Repository of works by Caltech published authors.
Type = Report or Paper
Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 3,533
The INTEGRAL/IBIS AGN catalogue: an update - Malizia, A.; Landi, R.; Molina, M.; Bassani, L.; Bazzano, A.; Bird, A. J.; Ubertini, P.
In the most recent IBIS survey based on observations performed during the
first 1000 orbits of INTEGRAL, are listed 363 high energy emitters firmly
associated with AGN, 107 of which are reported here for the first time. We have
used X-ray data to image the IBIS 90\% error circle of all the AGN in the
sample of 107, in order to obtain the correct X-ray counterparts, locate them
with arcsec accuracy and therefore pinpoint the correct optical counterparts.
This procedure has led to the optical and spectral characterization of the
entire sample. This new set consists of 34 broad line or type 1 AGN, 47 narrow
WISEA J114724.10-204021.3: A Free-Floating Planetary Mass Member of the TW Hya Association - Schneider, Adam C.; Windsor, James; Cushing, Michael C.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Wright, Edward L.
We present WISEA J114724.10−204021.3, a young, low-mass, high probability member of the TW Hya association. WISEA J114724.10−204021.3 was discovered based on its red AllWISE color (W1−W2 = 0.63 mag) and extremely red 2MASS J−K_S color (> 2.64 mag), the latter of which is confirmed with near-infrared photometry from the VISTA Hemisphere Survey (J−K_S = 2.57±0.03). Follow-up near-infrared spectroscopy shows a spectral type of L7 ± 1 as well as several spectroscopic indicators of youth. These include a peaked H-band shape and a steeper K-band slope, traits typically attributed to low surface gravity. The sky position, proper motion, and distance estimates...
Modeling multi-particle complexes in stochastic chemical systems - Morrison, Muir J.; Kinney, Justin B.
Large complexes of classical particles play central roles in biology, in polymer physics, and in other disciplines. However, physics currently lacks mathematical methods for describing such complexes in terms of component particles, interaction energies, and assembly rules. Here we describe a Fock space structure that addresses this need, as well as diagrammatic methods that facilitate the use of this formalism. These methods can dramatically simplify the equations governing both equilibrium and non-equilibrium stochastic chemical systems. A mathematical relationship between the set of all complexes and a list of rules for complex assembly is also identified.
Gravity On-shell Diagrams - Herrmann, Enrico; Trnka, Jaroslav
We study on-shell diagrams for gravity theories with any number of
supersymmetries and find a compact Grassmannian formula in terms of edge
variables of the graphs. Unlike in gauge theory where the analogous form
involves only $\dlog$-factors, in gravity there is a non-trivial numerator as
well as higher degree poles in the edge variables. Based on the structure of
the Grassmannian formula for $\N=8$ supergravity we conjecture that gravity
loop amplitudes also possess similar properties. In particular, we find that
there are only logarithmic singularities on cuts with finite loop momentum,
poles at infinity are present and loop amplitudes show special behavior on
certain collinear cuts. We demonstrate on...
Identifying IGR J14091-6108 as a magnetic CV with a massive white dwarf using X-ray and optical observations - Tomsick, John A.; Rahoui, Farid; Krivonos, Roman; Clavel, Maïca; Strader, Jay; Chomiuk, Laura
IGR J14091-6108 is a Galactic X-ray source known to have an iron emission
line, a hard X-ray spectrum, and an optical counterpart. Here, we report on
X-ray observations of the source with XMM-Newton and NuSTAR as well as optical
spectroscopy with ESO/VLT and NOAO/SOAR. In the X-rays, this provides data with
much better statistical quality than the previous observations, and this is the
first report of the optical spectrum. Timing analysis of the XMM data shows a
very significant detection of 576.3+/-0.6 s period. The signal has a pulsed
fraction of 30%+/-3% in the 0.3-12 keV range and shows a strong drop with
energy. The optical spectra show...
Evolution of Molecular and Atomic Gas Phases in the Milky Way - Koda, Jin; Scoville, Nick; Heyer, Mark
We analyze radial and azimuthal variations of the phase balance between the
molecular and atomic ISM in the Milky Way. In particular, the azimuthal
variations -- between spiral arm and interarm regions -- are analyzed without
any explicit definition of spiral arm locations. We show that the molecular gas
mass fraction, i.e., f_(mol)= ΣH2/ (ΣHI+ΣH2) in mass, varies predominantly in the
radial direction: starting from ~100% at the center, remaining ≳50% (≳60%) to
R~6kpc, and decreasing to ~10-20% (~50%) at R=8.5 kpc when averaged over the
whole disk thickness (in the mid plane). Azimuthal, arm-interarm variations are
secondary: only ~20%, in the globally molecule-dominated inner MW, but becoming
Effects of Bound States on Dark Matter Annihilation - An, Haipeng; Wise, Mark B.; Zhang, Yue
We study the impact of bound state formation on dark matter annihilation
rates in models where dark matter interacts via a light mediator, the dark
photon. We derive the general cross section for radiative capture into all
possible bound states, and point out its non-trivial dependence on the dark
matter velocity and the dark photon mass. For indirect detection, our result
shows that dark matter annihilation inside bound states can play an important
role in enhancing signal rates over the rate for direct dark matter
annihilation with Sommerfeld enhancement. The effects are strongest for large
dark gauge coupling and when the dark photon mass is smaller than the...
Efficient single sideband microwave to optical conversion using an electro-optical whispering gallery mode resonator - Rueda, Alfredo; Sedlmeir, Florian; Collodo, Michele C.; Vogl, Ulrich; Stiller, Birgit; Schunk, Gerhard; Strekalov, Dmitry V.; Marquardt, Christoph; Fink, Johannes M.; Painter, Oskar; Leuchs, Gerd; Schwefel, Harald G. L.
Linking classical microwave electrical circuits to the optical
telecommunication band is at the core of modern communication. Future quantum
information networks will require coherent microwave-to-optical conversion to
link electronic quantum processors and memories via low-loss optical
telecommunication networks. Efficient conversion can be achieved with
electro-optical modulators operating at the single microwave photon level. In
the standard electro-optic modulation scheme this is impossible because both,
up- and downconverted, sidebands are necessarily present. Here we demonstrate
true single sideband up- or downconversion in a triply resonant whispering
gallery mode resonator by explicitly addressing modes with asymmetric free
spectral range. Compared to previous experiments, we show a three orders of
magnitude improvement of the...
Design of tunable GHz-frequency optomechanical crystal resonators - Pfeifer, Hannes; Paraiso, Taofiq; Zang, Leyun; Painter, Oskar
We present a silicon optomechanical nanobeam design with a
dynamically tunable acoustic mode at 10.2 GHz. The resonance frequency
can be shifted by 90 kHz/V2
with an on-chip capacitor that was optimized to
exert forces up to 1 µN at 10 V operation voltage. Optical resonance
frequencies around 190 THz with Q factors up to 2.2 × 10^6
place the structure
in the well-resolved sideband regime with vacuum optomechanical coupling
rates up to g0/2π = 353 kHz. Tuning can be used, for instance, to overcome
variation in the device-to-device acoustic resonance frequency due to
fabrication errors, paving the way for optomechanical circuits consisting of
arrays of optomechanical cavities.
On associating Fast Radio Bursts with afterglows - Vedantham, H. K.; Ravi, V.; Mooley, K.; Frail, D.; Hallinan, G.; Kulkarni, S. R.
A radio source that faded over 6 days, with a redshift z ≈ 0.5 host, has been identified by Keane
et al. (2016) as the transient afterglow to a Fast Radio Burst (FRB 150418). We report followup
radio and optical observations of the afterglow candidate, and find a source that is consistent
with an active galactic nucleus (AGN). If the afterglow-candidate is nonetheless a prototypical FRB
afterglow, existing surveys limit the fraction of FRBs that produce afterglows to 0.25 for modulationindex
m = ∆S/S¯ ≥ 0.7, and 0.07 for m ≥ 1, at 95% confidence. Afterglow associations with the
barrage of bursts expected from future FRB...
Low-rank plus sparse decomposition for exoplanet detection in direct-imaging ADI sequences. The LLSG algorithm - Gomez Gonzalez, C. A.; Absil, O.; Absil, P.-A.; Van Droogenbroeck, M.; Mawet, D.; Surdej, J.
Data processing constitutes a critical component of high-contrast exoplanet
imaging. Its role is almost as important as the choice of a coronagraph or a
wavefront control system, and it is intertwined with the chosen observing
strategy. Among the data processing techniques for angular differential imaging
(ADI), the most recent is the family of principal component analysis (PCA)
based algorithms. PCA serves, in this case, as a subspace projection technique
for constructing a reference point spread function (PSF) that can be subtracted
from the science data for boosting the detectability of potential companions
present in the data. Unfortunately, when building this reference PSF from the
science data itself, PCA comes...
KIC 7177553: a quadruple system of two close binaries - Lehmann, H.; Borkovits, T.; Rappaport, S. A.; Ngo, H.; Mawet, D.; Csizmadia, Sz.; Forgács-Dajka, E.
KIC 7177553 was observed by the Kepler satellite to be an eclipsing eccentric binary star system with an 18-day orbital period. Recently, an eclipse timing study of the Kepler binaries has revealed eclipse timing variations (ETVs) in this object with an amplitude of ~100 s and an outer period of 529 days. The implied mass of the third body is that of a super-Jupiter, but below the mass of a brown dwarf. We therefore embarked on a radial velocity (RV) study of this binary to determine its system configuration and to check the hypothesis that it hosts a giant planet....
Point Source Polarimetry with the Gemini Planet Imager: Sensitivity Characterization with T5.5 Dwarf Companion HD 19467 B - Jensen-Clem, Rebecca; Millar-Blanchaer, Max; Mawet, Dimitri; Graham, James R.; Wallace, J. Kent; Macintosh, Bruce; Hinkley, Sasha; Wiktorowicz, Sloane J.; Perrin, Marshall D.; Marley, Mark S.; Fitzgerald, Michael P.; Oppenheimer, Rebecca; Ammons, S. Mark; Rantakyro, Fredrik T.; Marchis, Franck
Detecting polarized light from self-luminous exoplanets has the potential to
provide key information about rotation, surface gravity, cloud grain size, and
cloud coverage. While field brown dwarfs with detected polarized emission are
common, no exoplanet or substellar companion has yet been detected in polarized
light. With the advent of high contrast imaging spectro-polarimeters such as
GPI and SPHERE, such a detection may now be possible with careful treatment of
instrumental polarization. In this paper, we present 28 minutes of $H$-band GPI
polarimetric observations of the benchmark T5.5 companion HD 19467 B. We detect
no polarization signal from the target, and place an upper limit on the degree
The Radial Distribution of H2 and CO in TW Hya as Revealed by Resolved ALMA Observations of CO Isotopologues - Schwarz, Kamber R.; Bergin, Edwin A.; Cleeves, L. Ilsedore; Blake, Geoffrey A.; Zhang, Ke; Öberg, Karin I.; van Dishoeck, Ewine F.; Qi, Chunhua
CO is widely used as a tracer of molecular gas. However, there is now
mounting evidence that gas phase carbon is depleted in the disk around TW Hya.
Previous efforts to quantify this depletion have been hampered by uncertainties
regarding the radial thermal structure in the disk. Here we present resolved
ALMA observations of 13CO 3-2, C18O 3-2, 13CO 6-5, and C18O 6-5 emission in TW
Hya, which allow us to derive radial gas temperature and gas surface density
profiles, as well as map the CO abundance as a function of radius. These
observations provide a measurement of the surface CO snowline at ~30 AU and
An Experimental Study of the Centipede Game - McKelvey, Richard D.; Palfrey, Thomas R.
We report on a series of experiments in which individuals play a version of the centipede game. In this game, two players alternately get a chance to take the larger portion of a continually escalating pile of money. As soon a.s one person takes, the game ends with that player getting the larger portion of the pile, and the other player getting the smaller portion. If one views the experiment as a complete information game, all standard game theoretic equilibrium concepts predict the first mover should take the large pile on the first round. The experimental results show that this...
Gravitational torque-driven black hole growth and feedback in cosmological simulations - Anglés-Alcázar, Daniel; Davé, Romeel; Faucher-Giguère, Claude-André; Özel, Feryal; Hopkins, Philip F.
We investigate black hole-host galaxy scaling relations in cosmological
simulations with a self-consistent black hole growth and feedback model. The
sub-grid accretion model captures the key scalings governing angular momentum
transport from galactic scales down to parsec scales, while our kinetic
feedback implementation enables the injection of outflows with properties
chosen to match observed nuclear outflows. We show that "quasar mode" feedback
can have a large impact on the thermal properties of the intergalactic medium
and the growth of galaxies and massive black holes for kinetic feedback
efficiencies as low as 0.1% relative to the bolometric luminosity. Nonetheless,
our simulations suggest that the black hole-host scaling relations are only
NuSTAR discovery of a cyclotron line in the accreting X-ray pulsar IGR J16393-4643 - Bodaghee, Arash; Tomsick, John A.; Fornasini, Francesca A.; Krivonos, Roman; Stern, Daniel; Mori, Kaya; Rahoui, Farid; Boggs, Steven E.; Christensen, Finn E.; Craig, William W.; Hailey, Charles J.; Harrison, Fiona A.; Zhang, William W.
The high-mass X-ray binary and accreting X-ray pulsar IGR J16393-4643 was
observed by NuSTAR in the 3-79 keV energy band for a net exposure time of 50
ks. We present the results of this observation which enabled the discovery of a
cyclotron resonant scattering feature with a centroid energy of 29.3(+1.1/-1.3)
keV. This allowed us to measure the magnetic field strength of the neutron star
for the first time: B = (2.5+/-0.1)e12 G. The known pulsation period is now
observed at 904.0+/-0.1 s. Since 2006, the neutron star has undergone a
long-term spin-up trend at a rate of P' = -2e-8 s/s (-0.6 s per year, or...
GK Per and EX Hya: Intermediate polars with small magnetospheres - Suleimanov, V.; Doroshenko, V.; Ducci, L.; Zhukov, G. V.; Werner, K.
Observed hard X-ray spectra of intermediate polars are determined mainly by
the accretion flow velocity at the white dwarf surface, which is normally close
to the free-fall velocity. This allows to estimate the white dwarf masses as
the white dwarf mass-radius relation M-R and the expected free-fall velocities
at the surface are well known. This method is widely used, however, derived
white dwarf masses M can be systematically underestimated because the accretion
flow is stopped at and re-accelerates from the magnetospheric boundary R_m, and
therefore, its velocity at the surface will be lower than free-fall.To avoid
this problem we computed a two-parameter set of model hard X-ray spectra,...
Implicit large eddy simulations of anisotropic weakly compressible turbulence with application to core-collapse supernovae - Radice, David; Couch, Sean M.; Ott, Christian D.
In the implicit large eddy simulation (ILES) paradigm, the dissipative nature of high-resolution
shock-capturing schemes is exploited to provide an implicit model of turbulence. The ILES approach has
been applied to different contexts, with varying degrees of success. It is the de-facto standard in many
astrophysical simulations and in particular in studies of core-collapse supernovae (CCSN). Recent 3D
simulations suggest that turbulence might play a crucial role in core-collapse supernova explosions,
however the fidelity with which turbulence is simulated in these studies is unclear. Especially considering
that the accuracy of ILES for the regime of interest in CCSN, weakly compressible and strongly
anisotropic, has not been systematically...
Generation of high-stability solitons at microwave rates on a silicon chip - Yi, Xu; Yang, Qi-Fan; Yang, Ki Youl; Suh, Myoung-Gyun; Vahala, Kerry J.
Because they coherently link radio/microwave-rate electrical signals with optical-rate signals derived from lasers and atomic transitions, frequency combs are having a remarkably broad impact on science and technology. Integrating these systems on a photonic chip would revolutionize instrumentation, time keeping, spectroscopy, navigation and potentially create new mass-market applications. A key element of such a system-on-a-chip will be a mode-locked comb that can be self-referenced. The recent demonstration of soliton pulses from a microresonator has placed this goal within reach. However, to provide the requisite link between microwave and optical rate signals soliton generation must occur within the bandwidth of electronic...