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Ciencias jurídicas

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 30.939

  1. Comentario a la sentencia del Tribunal Supremo de 4 de junio de 2018. Sala de lo contencioso-administrativo sección quinta. R. Casacion núm.: 210/2016. Disposicional adicional LEF

    López Donaire, Mª Belén

  2. Comentario a la sentencia de la sala tercera del Tribunal Supremo, sección 6ª, 359/2018 de 6 de marzo (rec. 4726/2016). Control de la discrecionalidad técnica

    Gómez Díaz-Romo, Antonia

  3. Las uniones temporales de proveedores (UTP) y las dificultades existentes en torno a su implementación en la contratación pública chilena

    Cáceres Luarte, Natalia
    The present article has as its object to analyse the notion of Temporary Union of Vendors in the Chilean law, since its inclusion in the Procurement Act in 2015. Its scarce regulation, in addition to its limited application have diminished its importance, making its practical application very difficult. That is why reforms seem to be necessary so as to achieve the objective pursued by the legislator, thereby promoting the development of small and medium enterprises within the public procurement regime.

  4. La consideración de aspectos ambientales y sociales en la contratación pública. Régimen de su nueva regulación

    López Toledo, Purificación
    Public procurement regulations have evolved towards cross-cutting objectives such as environmental, social and labor issues of environmentally sustainable and socially responsible public procurement. The UE evolution culminated with the approval of Directive 2014/24/UE, on public procurement, and in Spanish legislation Law 9/2017, of November 8, on Public Sector Contracts. In this paper we analyze the most relevant environmental and social aspect of the new Law in the contracting phases.

  5. La resolución de los contratos en la nueva Ley de Contratos del sector público, ley 9/2017, de 8 de noviembre

    Cea Ayala, Angel
    Within the different modifications established in the scope of the public sector contracting incorporated to our right through the law 9/2017, of November 8, it is important to highlight the reforms carried out in the matter of the resolution of the contracts, some of which has extraordinary importance. We are before a cause of termination of contracts as stated in Article 209 of the new law that considers as such, compliance and termination of the contract. The main purpose of this commentary is to offer an overview of these reforms as well as their comparison with the legal situation prior...

  6. Las relaciones jurídicas estándares en el arbitraje

    Castillo Freyre, Mario; Sabroso Minaya, Rita; Castro Zapata, Laura; Chipana Catalán, Jhoel
    El Decreto Legislativo Nº 1071, que es la norma que regula el arbitraje en el Perú, se refiere a la figura de las relaciones jurídicas estándares, que es, en realidad, la manifestación de la contratación en masa. En ese sentido, a través de este ensayo vamos a realizar un análisis de esta figura propia de los contratos, y cómo es que esta se relaciona con el contenido del artículo 15 de la Ley de Arbitraje.

  7. Reducción de la expansión de la prisión preventiva

    Cusi Rimache, Jhon Eber
    Being immersed in the discussion of the problems of preventive prison opens the door for a question not only technical but as a constitutional enclave. Legal criminal consequences are only constitutionally valid after facts and not after presumptions. In that sense, a problem arises when a legal consequence is applied when assessing the procedural risk considering presumptions breaking clearly established laws. The presumptions open a non-objective expansion and facing such expansion until finding a truly exceptional application is only achieved with a comprehensive analysis of the procedural risk. Procedural risk cannot be assessed on the basis of assumptions but of objectivity as stated by the law (article...

  8. Análisis de la producción científica en asuntos públicos de Chile y Perú. Desafíos para una mejor gestión pública

    Vega Muñoz, Alejandro; Salinas Galindo, Cynthia Milena
    One of the main challenges to innovate in Public Management at the South American level is related at creation and management of quality knowledge regarding Public Affairs. Role that should be assumed in the reference centers of the different countries, who should establish mechanisms to improve their role, based on a comparison with the countries of reference at the international level. This work, after a scientiometric study of longitudinal cut, with information of publications of principal articles mainstream, indexed on Web of Science (ex-ISI) in the categories of Public Administration and Political Science, analyzing indicators of the production of science around the public affairs of both Chile...

  9. El derecho alternativo en el pluralismo jurídico ecuatoriano

    Díaz Ocampo, Eduardo; Antúnez Sánchez, Alcides Francisco
    This paper examines the conflict of competence between the ordinary jurisdiction and the native jurisdiction and the processes that take place between the two jurisdictions as from the Constitution and the legal development in Ecuador. From this analysis it is clear that the ordinary jurisdiction has global competence on the conducts carried out within indigenous territory and in consequence its punitive power after the acknowledgment of the right of a person from an indigenous community to a jurisdiction and to be judged by their own authorities, in accordance to their rules and procedures and within their own territorial environment in order to guarantee the respect to the...

  10. Patria potestad en los procesos de autorización de viaje de menor

    Shinno Pereyra, Vanessa Elizabeth
    El presente trabajo centra sus objetivos en establecer si existe una pérdida de la patria potestad en los procesos de autorización de viaje de menor, debido a que el niño, niña o adolescente reside en otro país y no tiene contacto directo con uno de sus padres.

  11. Una nueva visión del mundo: la ecología profunda y su incipiente recepción en el derecho nacional e internacional (primera parte)

    Martínez, Adriana Norma; Porcelli, Adriana Margarita
    Economic growth, industrial development and modern technologies have led to increased consumption of goods and services at the expense of depletion of natural resources, allowing the widespread loss of ecosystems and putting at risk the very existence of the planet. In the face of this stage, certain lines of thought, which, in contrast with those in force, favor the recognition of rights to nature and to all living beings, not as things, objects of human appropriation, but as populations or “cities” with their own characteristics, extending to forests, marshes, mountains and rivers that house all types of humans and non-humans. The present work is part of a...

  12. La amenaza bélica de Corea del Norte y del Estado Islámico: un análisis sobre la eventual conflictividad planetaria desde el derecho internacional y las relaciones internacionales

    Rodríguez Mackay, Miguel Ángel
    This is not a subjective title. The international system is dynamic and heterogeneous and in such frame the international affairs science acts in order to understand the international phenomena produced in the said international system. Since the Westphalia Peace times, the world experimented diverse processes about the behavior of the actors of the international system. Great deal of the international community’s history is the history of its actors, who have classically been the conventional ones. The interdependent world in which we are living, has seen this classic international process impaired because of the appearance of actors dissociated from the international system called unconventional actors which burst in...

  13. Las cláusulas abusivas en los contratos hipotecarios en España: especial referencia a las denominadas cláusulas suelo.

    Platero Alcón, Alejandro; González González, María José
    This work will reveal the legal situation in Spain, in relation to the abusive nature of certain clauses in mortgage contracts. These clauses are detrimental to the mortgage consumer, the clearest example of which is the so-called floor clauses, that is, those that limit the variable interest rate. Judgment of the Supreme Court 241/2013 of 9 October established the abusive character of the ground clauses, but as will be explained later, generated a great controversy regarding the effects of this declaration, discrepancies, settled by the Judgment of the Court of Justice European Union of 21 December 2016.

  14. El delito previo en el lavado de activos: ¿autonomía sustantiva o autonomía procesal?

    Yanqui Machaca, Luis Rubén
    The author considers that the endless academic discussion regarding the autonomy of the money laundering crime has focused on extreme positions, thus confusing the legal operator. He also considers that there are ways of making both positions (extreme positions) compatible, taking into account the effectiveness of the administration of justice and criminal, procedural and constitutional guarantees. In this sense, the author develops an intermediate position on the basis of two constitutional principles: the principle of legality and the principle of necessary imputation.

  15. El derecho colectivo de trabajo

    Arévalo Vela, Javier
    This paper analyzes the nature of the Labor Union Law as a legal discipline studying the labor unions, collective bargaining and strike.

  16. Constitucionalización de la muerte civil como una medida que coadyuve al pago de la reparación civil de los funcionarios públicos sentenciados por el delito de corrupción. “Reforma del artículo 41 de la Constitución Política”

    Uscamayta, Wilfredo
    The author considers “reasonable” to apply the “civil death” (civil interdiction) to the persons sentenced for corruption crimes who refuse to pay civil reparations owed to the State. “That is, civil death will be perpetual until the debt to the State is paid”. It is not a matter of “imprisonment for debt” as stated by Dr. César San Martín Castro, current Supreme Judge, due to the fact that the reparation is not a debt but a legal obligation resulting from the commission of an offense that caused damage to the State. It is therefore absolutely feasible to constitutionalize the civil death in order to guarantee and...

  17. Análisis del delito de desobediencia y resistencia a la autoridad en la legislación peruana

    Juárez Muñoz, Alberto
    The crime of disobedience and resistance to the authority is established in the article 368 of the Peruvian Criminal Code, which sanctions the conduct of an individual who does not comply with or obstruct the order set by the authority due to the exercise of its functions. These criminal figures aim to fight the obstructive behavior of the parties against the executive acts of the public administration, which sets the government system in motion in order to achieve the proper function of the public administration and the common good for the people. A marked difference exists between the figures of...

  18. La actividad probatoria como parte del debido procedimiento en los procedimientos administrativos sancionadores

    Ponce Rivera, Carlos
    The evidence, its offering and assessment are some of the most sensitive points in the process in general and, in particular, in the administrative procedure. This is so because the reason of the administrative procedure is to initiate the activity of the government administration based on duly proved facts and is even more important in the sanctionatory procedure where liberties of people are restricted when a resolution imposing a sanction is executed. For this reason, it is of vital importance to understand the nature of the evidence in the administrative sanctionatory procedure based on the fact that the due procedure is an expression of the fundamental...

  19. Sobre la felicidad. Estudio filosófico-jurídico y de derecho comparado

    Lorca Martín de Villodres, María Isabel
    Happiness has been linked to justice since ancient times, particularly since the beginning of Greek Classical Thought. However, nowadays the importance of happiness can surprisingly be found again in political speech, which makes us think about it, and obviously it is worth doing. Happiness could be considered as a main principle of the Social State. This idea obliges us to look carefully into happiness in our Constitutions. It is thought that only in a democratic society, where social rights have been developed, can citizens get a dignified life, so that they are able to look for happiness. Without a dignified...

  20. El principio de la prohibitio reformatio in pejus en el derecho procesal penal del Ecuador. Una mirada histórica y una mirada actual

    Guevara Elizalde, Robert
    The Criminal Procedural Institution analyzed on this essay, is studied as a guarantee for the defendant in a trial after which he received a conviction. It guarantees that the Superior Court cannot aggravate the conviction imposed and appealed by the defendant. This paper examines its historical appearance, its full exercise and the cases by which its abolition is set in Ecuador.

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