Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 81

  1. Building the engine room: a study of the Royal Court Young Peoples’ Theatre and its development into the Young Writers’ Programme

    Holden, Nicholas Oliver
    The Royal Court Theatre has forged its reputation on its ability to source and produce some of the most important new plays of the last sixty years. Its long-standing identity as a ‘writers’ theatre’ has cemented the Court’s allure to playwrights from across the world. Indeed, it is due to the theatre’s, at times, contentious history and continuous dedication to the playwright that the Court has also received substantial academic attention, which has resulted in extensive scholarship and interrogation of the theatre’s work. However, very little consideration has been given to the Royal Court Young Peoples’ Theatre and it is...

  2. Vocabulary of agency: development and assessment of a generic conceptual framework to guide action-oriented research in multiple domains

    Dash, D. P.
    The study has produced a generic conceptual framework for action-oriented research to guide such research in multiple domains of application. The conceptual framework has been expressed in terms of the "vocabulary of agency." It contains the notions of agency, enhancing agency, resource, roles, mobility, form of interaction, agency-enhancing device, local learning, global learning, operational coupling, etc. The conceptual framework has been subjected to a multi-stage process of assessment. The assessment shows that the conceptual framework has a certain generality in addressing a whole range of issues being discussed in management systems thinking and action research fields. Besides, the framework also...

  3. The Inclusion of children with Down’s syndrome in mainstream primary schools in Saudi Arabia: understanding the perspective of school principals

    Alabri, Waleed
    The inclusion of children with Down’s syndrome in Saudi Arabian schools is in a state of stress and confusion. School leaders have a critical role in improving inclusion, and they are also well placed to understand the challenges of their own schools. This research explores the perspectives of school principals on the inclusion of pupils with Down’s syndrome in mainstream Saudi schools and factors that affect it. This study consists of a qualitative study of inclusive schools (both government and ARAMCO) in the Eastern Province. Three methods were employed for data collection: interviews with a purposive sample of principals from 20...

  4. Conceptions of time and form in twentieth and twenty-first-century music

    Scheuregger, Martin Daniel
    This thesis takes an interdisciplinary approach, combining composition and analysis to explore a series of musical notions associated with time and form in twentieth and twenty-first century music. Four ideas are investigated through analytical case studies of music by Webern, Stravinsky, György Kurtág and George Benjamin, alongside interlinked original compositions. Whilst the selected works share broad underlying concerns, a parallel between the composers? broader oeuvres is not asserted. Rather, the folio can be seen as addressing two interlinked topics, each with two related halves: brevity, through fragmentation and miniaturisation; and connectedness, through continuity and organicism. An all-encompassing view of the...

  5. An analysis of community-led superfast broadband initiatives in the UK and the potential for resilience

    Ashmore, Fiona
    Despite interest from policymakers and the telecommunications sector to deliver superfast broadband to the whole of the UK, rural areas remain underserved, decreasing their ability to benefit from broadband-enabled services. Public intervention, primarily structured as national subsidies, is active across the UK to respond to this rural market failure. Complementing such practices are local-level strategies framed as community-led broadband initiatives. Their inclusion within wider superfast broadband installation strategies has not yet been examined. This doctoral research examines two of these initiatives, their structure and impact on the community to develop an understanding of their potential as replicable rural broadband delivery...

  6. Site-specific performance and the mechanics of becoming social

    Fossey, Steve
    ABSTRACT This thesis offers a body of practice that includes video documentation of one to one performances, performance lectures, critical writings and first person reflective narratives that give new insights into the potential of site-specific performance art and social space. Key themes, questions and concerns across performance studies and the social sciences are explored through a practice as research trajectory. From performance studies Nick Kaye’s (2000) writing on site-specificity provides a point of departure for methods of making and writing about performance that I refer to as ‘mechanics’; the term mechanics is posited within a process of what is described in...

  7. Modelling and animation of brittle fracture in three dimensions

    Kucukyilmaz, Ayse
    This thesis describes a system for simulating fracture in brittle objects. The system combines rigid body simulation methods with a constraint-based model to animate fracturing of arbitrary polyhedral shaped objects under impact. The objects are represented as sets of masses, where pairs of adjacent masses are connected by a distance-preserving linear constraint. The movement of the objects are normally realized by unconstrained rigid body dynamics. The fracture calculations are only done at discrete collision events. In case of an impact, the forces acting on the constraints are calculated. These forces determine how and where the object will break. The problem with...

  8. How might the development of data mining and log analysis systems for the Moodle virtual learning environment improve computer science students’ course engagement and encourage course designers’ future engagement with data analysis methods for the evaluation of course resources?

    Smith, Stephen Mark
    Virtual learning environments (VLEs) form part of modern pedagogy in education, they contain student usage data that has potential to inform and improve this pedagogy. The question this thesis explores is how might the development of data mining and log analysis systems for the Moodle virtual learning environment, improve computer science students’ course engagement and encourage course designers’ future engagement with data analysis methods for the evaluation of course resources? The thesis proposes that a student will complete missed work sooner if their utilisation of the VLE is automatically tracked and electronic prompts are sent when VLE activities are missed....

  9. Investigation into balancing of high-speed flexible shafts by compensating balancing sleeves

    Knowles, James Grahame
    Engineers have been designing machines with long, flexible shafts and dealing with consequential vibration problems, caused by shaft imbalance since the beginning of the industrial revolution in the mid 1800’s. Modern machines still employ balancing techniques based on the Influence Coefficient or Modal Balancing methodologies, that were introduced in the 1930’s and 1950’s, respectively. The research presented in this thesis explores fundamental deficiencies of current trim balancing techniques and investigates novel methods of flexible attachment to provide a component of lateral compliance. Further, a new balancing methodology is established which utilizes trim balance induced bending moments to reduce shaft deflection by...

  10. Passive control of the lateral critical speeds of a rotating shaft using eccentric sleeves

    Kirk, Antony John
    Classical techniques for mitigating vibration in rotating structures are divided into three main categories viz. careful design and manufacture, correct installation and effective control strategies. The balancing sleeves analysed in this thesis were developed as a ‘semi active’ method of vibration control to improve the state of balance of dynamically unstable coupling shafts. However, the addition of the balancing sleeves affects the natural dynamics of the shaft, and requires a detailed understanding of their characteristics and the impact on the overall shaft dynamics in order to be useful in practice. As a first approximation, the sleeves are initially modelled as...

  11. Genetic reconstruction of parentage and kinship in semi-feral domestic dogs, and analysis of effects of dog breeding patterns on an immune system gene MARCH7

    Karp-Tatham, Eleanor
    Whilst there has been considerable research focusing on the kinship of wolves, data on free-ranging dogs was sparse and there has been a long standing controversial debate over their ability to form packs. One of the aims of this project was to reconstruct kinship relationships in a population of free-ranging dogs, assessing the genetic variability and inbreeding level. For this purpose, I studied a population inhabiting a nature reserve at the outskirts of Rome in Italy. Analysis of twelve microsatellite loci revealed low number of alleles per locus, low levels of heterozygosity and difficulties in assigning parentage, possibly resulting from...

  12. Lifelong information-driven exploration for mobile robots to complete and Refi�ne spatio-temporal maps in changing environments

    Machado dos Santos, Joao Pedro
    Recent improvements in the ability of mobile robots to operate safely in human populated environments have allowed their deployment in households, o�ces and public buildings, such as museums and hospitals. However, the structure of these environments is typically not known a priori, which requires the robots to build their own models of their operational environments. This process is commonly known as \exploration" in mobile robotics. Moreover, real-world environments tend to change over time, which means that to achieve long-term autonomous operation, robots must also update their environment models as a part of their daily routine. The assumption of a perpetually-changing world adds a temporal dimension to the exploration...

  13. Lifelong information-driven exploration for mobile robots to complete and Refine spatio-temporal maps in changing environments

    Machado dos Santos, Joao Pedro
    Recent improvements in the ability of mobile robots to operate safely in human populated environments have allowed their deployment in households, offices and public buildings, such as museums and hospitals. However, the structure of these environments is typically not known a priori, which requires the robots to build their own models of their operational environments. This process is commonly known as "exploration" in mobile robotics. Moreover, real-world environments tend to change over time, which means that to achieve long-term autonomous operation, robots must also update their environment models as a part of their daily routine. The assumption of a perpetually-changing world adds a temporal dimension to the exploration...

  14. Prevalence of plasmid genetic elements among ESBL-producing E. coli isolated from a UK river and the effects of waste water effluent release

    Dinatale, Adam
    The global antibiotic resistance crisis is a growing issue which poses a significant threat to human and animal health, and will limit the effectiveness of infection treatment in clinical settings. Traditionally research efforts have concentrated on discovering novel antibiotics, however an alternative approach is being utilised which focuses on the control and removal of antibiotic resistance from the environment. A major source of environmental antibiotic resistance originates from the release of treated waste water effluent (WWE) from local waste water treatment plants (WWTP) into natural aquatic environments, such as canals and rivers. Study has shown released WWE contains high numbers...

  15. The application of dried blood spots in toxicokinetic and pharmacokinetic studies

    Barfield, Matt
    Dried Blood Spot (DBS) sampling is a microsampling technique used throughout the World for neonatal screening. The work set out in this thesis shows the development and implementation of DBS in the area of preclinical and clinical pharmaceutical drug development, specifically in support of Toxicokinetics and Pharmacokinetics. The advantages of the technique are explored along with the issues faced. The papers discussed in this commentary, include in papers 1 and 2, the concept of supporting both Toxicokinetics and Pharmacokinetics studies and the validation of bioanalytical assays utilising DBS. Commentary paper 3 further explores the practicalities of DBS in the Clinical environment and commentary paper 4 the transferability of...

  16. Protein-nanoparticles interaction and assembly

    Ma, Wenwei
    Nanoparticles are increasingly important in biotechnology as they are extensively used as drug delivery carriers and in biosensors. In both these two contexts, protein-nanoparticle interactions are often involved. Proteins that are present in body fluids inevitably interact with nanoparticle based drug carriers and typically surround them forming the so called “protein corona”. Biosensors that are based on nanoparticles often have proteins deliberately attached to their surface, for example antibodies that bind specific analytes. The understanding of the assembly mechanisms at the protein-nanoparticle interface and the ability to engineer proteins that interact with nanoparticles in the desired way, are therefore two essential requisites for the future development of nano-medicines...

  17. Supervised learning-based multimodal MRI brain image analysis

    Soltaninejad, Mohammadreza
    Medical imaging plays an important role in clinical procedures related to cancer, such as diagnosis, treatment selection, and therapy response evaluation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is one of the most popular acquisition modalities which is widely used in brain tumour analysis and can be acquired with different acquisition protocols, e.g. conventional and advanced. Automated segmentation of brain tumours in MR images is a difficult task due to their high variation in size, shape and appearance. Although many studies have been conducted, it still remains a challenging task and improving accuracy of tumour segmentation is an ongoing field. The aim of...

  18. Shaping social movements: international actors in Kosovo and Afghanistan

    Kirkpatrick, Jane
    New protectorates, such as Iraq, Afghanistan, East Timor and Kosovo, have experienced a medium to long term international presence, which has sought to ensure security and implement liberal democracy. Given that social movement activity has been linked to democratic development, the presence and development of social movements in new protectorates presents a novel and interesting context in which to study social movements. Using a political opportunity framework as a guide, this research examines the extent to which international actors in new protectorate contexts influence the strategy of social movements. A case analysis of two entities, Vetëvendosje, a social movement and...

  19. Intended actions, unintended consequences: towards a processual understanding of exercise referral schemes

    Henderson, Hannah Erica
    Whilst the benefits of physical activity have been well documented, many in the UK population remain insufficiently active to substantively benefit their health, placing individuals at greater risk of developing a range of non-communicable diseases and conditions. As a large percentage of the population accesses primary care, at least on an annual basis, the use of this health care sector to advocate increased physical activity has become widespread. Exercise referral schemes (ERSs) have enabled primary care professionals to refer their patients, typically to a local leisure facility, for supervised exercise. ERSs have seen prolific growth across the UK since their...

  20. The issues of implementing inclusion for students with Learning Difficulties in mainstream primary schools in Saudi Arabia

    Alhammad, Mohammed
    Saudi Arabia is one of earliest Arab countries to have implemented the integration of students with Special Educational Needs (SEN) (Almosa, 2008, 2010). Recently, the Ministry of Education (MoE), through the King Abdullah Public Education Development Programme, began preparing to introduce inclusion for students with SEN in practice. Thus, the current study explores potential barriers that could challenge the implementation of inclusion for male students with Learning Difficulties (LD) in mainstream primary schools. This research is timely as the issues involved with implementing inclusion remain unclear in Saudi Arabia. The issues were investigated by examining the understanding of teachers regarding...

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