Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 194

  1. Introduction: Gender, genre and authorship

    Cook, Daniel; Culley, Amy

  2. Improving human-computer cooperation through haptic role exchange and negotiation

    Kucukyilmaz, Ayse; Oguz, Salih Ozgur; Sezgin, Tevfik Metin; Basdogan, Cagatay
    Even though in many systems, computers have been programmed to share control with human operators in order to increase task performance, the interaction in such systems is still artificial when compared to natural human-human cooperation. In complex tasks, cooperating human partners may have their own agendas and take initiatives during the task. Such initiatives contribute to a richer interaction between cooperating parties, yet little research exists on how this can be established between a human and a computer. In a cooperation involving haptics, the coupling between the human and the computer should be defined such that the computer can understand...

  3. The Socratic justification of existence: Nietzsche on Wissenschaft and existential meaning'

    Came, Daniel
    In his first published work, The Birth of Tragedy (BT), Nietzsche famously introduces the concept of an ‘aesthetic justification’ (ästhetische Rechtfertigung): ‘our highest dignity lies in the meaning of works of art—for it is only as an aesthetic phenomenon that existence and the world are eternally justified’ (BT, 5). The notion of an aesthetic justification of existence has received considerable scholarly attention. As BT is standardly read, it represents Nietzsche’s attempt to elucidate and endorse certain art-based solutions to the existential problem posed by Schopenhauer’s pessimism—the thesis that ‘it would be better for us not to exist’ (WWR, II, 605)....

  4. Reconciling opinion and evidence on dog bites: a suggested way forward using forensic risk assessment

    Hogue, Todd; Orritt, Rachel
    As highlighted elsewhere in this text, the study of Human Directed Aggressive Behaviour (HDAB), and the strategies employed to address it, are hampered by the way it is perceived and rationalized by the public, the media and to some extent policy makers. Dog bites in particular invoke a certain degree of dread because of their perceived unpredictability (Hogue et al., 2015, unpublished results). Many dog bite prevention strategies have been conceived and employed, and their development accelerated by the consistently high level of media and public interest. Unfortunately most of these strategies have not been the product of good quality...

  5. Parliamentary oversight of intelligence agencies: lessons from Westminster

    Bochel, Hugh; Defty, Andrew
    While oversight of intelligence agencies can take a number of forms, legislative oversight is often seen as particularly important as it can help ensure agencies’ independence from the executive, maintain public confidence and provide legitimacy for the agencies and their actions. This chapter draws on research on oversight of the intelligence and security agencies by the United Kingdom Parliament to consider possible lessons for legislative oversight in emerging states, and in particular, a potentially independent Scotland. It suggests that the challenges associated with such a development have been largely overlooked, and that careful consideration would need to be given to...

  6. The report of the International Bioethics Committee on vulnerability: a review

    Langlois, Adele
    The Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2005, contains 28 articles, 15 of which (3 to 17 inclusive) expound bioethical principles. To help states and other stakeholders to promote and uphold these principles, UNESCO’s International Bioethics Committee produces reports explaining them in depth and advising on their implementation. To date, it has published on consent (2008), social responsibility and health (2010), vulnerability (2011), traditional medicine (2013), non-discrimination and non-stigmatisation (2014) and benefit sharing (2015). In the Foreword to the first of these reports, on consent, Pierre Sané,...

  7. The castle’s invisible history: the emergence of an attraction

    Durham, Helen; Hughes, Heather
    Many, if not most, visitor attractions in this country were once something else: prisons, factories, battleships, palaces, courtrooms. These days, they are sustained by paying visitors. Yet it is as if their ‘second life on display’ is not part of their real history (though for Lincoln Castle, this is more accurately a third or fourth life). Virtually all timelines and historical accounts of the Castle ignore this important theme, even though it stretches back for well over a century. This chapter therefore attempts to rescue the neglected story of Lincoln Castle as a visitor attraction.

  8. The complexities of heritage preservation in multicultural environments: identification, conservation and management

    Whelan, Deborah
    South Africa is a strongly multi-cultural society consisting of a dominant population of indigenous African people of different ethnic and language groups, and myriad smaller groups of settled immigrant communities, some who have been resident for over two centuries. These consist of people of European origin from countries scattered across Europe, as well as many people from the Indian subcontinent. Furthermore, in recent times, immigration into South Africa by people from African countries to the north has been commonplace, leading to a polyglot society. However, as a nation it also suffers from vast gaps in income and education, both of...

  9. The elusive Norse harbours of The North Atlantic: why they were abandoned, and why they are so hard to find

    Mehler, Natascha; Gardiner, Mark; Dugmore, Andrew; Coolen, Joris
    The insular ports are characterized by a very limited infrastructure which meant that they could be established and abandoned according to environmental or commercial conditions. Infrequently jetties were made of stone or possibly also wood, but in most cases archaeological evidence is lost. Often, natural features, such as horizontal stone banks of cliffs were used as natural landing bridges and ships unloaded there. Temporary booths that were little more than camping grounds were used by merchants; rarely storehouses were constructed (such as those related to Greenland harbours). In many cases the harbours fell out of use, the settlements were abandoned...

  10. Conceptions of domestic space in the long term: the example of the English medieval hall

    Gardiner, Mark
    The plan of the late medieval hall in England is well known from the evidence of buildings of the thirteenth century and later. However, examination of excavated timber buildings suggests that the main elements of the hall plan can be identified from at least the late tenth century. The persistence of the plan over a period of at least 600 years may obscure the fact that the conception of the hall and details of its form were in a state of continuous change. Instead of beginning with an examination of the form of the hall, the study starts by considering...

  11. Generations BB, X, Y, Z, α: the changing consumer in the hospitality industry

    Sima, Claudia
    This chapter set out to understand the key characteristics of the Baby Boom, Generation X, Generation Y, Generation Z and Generation α as chain hotel customers and also to identify how the chain hotel industry is adapting to them. All five generations have interesting and complex profiles. Expressions such as latest technology, a stylish product, affordable, and a special customer experience seem to dominate the narratives of these generations. However, each generation appears to understand these aspects in different ways as the chapter explored. With each new generation the focus seems to be more on individualised, personalised hotel experiences, stylish,...

  12. The symbiotic relationship between unusual venues and street food commercial events: the case of Street Feast in London

    Sima, Claudia; Vogt, Franziska
    Through the analysis of Street Feast, a commercial street food event concept in London, the chapter explores the symbiotic relationship between street food, immersive eating and unusual locations and venues. Street food has always been associated with public spaces such as streets, plazas or public squares, marketplaces or car parks. A deeper investigation, however, reveals that street food event companies and vendors may use unusual locations and venues such as abandoned warehouses, builders’ yards, power stations, and car parks to embody their unusual and quirky nature and generate interest; promote off-the-beaten-track city areas; encourage alternative forms of consumption; support local...

  13. (Grand)paternal care practices and affective intergenerational encounters using Information Communication Technologies

    Tarrant, Anna
    This chapter considers the role of communication technologies in grandparenting, specifically grandfathering, with a focus on empirical data collected from men who are grandfathers. The changing spatialities of grandfather-grandchild relations, and relationships across generations more generally are explored, as they facilitate gendered care and practices of intimacy (referring to ‘the quality of close connection between people and the process of building this quality’ (Jamieson 2011: 15)). Excerpts from qualitative, in depth interview data collected from 31 men are presented, revealing that grandfathers actively seek to maintain intimate intergenerational relationships with grandchildren through the use of technology. This reveals the affective...

  14. Domestic ageing masculinities and grandfathering

    Tarrant, Anna
    The aim of this chapter is to examine the spatiality of the theoretically paradoxical performances of ageing domestic masculinities. I do this through an analysis of 31 qualitative, semi-structured interview narratives obtained from men who are grandfathers in the UK. I argue that these men’s grandfathering practices, and consequently their performances of ageing masculinities, are simultaneously intersectional, relational and situated and are significant to the material and social relations that shape the home. Results demonstrate that men negotiate the intersections of their masculinities and ageing in multiple and variable ways that are spatially constituted.

  15. Design chain

    Twigg, David
    Design chains are a specific form of interorganizational arrangement supporting product design and development activities.

  16. Bolero

    Pinchbeck, Michael; Lewis, Sarah
    Michael Pinchbeck's Bolero is featured in Make Believe - UK Design for Performance 2011 - 2015. Designed by Sarah Lewis, the Bolero set is described as a 'simple space with an ever evolving (or devolving) wall that the performers would transform'. Make/Believe is a full colour, fully illustrated celebration of design for performance by over 150 UK designers between 2011-2015. The title Make/Believe indicates the skills, vision and commitment found in the diversity of contemporary performance design and the ravishing visuals that make UK designers sought after worldwide. Make/Believe : UK Design for Performance 2011 – 2015 is the latest...

  17. Framing the civitas: Sant'Evasio at Casale Monferrato

    Vescovi, Michele
    This chapter discusses the progressive emancipation of the cives of Casale Monferrato (Piedmont) between 1070 and 1186, that is between the time in which the town was subject to the Bishop of Vercelli up to the official autonomy sanctioned by Emperor Frederick I. The civic dynamics at play are here explored through investigation of the parish church of Sant’Evasio, specifically through examination of its unusual narthex and its rich floor mosaic.

  18. Self-branding amongst freelance knowledge workers

    Arvidsson, Adam; Gandini, Alessandro; Bandinelli, Carolina
    In this chapter we draw on our ongoing research on freelance knowledge workers in London and Milan to discuss how “public brands” operate within self-organized productive networks and how self-branding in its current usage points toward a different conception of value proper to such emerging networked models of organization.1 We suggest that since their origin as superficial symbols— perhaps the antithesis of ethics—brands, and in particular personal brands, are now becoming foundational devices for the realization of a new kind of ethics proper to the emerging modes of productive organization that knowledge workers promote.

  19. Creative hubs versus creative networks

    Bandinelli, C.; Gandini, A.
    This chapter offers an account of the relationship between hubs and networks in the creative economy. Reflecting on ethnographic research conducted by the authors in the UK and Italy, the chapter contends that hubs have emerged as heterotopic spaces that fulfil the need of a space where social commitment and entrepreneurial attitude can be nurtured to facilitate social and professional collaboration among workers. Yet, this is often an idealised form of collaboration, which ultimately serves individual rather than common or shared goals. The chapter discusses the irredeemable interaction and intersection between hubs and networks and identifies the emergence of a...

  20. Collaborating, competing, coalescing, coworking: artists, freelancers and social entrepreneurs as the new subjects of the creative class

    Gandini, A.; Bandinelli, C.; Cossu, A.
    This chapter is concerned with offering an understanding of the main traits that characterise the subjectivity of these social actors, and assess their emergence and significance. Building on individual ethnographic fieldwork conducted in various contexts between 2011-2014, we offer an ex-post reflection that draws from each author’s empirical research to provide a better understanding of the role these subjects play in the meeting of collaboration and creativity. These, we will argue, represent - each with its own peculiar features - an accurate illustration of the process of reshaping of the creative economy in the shift towards collaboration and sharing – a shift one encounters in the confluence...

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