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DIALNET OAI Articles (611.005 recursos)

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Ciencias de la salud

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 25.565

  1. Impacto de las ruedas vinculantes en el contexto universitario y comunitário

    May, Rosaura Gutiérrez Valerio de; Angel Méric, Olivier Gérard; Ramírez Sánchez, Alina; Souza, Eluzinete Pereira de; Campaña, Eduardo
    Eleven social bonding groups were conducted with a total of 136 participants of which 79 (56.4%) were women and 57 (40.7%) were men. Without exception, both genders reported positive experiences; furthermore, 42.3% of them express that the social bonding group space is a setting where common issues can be resolved and where personal growth can be enhanced. In fact, 39.0% believe that the group allows them to relieve the weight of their problems and lower stress levels. According to 29.4% of the interviewees, it also improves peer-esteem among participants. The study shows that incorporating social bonding groups in all of...

  2. Formação e profissionalização docente: uma perspectiva de mudança

    Ribeiro, Jose Jailton
    The present article has the objective to identify and analyze some peculiarities about the training and professionalization their teaching practices. We also intend to investigate the issue of assumptions continuing education in Brazil, despite making an explanation of the practices already used in earlier times to present and elucidate the importance in having a continuing education for teachers. Identify the profile that was previously legacy to professional education as a priestly service, imposed by the Church, analyze the current model of teaching in their training process, connected mainly with new teaching practices and guidelines. Substantiate the historical process of professionalization...

  3. Formação de professores de classe hospitalar em saúde mental como resultante de uma pesquisa-ação existencial

    Teixeira, Ricardo Antonio Gonçalves; Barros, Rodrigo Carvalho do Rego; Teixeira, Uyara Soares Cavalcanti; Souza, Mário José de; Barros, Nelson Filice de
    This study aims to investigate the health of the hospital class teacher in the state department of education in Goiás. The methodology used was existential research-action. As a result of the field research, a training course in mental health was proposed in partnership with the actors and authors of the research with the teachers of the Nucleus of Hospital Educational Attendance, using the Problem-Based Learning (PBL) method, a pedagogical strategy of problem-based learning that focuses on student-centered learning. The effective, collaborative and engaged participation of authors and actors in the research brought, as a result, theoretical and methodological insights on...

  4. Família e escola de crianças pré-escolares: experiência em atenção básica

    Ferrão, Erika da Silva; Breder, Luana Lopes; de Assis, Junia Correia; Christ, Letícia Eugênia Itaborahy; Caetano, Cecília
    O objetivo desse trabalho é analisar a relação família-escola no contexto do desenvolvimento infantil, utilizando um programa que buscou desenvolver competências de habilidades sociais em crianças pré-escolares, na escola e o aprimoramento de práticas educativas parentais positivas, na família. Participaram da experiência dezessete crianças de idade entre três e quatro anos, matriculadas na Pré-Escola. Com média de quatorze crianças em quatorze encontros. A melhora de comportamentos adaptativos e autorregulatórios nas crianças assistidas confirmam a importância do treinamento em habilidades sociais para o desenvolvimento cognitivo e social de crianças em situação de vulnerabilidade social.  

  5. O jogo San San como recurso didático de apoio nas discussões sobre nutrientes reguladores no ensino fundamental

    Antonia, Bárbara Della; Fujiwara, Rodrigo Iwata; Marques, Rosebelly Nunes
    Leisure activities are used in the learning teaching process of the different areas of knowledge, to promote learning spontaneously and fun. For the area of Agrarian Sciences, which is a multidisciplinary area of study that can be approached from basic education to higher education, it is necessary to study the elaboration of didactic resources. Thus, this study aimed at the development of a didactic game in the field of agricultural sciences aimed at elementary education, whose strategy is to help in the understanding of contents related to the chemical composition of foods, focusing on regulatory nutrients. The game SAN SAN...

  6. Saberes e sabores da cultura baiana

    López, Maria das Graças Farani
    The State of Bahia has been a fertile ground for dialogue between TCI's practices and Cultural Anthropology, since it presents a complex and rich range of stories and characteristics originating from diverse roots, producing a magical and cozy terrain, with memories of struggles and pleasures. Always surrounded by a lot of food, colors and exuberance, TCI's practices in Bahia have had as a central element the strengthening of the formative matrices of our people and with that, rescuing the self-esteem of such a vibrant people.

  7. O uso das parlendas na terapia comunitária integrativa

    Gomes, Doralice Oliveira; Santos, Nair Meneses dos
    The study aimed to reflect on the use of the parliaments in Integrative Community Therapy (TCI). The parliaments integrate popular culture and are verses with easy rhyme that deal with children's issues, often involving the association between reciting and expressing oneself. This is a qualitative study, carried out through the literature review, and the description of the use of speeches in two groups of Integrative Community Therapy in the Federal District, from 2015 to 2016. The study indicates that the use of TCI's team highlighted the importance of the valorization of cultural identity as a therapeutic strategy, contributing to the...

  8. Contribuição do negro para a cultura brasileira

    Santos, Maria Arlete
    The purpose of this paper is to present a general review of the influence of Africans in Brazilian culture, in its various elements. To the black people, unchallenged by slavery, not being a native Indian nor a white colonizer, he remained to find his identity as a Brazilian, building a huge legacy ranging from the arts, religion, to the sciences. Afro-Brazilian religions, besides spiritual orientation, are a therapeutic space that exercises a social, cultural and psychological function, acting in a biopsychic action, promoting, in this way, peace, tranquility, healing and problem solving.

  9. Cultura paulista na terapia comunitária integrativa

    Ruiz, Josefa Emília Lopes; Zaniolo, Leandro Osni; Muzzeti, Luci Regina; Ortega, Morgana Múrcia; Sousa, Taísa Borges de
    This work aims to recover some typical elements of the culture of the State of São Paulo and its influence on the constitution of individuals as values, beliefs and practices that must be worked on in the Cultural Anthropology module of the Integrative Community Therapy course, a practice in mental health created by Prof. Dr. Adalberto Barreto, who prioritizes the reception and social inclusion. It presents the history of the emergence of TCI in various poles forming the state and how the theme culture has been worked on training courses. The emphasis on formation is that recognition, respect for diversity...

  10. Terapia comunitária integrativa (TCI) no Paraná: um “planeta étnico” em cada roda

    Martini, Graça
    This study aimed to point out the main events that marked the emergence of Integrative Community Therapy (TCI) in the State of Paraná and its expansion, as well as highlighting the main ethnicities that gave rise to the people of Paraná and the cultural legacy for the chat circles. This study was enriched by interviews, reports and records of chats participants and community therapists from the training centers of Paraná. A historical review of cultural traditions and TCI was carried out, based on literature, newspapers, institutions related to TCI and the story of the characters who are part of the...

  11. Terapia comunitária sistêmica e integrativa como instrumento de avaliação e diagnóstico da saúde de servidores da secretaria de educação de Uberaba-MG

    Castro, Ralph; Freitas, Cinara Aline; Rodrigues, Eliete Pereira; Silva, Maurino Bertoldo
    The teaching category is exposed to conflicting environments,high demand and stress, affecting the physical and mental health and performanceof these professionals. In a survey conducted at the MunicipalUberaba-MG Education (SEMED), the problems of mental and musculoskeletalhealth account for nearly half of all departures. These factors keepintrinsic relationship to the working system, stress, overload and low qualityof life. This study seeks to understand the main causes of suffering of teachers,according to the voice, expression and opinion of ten sessions were held ofCommunity Therapy Systemic and integrative (TCSI) in ten schools with theparticipation of 296 professionals. Looking for network service and supportto...

  12. A construção do genograma de famílias Guarani-Mbyá: uma estratégia para fortalecimento e reconhecimento de uma comunidade indígena de cultura ancestral

    Carvalho, Neusa Maria; Parode, Valquíria Pezzi; Souza, Marli Olina de
    The survey was conducted on a Guarani community on the banks of the RS 040, in Capivari do Sul / RS, with a community of 40 individuals, who are in situation of social vulnerability and culture. It is a search that is a descriptive qualitative approach, which uses the structuralistfunctionalist method (PARSONS, 1902-1979) and (MERTON, 1910- 2003) for research and action research (TIOLLENT, 1947) as a methodology for theoretical and practical articulation and analysis of ethnographic research data. It is used as a tool to build the family genogram (MC Goldrick, 2012) and ecomap (MC Goldrick, 2012) of the community,...

  13. Quando a minha criança interior ferida encontra a sua... Revisitar a infância para compreender os relacionamentos

    Martini, Graça
    This article is an account of experience of practice as a training and intervenient community therapists. The study aimed to present evidence and reflections on the importance of contact with the “wounded inner child” of the community therapist, so that it can recognize and understand its manifestations in current relationships. The methodology was theoretical and experiential, developed in monthly interveniences in Integrative Community Therapy in Londrina, Paraná, to take care of the person of the community therapist. The intervenience sessions happened during year 2013, totaling 10 meetings. The average was 25 participants. As a result of this work, it was...

  14. Saúde e espiritualidade: a visão sistemica da família e o processo de ampliação da consciência

    Pacheco, Viridiana de Fatima Robaina; Souza, Marli Olina de
    This article is the result of a reflective analysis and resulted in the need to build a complex thinking about the family and to seek the meaning of the concept of health transcends the systemic approach of family life, from the search of spirituality and process magnification of consciousness (PARODE, 2004). The “Deep Ecology” which refers Fritjof Capra (1998) and Biocósmica Aesthetics (PARODE, 2004) will be the theoretical contributions to substantiate this thesis. The idea from Capra (1998) and the focus of Deep Ecology, power take Biocósmico Principle (PARODE, 2004) for the enlargement process of consciousness, on the issue of...

  15. Ação comunicativa, direito e enfrentamento da violência

    Melo, Elza Machado de; Melo, Victor Hugo de; Alcântara, Mirian Conceição Moreira de; Maia, Sônia Parreiras
    This article proposes to present initially the Communicative Action Theory of Jurgen Habermas, to then describe how the author, as it formulates a Theory of Law and Democracy. With reference to this theoretical framework, built on the main concepts of the theory, namely communicative action, speech, life world and system, widespread violence will be analyzed in contemporary societies, especially using the thesis of the colonization of the life world by system. But if this theory is brought as an explanation for violence, it illuminates also possible ways and strategies to overcome them, which are, in turn, adopted in the preparation...

  16. Ruedas vinculantes como espacio de inclusion en el contexto universitario: la experiencia de la Universidad Estatal Amazónica, Puyo, Pastaza, Ecuador

    May, Rosaura Gutiérrez Valerio de; López, Elisa; Pereira, Eluzinete; Campaña, Eduardo; Soria, Sandra; May, Thomas
    En la Universidad Estatal Amazónica (UEA), en la Amazonía Ecuatoriana, se inició un programa de Desarrollo Humano Integral, aplicando la metodología de la TCI. Como primeros resultados de las Ruedas Vinculantes (término utilizado en el contexto universitario para la TCI), se presentan las apreciaciones de los participantes, que resaltan que los temas tratados les sirven como aporte para mejorar sus propios problemas, que sienten alivio y mayor autoconfianza, así como mayor confianza y solidaridad con los compañeros de curso. Esto confirma que las sesiones contribuyen a la creación de redes solidarias.

  17. Crianças também se estressam? A influência do estresse no desenvolvimento infantil

    Pacífico, Marsiel; Facchin, Marcele Martins Provinciatti; Santos, Fabiana de Fatima Ferreira Corrêa
    O estresse é uma reação do organismo com componentes psicológicos, físicos e hormonais que ocorre quando surge a necessidade de uma grande adaptação a um evento ou uma situação de importância, podendo esse ser algo negativo ou positivo, causado por inúmeros fatores do nosso cotidiano. Atualmente observamos que esta patologia também atinge as crianças: rotina intensa, pais estressados, relações parentais atravessadas pelas marcas afetivas do estresse. São fatores, dentre outros, que contribuem para o surgimento deste mal na infância. Ademais são raros os estudos que compreendem as características específicas da enfermidade na criança e quais as consequências para seu desenvolvimento....

  18. Educação alimentar na escola: para além da abordagem biológica

    Zancul, Mariana de Senzi
    O comportamento alimentar do ser humano não se resume à ingestão de alimentos, ou seja, comemos não apenas para manter as atividades vitais, mas recorremos às refeições como forma de obter prazer, propiciar a convivência e conter determinadas ansiedades, por exemplo. Portanto, a alimentação é um processo complexo, que ultrapassa a necessidade biológica e recebe influência de vários fatores sociais, culturais, geográficos, religiosos ou afetivos. No entanto, no que diz respeito ao espaço escolar, a Educação Alimentar, no Brasil, ainda é predominantemente estudada e praticada adotando-se a perspectiva da saúde e da doença. Aqui se pretendeu questionar essa situação e...

  19. A política de saúde no Brasil: inserção do assistente social e alguns desafios da atualidade

    Silva, Viviane Moura da
    Neste artigo discutiu-se sobre a construção das Políticas Sociais no Brasil, a efetivação dessas políticas para a garantia dos direitos da população e como esses direitos têm perdido legitimidade nos processos de implementação do Neoliberalismo, reforma do Estado e crise do capital que tem se vivenciado nas últimas décadas no Brasil. Por fim, como objetivo principal abordou-se a inserção dos Assistentes Sociais nesse espaço, a importância da construção de uma rede de atenção voltada à saúde da mulher e da família e aos desafios enfrentados pelos profissionais que trabalham na perspectiva de garantia desses direitos.

  20. O que aprendemos daquilo que nos é ensinado

    Olivieri Lopes Carmignolli, Andreza; Muzzeti, Luci Regina
    Este texto apresenta um relato de pesquisa sobre o componente curricular de Ciências Físicas e Biológicas, utilizado para analisar o processo de ensino por meio da experiência de ensinar e aprender. As leis Nº 4024/61, Nº 5692/71 e Nº 9394/96 serão citadas para demonstrar a evolução no ensino de ciências. Entretanto, nosso objetivo é mostrar que a aprendizagem só se torna significativa quando a experiência faz sentido para o aprendiz e o ajuda a construir o conhecimento.

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