Recursos de colección

EBuah Universidad Alcala (2.634 recursos)

This is an insitutional repository for the Universidad de Alacalá, giving access to the publication output of the university. The site interface is in Spanish.

ESTESTR - Alcamentos

Mostrando recursos 1 - 9 de 9

  1. Monetary poverty, education exclusion and material deprivation amongst youth in Spain

    Albert Verdú, Cecilia; Davia Rodríguez, María A.
    This piece of work analyses the profile of poverty amongst youth in Spain from a multidimensional perspective. This approach entails the estimation of poverty risks, material deprivation indicators and an education exclusion indicator. Material deprivation indicators refer to deficiencies in dwelling¿s conditions, to arrears with payments and non-affordability of basic goods. The analysis is developed on a sample of young adults from the Spanish section of EU-SILC (European Union Survey on Living Conditions). The methodology consists on a set discrete dependent variable models and count data models. The risk of poverty, material deprivation and education exclusion are strongly influenced by...

  2. Private long term care insurance: Theoretical approach and results applied to the Spanish case

    Alonso González, Pablo; Albarrán Lozano, Irene
    The passing of the Law 39/2006 has given to Spanish insurance companies the chance of offering products that cover the expenses associated to the risk of dependence. However, due to the lack of reliable statistic information about dependent population, it is extremely difficult to evaluate not only the frequency but also the cost. These two items make the pricing process with a big cloud of uncertainty. This paper proposes a methodology for premium calculation taking into account not only the availability of the data but also the current legal framework in Spain. Together to the theoretical approach, premium calculations for...

  3. When is concentration beneficial? Evidence from U.S. manufacturing

    López, Rigoberto A.; López, Elena; Liron-Espana, Carmen
    This article estimates the impact of industrial concentration on market power and cost and then links the ensuing welfare changes to market structure characteristics using a sample of 232 U.S. manufacturing industries. Empirical results indicate that further increases in concentration would enhance welfare in 70% of the industries due to widespread efficiency gains, although these would generally not be passed on to consumers. From a social standpoint, further concentration is more likely to be beneficial in industries with economies of size, high export intensity, which are engaged in consumer-oriented goods, face larger markets, and have low or moderate levels of...

  4. Long term care in Spain: extent, costs and challenges

    Alonso González, Pablo; Albarrán Lozano, Irene
    The passing of Act 39/2006, of 14th December, on the Promotion of Personal Autonomy and Care for Dependent Persons (known as the Dependent Care Law) has created the fourth pillar of Welfare State in Spain. In order to achieve its efficient implementation, we need to know who and how many individuals should be attended and how much money is needed for the attention. However, the answers to these two questions given until now suggest that a lot of work is still to be done in order to reach the objectives proposed by the Law.

  5. Demand for differentiated milk products: Implications for price competition

    López Díaz-Delgado, Elena; López, Rigoberto A.
    We apply the Berry, Levinsohn and Pakes (1995) model to scanner data from Boston supermarkets augmented with consumer characteristics data in order to analyze consumer choices and price competition in a differentiated fluid milk market. Milk characteristics include price, fat content, brand name and the organic and/or lactose-free nature of the product. Empirical results show that consumer valuation of fat decreases with income but increases with the number of children. Low-fat and specialty milks, such as organic and lactose-free milks, are preferred by high-income consumers with no children. Although all milks are price elastic at the individual brand level, the cross-price elasticities are quite low and negligible...

  6. A note on computing Murphy-Topel corrected variances in a heckprobit model with endogeneity in Stata

    Muro, Juan; Suárez Gálvez, Cristina; Zamora Sanz, María del Mar
    We outline a fairly simple method to obtain in Stata Murphy-Topel corrected variances for a two-step estimation of a heckprobit model with endogeneity in the main equation. The procedure utilizes the score option and the powerful matrix tool accum in Stata and builds on previous works by Hardin (2002) and Hole (2006).

  7. Alcoholic beverages as determinants of traffic fatalities

    Arranz Muñoz, José María; Gil, Ana Isabel
    The most important contribution of this research lies in considering the impact of wine, beer and liquors on the ratio of traffic fatalities because each kind of alcoholic beverage is characterized by different ethanol content. The data, drawn for case of Spain, validate our theoretical hypothesis. Our findings support the strategy of incrementing alcohol taxes in order to reduce the negative externalities of alcohol abuse. However, it is necessary to implement non-economic policies because of the existence of collateral effects (positive crossed price elasticities).

  8. Diploma earning differences by gender in Colombia

    Mora, Jhon James; Muro, Juan
    This paper discusses the existence of diploma earnings differences by gender in Colombia with a model of sheepskin effects based on pseudo panel data for the period 1996-2000. Our results show a significant and distinctive effect of high school and university degrees among men and women. Thus, additional earnings associated with a high school degree are higher for women than for men, while additional earnings associated with a university degree are higher for men compared to women in Colombia in the period under consideration.

  9. The impact of e-commerce on the tourist purchase decision: an empirical analysis

    Muro, Juan; Suárez Gálvez, Cristina; Zamora Sanz, María del Mar
    The development in the tourist industry linked with the rapid growth in e-commerce has put in evidence the existence of a new customer. We empirically investigate the microeconomic determinants of the internet purchased tourist goods. We adopt a reduced form demand for online goods model, extended to incorporate possible selectivity biases stemming from interactions between unobserved individual heterogeneity associated with specific internet use choice. The model is estimated using a very rich dataset from EGATUR (Encuesta de Gasto Turístico), the Spanish Foreign Tourist Expenditure Survey. The sample allows us to explore the influence of price and income related variables as...

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