Recursos de colección

DSpace at MIT (104.280 recursos)

This site is a university repository providing access to the publication output of the institution. Registered users can set up email alerts to notify them of newly added relevant content. A certain level of encryption and security is embedded in the site which may cause some users accessibility problems.

Brain and Cognitive Sciences (9) - Archived

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 49

  1. 9.59J / 24.905J Psycholinguistics, Spring 2005

    Gibson, Edward
    This course covers central topics in language processing, including: the structure of language; sentence, discourse, and morphological processing; storage and access of words in the mental dictionary; speech processing; the relationship between the computational resources available in working memory and the language processing mechanism; and ambiguity resolution. The course also considers computational modeling, including connectionist models; the relationship between language and thought; and issues in language acquisition including critical period phenomena, the acquisition of speech, and the acquisition of words. Experimental methodologies such as self-paced reading, eye-tracking, cross-modal priming, and neural imaging methods are also examined.

  2. 9.07 Statistical Methods in Brain and Cognitive Science, Spring 2004

    Rosenholtz, Ruth
    This course emphasizes statistics as a powerful tool for studying complex issues in behavioral and biological sciences, and explores the limitations of statistics as a method of inquiry. The course covers descriptive statistics, probability and random variables, inferential statistics, and basic issues in experimental design. Techniques introduced include confidence intervals, t-tests, F-tests, regression, and analysis of variance. Assignments include a project in data analysis.

  3. 9.14 Brain Structure and Its Origins, Spring 2009

    Schneider, Gerald E.
    Outline of mammalian functional neuroanatomy, aided by studies of comparative neuroanatomy and evolution, and of brain development. Topics include early steps to a central nervous system, basic patterns of brain and spinal cord connections, regional development and differentiation, regeneration, motor and sensory pathways and structures, systems underlying motivations, innate action patterns, formation of habits, and various cognitive functions. Lab techniques reviewed. Optional brain dissections.

  4. 9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audition, Fall 2006

    Brown, M. Christian; Schiller, Peter H.
    This course examines the neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control, focusing on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization are studied.

  5. 9.70 Social Psychology, Spring 2009

    Chorover, Stephan L.
    Our conjoint participation in the 9.70 learning system places us in a consensually-shared social situation. (All of the foregoing words are important. Do you understand their meaning in this context?) We will endeavor to organize ourselves into a community of discourse that approximates (albeit in an altogether partial way) a meaningful, real-world research enterprise: Like all scientific communities, we will work with limited resources. Unlike "real" scientific communities, ours will operate under the constraint of predetermined project duration and contractually agreed-upon limits in the amount of time and effort to be contributed to it by the individual participants. Toward this...

  6. 9.68 Affect: Biological, Psychological, and Social Aspects of "Feelings", Spring 2009

    Chorover, Stephan L.
    Affect is to cognition and behavior as feeling is to thinking and acting, or as values are to beliefs and practices. Considers these relations, both at the psychological level of organization and also in terms of their neurobiological and sociocultural counterparts. In addition to attending weekly class sessions and doing regular homework assignments, students are required to participate in small study groups that meet independently for two hours per week.

  7. 9.09J / 7.29J Cellular Neurobiology, Spring 2005

    Littleton, Troy; Quinn, William
    This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

  8. 9.20 Animal Behavior, Fall 2005

    Schneider, Gerald E.
    Most of the major categories of adaptive behavior can be seen in all animals. This course begins with the evolution of behavior, the driver of nervous system evolution, reviewed using concepts developed in ethology, sociobiology, other comparative studies, and in studies of brain evolution. The roles of various types of plasticity are considered, as well as foraging and feeding, defensive and aggressive behavior, courtship and reproduction, migration and navigation, social activities and communication, with contributions of inherited patterns and cognitive abilities. Both field and laboratory based studies are reviewed; and finally, human behavior is considered within the context of primate...

  9. 9.02 Brain Laboratory, Spring 2002

    Miller, Earl; Jhaveri, Sonal
    Consists of a series of hands-on laboratories designed to give students experience with common techniques for conducting neuroscience research. Included are sessions on anatomical, ablation, neurophysiological, and computer modeling techniques, and ways these techniques are used to study brain function. Each session consists of a brief quiz on assigned readings that provide background to the lab, a lecture that expands on the readings, and that week's laboratory. Lab reports required. Students receive training in the art of scientific writing and oral presentation with feedback designed to improve writing and speaking skills. Assignments include two smaller lab reports, one major lab...

  10. 9.85 Infant and Early Childhood Cognition, Fall 2005

    Schulz, Laura
    This course is an introduction to cognitive development focusing on children's understanding of objects, agents, and causality. Students develop a critical understanding of experimental design and how developmental research might address philosophical questions about the origins of knowledge, appearance and reality, and the problem of other minds.

  11. 9.00P Introduction to Psychology, Fall 2001

    Pinker, Steven
    A first course in psychology: how we think, see, feel, learn, talk, act, grow, fear, like, love, hate, lust, and interact. The great controversies: nature and nurture, free will, consciousness, human differences, self and society. Largely experimental and social psychology, with relevant ideas from biology, philosophy, linguistics, economics, anthropology, and the arts.

  12. 9.63 Laboratory in Cognitive Science, Fall 2005

    Oliva, Aude
    9.63 teaches principles of experimental methods in human perception and cognition, including design and statistical analysis. The course combines lectures and hands-on experimental exercises and requires an independent experimental project. Some experience in programming is desirable. To foster improved writing and presentation skills in conducting and critiquing research in cognitive science, students are required to provide reports and give oral presentations of three team experiments. A fourth individually conducted experiment includes a proposal with revision, and concluding written and oral reports.

  13. 9.14 Brain Structure and its Origins, Spring 2005

    Schneider, Gerald
    This course covers major CNS structures with emphasis on systems being used as models for experimental studies of development and plasticity. Topics include basic patterns of connections in CNS, embryogenesis, PNS anatomy and development, process outgrowth and synaptogenesis, growth factors and cell survival, spinal and hindbrain anatomy, and development of regional specificity with an introduction to comparative anatomy and CNS evolution. A review of lab techniques (anatomy, tissue culture) is also covered as well as the trigeminal system, retinotectal system development, plasticity, regeneration, neocortex anatomy and development, the olfactory system, corpus striatum, brain transplants, the limbic system and hippocampal anatomy...

  14. 9.68 Affect: Biological, Psychological, and Social Aspects of Feelings, Spring 2005

    Chorover, Stephan L.; Ristic, Jovan
    Affect is to cognition and behavior as feeling is to thinking and acting or as values are to beliefs and practices. Subject considers these relations, both at the psychological level of organization and in terms of their neurobiological and sociocultural counterparts. From the course home page: In this class, diverse aspects of the current scientific paradigm which is based largely on a distrust of emotions is explored as well as other perspectives within a broader human-ecological context. Relevant issues are approached both experientially and theoretically through discussions in class and in study groups, and through field trips and assigned readings.

  15. 9.35 Sensation and Perception, Spring 2004

    Adelson, Edward H.
    How do the senses work? How do physical stimuli get transformed into signals in the nervous system? How does the brain use those signals to determine what's out there in the world? All the senses are discussed; vision is covered most extensively, with topics including the perception of color, motion, form, and depth.

  16. 9.70 Social Psychology, Spring 2005

    Chorover, Stephan L.; Ristic, Jovan
    In this course we learn social psychology both theoretically and practically. We examine interpersonal and group dynamics, and explore how the thoughts, feelings and actions of individuals are influenced by (and influence) the beliefs, values and practices of large and small groups. We experience the social interactions and personal reactions in the real social situations of the class.

  17. 9.74 Foundations of Human Memory and Learning, Spring 2002

    Wagner, Anthony
    Surveys literature on human memory and learning. Focuses on the organization of memory at cognitive and neural levels, the basis of remembering and forgetting, and false memories. Cognitive theory and behavioral evidence are integrated with data from neuro-psychology and neuroimaging. Alternate years. From the course home page: Course Highlights Other than that which is genetically coded, everything we know is derived from and reflects memory for our past experiences. Memory is intimately involved in most, if not all, domains of human cognition, from the ability to temporarily remember a phone number or where you placed your keys to the acquisition...

  18. 9.373 Somatosensory and Motor Systems, Spring 2002

    Bizzi, Emilio; Graybiel, A. M. (Ann M.), 1942-; Sur, Mriganka; Schiller, Peter H.
    General principles of motor control in biological systems. Structure and function of sensory receptors. Muscle structure and reflex arcs. Spinal cord. Locomotion. Oculomotor control. Cerebellar structure and function. Motor thalamus. Basal ganglia. Somatosensory cortex: maps and neuronal properties. Cortical plasticity. Motor psychophysics and computational approaches to motor control, and motor planning. Alternate years.

  19. 9.402 Language and Thought, Fall 2002

    Boroditsky, Lera; Carey, Susan; Spelke, Elizabeth S.
    Subject examines the many interrelationships between language and thought. Do people who speak different languages think differently? Does learning new languages change the way you think? Do polyglots think differently in different languages? Are some thoughts unthinkable without language? Subject discussion brings together ideas and findings from cognitive, developmental, and cultural psychology, as well as linguistics, anthropology, and ethology.

  20. 9.71 Functional MRI of High-Level Vision, Fall 2004

    Kanwisher, Nancy
    Covers the basics of fMRI, the strengths and limitations of fMRI compared to other techniques, and the design and analysis of fMRI experiments, focusing primarily on experiments on high-level vision. Upon completion, students should be able to understand and critique published fMRI papers, have a good grasp on what is known about high-level vision from fMRI, and design their own fMRI experiments. From the course home page: Course Description Fundamental questions about the human brain can now be answered using straightforward applications of fMRI. This is particularly true in the area of high-level vision, the study of how we interpret...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.