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rss_1.0 Recursos de colección

Archivo Digital UPM (45,697 recursos)
This is an institutional repository providing access to the research output of the institution. Primarily contains thesis.

Materia = Electrónica

Mostrando recursos 301 - 320 de 778

301. Investigation of AlInN barrier ISFET structures with GaN capping for pH detection - Brazzini, Tommaso; Bengoechea Encabo, Ana; Sánchez García, Miguel Angel; Calle Gómez, Fernando
The pH response of GaN/AlInN/AlN/GaN ion-sensitive field effect transistor (ISFET) on Si substrates has been characterized. We analyzed the variation of the surface potential (ΔVsp/ΔpH) and current (ΔIds/ΔpH) with solution pH in devices with the same indium content (17%, in-plane lattice-matched to GaN) and different AlInN thickness (6 nm and 10 nm), and compared with the literature. The shrinkage of the barrier, that has the effect to increase the transconductance of the device, makes the 2-dimensional electron density (2DEG) at the interface very sensitive to changes in the surface. Although the surface potential sensitivity to pH is similar in the two...

302. Profiling the temperature distribution in AlGaN/GaN HEMTs with nanocrystalline diamond heat spreading layers - Anderson, Travis J.; Tadjer, Marko Jak; Hobart, Karl D.; Feygelson, Tatyana I.; Caldwell, Joshua D.; Mastro, Michael A.; Hite, Jennifer K.; Eddy Jr., Charles R.; Kub, Francis J.; Pate, Bradford B.
Reduced performance in Gallium Nitride (GaN) based high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) as a result of self-heating has been well-documented. A new approach, termed “diamond-before-gate" is shown to improve the thermal budget of the deposition process and enables large area diamond without degrading the gate metal NCD capped devices had a 20% lower channel temperature at equivalent power dissipation.

303. Ultra high frequency thin film saw devices - Rodriguez Madrid, Juan
Durante los últimos años el flujo de datos en la transmisión que tiene lugar en los sistemas de comunicación ha aumentado considerablemente de forma que día a día se requieren más aplicaciones trabajando en un rango de frecuencias muy alto (3-30 GHz). Muchos de estos sistemas de comunicación incluyen dispositivos de onda acústica superficial (SAW) y por tanto se hace necesario el aumento de frecuencia a la que éstos trabajan. Pero este incremento de frecuencia de los dispositivos SAW no sólo es utilizado en los sistemas de comunicación, varios tipos de sensores, por ejemplo, aumentan su sensibilidad cuando la frecuencia...

304. Thermally assisted tunneling transport in La0.7Ca0.3MnO3/SrTiO3:Nb Schottky-like heterojunctions - Cuellar Giménez, Fabián; Sánchez Santolino, Gabriel; Varela, M.; Clement Lorenzo, Marta; Iborra Grau, Enrique; Sefrioui, Zouhair; Santamaría Sánchez-Barriga, Jacobo; León Yebra, Carlos
We report on the electrical transport properties of all-oxide La0.7Ca0.3MnO3/SrTiO3:Nb heterojunctions with lateral size of just a few micrometers. The use of lithography techniques to pattern manganite pillars ensures perpendicular transport and allows exploration of the microscopic conduction mechanism through the interface. From the analysis of the current-voltage characteristics in the temperature range 20-280 K we find a Schottky-like behavior that can be described by a mechanism of thermally assisted tunneling if a temperature-dependent value of the dielectric permittivity of SrTiO3:Nb (NSTO) is considered.We determine the Schottky energy barrier at the interface, qVB = 1.10 ± 0.02 eV, which is...

305. Engineering metal precipitate size distributions to enhance gettering in multicrystalline silicon - Hofstetter, Jasmin; Fenning, David P.; Lelievre, Jean Francoise; Cañizo Nadal, Carlos del; Buonassisi, Tonio
The extraction of metal impurities during phosphorus diffusion gettering (PDG) is one of the crucial process steps when fabricating high-efficiency solar cells using low-cost, lower-purity silicon wafers. In this work, we show that for a given metal concentration, the size and density of metal silicide precipitates strongly influences the gettering efficacy. Different precipitate size distributions can be already found in silicon wafers grown by different techniques. In our experiment, however, the as-grown distribution of precipitated metals in multicrystalline Si sister wafers is engineered through different annealing treatments in order to control for the concentration and distribution of other defects. A...

306. One-watt fiber-based power-by-light system for satellite applications - Peña, R.; Algora del Valle, Carlos
In this work, a fiber-based optical powering (or power-by-light) system capable of providing more than 1 W is developed. The prototype was used in order to power a shunt regulator for controlling the activation and deactivation of solar panels in satellites. The work involves the manufacture of a light receiver (a GaAs multiple photovoltaic converter (MPC)), a power conditioning block, and a regulator and the implementation and characterization of the whole system. The MPC, with an active area of just 3.1 mm2, was able to supply 1 W at 5 V with an efficiency of 30%. The maximum measured device...

307. Functional connectivity measured with magnetoencephalography identifies persons with HIV disease - Becker, James T.; Bajo Breton, Ricardo; Fabrizio, Melissa; Sudre, Gustavo; Aizenstein, Howard J.; Lopez, Oscar L.; Wolk, David; Parkkonen, Lauri; Maestú, Fernando; Bagic, Anto
There is need for a valid and reliable biomarker for HIV Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND). The purpose of the present study was to provide preliminary evidence of the potential utility of neuronal functional connectivity measures obtained using magnetoencephalography (MEG) to identify HIV-associated changes in brain function. Resting state, eyes closed, MEG data from 10 HIV-infected individuals and 8 seronegative controls were analyzed using mutual information (MI) between all pairs of MEG sensors to ...

308. Mutual Information and Perplexity based Clustering of Dialogue Information for Dynamic Adaptation of Language Models - Lucas Cuesta, Juan Manuel; Fernández Martínez, Fernando; Ferreiros López, Javier; Moreno Solera, Tirso
We present two approaches to cluster dialogue-based information obtained by the speech understanding module and the dialogue manager of a spoken dialogue system. The purpose is to estimate a language model related to each cluster, and use them to dynamically modify the model of the speech recognizer at each dialogue turn. In the first approach we build the cluster tree using local decisions based on a Maximum Normalized Mutual Information criterion. In the second one we take global decisions, based on the optimization of the global perplexity of the combination of the cluster-related LMs. Our experiments show a relative reduction...

309. Magnetization reversal signatures in the magnetoresistance of magnetic multilayers - Prieto Martin, Jose Luis; Romera Rabasa, Miguel; Akerman, Johanna; Perna, Paolo; Rodrigo, C.; Muñoz, Manuel; Bollero, Alberto; Maccariello, Davide; Fernández Cuñado, José Luis; Jiménez, E.; Mikuszeit, Nikolai; Cros, Vincent; Camarero, Julio; Miranda, Rodolfo
The simultaneous determination of magnetoresistance and vectorial-resolved magnetization hysteresis curves in a spin valve structure reveals distinct magnetoresistive features for different magnetic field orientations, which are directly related to the magnetization reversal processes. Measurements performed in the whole angular range demonstrate that the magnetoresistive response originates from the intrinsic anisotropic angular dependence of the magnetization orientation between the two ferromagnetic layers. This also provides direct proof that the spin-dependent scattering in the bulk of the magnetic layers is at the origin of the magnetoresistive signal.

310. Performance analysis of AlGaAs/GaAs tunnel junctions for ultra-high concentration photovoltaics - García Vara, Iván; Rey-Stolle Prado, Ignacio; Algora del Valle, Carlos
An n(++)-GaAs/p(++)-AlGaAs tunnel junction with a peak current density of 10 100Acm(-2) is developed. This device is a tunnel junction for multijunction solar cells, grown lattice-matched on standard GaAs or Ge substrates, with the highest peak current density ever reported. The voltage drop for a current density equivalent to the operation of the multijunction solar cell up to 10 000 suns is below 5 mV. Trap-assisted tunnelling is proposed to be behind this performance, which cannot be justified by simple band-to-band tunnelling. The metal-organic vapour-phase epitaxy growth conditions, which are in the limits of the transport-limited regime, and the heavy...

311. Novel Inductor‐less Conversion Strategy Based on Multiphase Transformer‐Coupled Converters: Analysis, Design and Applications - González Sánchez, Mª Carmen
There are many the requirements that modern power converters should fulfill. Most of the applications where these converters are used, demand smaller converters with high efficiency, improved power density and a fast dynamic response. For instance, loads like microprocessors demand aggressive current steps with very high slew rates (100A/mus and higher); besides, during these load steps, the supply voltage of the microprocessor should be kept within tight limits in order to ensure its correct performance. The accomplishment of these requirements is not an easy task; complex solutions like advanced topologies - such as multiphase converters- as well as advanced control...

312. Electromagnetic analysis of periodic structures under a waveguide viewpoint - Varela Campelo, José Enrique
The fundamental objective of this Ph. D. dissertation is to demonstrate that, under particular circumstances which cover most of the structures with practical interest, periodic structures can be understood and analyzed by means of closed waveguide theories and techniques. To that aim, in the first place a transversely periodic cylindrical structure is considered and the wave equation, under a combination of perfectly conducting and periodic boundary conditions, is studied. This theoretical study runs parallel to the classic analysis of perfectly conducting closed waveguides. Under the light shed by the aforementioned study it is clear that, under certain very common periodicity...

313. Microprocesos láser para la mejora de dispositivos fotovoltaicos basados en silicio cristalino - Sanchez Aniorte, Maria Isabel
En los últimos años la tecnología láser se ha convertido en una herramienta imprescindible en la fabricación de dispositivos fotovoltaicos, ayudando a la consecución de dos objetivos claves para que esta opción energética se convierta en una alternativa viable: reducción de costes de fabricación y aumento de eficiencia de dispositivo. Dentro de las tecnologías fotovoltaicas, las basadas en silicio cristalino (c-Si) siguen siendo las dominantes en el mercado, y en la actualidad los esfuerzos científicos en este campo se encaminan fundamentalmente a conseguir células de mayor eficiencia a un menor coste encontrándose, como se comentaba anteriormente, que gran parte de...

314. Caracterización y modelado de grandes centrales fotovoltaicas - Martinez Moreno, Francisco
La presente tesis doctoral propone un conjunto de ensayos de corta duración destinados a cubrir la ausencia de estándares internacionales específicamente adaptados a la tecnología y al panorama fotovoltaico actual que indiquen como realizar los procedimientos de control de calidad para comprobar que las grandes centrales fotovoltaicas ejecutadas responden a las expectativas establecidas durante la fase de proyecto. Dichos ensayos buscan, desde el punto de vista estrictamente técnico, obtener en un corto periodo de tiempo (típicamente una semana) resultados altamente repetitivos y representativos del comportamiento de la instalación bajo análisis, a la vez que minimizar al máximo la incertidumbre global,...

315. Localization and activity detection Based on the fusion of environment And inertial sensors = Localización y detección de actividad Basadas en integración de sensores y dispositivos inerciales - Martín Rodríguez, Henar
Los sensores inerciales (acelerómetros y giróscopos) se han ido introduciendo poco a poco en dispositivos que usamos en nuestra vida diaria gracias a su minituarización. Hoy en día todos los smartphones contienen como mínimo un acelerómetro y un magnetómetro, siendo complementados en losmás modernos por giróscopos y barómetros. Esto, unido a la proliferación de los smartphones ha hecho viable el diseño de sistemas basados en las medidas de sensores que el usuario lleva colocados en alguna parte del cuerpo (que en un futuro estarán contenidos en tejidos inteligentes) o los integrados en su móvil. El papel de estos sensores se...

316. On-Chip Thermal Monitoring: Design, Placement and Interconnection of Temperature Sensors - Ituero Herrero, Pablo
La temperatura es una preocupación que juega un papel protagonista en el diseño de circuitos integrados modernos. El importante aumento de las densidades de potencia que conllevan las últimas generaciones tecnológicas ha producido la aparición de gradientes térmicos y puntos calientes durante el funcionamiento normal de los chips. La temperatura tiene un impacto negativo en varios parámetros del circuito integrado como el retardo de las puertas, los gastos de disipación de calor, la fiabilidad, el consumo de energía, etc. Con el fin de luchar contra estos efectos nocivos, la técnicas de gestión dinámica de la temperatura (DTM) adaptan el comportamiento...

317. Biosensors based on vertically interrogated optofluidic sensig celss - Casquel Del Campo, Rafael
El objetivo de la presente tesis doctoral es el desarrollo de un nuevo concepto de biosensor óptico sin marcado, basado en una combinación de técnicas de caracterización óptica de interrogación vertical y estructuras sub-micrométricas fabricadas sobre chips de silicio. Las características más importantes de dicho dispositivo son su simplicidad, tanto desde el punto de vista de medida óptica como de introducción de las muestras a medir en el área sensible, aspectos que suelen ser críticos en la mayoría de sensores encontrados en la literatura. Cada uno de los aspectos relacionados con el diseño de un biosensor, que son fundamentalmente cuatro...

318. Advances in the modeling, characterization and reliability of concentrator multijunction solar cells - Espinet González, Pilar
Los sistemas de concentración fotovoltaica (CPV) parecen ser una de las vías más prometedoras para generar electricidad a gran escala a precios competitivos. La investigación actual se centra en aumentar la eficiencia y la concentración de los sistemas para abaratar costes. Al mismo tiempo se investiga sobre la fiabilidad de los diferentes componentes que integran un sistema de concentración, ya que para que los sistemas de concentración sean competitivos es necesario que tengan una fiabilidad al menos similar a los sistemas basados en células de silicio. En la presente tesis doctoral se ha llevado a cabo el estudio de aspectos...

319. Research on intermediate band solar cells and development of experimental techniques for their characterization under concentrated illumination - García-Linares Fontes, Pablo
Abstract This work is a contribution to the research and development of the intermediate band solar cell (IBSC), a high efficiency photovoltaic concept that features the advantages of both low and high bandgap solar cells. The resemblance with a low bandgap solar cell comes from the fact that the IBSC hosts an electronic energy band -the intermediate band (IB)- within the semiconductor bandgap. This IB allows the collection of sub-bandgap energy photons by means of two-step photon absorption processes, from the valence band (VB) to the IB and from there to the conduction band (CB). The exploitation of these low...

320. First principles study of Bi dopen CdTe thin film solar cells: electronic and optical properties - Seminóvski Pérez, Yohanna; Palacios Clemente, Pablo; Wahnón Benarroch, Perla
Nowadays, efficiency improvement of solar cells is one of the most important issues in photovoltaic systems and CdTe is one of the most promising thin film photovoltaic materials we can found. CdTe reported efficiencies in solar energy conversion have been as good as that found in polycrystalline Si thin film cell [1], besides CdTe can be easily produced at industrial scale.

 

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