Recursos de colección

RUA (124.683 recursos)

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INV - CV, BP Y S - Artículos de Revistas

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 74

  1. Women's self-management of chronic illnesses in the context of caregiving: a grounded theory study

    Martínez Marcos, Mercedes; Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la
    Aims and objectives. Uncover how women self-manage their own chronic illness while taking care of a dependent relative. Background. International policies place special emphasis in promoting interventions addressed to control, prevent and care for people with chronic health conditions. Self-management is a crucial part of this care. Caregivers are more prone to have chronic illness than non-caregivers. They are confronted with dilemmas about taking care of themselves while taking care of their dependent relative and the rest of their families. Caregivers articulate strategies to enable them to focus their energy on caring. Design. Qualitative study using constructivist grounded theory. Methods....

  2. Decisiones y elecciones: El diseño de la investigación cualitativa

    Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la
    En esta editorial la autora reflexiona sobre las diferentes formas de decidir y elegir acerca del diseño en investigación cualitativa.

  3. La experiencia del cuidado de las mujeres cuidadoras con procesos crónicos de salud de familiares dependientes

    Martínez Marcos, Mercedes; Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la
    Objetivo: Describir la experiencia del cuidado de las mujeres cuidadoras con procesos crónicos de salud que cuidan de un familiar dependiente. Diseño: Estudio cualitativo de teoría fundamentada constructivista. Emplazamiento: Estudio realizado en dos áreas de salud urbanas de la Comunidad de Madrid. Participantes: Treinta y nueve mujeres con enfermedad crónica que cuidan a familiares dependientes se seleccionaron por medio del muestreo con propósito. Método: Los datos se recolectaron por medio de 23 entrevistas semiestructuradas y 2 grupos focales entre abril de 2010 y diciembre de 2011. En el análisis de datos se utilizaron los procedimientos de la teoría fundamentada. Resultados:...

  4. Aprender el oficio de investigar cualitativamente: formarse un self indagador

    Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la
    La investigación cualitativa es un trabajo que transciende las técnicas y los procedimientos. En el área de la salud se la reconoce como un campo especializado con componentes emocionales y éticos. La formación implica tanto un trabajo intelectual como la tarea de formar un carácter, esto es: de ser de una manera. En la investigación, la cuestión es del ser y del hacer. Este artículo invita a reflexionar sobre la formación de los investigadores y las investigadoras cualitativas. El aprendizaje de la investigación cualitativa es una práctica social, situada y reflexiva en la cual se debe adquirir un conocimiento formal...

  5. The Quality of Qualitative Research: From Evaluation to Attainment

    Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la
    The objective of this paper is to emphasize the importance of quality in the research process instead of its valuation afterwards, an issue the literature has given extensive attention to. In addition, it is a reflection on the debate about the quality of qualitative research and presents the assessment of quality as a situated practice. Reflexivity is presented not as a criterion to assess the research quality but as an instrument to achieve it. There are three characteristics of qualitative research that researchers need to pay reflexive attention to. The first is that qualitative studies deal with human experiences; the...

  6. Analizar Cualitativamente: De las consideraciones generales al pensamiento reflexivo

    Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la; Arredondo González, Claudia Patricia
    Analizar cualitativamente es una manera de pensar que se ha descrito como activa, interactiva, sistemática, organizada y sostenida en el tiempo. Consiste en un proceso, con frecuencia desordenado, en el que se hace una focalización progresiva de los temas que surgen en el estudio. Este proceso tiene unos procedimientos específicos a los métodos, además de otros comunes a ellos. En este artículo nos centraremos en la elaboración de memorandos, un procedimiento común de análisis que cada vez tiene más peso y reconocimiento en la bibliografía. Utilizaremos, como ejemplo para ilustrarlos, su papel en el análisis realizado durante un estudio histórico....

  7. Un mundo en transición. Objetos para los cuidados en España entre 1855 y 1955

    Arredondo González, Claudia Patricia; Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la; Ávila Olivares, José Antonio
    Objetivo: describir el mundo material para los cuidados de enfermería en España entre 1855 y 1955. Método: estudio histórico, con procedimientos de investigación cualitativa. Las fuentes de información fueron manuales dirigidos a la formación de profesionales dedicados al cuidado de los enfermos. Resultados: en los manuales revisados, el contexto, los escenarios y las personas dedicadas a los cuidados se presentan concurrentemente. La habitación con su mobiliario y condiciones físicas y ambientales era el escenario principal para cuidar. Esta, junto a los objetos utilizados en ella con finalidad terapéutica, conformaba el mundo material para los cuidados. Los objetos del mundo material...

  8. Falls of older people living in the community- A critical review

    Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la; Roe, Brenda
    Falls are the most prevalent and serious accident older people suffer in their homes and also, they are the main reason for their hospital admission. In a great part of the cases falls expose at risk elderly people’s well-being and quality of life. A critical narrative literature review was undertaken to inform research in the area of falls in older people living in the community. Articles were retrieved from Medline and Scopus data bases from November 2011 to January 2013. Citation searching was also used as a complement by hand searching of relevant journals. Additionally, an alert mechanism was established...

  9. Adherencia a la dieta mediterránea y su relación con el estado nutricional en personas mayores

    Zaragoza Martí, Ana; Ferrer-Cascales, Rosario; Cabañero-Martínez, María José; Hurtado Sánchez, José Antonio; Laguna Pérez, Ana
    Introducción: La Dieta Mediterránea (DM) como modelo de dieta de calidad se asocia con una reducción de la mortalidad y con una mejora en la calidad de vida en personas mayores. Objetivo: Evaluar la relación entre el estado nutricional y los estilos de vida con el grado de adherencia a la DM en personas mayores Métodos: Muestra compuesta por 60 sujetos que acudían a la consulta de enfermería de un centro de salud de Alicante con un Índice de Masa Corporal mayor a 24.9. Se utilizó el cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos MEDIS-FFQ, el cuestionario de adherencia a...

  10. Material world and social recognition: Nursing care in Spain (1855-1955)

    Arredondo González, Claudia Patricia; Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la; Ávila Olivares, José Antonio
    Objective. This study sought to recognize the active and symbolic role played by the objects from the material world for nursing care in Spain between 1855 and 1955. Methodology. This was a historical study using grounded theory procedures. The information sources were eight handbooks for the training of caring professionals published in Spain, during the period of interest. The information was gathered from March 2012 to June 2013. During this period, the sources were fully revised and index cards with bibliographic information, description of instruments, and analysis were elaborated; methodological and analytic memoranda were written. Forty-five procedures and 360 material...

  11. Caring to achieve the maximum independence possible: a synthesis of qualitative evidence on older adults’ adaptation to dependency

    Abad Corpa, Eva; González Gil, Teresa; Martínez Hernández, Antonio; Barderas Manchado, Ana M.; Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la; Monistrol Ruano, Olga; Mahtani-Chugani, Vinita; RETICEF-evidencia Group
    Aims and objectives. To understand the process of adaptation to dependency in older adults and their families. Background. Dependency and family care giving are attracting the attention of policymakers, service providers and researchers. Design. An interpretative synthesis of qualitative studies has been conducted. Methods. An extensive search without time and idiom limitations was conducted using the main databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, SSCI, LILACS, CUIDEN, Cochrane Library and JBI): personal communication from expert panel was used to detect filters strategies to find qualitative studies; these strategies were combined with search terms for dependence in older adults. The studies (2164 potentially...

  12. El Mundo material para los Cuidados de Enfermería

    Arredondo González, Claudia Patricia; Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la; Ávila Olivares, José Antonio
    El cuidado de enfermería tiene lugar en contextos histórica y materialmente variables. Al escenario conformado por objetos y el espacio físico para el cuidado de enfermería, se le denomina mundo material del cuidado. Es amplio y flexible, donde los objetos contienen información y pueden estudiarse desde la óptica de la cultura material y del mundo material. La primera explora el significado atribuido a los objetos culturalmente, mientras que la segunda reconoce que los objetos significan en la acción e interacción. En el mundo material para el cuidado, tecnología es cualquier producto empleado para la satisfacción de una necesidad humana, en...

  13. How women caregivers deal with their own long-term illness: a qualitative study

    Martínez Marcos, Mercedes; Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la
    Aim. To explore the strategies used by women caregivers to deal with their own chronic health conditions. Background. Providing care has a negative impact on the physical and mental health of caregivers. When caregivers suffer chronic health problems, it increases the burden of caring, making them more vulnerable and less likely to look after their own health. Design. Qualitative study carried out between April 2010–December 2011. Method. Thirty-nine women with long-term illness who care for dependent family members took part in the study, 23 in semi-structured interviews and 16 in two focus groups. The data were analysed using the grounded...

  14. Access to information in qualitative research. A matter of care

    Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la
    In this article attention is focused on access to data; a process that tends to be taken for granted and which in practice takes time and energy from the person who investigates. Access implies a process of contacting key people in institutions; negotiating with them, being invited to obtain data, achieving formal permission, and – finally – constructing relationships with the participants. Access to data is negotiated, trust is constructed in relationships with study participants, and data is obtained. All this constitutes an interactive process in which the person who investigates is revealed as an instrument in obtaining the data....

  15. Reliability and Validity of Shortened State Trait Anxiety Inventory in Spanish Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilation

    Perpiñá Galvañ, Juana; Cabañero-Martínez, María José; Richart-Martínez, Miguel
    Background In order to measure anxiety in physically and cognitively debilitated patients, such as patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation, the use of reliable and valid instruments is recommended; however, these instruments should be short. Objective To analyze the reliability and validity of a short version of the state subscale from the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, developed by Chlan and colleagues and translated into Spanish (STAI-E6), in patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation. Methods An instrumental study was conducted of 80 patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit at the Hospital of Alicante (Spain). The patients completed the 6-item...

  16. The Global Activity Limitation Index mainly measured functional disability, whereas self-rated health measured physical morbidity

    Cabrero-García, Julio; Juliá-Sanchis, Rocío
    Objectives: As the Global Activity Limitation Index (GALI) has only recently been created and it is not yet known whether it adds any additional information to self-rated health (SRH), two hypotheses were tested: (1) GALI is primarily correlated with functional disability and secondarily with morbidity and (2) SRH is primarily correlated with morbidity and secondarily with functional disability. Methods: The data source used was a subsample of the 2006 Spanish National Health Survey comprising people aged more than 64 years (N 5 7,835). Age, sex, social class, physical and mental morbidities, and functional disability were selected as predictors in multinomial...

  17. What do older people understand by mobility-related difficulties?

    Ramos-Pichardo, Juan Diego; Cabrero-García, Julio; González Llopis, Lorena; Cabañero-Martínez, María José; Muñoz Mendoza, Carmen Luz; Sanjuan-Quiles, Angela; Richart-Martínez, Miguel; Reig-Ferrer, Abilio
    Despite the centrality of the difficulty concept in the study of disability, there has been little research on its significance from the point of view of people with functional limitations. The main objective of this study was to describe what older people understand when asked about difficulty in undertaking mobility activities. As a secondary objective, we considered whether there are any differences depending on the type of activities, according to the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) mobility domains. Methods: Seventeen community-dwelling men and women aged 70 years old or over were interviewed by means of a questionnaire containing 55 items...

  18. Validation of a mobility item bank for older patients in primary care

    Cabrero-García, Julio; Ramos-Pichardo, Juan Diego; Muñoz Mendoza, Carmen Luz; Cabañero-Martínez, María José; González Llopis, Lorena; Reig-Ferrer, Abilio
    Background: To develop and validate an item bank to measure mobility in older people in primary care and to analyse differential item functioning (DIF) and differential bundle functioning (DBF) by sex. Methods: A pool of 48 mobility items was administered by interview to 593 older people attending primary health care practices. The pool contained four domains based on the International Classification of Functioning: changing and maintaining body position, carrying, lifting and pushing, walking and going up and down stairs. Results: The Late Life Mobility item bank consisted of 35 items, and measured with a reliability of 0.90 or more across...

  19. The experience of family caregivers and migrant paid caregivers relief of burden: a contrasted qualitative analysis

    Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen de la; Roe, Brenda
    This article has been accepted for publication and will appear in a revised form, subsequent to peer review and/or editorial input by Cambridge University Press, in Ageing & Society, published by Cambridge University Press.

  20. Validade de conteúdo de versão resumida da subescala do Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado (IDATE)

    Perpiñá Galvañ, Juana; Richart-Martínez, Miguel; Cabañero-Martínez, María José; Martínez Durá, Inmaculada
    Teve-se como objetivo descrever a validade de conteúdo de uma versão resumida da subescala estado do State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) de Spielberger, a partir da versão original adaptada ao espanhol, em pacientes espanhóis, sob ventilação mecânica invasiva (VMI). A amostra foi composta por 16 pacientes, sob VMI, no hospital de Alicante, Espanha, que selecionaram os itens da versão espanhola completa do Idate-estado de maior relevância para eles. Os itens nº1, 5, 9, 10, 12 e 20 da escala original são os mais relevantes para os pacientes espanhóis sob VMI, e 5 deles estão incluídos na versão resumida da escala (83,3%...

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