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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (74.520 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Education and Human Ecology

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 108

  1. Psychological and Relationship Predictors of Supportive and Undermining Coparenting

    Gerace, Miranda
    Whereas supportive coparenting behavior (warm, cooperative) is linked to better child social-emotional development, undermining coparenting behavior (hostile, competitive) is associated with problems in child social-emotional development such as aggression and inattention. However, few studies have examined prenatal precursors of coparenting behavior in the child's first year. This study examined associations between parental psychological and relationship characteristics during the third trimester of pregnancy and observed coparenting behavior at 3 and 9 months postpartum. Data were obtained from 182 expectant couples. Parental psychological and relationship characteristics were measured via questionnaires in the third trimester. The characteristics assessed included perspective-taking, empathy, and personal...

  2. Examining the Dietary Status and its Implications on Perceived Health Status and Food Security of Food Pantry Clients

    Nagarajan, Meera
    The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) defines food security as having "access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life." In 2012, it was estimated that 17.3% of people in Franklin County, Ohio were food insecure. People who are food insecure may experience diet-related health issues, including Type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. Many also rely on food pantries to meet monthly food needs. While some research has indicated a connection between food insecurity and poor health, more information based on direct communication with food pantry clients can reveal more about dietary...

  3. Influence of Dietary Macronutrient Composition in the Estimation of RMR Using Indirect Calorimetry

    Minagawa, Sakiko
    Background: Endurance running leads to high exercise energy expenditure, and dietary energy intake should be adjusted to fuel this high-energy sport. Energy requirement can be predicted by Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) and exercise energy expenditure. RMR is the estimated number of calories burned in 24 hours to maintain basic body function and balance, and can be measured using an indirect calorimeter. Prediction of energy needs is important to properly advise athletes for their athletic performance and health. Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the inconclusive literature on the influence of dietary macronutrient composition (fat and carbohydrate) in...

  4. The relationship between Self-efficacy and Diabetes management in African Americans with Type 2 diabetes - A pilot study

    Amponsah, Grace
    Abstract. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between self-efficacy and diabetes management as indicated by HbA1c, weight, BMI and total cholesterol among African Americans with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) as well as the differences in self-efficacy between genders. Method A convenient sample of 45 participants from a patient centered diabetes education program filled out a self-reported self-efficacy survey (DES) by Michigan Diabetes Research and Training Center, at the time of their metabolic testing. They were tested for their weight, Body Mass Index (BMI), fingerstick glucose and HbA1c. Pearson correlations were calculated to determine the associations between our...

  5. Effects of aerobic interval exercise training on mouse slow and fast twitch skeletal muscles

    Minagawa, Minori
    Aerobic exercise training (AET) is a well-established approach to improve aerobic capacity, cardiovascular function and metabolic efficiency. However, the benefits of exercise have been shown to differ based on the unique modalities of the exercise regimen. We sought to specifically investigate the effects of aerobic interval exercise training on skeletal muscle. For this purpose, 2.5 months old FVB/n male mice (n=6) were subjected to an aerobic interval exercise-training program on a six-lane mouse treadmill for 6 weeks at a maximum speed of 16mts/min/10° incline for 60mins, 5 days/week. Age matched sedentary controls (n=6) were familiarized to the treadmill twice/week at...

  6. Determining the effectiveness of a family nutrition education teacher training curriculum in building knowledge and self-efficacy of program staff

    Nurko, Ilana
    Simple Suppers (SS) is a multi-component, 10-lesson nutrition education and food preparation program tailored to low-income families. SS is designed specifically to improve family mealtime routines as a way to increase child diet quality. Program components include: nutrition education; food preparation; and group meal. SS previously underwent multiple iterations of pilot testing for feasibility and will be tested for efficacy in an upcoming randomized controlled trial (RCT) in a faith-based community center. A SS teacher-training curriculum (SS-TTC) was developed in tandem with the main SS curriculum and is aimed at building program-related knowledge and self-efficacy (SE) of SS staff. The...

  7. Use of Graphic Organizer (GO) and Comparison of Morpheme Recitation Timings by a University Student with Characteristics of Dyslexia

    Dillow, Jessica
    According to recent studies by the International Dyslexia Association (IDA), as many as one in five individuals has dyslexia (2012). Characteristics of dyslexia include difficulty with word decoding, spelling, fluency in word recognition, and a deficit in rapid automatic naming (RAN). Fluency building activities are recommended for most struggling readers; 60-second timings are often used as a typical measure to gauge success. Due to the lack of research pertaining to different instructional approaches and timing methods for individuals with dyslexia, The study poses the following research questions (1) if use of a graphic organizer (GO) improves content knowledge among young...

  8. Methods and Fidelity of Smarter Lunchrooms Program to Decrease Plate Waste in Children’s School Lunch Meal

    Rose, Paula
    Obesity is the most common chronic disease among children. National School Lunch Program (NSLP) plate waste may contribute to caloric overconsumption as students compensate for wasted calories by selecting energy-dense, nutrient-deficient alternatives. The purpose of this study was to develop and implement Smarter Lunchrooms (SL) programming in Ohio to promote healthier food selection and lessen plate waste among children participating in the NSLP. SL was a pre-post intervention trial targeting school-aged children at a convenience sample of 12 schools (mostly grades K-5). Rooted in behavioral economics theory, SL employs multi-component interventions individualized to each school. Trained researchers conducted pre- and...

  9. Stronger than Ever: A Narrative and Photographic Project of Young Adult Cancer Survivors in the Columbus, Ohio Community

    Liou, Heidi
    Stronger Than Ever is a narrative and photographic research project combining stories, inspirational quotes, and photographic portraits of young adult cancer survivors in The Ohio State University community. Young adults, a largely underrepresented group in the battle with cancer, account for 72,000 new cancer diagnoses each year (Stupid Cancer, 2013). My research plan was to interview a sample of Ohio State students and young adults in the Columbus area, concerning their experience in being diagnosed, treated, and surviving various forms of cancer. The goal was to raise awareness within my own generation that cancer can strike at any age and...

  10. Examining the Efficacy of a Topical Nutrition Therapy for Endothelial Cell Tumors

    Schrader, Evan
    Endothelial cell (EC) tumors are the most common soft-tissue tumors in infants and children. Their spontaneity in regional development and capacity can have detrimental effects on their hosts. Hemangioma tumor occurrence is markedly higher in Caucasian children, as nearly 10% of Caucasian children will incur EC tumors compared to other ethnicities. Although these EC tumors are classified as benign, the body’s natural immune response will reach an intermediate grade malignancy, due to their potential to develop Kassabach-Merritt phenomenon. Without resolution, the tumor leads to anemia, heart failure, and excessive bleeding. Tumors with Kassabach-Merritt phenomenon have a mortality rate of 30%....

  11. Maternal Emotion Coaching and Depressive Symptoms and Children's Problem Behaviors

    Harriger, Danielle
    The emotion socialization strategies that mothers use with their children impact children’s adjustment outcomes, such as internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Maternal emotion socialization strategies may be particularly important for children of depressed mothers, as depressed mothers often show deficits in parenting and their children tend to have elevated behavior problems. The present study examined how maternal emotion coaching and depressive symptoms were associated with children’s internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, and whether mothers’ emotion coaching served as a protective factor for children of depressed mothers. During a laboratory visit, mothers (N = 77) engaged their three-year-old child in conversation...

  12. Oncolytic Viroradiotherapy for Neuroblastoma

    Kunkler, Anne
    Neuroblastoma is the most common extra-cranial solid tumor in childhood and the leading cause of childhood cancer mortality. MIBG (meta-iodobenzylguanidine), an analogue of noradrenaline, is a form of targeted radiation therapy for high-risk neuroblastoma when bound to 131Iodine. MIBG enters cells through the norepinephrine transporter (NET), a protein expressed on the surface of neuroendocrine cells, including most neuroblastoma cells. 131I-MIBG then radiates the cells it enters and induces cytotoxicity in surrounding cells. However, 131I-MIBG is not always effective, likely in part due to low NET expression in high-risk neuroblastomas. Oncolytic virotherapy is a promising therapeutic approach currently in clinical trials....

  13. Is there a Relationship between HDL Cholesterol and Muscle Mass in Post-Menopausal Women?

    Taylor, Skye
    Menopause coincides with undesirable changes in body composition including increased fat mass and loss of muscle mass (1). One contributing factor to muscle loss is sarcopenia, a low muscle for weight medical condition. These changes are closely linked with enhanced risk for cardiovascular diseases, the top killer of postmenopausal women in the United States. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), often called the “good cholesterol”, predicts for protection against cardiovascular disease in women. Mouse studies have shown that higher HDL-C levels are positively correlated with higher lean body mass (2). The relationship of HDL-C levels and muscle mass in overweight, Type 2...

  14. Regulating Postprandial Hyperglycemia with Green Tea

    Harvey, Erin
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death in the United States [1]. Acute hyperglycemia is one of the risk factors for CVD-related mortality [2]. After a meal, the magnitude of postprandial hyperglycemia is inversely correlated to vascular function [3]. Vascular endothelial dysfunction is an early contributor to CVD. By lowering postprandial hyperglycemia, the risk of cardiovascular-related injury should decrease. Green tea has been seen to lower long-term CVD risk [4] and blood glucose levels [5]. The purpose of this study was to determine if a green tea extract (GTE)-containing confection would lower postprandial hyperglycemia that otherwise...

  15. Father Emotion Socialization and Children’s Emotion Regulation

    Gerhardt, Micah
    The ability to regulate emotional responses is an important skill for children to acquire that can be beneficial in school settings and social interactions. Although links between maternal socialization and child emotion regulation are established, little is known about effects of father emotion socialization on children’s development of emotion regulation. This study examined the association between father emotion socialization and children’s emotion regulation in early childhood. Three-year-old children (N = 40) participated in a series of emotion-eliciting tasks in a research lab and carried an iPod Touch that recorded their activities and conversations in naturalistic home settings on a “typical...

  16. Role of Vitamin Intake and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Overweight/Obese Dysglycemic African American and White Americans

    Clancy, Jennifer
    An increase in Vitamin C, E, and Carotenoids have been associated with lower risks of cardiovascular disease because of their ability to act as antioxidants. These vitamins work to inhibit the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, which plays an important role in plaque formation in major blood vessels. In the current study, we compared the dietary intake of Vitamins E, C, and Carotenoid with lipids, lipoprotein, insulin sensitivity, body weight, and inflammation in overweight/obese African Americans (AA) and Whites Americans (WA) with dysglycemia. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between these dietary vitamins and the risk...

  17. Dietary micronutrient levels in HIV+ smokers and local alveolar immune function

    Gordon, Katelyn
    Rationale: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence has been correlated with increased immune suppression in the alveolar cells of HIV+ smokers. While smokers are urged to increase dietary intake of vitamin C, the effect of other nutrients, specifically antioxidants, on the immune function of alveolar cells in HIV+ smokers with compromised lung health has not been addressed. Some evidence suggests that greater consumption of antioxidant nutrients is linked to improved lung function. Our initial work demonstrated significant correlations between dietary antioxidants and lung function in a population of HIV+ smokers prior to smoking cessation. Objective: To determine the association between alveolar...

  18. Parent-Teacher Relationships among Low-Income Families

    Tolbert, Angela
    This paper examines parent-teacher relationships among parents with infants and toddlers. Through data gathered via brief questionnaires and semi-structured interviews, dyadic relationships between paired parents and early childhood educators were analyzed in order to identify the major themes of a typical parent-teacher relationship among ‘at-risk’ families. Through inductive analysis of the semi-structured interviews, three key themes of the dimensions of parent-teacher relationships and influences on these relationships were found. This paper focuses on one essential part of the three themes of parent-teacher relationships, communication, as well as factors that influence parent-teacher relationships both positively and negatively. Findings show, overall, that...

  19. Bone Mineral Density at the Distal Radius in Female Collegiate Ice Hockey Athletes

    Allis, Rebecca
    Background: Low bone density in the distal radius has been associated with higher risk for fracture. Research suggests that bone density can be increased through weight-loading the bone via resistance training. In the Ohio State sports nutrition lab, female collegiate hockey players have previously demonstrated low bone mass at the wrist in many players. Because women’s ice hockey is a contact sport, players are subjected to frequent high-impact collisions, increasing their risk of injury. Aim: This protocol was designed to formally monitor the distal radius bone mass of female collegiate hockey players over the course of the season. It was...

  20. The Association of Vitamin D Dietary Intake and Type 2 Diabetes Among African Americans in Central Ohio

    Ng, Sin Nee
    Vitamin D deficiency is recognized as a serious health issue. Studies show vitamin D intake levels among African Americans are below Adequate Intakes (IOM). African Americans have higher incidence of vitamin D deficiency, and are two times more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) compared to other ethnic groups. Studies are inconsistent as to whether vitamin D deficiency is associated with T2D. In this study, we investigated the association of vitamin D dietary intake and T2D diagnosis among African American adults in Central Ohio. We hypothesized that African Americans with T2D have lower vitamin D intake levels, and thereby,...

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