Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 2.437

  1. Chow-stability and Hilbert-stability in Mumford's geometric invariant theory

    Mabuchi, Toshiki
    In this note, we shall show that Chow-stability and Hilbert-stability in GIT asymptotically coincide. The proof in [5] is simplified in the present form, while a quick review is in [6].

  2. On the unipotent support of character sheaves

    Geck, Meinolf; Hézard, David
    Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over $\mathbb{F}_{q}$, where $q$ is large enough and the center of $G$ is connected. We are concerned with Lusztig's theory of character sheaves, a geometric version of the classical character theory of the finite group $G(\mathbb{F}_{q})$. We show that under a certain technical condition, the restriction of a character sheaf to its unipotent support (as defined by Lusztig) is either zero or an irreducible local system. As an application, the generalized Gelfand-Graev characters are shown to form a $\mathbb{Z}$-basis of the $\mathbb{Z}$-module of unipotently supported virtual characters of $G(\mathbb{F}_{q})$ (Kawanaka's conjecture).

  3. The restricted Nagata's pairwise algorithm and the Euclidean algorithm

    Leu, Ming-Guang
    In 1971, Samuel generalized Motzkin's idea to give a characterization of Euclidean rings. In this article we will show, from Motzkin and Samuel's point of view, that the concept of the restricted Nagata's pairwise algorithm should exist in the world of mathematics much earlier than the Euclidean algorithm.

  4. Minimal pencils on smooth surfaces in $\mathbb{P}^{3}$

    Konno, Kazuhiro
    Pencils of curves of minimal genus and slope are determined for smooth surfaces of degree at least seven in the projective 3-space.

  5. Hyperbolic lengths of some filling geodesics on Riemann surfaces with punctures

    Zhang, Chaohui
    Let $\tilde{S}$ be a Riemann surface of type $(p,n)$ with $3p-3+n>0$ and $n\geq 1$. In this paper, we give a quantitative common lower bound for the hyperbolic lengths of all filling geodesics on $\tilde{S}$ generated by two parabolic elements in the fundamental group $\pi_{1}(\tilde{S},a)$.

  6. The forcing partial order on a family of braids forced by pseudo-Anosov 3-braids

    Kin, Eiko
    Li-York theorem tells us that a period 3 orbit for a continuous map of the interval into itself implies the existence of a periodic orbit of every period. This paper concerns an analogue of the theorem for homeomorphisms of the 2-dimensional disk. In this case a periodic orbit is specified by a braid type and on the set of all braid types Boyland's dynamical partial order can be defined. We describe the partial order on a family of braids and show that a period 3 orbit of pseudo-Anosov braid type implies the Smale-horseshoe map which is a factor possessing complicated chaotic dynamics.

  7. Closed hypersurfaces with constant mean curvature in a symmetric manifold

    Xu, Hongwei; Ren, Xin'an
    We prove a rigidity theorem for closed hypersurfaces with constant mean curvature in a symmetric Riemannian manifold, which is a generalization of main results in [3] and [15].

  8. Equations in $p$-curvature and intertwiners

    Tsuchimoto, Yoshifumi
    The equations in $p$-curvatures, which is a key to prove a stable equivalence of Jacobian problem and Dixmier conjecture in the author's previous paper, is provided an easier proof, related to the existence of `intertwining operator'. In an appendix, we show that every symplectic morphism between nonsingular symplectic varieties are of Jacobian 1, regardless of the characteristics.

  9. Relative Ext groups, resolutions, and Schanuel classes

    Holm, Henrik
    Given a precovering (also called contravariantly finite) class $\mathsf{F}$ there are three natural approaches to a homological dimension with respect to $\mathsf{F}$: One based on Ext functors relative to $\mathsf{F}$, one based on $\mathsf{F}$-resolutions, and one based on Schanuel classes relative to $\mathsf{F}$. In general these approaches do not give the same result. In this paper we study relations between the three approaches above, and we give necessary and sufficient conditions for them to agree.

  10. Lifespan for radially symmetric solutions to systems of semilinear wave equations with multiple speeds

    Katayama, Soichiro
    We consider the Cauchy problem for a system of semilinear wave equations with multiple propagation speeds in three space dimensions. We obtain the sharp lower bound for the lifespan of radially symmetric solutions to a class of these systems. We also show global existence of radially symmetric solutions to another class of systems with small initial data.

  11. Involutions of compact Riemannian 4-symmetric spaces

    Kurihara, Hiroyuki; Tojo, Koji
    Let $G/H$ be a compact 4-symmetric space of inner type such that the dimension of the center $Z(H)$ of $H$ is at most one. In this paper we shall classify involutions of $G$ preserving $H$ for the case where $\dim Z(H)=0$, or $H$ is a centralizer of a toral subgroup of $G$.

  12. Multiplication and composition operators on Lorentz-Bochner spaces

    Arora, S.C.; Datt, Gopal; Verma, Satish
    In this paper we study the multiplication and composition operators induced by operator valued maps on Bochner spaces (Lorentz-Bochner and rearrangement invariant-Bochner) and discuss their closedness, compactness and spectrum.

  13. Corrected energy of the Reeb distribution of a 3-Sasakian manifold

    Perrone, Domenico
    In this paper we show that the Reeb distribution on a spherical space form which admits a 3-Sasakian structure minimizes the corrected energy. Analogously for the characteristic distribution of the normal complex contact structure on the complex projective space $\mathbb{C}P^{2m+1}$ induced via the Hopf fibration $S^{1}\hookrightarrow S^{4m+3}\to \mathbb{C}P^{2m+1}$. This last result is a consequence of a more general result on the corrected energy of the characteristic distribution of a compact twistor space over a quaternionic-Kähler manifold with positive scalar curvature (equipped with a normal complex contact metric structure).

  14. Uniqueness for the Brezis-Nirenberg problem on compact Einstein manifolds

    Huang, Guangyue; Chen, Wenyi
    We consider the positive solution of the following semi-linear elliptic equation on the compact Einstein manifolds $M^{n}$ with positive scalar curvature $R_{0}$ \begin{equation*} \Delta_{0}u-\lambda u+f(u)u^{(n+2)/(n-2)}=0, \end{equation*} where $\Delta_{0}$ is the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $M^{n}$. We prove that for $0<\lambda\leq (n-2)R_{0}/(4(n-1))$ and $f'(u)\leq 0$, and at least one of two inequalities is strict, the only positive solution to the above equation is constant. The method here is intrinsic.

  15. Wegner estimate and localization for random magnetic fields

    Ueki, Naomasa
    Inspired by a work of Hislop and Klopp, we prove precise Wegner estimates for three classes of Schrödinger operators, including Pauli Hamiltonians, with random magnetic fields. The support of the site vector potentials may be noncompact (long-range type random perturbation) and, for one class of the operators, the random vector potentials may be unbounded. In particular Gaussian random fields are also treated. Wegner estimates with correct volume dependence are applied to show Hölder estimates of the densities of states. We give also upper bounds on the infimum of the spectrum to show the existence of the Anderson localization near the infimum.

  16. A topological characterization of pseudo-harmonic functions

    Tôki, Yukinari

  17. Ergodic skew product transformations on the torus

    Anzai, Hirotada

  18. Note on locally compact groups

    Yamabe, Hidehiko

  19. Sur le théorème de Müntz dans la théorie du potentiel

    Simoda, Seturo

  20. Some remarks on unitary representations of the free group

    Yoshizawa, Hisaaki

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