Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 21

  1. Urban crime in Nigeria: trends, costs and policy considerations

    Ojo, Adegbola; Ojewale, Oluwole
    For more than two decades, calls have been made for inter-city comparative analysis of crime in Nigeria. Whilst selected single-city studies have been conducted, there is no recent robust attempt to systematically gauge the internal crime dynamics of cities in Nigeria against each other. This research monograph represents a bold empirical move in this regard. Thirty six Nigerian cities are placed on a rigorous and reliable comparative footing by applying selected statistical measures from a battery of indicators. The extensive numerical analysis is further supplemented by interpretivist approaches which help to yield fresh contextual evidence about the dynamics of crimes...

  2. Enhancing intellectual access for blind and partially sighted visitors to local and regional galleries and museums: Guidance on the inclusive exhibition design and curatorship of non-permanent exhibitions.

    Chick, Anne
    A guidance report containing innovative guidelines and insights in how to inclusive exhibition design and curator a non-permanent exhibitions for local and regional museums and galleries. This report is particularly focused on providing intellectual access to blind and partially sighted visitors.

  3. An evaluation of heating strategy, thermal environment and carbon emissions in three UK churches

    Pretlove, Stephen
    Church buildings are an important part of our cultural heritage and their preservation is critical. Many are in poor condition, and now provide community activities in addition to religious worship. This requires reconsideration of environmental needs, and upgrading of services to provide efficient, comfortable and healthy conditions. Churches contain many culturally valuable artefacts and materials that are sensitive to the environment, yet have survived for centuries in their natural environment. Most churches in the UK have had heating installed, causing damage as a result of fluctuating conditions during intermittent occupancy. This study evaluates the optimum environmental needs for comfort and conservation and...

  4. Evolutionary history of Leishmania killicki (synonymous Leishmania tropica) and taxonomic implications

    Chaara, Dhekra; Ravel, Christophe; BaÑuls, Anne- Laure; Haouas, Najoua; Lami, Patrick; Talignani, Loïc; El baidouri, Fouad; Jaouadi, Kaouther; Harrat, Zoubir; Dedet, Jean-Pierre; Babba, Hamouda; Pratlong, Francine
    Background: Leishmania (L.) killicki is responsible for the chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis. The taxonomic status of this parasite is still not well defined. It was suggested on one hand to include this taxon within L. tropica complex but also on the other hand to consider it as a distinct phylogenetic complex. The present work represents the more detailed study on the evolutionary history of L. killicki relative to L. tropica and the taxonomic implications. Methods: Thirty five L. killicki and 25 L. tropica strains isolated from humans and from several countries were characterized using the MultiLocus Enzyme Electrophoresis (MLEE) and the MultiLocus Sequence Typing (MLST) approaches. Results: The genetic...

  5. Evolutionary history of Leishmania killicki (synonymous Leishmania tropica) and taxonomic implications

    Chaara, Dhekra; Ravel, Christophe; BaÑuls, Anne- Laure; Haouas, Najoua; Lami, Patrick; Talignani, Loïc; El baidouri, Fouad; Jaouadi, Kaouther; Harrat, Zoubir; Dedet, Jean-Pierre; Babba, Hamouda; Pratlong, Francine
    Background: Leishmania (L.) killicki is responsible for the chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis. The taxonomic status of this parasite is still not well defined. It was suggested on one hand to include this taxon within L. tropica complex but also on the other hand to consider it as a distinct phylogenetic complex. The present work represents the more detailed study on the evolutionary history of L. killicki relative to L. tropica and the taxonomic implications. Methods: Thirty five L. killicki and 25 L. tropica strains isolated from humans and from several countries were characterized using the MultiLocus Enzyme Electrophoresis (MLEE) and the MultiLocus Sequence Typing (MLST) approaches. Results: The genetic...

  6. Festival Space: gender, liminality and the carnivalesque

    Pielichaty, Hanya
    Purpose - Contemporary outdoor rock and popular music festivals offer liminal spaces in which event participants can experience characteristics associated with the carnivalesque. Festival goers celebrate with abandonment, excess and enjoy a break from the mundane routine of everyday life. The aim of this conceptual paper is to explore the way gender is negotiated in the festival space. Design/methodology/approach - The rock and popular music tribute festival, known as ‘Glastonbudget’ provides the focus for this conceptual paper. A pilot ethnographic study at the event utilising photographic imagery was used to understand the way in which gender is displayed. Findings - It...

  7. Open Education and the emancipation of academic labour

    Winn, Joss
    I have previously argued that open education is a liberal project with a focus on the freedom of things rather than the freedom of people (Winn, Joss. 2012. “Open Education: From the Freedom of Things to the Freedom of People.” In Towards Teaching in Public: Reshaping the Modern University, edited by Michael Neary, Howard Stevenson, and Les Bell, 133– 147. London: Continuum). Furthermore, I have argued that despite an implicit critique of private property with its emphasis on ‘the commons’, the literature on open education offers no corresponding critique of academic labour (Neary, Mike, and Joss Winn. 2012. “Open Education: Common(s),...

  8. Open Education and the emancipation of academic labour

    Winn, Joss
    I have previously argued that open education is a liberal project with a focus on the freedom of things rather than the freedom of people (Winn, Joss. 2012. “Open Education: From the Freedom of Things to the Freedom of People.” In Towards Teaching in Public: Reshaping the Modern University, edited by Michael Neary, Howard Stevenson, and Les Bell, 133– 147. London: Continuum). Furthermore, I have argued that despite an implicit critique of private property with its emphasis on ‘the commons’, the literature on open education offers no corresponding critique of academic labour (Neary, Mike, and Joss Winn. 2012. “Open Education: Common(s),...

  9. The co-operative university: Labour, property and pedagogy

    Winn, Joss
    I begin this article by discussing the recent work of academics and activists to identify the advantages and issues relating to co-operative forms of higher education, and then focus on the ‘worker co-operative’ organisational form and its applicability and suitability to the governance of and practices within higher educational institutions. Finally, I align the values and principles of worker co-ops with the critical pedagogic framework of ‘Student as Producer’. Throughout I employ the work of Karl Marx to theorise the role of labour and property in a ‘co-operative university’, drawing particularly on later Marxist writers who argue that Marx’s labour theory of...

  10. The co-operative university: Labour, property and pedagogy

    Winn, Joss
    I begin this article by discussing the recent work of academics and activists to identify the advantages and issues relating to co-operative forms of higher education, and then focus on the ‘worker co-operative’ organisational form and its applicability and suitability to the governance of and practices within higher educational institutions. Finally, I align the values and principles of worker co-ops with the critical pedagogic framework of ‘Student as Producer’. Throughout I employ the work of Karl Marx to theorise the role of labour and property in a ‘co-operative university’, drawing particularly on later Marxist writers who argue that Marx’s labour theory of...

  11. Writing about academic labour

    Winn, Joss
    This essay calls for a return to the labour theory of Marx, or rather to Marx’s negative critique of labour and its “pivotal” role in comprehending the political economy of higher education. It argues that a critique of capitalism and its apparent complexity must be undertaken through an immanent critique of labour, rather than from the standpoint of labour as has been the case in both Marxist and non-Marxist traditions of labour studies. Through a review of exemplar articles on ‘academic labour’, the essay draws attention to the fundamental importance of employing Marx’s method of abstraction so as to understand...

  12. Writing about academic labour

    Winn, Joss
    This essay calls for a return to the labour theory of Marx, or rather to Marx’s negative critique of labour and its “pivotal” role in comprehending the political economy of higher education. It argues that a critique of capitalism and its apparent complexity must be undertaken through an immanent critique of labour, rather than from the standpoint of labour as has been the case in both Marxist and non-Marxist traditions of labour studies. Through a review of exemplar articles on ‘academic labour’, the essay draws attention to the fundamental importance of employing Marx’s method of abstraction so as to understand...

  13. Proton computed tomography reconstruction using a backprojection-then-filtering approach

    Poludniowski, G.; Allinson, N. M.; Evans, P. M.
    A novel approach to proton CT reconstruction using backprojection-then- filtering is proposed. A list-mode algorithm is formulated accommodating non-linear proton paths. The analytical form is derived for the deblurring kernel necessary for the filtering step. Further, a finite matrix correction is derived to correct for the limited size of the backprojection matrix. High quantitative accuracy in relative stopping power is demonstrated (≤ 0.1%) using Monte Carlo simulations. This accuracy makes the algorithm a promising candidate for future proton CT systems in proton therapy applications. For the purposes of reconstruction, each proton path in the object-of- interest was estimated based on...

  14. A multi-objective genetic algorithm for solving the airport ground movement problem

    Weiszer, Michal; Chen, Jun; Stewart, Paul
    The airport ground movement problem is one of the most important among airport ground operations as it connects runway sequencing and the gate or stand allocation problem. The main goal of the ground movement problem is to find optimal routes and schedules for all aircraft moving on the airport surface. With increasing air traffic, rising fuel costs and tighter environmental targets the efficient operation of the ground movement in terms of time and fuel consumption is becoming a more pressing issue. Therefore, in this paper a multi-objective optimisation problem is presented to simultaneously optimise departure schedules and speed profiles of...

  15. Design forces and agents of change in the flat unresolved rooftop

    Medio, Simone
    When we look at buildings from above, we are likely to see a landscape of asphalt, gravel, or concrete-clad flat rooftops. In that instance, there is a clear, immediate drop in design tension between the building’s façade and its corresponding rooftop. In most cases, flat rooftops are situated in the back-alley of buildings, prone to the allocation of mechanical systems or adapted to open air roof gardens in need of shelter. The roof, however, is arguably at the heart of architectural design with the potential for generating technologically innovative and evolved architecture. This paper builds on a study previously conducted...

  16. Diverse media, uniform reports: an analysis of news coverage of the Cyprus problem by the Turkish Cypriot press

    Sahin, Sanem
    This article explores the representation of the Cyprus Problem by the Turkish Cypriot press. Studying the news content of Turkish Cypriot daily newspapers from three periods of time, it highlights the discourses, strategies and practices deployed in the selection and treatment of events relating to the Cyprus issue. It produces a picture of current journalism practices that is characterized by lack of diversity, dependence on official sources and the dominance of nationalist discourses. The article goes on to question whether the Turkish Cypriot media can play a role in establishing a democratic, pluralistic society in North Cyprus and, as the...

  17. ‘It’s like equality now; it’s not as if it’s the old days’: an investigation into gender identity development and football participation of adolescent girls

    Pielichaty, Hanya
    This article explores the influence participating in football has on the development of adolescent girls’ gender identity, an area which currently lacks academic attention. Data were taken from an ethnographic study with a group of adolescent girls and boys and compared to Jeanes’ research. A social constructionist framework was deployed with links to both critical theory and feminist literature. Qualitative and participatory methods were used to fully engage with the complex issue of gender identity. The girls within this study were aware of the normative gender expectations linked to ‘being a female’ but did not find this restrictive. The girls...

  18. Work and speed based engine operation condition analysis for new European driving cycle (NEDC)

    Shim, Bum-Joo; Park, Kyoung-Suk; Koo, Jun-Mo; Jin, Seong-Ho
    In order to evaluate fuel consumption and the tailpipe emissions of a vehicle, standard driving cycles are used to prescribe vehicle driving conditions such as speed, gear shifts, fluid temperature etc. The new European Driving Cycle (NEDC) has been widely used as a driving cycle for emissions and fuel consumption while the Federal Test Procedure 75 (FTP-75) mode is used in the United States. In South Korea, the NEDC is applied for emission certification and the FTP-75 mode is used for the fuel consumption of a vehicle powered by a diesel engine. Because these driving cycles contain a mix of...

  19. International entrepreneurship education: postgraduate business students experiences of entrepreneurship education

    Rae, D.; Woodier-Harris, N.
    Objectives The study aims to enhance understanding of the effectiveness of entrepreneurship education in meeting the expectations and motivations of international postgraduate students participating in UK business & management education. Specifically, it explores within sample groups of learners: RQ1. What is the typical profile of the international students’ prior education and work experience? RQ2. What do students expect from studying an entrepreneurship PG course in the UK? RQ3. What are their experiences of, and learning outcomes from, the entrepreneurship course? RQ4. What benefits regarding their skills and knowledge do they perceive result from participation? Prior Work International Postgraduate education has grown substantially in the last decade (UUK, 2010). There has...

  20. Tech tips for libraries: QR codes

    Stainthorp, Paul
    This is the first in a planned series of short articles on useful technologies for academic libraries. QR codes ("Quick Response" codes) are two-dimensional, black-and-white, square barcodes that can be used around the library to provide users with links to additional information about resources and services.

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