He is currently a professor of Political Science at Korea University. After receiving his Ph.D from Ohio State, he worked for several years at the Korea Institute for National Unification (KINU), where he worked extensively on the relationship between North and South Korea.

  16. The New Diplomacy: Propaganda and U.S. Foreign Relations in the Early 20th Century

    Osgood, Kenneth
    Every major foreign office in the world ... is doing things today which it would have considered startling, if not improper, even ten years ago," an American official observed in the mid-20th century. He was speaking about propaganda, and about the increasingly commonplace act of meddling in the internal affairs of other countries. When he spoke, propaganda had already become an established fact of international relations. Gradually over the first half of the 20th century, the ancient art of diplomacy was transformed by the ongoing communications revolution. Foreign policy experts increasingly acknowledged that negotiations needed to take place on two levels: the diplomatic level between governments and the popular...

  17. Law, Politics, and Justice in Zimbabwe: Recognizing War Contributions

    Kriger, Norma
    Norma Kriger (Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology) is a visiting scholar this year at the Mershon Center. Her research on Zimbabwe reflects her interests in revolutionary war mobilization and post-war reconstruction. She is the author of Zimbabwe’s Guerrilla War: Peasant Voices and Guerrilla Veterans: Symbolic and Violent Politics in Zimbabwe, 1980-1987, as well as numerous articles that have appeared in such publications as African Studies Quarterly and Review of African Political Economy. Prior to coming to Ohio State, Kriger was a visiting fellow at Princeton University’s Center for International Studies, a Peace Fellow at the U.S. Institute of Peace, and was on the faculty of Johns Hopkins University. She has been the recipient of...

  18. A European View of the Iraq Imbroglio

    Stabreit, Immo
    Dr. Immo Stabreit was born on 24 January 1933 in Rathenow/Havel in Germany. He grew up in Berlin and in 1951 he joined the junior class at Princeton College, where he majored in history as well as French and Spanish. He graduated (B.A. high honours) in 1953. This was followed by legal studies at the Free University of Berlin from 1953 to 1957, simultaneously working as a language teacher at the U.S. Army Education Center in Berlin. During the period from 1957 to 1962 he underwent legal training as a junior attorney while, at the same time, continuing his legal studies at Heidelberg University. In 1962 he passed the state examination,...

  19. NATO, The Kosovo War and Neoliberal Theory

    Kay, Sean
    Dr. Sean Kay is an Associate Professor in the Department of Politics and Government at Ohio Wesleyan University. He specializes in U.S. foreign and national security policy, international security, and international organizations. He is also the Chair of the International Studies Program. Sean Kay is a Non-Resident Fellow, at the Eisenhower Institute in Washington, D.C. specializing in international security.

  20. How Friendships Form

    Sacerdote, Bruce
    Bruce Sacerdote and a former student designed a system that tracked email transmissions among students at Dartmouth College, to determine the effect of location on relationships: in this case, he was specifically interested in finding out how a student’s freshman year dormitory assignment impacted their friendship during their years at Dartmouth. His research informs other research that looks at the importance of peer groups and behavior, which argues that location is very important. He said that email transmissions are a highly effective way to study friendships, because his data indicates that students email one another more often when they are frequently...

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