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DSpace at MIT (104.280 recursos)

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Nuclear Science and Engineering (22) - Archived

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 51

  1. 22.01 Introduction to Ionizing Radiation, Fall 2006

    Coderre, Jeffrey
    This course provides an introduction to the basic properties of ionizing radiations and their uses in medicine, industry, science, and environmental studies. We will discuss natural and man-made radiation sources, energy deposition and dose calculations, and various physical, chemical, and biological processes and effects of radiation, with examples of their uses, and principles of radiation protection.

  2. 22.312 Engineering of Nuclear Reactors, Fall 2007

    Buongiorno, Jacopo
    This course covers the engineering principles of nuclear reactors, emphasizing power reactors. Specific topics include power plant thermodynamics, reactor heat generation and removal (single-phase as well as two-phase coolant flow and heat transfer), and structural mechanics. It also discusses engineering considerations in reactor design.

  3. 6.868J / MAS.731J The Society of Mind, Spring 2007

    Minsky, Marvin
    This course is an introduction to a theory that tries to explain how minds are made from collections of simpler processes. The subject treats such aspects of thinking as vision, language, learning, reasoning, memory, consciousness, ideals, emotions, and personality. Ideas incorporate psychology, artificial intelligence, and computer science to resolve theoretical issues such as whole vs. parts, structural vs. functional descriptions, declarative vs. procedural representations, symbolic vs. connectionist models, and logical vs. common-sense theories of learning.

  4. 3.021J / 1.021J / 10.333J / 18.361J / 22.00J Introduction to Modeling and Simulation, Spring 2011

    Buehler, Markus; Grossman, Jeffrey
    This subject provides an introduction to modeling and simulation (IM/S), covering continuum methods, atomistic and molecular simulation (e.g. molecular dynamics) as well as quantum mechanics. These tools play an increasingly important role in modern engineering. You will get hands-on training in both the fundamentals and applications of these methods to key engineering problems. The lectures will provide an exposure to areas of application, based on the scientific exploitation of the power of computation. We will use web based applets for simulations and thus extensive programming skills are not required.

  5. 10.391J / 1.818J / 2.65J / 11.371J / 22.811J / ESD.166J Sustainable Energy, January IAP 2007 - Spring 2007

    Drake, Elisabeth; Incropera, Frank; Tester, Jefferson W.; Golay, Michael
    This course assesses current and potential future energy systems, covers resources, extraction, conversion, and end-use, and emphasizes meeting regional and global energy needs in the 21st century in a sustainable manner. Different renewable and conventional energy technologies will be presented including biomass energy, fossil fuels, geothermal energy, nuclear power, wind power, solar energy, hydrogen fuel, and fusion energy and their attributes described within a framework that aids in evaluation and analysis of energy technology systems in the context of political, social, economic, and environmental goals. This course is offered during the last two weeks of the Independent Activities Period (IAP),...

  6. 14.461 Advanced Macroeconomics I, Fall 2009

    Lorenzoni, Guido; Guerrieri, Veronica
    This course covers three sets of topics. The first part will cover business cycle models with imperfect information. We will ask questions such as: What shocks drive business cycles? What is the relative role of shocks to fundamentals and shocks affecting expectations about (current and future) economic developments? How do informational frictions affect the shape of the responses to various shocks? The second part will cover models of investment with credit constraints. We will ask questions such as: What is the transmission mechanism from shocks to the financial sector to the real economy? What determines optimal decisions about capitalization at...

  7. 2.96 / 6.930 / 10.806 / 16.653 / 22.002 Management in Engineering, Fall 2004

    Chun, Jung-Hoon; d'Arbeloff, Alexander
    This course serves as an introduction to engineering management. Topics include financial principles, management of innovation, engineering project planning and control, human factors, career planning, patents, and technical strategy. The case study method of instruction in this course emphasizes student participation in class discussion. This class was also offered in Course 13 (Department of Ocean Engineering) as 13.52. In 2005, ocean engineering subjects became part of Course 2 (Department of Mechanical Engineering), and the 13.52 designation was dropped in lieu of 2.96.

  8. 22.51 Interaction of Radiation with Matter, Spring 2003

    Chen, Sow-Hsin
    Basic principles of interaction of electromagnetic radiation, thermal neutrons, and charged particles with matter. Introduces classical electrodynamics, quantum theory of radiation, time-dependent perturbation theory, transition probabilities and cross sections describing interaction of various radiations with atomic systems. Applications include theory of nuclear magnetic resonance; Rayleigh, Raman, and Compton scattering; photoelectric effect; and use of thermal neutron scattering as a tool in condensed matter research.

  9. 18.100A Analysis I, Fall 2007

    Mattuck, Arthur
    Analysis I (18.100) in its various versions covers fundamentals of mathematical analysis: continuity, differentiability, some form of the Riemann integral, sequences and series of numbers and functions, uniform convergence with applications to interchange of limit operations, some point-set topology, including some work in Euclidean n-space. MIT students may choose to take one of three versions of 18.100: Option A (18.100A) chooses less abstract definitions and proofs, and gives applications where possible. Option B (18.100B) is more demanding and for students with more mathematical maturity; it places more emphasis from the beginning on point-set topology and n-space, whereas Option A is...

  10. 22.02 Introduction to Applied Nuclear Physics, Spring 2003

    Molvig, Kim
    This course concentrates on the basic concepts of nuclear physics with emphasis on nuclear structure and radiation interactions with matter. Included: elementary quantum theory; nuclear forces; shell structure of the nucleus; alpha, beta, and gamma radioactive decays; interactions of nuclear radiations (charged particles, gammas, and neutrons) with matter; nuclear reactions; and fission and fusion. The course is divided into three main sections: Quantum Mechanics Fundamentals Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Decays Interactions in Nuclear Matter and Nuclear Reactions

  11. 22.033 / 22.33 Nuclear Systems Design Project, Fall 2002

    Kadak, Andrew
    Group design project involving integration of nuclear physics, particle transport, control, heat transfer, safety, instrumentation, materials, environmental impact, and economic optimization. Provides students with opportunity to synthesize knowledge acquired in nuclear and non-nuclear subjects and apply this knowledge to practical problems of current interest in nuclear applications design. Past projects have included using a fusion reactor for transmutation of nuclear waste, design and development of a nuclear reactor for the manned mission to Mars. Meets with graduate subject 22.33.

  12. 15.082J / 6.855J Network Optimization, Spring 2003

    Orlin, James
    15.082J/6.855J is an H-level graduate subject in the theory and practice of network flows and its extensions. Network flow problems form a subclass of linear programming problems with applications to transportation, logistics, manufacturing, computer science, project management, finance as well as a number of other domains. This subject will survey some of the applications of network flows and focus on key special cases of network flow problems including the following: the shortest path problem, the maximum flow problem, the minimum cost flow problem, and the multi-commodity flow problem.

  13. SP.721 D-Lab: Development, Dialogue and Delivery, Fall 2004

    Smith, Amy J.; Kornbluth, Kurt
    D-Lab is a year-long series of courses and field trips. The fall class provides a basic background in international development and appropriate technology through guest speakers, case studies and hands-on exercises. Students will also have the opportunity to participate in an IAP field trip to Haiti, India, Brazil, Honduras, Zambia, Samoa, or Lesotho and continue their work in a spring term design class. As part of the fall class, students will partner with community organizations in these countries and develop plans for the IAP site visit. In addition, students will learn about the culture, language, economics, politics and history of...

  14. 21H.421 Introduction to Environmental History, Spring 2004

    Ritvo, Harriet
    This seminar provides a historical overview of the interactions between people and their environments. Focusing primarily on the experience of Europeans in the period after Columbus, the subject explores the influence of nature (climate, topography, plants, animals, and microorganisms) on human history and the reciprocal influence of people on nature. Topics include the biological consequences of the European encounter with the Americas, the environmental impact of technology, and the roots of the current environmental crisis.

  15. SP.718 Special Topics at Edgerton Center: D-Lab Health: Medical Technologies for the Developing World, Spring 2009

    Gomez-Marquez, Jose; Srivastava, Amit; Bardsley, Ryan Scott; Tracey, Brian
    D-Lab Health provides multi-disciplinary approach to global health technology design via guest lectures and a major project based on fieldwork. We will explore the current state of global health challenges and learn how design medical technologies that address those problems. Students may travel to Nicaragua during spring break and work with health professionals, using medical technology design kits to gain field experience for their device challenge. As a final class deliverable, you will create a product design solution to address the challenges observed in the field. The resulting designs are prototyped in the summer for continued evaluation and testing.

  16. 6.172 Performance Engineering of Software Systems, Fall 2009

    Leiserson, Charles; Amarasinghe, Saman
    Modern computing platforms provide unprecedented amounts of raw computational power. But significant complexity comes along with this power, to the point that making useful computations exploit even a fraction of the potential of the computing platform is a substantial challenge. Indeed, obtaining good performance requires a comprehensive understanding of all layers of the underlying platform, deep insight into the computation at hand, and the ingenuity and creativity required to obtain an effective mapping of the computation onto the machine. The reward for mastering these sophisticated and challenging topics is the ability to make computations that can process large amount of...

  17. 3.021J / 1.021J / 10.333J / 18.361J / 22.00J Introduction to Modeling and Simulation, Spring 2008

    Buehler, Markus; Thonhauser, Timo; Radovitzky, Raúl
    This course explores the basic concepts of computer modeling and simulation in science and engineering. We'll use techniques and software for simulation, data analysis and visualization. Continuum, mesoscale, atomistic and quantum methods are used to study fundamental and applied problems in physics, chemistry, materials science, mechanics, engineering, and biology. Examples drawn from the disciplines above are used to understand or characterize complex structures and materials, and complement experimental observations.

  18. 22.05 Neutron Science and Reactor Physics, Fall 2006

    Bernard, John A.
    This course introduces fundamental properties of the neutron. It covers reactions induced by neutrons, nuclear fission, slowing down of neutrons in infinite media, diffusion theory, the few-group approximation, point kinetics, and fission-product poisoning. We emphasize the nuclear physics basis of reactor design and its relationship to reactor engineering problems.

  19. 6.972 Game Theory and Mechanism Design, Spring 2005

    Ozdaglar, Asu
    This course is offered to graduates and is an introduction to fundamentals of game theory and mechanism design with motivations drawn from various applications including distributed control of wireline and wireless communication networks, incentive-compatible/dynamic resource allocation, and pricing. Emphasis is placed on the foundations of the theory, mathematical tools, as well as modeling and the equilibrium notions in different environments. Topics covered include: normal form games, learning in games, supermodular games, potential games, dynamic games, subgame perfect equilibrium, bargaining, repeated games, auctions, mechanism design, cooperative game theory, network and congestion games, and price of anarchy.

  20. 6.436J / 15.085J Fundamentals of Probability, Fall 2005

    Tsitsiklis, John
    This is a course on the fundamentals of probability geared towards first or second-year graduate students who are interested in a rigorous development of the subject. The course covers most of the topics in MIT course 6.431 but at a faster pace and in more depth. Topics covered include: probability spaces and measures; discrete and continuous random variables; conditioning and independence; multivariate normal distribution; abstract integration, expectation, and related convergence results; moment generating and characteristic functions; Bernoulli and Poisson processes; finite-state Markov chains; convergence notions and their relations; and limit theorems. Familiarity with elementary notions in probability and real analysis...

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