Surface Impedance Characterization for Mutual Coupling Calculation of Patches on a Dielectric-Coated PEC Circular Cylinder - García Aguilar, Andrés; Sipus, Zvonimir; Sierra Pérez, Manuel
A novel formulation for the surface impedance characterization is introduced for the canonical problem of surface fields on a perfect electric conductor (PEC) circular cylinder with a dielectric coating due to a electric current source using the Uniform Theory of Diffraction (UTD) with an Impedance Boundary Condition (IBC). The approach is based on a TE/TM assumption of the surface fields from the original problem. Where this surface impedance fails, an optimization is performed to minimize the error in the SD Green?s function between the original problem and the equivalent one with the IBC. This asymptotic method, accurate for large separations...
Surface Impedance Characterization for UTD Based Solution with IBC for Surface Fields on a Dielectric-Coated PEC Circular Cylinder - García Aguilar, Andrés; Sipus, Zvonimir; Sierra Pérez, Manuel
A novel formulation for the surface impedance characterization is introduced for the canonical problem of surface fields on a perfect electric conductor (PEC) circular cylinder with a dielectric coating due to a electric current source using the Uniform Theory of Diffraction (UTD) with an Impedance Boundary Condition (IBC). The approach is based on a TE/TM assumption of the surface fields from the original problem. Where this surface impedance fails, an optimization is performed to minimize the error in the SD Green?s function between the original problem and the equivalent one with the IBC. This new approach requires small changes in...
BatNet: a 6LoWPAN-based sensors and actuators network - Campo Jimenez, G.; Montoya Marina, Eduardo; Martin Perandones, Jorge; Gómez Gil de San Vicente, Igor; Santamaria Galdon, Maria Asuncion
Improving energy efficiency in buildings is one of the goals of the Smart City initiatives and a challenge for the European Union. This paper presents a 6LoWPAN wireless transducer network (BatNet) as part of an open energy management system. This network has been designed to operate in buildings, to collect environmental information (temperature, humidity, illumination and presence) and electrical consumption in real time (voltage, current and power factor). The system has been implemented and tested in the Energy Efficiency Research Facility at CeDInt-UPM.
Open multi-technology building energy management system - Caffarel Rodriguez, Jaime; Campo Jimenez, G.; Martin Perandones, Jorge; Gómez Otero, César; Martinez García, Rocío; Santamaria Galdon, Maria Asuncion
Energy Efficiency is one of the goals of the Smart Building initiatives. This paper presents an Open Energy Management System which consists of an ontology-based multi-technology platform and a wireless transducer network using 6LoWPAN communication technology. The system allows the integration of several building automation protocols and eases the development of different kind of services to make use of them. The system has been implemented and tested in the Energy Efficiency Research Facility at CeDInt-UPM.
Atlas-free Brain Tissue Segmentation Using a Single T1-weighted MRI Acquisition - Kober, Tobias; Roche, Alexis; Esteban Sanz-Dranguet, Oscar; Gorthi, Subrahmanyam; Rives, Delphine; Bach-Cuadra, Meritxell; Meuli, Reto; Krueger, Gunnar
Many studies investigating the aging brain or disease-induced brain alterations rely on accurate and reproducible brain tissue segmentation. Being a preliminary processing step prior to the segmentation, reliableskull-stripping the removal ofnon-brain tissue is also crucial for all later image assessment. Typically, segmentation algorithms rely on an atlas i.e. pre-segmented template data. Brain morphology, however, differs considerably depending on age, sex and race. In addition, diseased brains may deviate significantly from the atlas information typically gained from healthy volunteers. The imposed prior atlas information can thus lead to degradation of segmentation results. The recently introduced MP2RAGE sequence provides a bias-free T1...
Estructura electrónica de fotocatalizadores compuestos ZnO-TiO2 - Conesa, Jose Carlos
Recientes publicaciones han mostrado propiedades fotocatalíticas interesantes en sistemas basados en TiO2 y ZnO. En unos casos hay presentes fases de ambos óxidos binarios en íntimo contacto  y en otros se tienen óxidos mixtos (titanatos de Zn) de distintas estequiometrías ; estos últimos, además, se han podido dopar con nitrógeno para obtener actividad con luz visible . Las características electrónicas relevantes de estos sistemas (posición relativa de los niveles de ambas fases en el primero, estructura de bandas para los titanatos con o sin N) se conocen muy poco. Aquí se realiza un estudio teórico cuántico de estos materiales,...
Study of the Electrical Behavior in Intermediate Band-Si Junctions - Pastor Pastor, David; Olea Ariza, Javier; Prado Millán, Alvaro del; García Hemme, Eric; García Hernansanz, Rodrigo; González Pariente, L.; Mártil de la Plaza, Ignacio; González Díaz, Germán
In this study we analyze the electrical behavior of a junction formed by an ultraheavily Ti implanted Si layer processed by a Pulsed Laser Melting (PLM) and the non implanted Si substrate. This electrical behavior exhibits an electrical decoupling effect in this bilayer that we have associated to an Intermediate Band (IB) formation in the Ti supersaturated Si layer. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToFSIMS) measurements show a Ti depth profile with concentrations well above the theoretical limit required to the IB formation. Sheet resistance and Hall mobility measurements in the van der Pauw configuration of these bilayers exhibit a...
Effect of concentration on the performance of quantum dot intermediate-band solar cells - Okada, Y.; Yoshida, Katsuhisa; Shoji, Y.; Ogura , A.; García-Linares Fontes, Pablo; Martí Vega, Antonio; Luque López, Antonio
Implementation of a high-efficiency quantum dot intermediate-band solar cell (QD-IBSC) must accompany a sufficient photocurrent generation via IB states. The demonstration of a QD-IBSC is presently undergoing two stages. The first is to develop a technology to fabricate high-density QD stacks or a superlattice of low defect density placed within the active region of a p-i-n SC, and the second is to realize half-filled IB states to maximize the photocurrent generation by two-step absorption of sub-bandgap photons. For this, we have investigated the effect of light concentration on the characteristics of QDSCs comprised of multi-layer stacks of self-organized InAs/GaNAs QDs...
NGCPV: A new generation of concentrator photovoltaic cells, modules and systems - Cristóbal López, Ana Belén; Martí Vega, Antonio; Sala Pano, Gabriel; Bett, Andreas W.; Ekins-Daukes, Ned; Roca, Franco; Luque Heredia, Ignacio; Warmuth, Werner; Merten, Jens; Okada, Y.; Hishikawa, Y.; Takamoto, Tatsuya; Araki, Kenji; Fukuyama, A.; Kuze, N.; Kita, T.; Kotagiri, Akira; Yamaguchi, M.; Luque López, Antonio
This work introduces the lines of research that the NGCPV project is pursuing and some of the first results obtained. Sponsored by the European Commission under the 7th Framework Program and NEDO (Japan) within the first collaborative call launched by both Bodies in the field of energy, NGCPV project aims at approaching the cost of the photovoltaic kWh to competitive prices in the framework of high concentration photovoltaics (CPV) by exploring the development and assessment of concentrator photovoltaic solar cells and modules, novel materials and new solar cell structures as well as methods and procedures to standardize measurement technology for...
Nano-imprinted rear-side diffraction gratings for absorption enhancement in solar cells - Mellor Null, Alexander Virgil; Hauser, Hubert; Guttowski, Aron; Wellens, Christine; Bläsi, Benedikt; Tobías Galicia, Ignacio; Martí Vega, Antonio; Luque López, Antonio
As wafer-based solar cells become thinner, light-trapping textures for absorption enhancement will gain in importance. In this work, crystalline silicon wafers were textured with wavelength-scale diffraction grating surface textures by nanoimprint lithography using interference lithography as a mastering technology. This technique allows fine-tailored nanostructures to be realized on large areas with high throughput. Solar cell precursors were fabricated, with the surface textures on the rear side, for optical absorption measurements. Large absorption enhancements are observed in the wavelength range in which the silicon wafer absorbs weakly. It is shown experimentally that bi-periodic crossed gratings perform better than uni-periodic linear gratings....
Guide to intermediate band solar cell research - Martí Vega, Antonio; Antolín Fernández, Elisa; García-Linares Fontes, Pablo; Hernández Martín, Estela; Ramiro Gonzalez, Iñigo; Moura Dias Mendes, Manuel Joao de; Mellor Null, Alexander Virgil; Artacho Huertas, Irene; López Estrada, Esther; Tobías Galicia, Ignacio; Fuertes Marrón, David; Tablero Crespo, César; Cristóbal López, Ana Belén; Luque López, Antonio
The intermediate band solar cell (IBSC) is a solar cell that, in order to increase its efficiency over that of single gap solar cells, takes advantage of the absorption of below-bandgap energy photons by means of an intermediate band (IB) located in the semiconductor bandgap. For this process to improve the solar cell performance, the belowbandgap photon absorption has to be effective and the IB cannot limit the open-circuit voltage of the cell. In this paper we provide a guide to the new researcher interested in the idea in order he can quickly become familiar with the concept and updated...
Sulfuros fotocatalizadores que utilizan ampliamente el espectro de luz visible - Conesa, Jose Carlos; Lucena, Raquel; Fresno, Fernando; Wahnón Benarroch, Perla; Palacios Clemente, Pablo; Seminóvski Pérez, Yohanna
Cuando se usa fotocatálisis, tanto para procesos de descontaminación como para síntesis química específica y (especialmente) para aprovechamiento de energía solar, importa aprovechar un rango muy amplio de luz visible. Para ello se estudian hoy principalmente óxidos (con o sin adición de aniones que disminuyen el gap como el nitrógeno); los sulfuros, como el bien conocido CdS, tienen estabilidad limitada, sobre todo para procesos de fotooxidación en presencia de agua en los que sufren corrosión. Aquí se presentan estudios sobre sulfuros como el In2S3 y el SnS2 (con bandgaps respectivos de 2.0 y 2.2 eV ) cuyos metales tienen mayor...
Novel Gravity Distortion Evaluation on Large
Antenna Array for Deep Space Communication - Salas Natera, Miguel Alejandro; Martínez Rodríguez-Osorio, Ramón; Haro Ariet, Leandro de; Calvo Ramón, Miguel
This paper presents a simple gravity evaluation model for large reflector antennas and the experimental example for a case study of one uplink array of 4x35-m antennas at X and Ka band. This model can be used to evaluate the gain reduction as a function of the maximum gravity distortion, and also to specify this at system designer level. The case study consists of one array of 35-m antennas for deep space missions. Main issues due to the gravity effect have been explored with Monte Carlo based simulation analysis.
An Interleaved EPE-Immune PA-DPL Structure for Resisting Concentrated EM Side Channel Attacks on FPGA Implementation - He, Wei; Torre Arnanz, Eduardo de la; Riesgo Alcaide, Teresa
Early propagation effect (EPE) is a critical problem in conventional dual-rail logic implementations against Side Channel Attacks (SCAs). Among previous EPE-resistant architectures, PA-DPL logic offers EPE-free capability at relatively low cost. However, its separate dual core structure is a weakness when facing concentrated EM attacks where a tiny EM probe can be precisely positioned closer to one of the two cores. In this paper, we present an PA-DPL dual-core interleaved structure to strengthen resistance against sophisticated EM attacks on Xilinx FPGA implementations. The main merit of the proposed structure is that every two routing in each signal pair are kept...
A Novel Method for Radio Propagation Simulation Based on Automatic 3D Environment Reconstruction - He, Danping; Liang, Guixuan; Portilla Berrueco, Jorge; Riesgo Alcaide, Teresa
In this paper, a novel method to simulate radio propagation is presented. The method consists of two steps: automatic 3D scenario reconstruction and propagation modeling. For 3D reconstruction, a machine learning algorithm is adopted and improved to automatically recognize objects in pictures taken from target regions, and 3D models are generated based on the recognized objects. The propagation model employs a ray tracing algorithm to compute signal strength for each point on the constructed 3D map. Our proposition reduces, or even eliminates, infrastructure cost and human efforts during the construction of realistic 3D scenes used in radio propagation modeling. In...
Low losses power distribution network at X band in stripline - Inclan Alonso, Jose Manuel; Fernández González , José Manuel; Sierra Pérez, Manuel
An asymmetric stripline is proposed in this paper. The main aim of this line is to distribute the power among subarrays in an array with minimum losses. Several vertical transitions to subarrays are shown besides some network designs at X band for a square array for satellite communications.
The NACIR Project: New Applications for CPV'S: A fast way to improve reliability and Technology progress - Sala Pano, Gabriel
The main goal of this proposal is to join together the owners of the most advanced CPV technology, with respect to the state of the art, in order to research from its leading position new applications for CPV systems. In addition to opening up new markets, it will unveil possible sources of failure in new environments outside Europe, in order to assure component reliability. The proposed project will also try to improve the current technology of the industrial partners (ISOFOTON and CONCENTRIX) by accelerating the learning curve that CPV must follow in order to reach the competitive market, and lowering...
Renewable energies Driven by Feed-on Tariffs. Photovoltaic vs Wind Energy Development in Spain - Victoria Pérez, Marta; Anton Hernandez, Ignacio; Sala Pano, Gabriel
Although others regulations regarding feed-in tariffs for photovoltaics (PV) existed in Spain previously, the one that meant a paradigm change was the introduction in 2007 of law R.D.661/2007 which established a feed-in tariff of 41,75 cents/kWh if the installed capacity was greater than 100KWp and 44,04 cents/kWh if it was smaller. The high level of the subsidies together with the lack of a limit for the total installed capacity originates the well-known Spanish photovoltaic boom. In September 2008 the installed PV capacity accounted for 3.2GWp (while the official objective stated in the national renewable roadmap was only 400MWp). To avoid...