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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (80.287 recursos)
Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.
Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.
Brett Kubicek (PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology) is a Post-Doctoral Fellow in Political Science whose inter-disciplinary research draws on a wide variety of sub-fields, including comparative politics, leadership studies, empirical political theory, political psychology and qualitative methods. His dissertation, Political Creativity, examined ways in which individuals achieve large-scale political change, with a special focus on how they approach long-term projects that go against prevailing conditions and conventional ideas. Kubicek’s work designs tools that analyze both the nature and interaction of social forces and individual traits. He uses projects for change as a basis for building these analytical tools, which are designed to be applicable to diverse historical,...
The state,writes Douglass North, trades a group of services, which we shall call protection and justice, for revenue. This paper explores the possibility that an efficient trade may not be possible, while providing an explanation for variation in the degree to which such protection is provided. At issue is the fact that the revenues which in principle could justify the ex ante provision of protection are typically collected ex post. Protection having been provided, firms may therefore have an incentive to hide revenues from the state, while differing in their ability to do so. Thus, the state will typically favor economic activity which is more taxable,a proposition supported...
Event webpage, streaming audio
Payind, Alam; Herrmann, Richard; Mills, Margaret; Quigley, John
Randall L. Schweller (Ph.D., Columbia, 1993), associate professor in the Department of Political Science at The Ohio State University. Schweller’s research focuses on theories of world politics, international security, and strategic studies. He is the author of Deadly Imbalances: Tripolarity and Hitler’s Strategy of World Conquest (Columbia University Press, 1998), as well as many articles in journals such as World Politics, International Studies Quarterly, International Security, American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, Review of International Studies, and Security Studies. He is currently a member of the editorial board of the journal International Security (Belfer Center of Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government at...
Schrodt, Philip; Gerner, Deborah
Philip A. Schrodt (Ph.D., Indiana University) is Professor of Political Science at the University of Kansas. He previously taught at Northwestern University, where he helped develop Northwestern’s programs on Mathematical Methods in the Social Sciences and the multidisciplinary program in international studies, at the Naval Postgraduate School, the American University in Cairo, the University of California at Davis, Bir Zeit University in the West Bank, and spent a year at the University of Lancaster (England) on a NATO Postdoctoral fellowship. Schrodt’s major areas of research are formal models of political behavior, with an emphasis on international politics, and political methodology. His current research focuses on predicting political change using...
The paper considers whether concepts of citizenship can be translated from the national to the international plane, and argues that the moral positions of individuals, governments, and States are different. It considers the role of law in relation to citizenship, arguing that the law imposes some duties upon citizens, allows some freedom for moral choice and moral initiative, and provides a conceptual framework that supports some but not all patterns of moral responsibility. It then explains the extent to which international law imposes duties upon individuals, governments and States. Finally, it considers the extent to which the current structure of international law is capable of supporting a development...
Scanlon, T. M.
T.M. Scanlon is Alford Professor of Natural Religion, Moral Philosophy, and Civil Polity at Harvard University. He has written widely on moral theory and is author of numerous books, including The Difficulty of Tolerance: Essays in Political Philosophy, What We Owe to Each Other, and A Theory of Justice. He has also published numerous book chapters and journal articles that have appeared in such publications as Ethics, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, and the Journal of Philosophy.
Mueller, John; Schweller, Randy; O’Connell, Mary Ellen; Stewart, Todd; Herrmann, Richard
Fein, Seth; Yudice, George
Seth Fein is Assistant Professor of Historyat Yale. Among his publications are “Myths of Cultural Imperialism and Nationalism in Golden Age Mexican Cinema,” in Gilbert M. Joseph, ed., Fragments of a Golden Age: The Politics of Culture in Mexico, 1940-2000 (Duke University Press, 2001) and “Transcultured Anticommunism: Cold War Hollywood in Postwar Mexico,” in Chon A. Noriega, ed., Visible Nations: Latin American Cinema and Video (University of Minnesota Press, 2000). He is completing a book, Transnational Projections: The United States in the Golden Age of Mexican Cinema, that explores international culture, communication, and political economy between these neighboring states from c.1930 to 1960. In 2000-2001 he...
Young, Iris Marion
Iris Marion Young is Professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago. She is affiliated with the Gender Studies Center and the Human Rights program. Her research interests are in contemporary political theory, feminist social theory, and normative analysis of public policy. Her books include Justice and the Politics of Difference (Princeton University Press, 1990), Throwing Like a Girl and Other Essays in Feminist Philosophy and Social Theory (Indiana University Press, 1990), Intersecting Voices: Dilemmas of Gender, Political Philosophy, and Policy (Princeton University Press, 1997), and Inclusion and Democracy (Oxford University Press, 2000). Her writings have been translated into several languages, including German, Italian, Spanish, and...
An excerpt from Richard J. Samuels, Machiavelli’s Children: Leaders and their Legacies in Italy and Japan, Cornell University Press 2003, p. 2: In this book, I conceive of leaders as political actors who have a greater range of assets than others in the community for “stretching” the constraints of geography and natural resources, institutional legacies and international location. This book uses dozens of episodes from Italian and Japanese history to show what difference individuals can make…. Here we can show how even under the same constraints, different leaders can choose—and choose differently. Some use history, or invent a usable history. Others create alliances where none ought to have...
Itzhak Galnoor is the Herbert Samuel Professor of Political Science at Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Professor Galnoor has served on the Executive Committee of the International Political Science Association. He wrote The Partition of Palestine: Decision Crossroads in the Zionist Movement and edited Advances in Political Science, published by Cambridge University Press and part of the IPSA book series. He has been a Visiting Professor at McGill University, (Canada), Nanzan University, (Japan), University of Arhus, (Denmark), Oxford University, (UK) and University of California (Berkeley, USA). From 1994-96, he served as Head of the Civil Service Commission. Professor Galnoor has served on Israel Science Foundation’s Executive Committee since 2001 and on...
Joseph Stiglitz won the 2001 Nobel Prize in Economics (with George Akerlof and A. Michael Spence) for their work on the impact of asymmetrical information of market systems. Stiglitz has authored numerous books, including his most recent, The Roaring Nineties and Towards a New Paradigm in Monetary Economics. Other works include Globalization and Its Discontents, Peasants versus City Dwellers: Taxation and the Burden of Economic Development, and New Ideas About Old Age Security; Toward Sustainable Pension Systems in the 21st Century. Stiglitz is currently Professor of Economics and Finance at the Columbia University Graduate School of Business. He was previously on the faculties of...
Theoretical arguments for why “it takes a Nixon to go to China” emphasize either the superior credibility that hawks have in advocating peace or the superior political benefits they enjoy in doing so. This paper looks for evidence of these effects in the canonical case: that of U.S. rapprochement with China in the early 1970s. I use counterfactual simulations on data from the 1968 National Election Study to explore the political effects of a proposal to open relations with China, focusing on whether and how those effects would depend on who made the proposal: Richard Nixon or Hubert Humphrey. I find evidence of both the credibility and electoral security effects...
Margaret Mills (Ph.D., Harvard), Professor of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures, recently returned from a research trip to Afghanistan. In her talk, she will describe her experiences there during the month of August and compare them to her previous trips: she has been studying that country since 1974 and witnessed its many historical and cultural changes. Mills came to OSU in 1998 from the University of Pennsylvania, where she was Chair of the Department of Folkore and Folklife. She is widely regarded as a leading specialist in the popular culture of the Persian and Farsi-speaking world. Her book, Rhetorics and Politics in Afghan Traditional Storytelling, won the 1993 Chicago Folklore Prize...
Fred Greenstein has contributed significantly to public understanding and discourse through his scholarly investigations of the American presidency. He has authored over eighty articles and seventeen books, including The Hidden-Hand Presidency: Eisenhower as Leader. Greenstein is widely recognized for his work in political psychology and the presidency, and has pioneered in the methodology and theory of presidency studies. Greenstein is Professor Emeritus of Political Science and Director of the Research Program in Leadership Studies at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University.
Michael Hurley, a career CIA officer, has twenty-one years in that organization. He served on the 9/11 Commission's staff as a senior counsel and director of the counterterrorism policy investigation. In the course of the investigation into the September 11 attacks on the United States, the team he headed interviewed more than 150 officials and reviewed hundreds of thousands of pages of sensitive documents. His team took the lead in organizing the March 2003 public hearings of highest-level officials of the Clinton and Bush administrations, and the early April public hearing of Dr. Condoleezza Rice, President Bush's national security advisor. His team drafted substantial portions of the policy chapters of the...
Philip Tetlock (Ph.D., Yale) is currently the Mitchell Professor of Leadership at the University of California , Berkeley's Haas School of Business. Prior to that, he was the Harold E. Burtt Professor of Psychology & Political Science at Ohio State University . Tetlock's current research interests include learning from experiences, designing accountability systems and de-biasing judgment and choice.
The British navy in the age of Nelson cultivated an ethic of destruction that has rarely been seen in warfare at sea (when Nelson chided his ship's carpenter, after his great victory at Copenhagen, for failing to make the captured ships seaworthy, the carpenter boldly replied: “Your Lordship is so much better at smashing ships than I am at repairing them.”) What were the origins of “the Nelson touch”? Was it the influence of one man, of a social class, or of exposure to the constant carnage of warfare afloat?