Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 1.245

  1. A robust approach for estimating change-points in the mean of an $\operatorname{AR}(1)$ process

    Chakar, S.; Lebarbier, E.; Lévy-Leduc, C.; Robin, S.
    We consider the problem of multiple change-point estimation in the mean of an $\operatorname{AR}(1)$ process. Taking into account the dependence structure does not allow us to use the dynamic programming algorithm, which is the only algorithm giving the optimal solution in the independent case. We propose a robust estimator of the autocorrelation parameter, which is consistent and satisfies a central limit theorem in the Gaussian case. Then, we propose to follow the classical inference approach, by plugging this estimator in the criteria used for change-points estimation. We show that the asymptotic properties of these estimators are the same as those...

  2. Uniformly and strongly consistent estimation for the Hurst function of a Linear Multifractional Stable Motion

    Ayache, Antoine; Hamonier, Julien
    Since the middle of the 90s, multifractional processes have been introduced for overcoming some limitations of the classical Fractional Brownian Motion model. In their context, the Hurst parameter becomes a Hölder continuous function $H(\cdot)$ of the time variable $t$. Linear Multifractional Stable Motion (LMSM) is the most known one of them with heavy-tailed distributions. Generally speaking, global and local sample path roughness of a multifractional process are determined by values of its parameter $H(\cdot)$; therefore, since about two decades, several authors have been interested in their statistical estimation, starting from discrete variations of the process. Because of complex dependence structures...

  3. Nonparametric tests for detecting breaks in the jump behaviour of a time-continuous process

    Bücher, Axel; Hoffmann, Michael; Vetter, Mathias; Dette, Holger
    This paper is concerned with tests for changes in the jump behaviour of a time-continuous process. Based on results on weak convergence of a sequential empirical tail integral process, asymptotics of certain test statistics for breaks in the jump measure of an Itô semimartingale are constructed. Whenever limiting distributions depend in a complicated way on the unknown jump measure, empirical quantiles are obtained using a multiplier bootstrap scheme. An extensive simulation study shows a good performance of our tests in finite samples.

  4. Parametric estimation of pairwise Gibbs point processes with infinite range interaction

    Coeurjolly, Jean-François; Lavancier, Frédéric
    This paper is concerned with statistical inference for infinite range interaction Gibbs point processes, and in particular for the large class of Ruelle superstable and lower regular pairwise interaction models. We extend classical statistical methodologies such as the pseudo-likelihood and the logistic regression methods, originally defined and studied for finite range models. Then we prove that the associated estimators are strongly consistent and satisfy a central limit theorem, provided the pairwise interaction function tends sufficiently fast to zero. To this end, we introduce a new central limit theorem for almost conditionally centered triangular arrays of random fields.

  5. Asymptotics of random processes with immigration II: Convergence to stationarity

    Iksanov, Alexander; Marynych, Alexander; Meiners, Matthias
    Let $X_{1},X_{2},\ldots$ be random elements of the Skorokhod space $D(\mathbb{R})$ and $\xi_{1},\xi_{2},\ldots$ positive random variables such that the pairs $(X_{1},\xi_{1}),(X_{2},\xi_{2}),\ldots$ are independent and identically distributed. We call the random process $(Y(t))_{t\in\mathbb{R}}$ defined by $Y(t):=\sum_{k\geq0}X_{k+1}(t-\xi_{1}-\cdots-\xi_{k})\mathbf{1}_{\{\xi_{1}+\cdots+\xi_{k}\leq t\}}$, $t\in\mathbb{R}$ random process with immigration at the epochs of a renewal process. Assuming that $X_{k}$ and $\xi_{k}$ are independent and that the distribution of $\xi_{1}$ is nonlattice and has finite mean we investigate weak convergence of $(Y(t))_{t\in\mathbb{R}}$ as $t\to\infty$ in $D(\mathbb{R})$ endowed with the $J_{1}$-topology. The limits are stationary processes with immigration.

  6. Asymptotics of random processes with immigration I: Scaling limits

    Iksanov, Alexander; Marynych, Alexander; Meiners, Matthias
    Let $(X_{1},\xi_{1}),(X_{2},\xi_{2}),\ldots$ be i.i.d. copies of a pair $(X,\xi)$ where $X$ is a random process with paths in the Skorokhod space $D[0,\infty)$ and $\xi$ is a positive random variable. Define $S_{k}:=\xi_{1}+\cdots+\xi_{k}$, $k\in\mathbb{N}_{0}$ and $Y(t):=\sum_{k\geq0}X_{k+1}(t-S_{k})\mathbf{1}_{\{S_{k}\leq t\}}$, $t\geq0$. We call the process $(Y(t))_{t\geq0}$ random process with immigration at the epochs of a renewal process. We investigate weak convergence of the finite-dimensional distributions of $(Y(ut))_{u>0}$ as $t\to\infty$. Under the assumptions that the covariance function of $X$ is regularly varying in $(0,\infty)\times(0,\infty)$ in a uniform way, the class of limiting processes is rather rich and includes Gaussian processes with explicitly given covariance functions, fractionally...

  7. Marginal likelihood and model selection for Gaussian latent tree and forest models

    Drton, Mathias; Lin, Shaowei; Weihs, Luca; Zwiernik, Piotr
    Gaussian latent tree models, or more generally, Gaussian latent forest models have Fisher-information matrices that become singular along interesting submodels, namely, models that correspond to subforests. For these singularities, we compute the real log-canonical thresholds (also known as stochastic complexities or learning coefficients) that quantify the large-sample behavior of the marginal likelihood in Bayesian inference. This provides the information needed for a recently introduced generalization of the Bayesian information criterion. Our mathematical developments treat the general setting of Laplace integrals whose phase functions are sums of squared differences between monomials and constants. We clarify how in this case real log-canonical...

  8. Irreducibility of stochastic real Ginzburg–Landau equation driven by $\alpha$-stable noises and applications

    Wang, Ran; Xiong, Jie; Xu, Lihu
    We establish the irreducibility of stochastic real Ginzburg–Landau equation with $\alpha$-stable noises by a maximal inequality and solving a control problem. As applications, we prove that the system converges to its equilibrium measure with exponential rate under a topology stronger than total variation and obeys the moderate deviation principle by constructing some Lyapunov test functions.

  9. CLT for eigenvalue statistics of large-dimensional general Fisher matrices with applications

    Zheng, Shurong; Bai, Zhidong; Yao, Jianfeng
    Random Fisher matrices arise naturally in multivariate statistical analysis and understanding the properties of its eigenvalues is of primary importance for many hypothesis testing problems like testing the equality between two covariance matrices, or testing the independence between sub-groups of a multivariate random vector. Most of the existing work on random Fisher matrices deals with a particular situation where the population covariance matrices are equal. In this paper, we consider general Fisher matrices with arbitrary population covariance matrices and develop their spectral properties when the dimensions are proportionally large compared to the sample size. The paper has two main contributions:...

  10. Automorphism groups of Gaussian Bayesian networks

    Draisma, Jan; Zwiernik, Piotr
    In this paper, we extend earlier work on groups acting on Gaussian graphical models to Gaussian Bayesian networks and more general Gaussian models defined by chain graphs with no induced subgraphs of the form $i\to j-k$. We fully characterise the maximal group of linear transformations which stabilises a given model and we provide basic statistical applications of this result. This includes equivariant estimation, maximal invariants for hypothesis testing and robustness. In our proof, we derive simple necessary and sufficient conditions on vanishing subminors of the concentration matrix in the model. The computation of the group requires finding the essential graph....

  11. Markovian growth-fragmentation processes

    Bertoin, Jean
    Consider a Markov process ${X}$ on $[0,\infty)$ which has only negative jumps and converges as time tends to infinity a.s. We interpret $X(t)$ as the size of a typical cell at time $t$, and each jump as a birth event. More precisely, if $\Delta{X}(s)=-y<0$, then $s$ is the birthtime of a daughter cell with size $y$ which then evolves independently and according to the same dynamics, that is, giving birth in turn to great-daughters, and so on. After having constructed rigorously such cell systems as a general branching process, we define growth-fragmentation processes by considering the family of sizes of...

  12. Perimeters, uniform enlargement and high dimensions

    Barthe, Franck; Huou, Benoît
    We study the isoperimetric problem in product spaces equipped with the uniform distance. Our main result is a characterization of isoperimetric inequalities which, when satisfied on a space, are still valid for the product spaces, up a to a constant which does not depend on the number of factors. Such dimension free bounds have applications to the study of influences of variables.

  13. Efficient estimation of functionals in nonparametric boundary models

    Reiß, Markus; Selk, Leonie
    For nonparametric regression with one-sided errors and a boundary curve model for Poisson point processes, we consider the problem of efficient estimation for linear functionals. The minimax optimal rate is obtained by an unbiased estimation method which nevertheless depends on a Hölder condition or monotonicity assumption for the underlying regression or boundary function. ¶ We first construct a simple blockwise estimator and then build up a nonparametric maximum-likelihood approach for exponential noise variables and the point process model. In that approach also non-asymptotic efficiency is obtained (UMVU: uniformly minimum variance among all unbiased estimators). The proofs rely essentially on martingale stopping arguments...

  14. Nonparametric regression on hidden $\Phi$-mixing variables: Identifiability and consistency of a pseudo-likelihood based estimation procedure

    Dumont, Thierry; Le Corff, Sylvain
    This paper outlines a new nonparametric estimation procedure for unobserved $\Phi$-mixing processes. It is assumed that the only information on the stationary hidden states $(X_{k})_{k\ge0}$ is given by the process $(Y_{k})_{k\ge0}$, where $Y_{k}$ is a noisy observation of $f_{\star}(X_{k})$. The paper introduces a maximum pseudo-likelihood procedure to estimate the function $f_{\star}$ and the distribution $\nu_{b,\star}$ of $(X_{0},\ldots,X_{b-1})$ using blocks of observations of length $b$. The identifiability of the model is studied in the particular cases $b=1$ and $b=2$ and the consistency of the estimators of $f_{\star}$ and of $\nu_{b,\star}$ as the number of observations grows to infinity is established.

  15. Two-sample smooth tests for the equality of distributions

    Zhou, Wen-Xin; Zheng, Chao; Zhang, Zhen
    This paper considers the problem of testing the equality of two unspecified distributions. The classical omnibus tests such as the Kolmogorov–Smirnov and Cramér–von Mises are known to suffer from low power against essentially all but location-scale alternatives. We propose a new two-sample test that modifies the Neyman’s smooth test and extend it to the multivariate case based on the idea of projection pursue. The asymptotic null property of the test and its power against local alternatives are studied. The multiplier bootstrap method is employed to compute the critical value of the multivariate test. We establish validity of the bootstrap approximation...

  16. Multilevel path simulation for weak approximation schemes with application to Lévy-driven SDEs

    Belomestny, Denis; Nagapetyan, Tigran
    In this paper, we discuss the possibility of using multilevel Monte Carlo (MLMC) approach for weak approximation schemes. It turns out that by means of a simple coupling between consecutive time discretisation levels, one can achieve the same complexity gain as under the presence of a strong convergence. We exemplify this general idea in the case of weak Euler schemes for Lévy-driven stochastic differential equations. The numerical performance of the new “weak” MLMC method is illustrated by several numerical examples.

  17. Lower bounds in the convolution structure density model

    Lepski, O.V.; Willer, T.
    The aim of the paper is to establish asymptotic lower bounds for the minimax risk in two generalized forms of the density deconvolution problem. The observation consists of an independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) sample of $n$ random vectors in $\mathbb{R}^{d}$. Their common probability distribution function $\mathfrak{p}$ can be written as $\mathfrak{p}=(1-\alpha)f+\alpha[f\star g]$, where $f$ is the unknown function to be estimated, $g$ is a known function, $\alpha$ is a known proportion, and $\star$ denotes the convolution product. The bounds on the risk are established in a very general minimax setting and for moderately ill posed convolutions. Our results show...

  18. Type II chain graph models for categorical data: A smooth subclass

    Nicolussi, Federica; Colombi, Roberto
    The Probabilistic Graphical Models use graphs in order to represent the joint distribution of $q$ variables. These models are useful for their ability to capture and represent the system of independence relationships among the variables involved, even when complex. This work concerns categorical variables and the possibility to represent symmetric and asymmetric dependences among categorical variables. For this reason we use the Chain Graphical Models proposed by Andersson, Madigan and Perlman (Scand. J. Stat. 28 (2001) 33–85), also known as Chain Graphical Models of type II (GMs II). The GMs II allow for symmetric relationships typical of log-linear models and,...

  19. Semiparametric topographical mixture models with symmetric errors

    Butucea, C.; Ngueyep Tzoumpe, R.; Vandekerkhove, P.
    Motivated by the analysis of a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging data considered in Bowen et al. [Radiother. Oncol. 105 (2012) 41–48], we introduce a semiparametric topographical mixture model able to capture the characteristics of dichotomous shifted response-type experiments. We propose a pointwise estimation procedure of the proportion and location functions involved in our model. Our estimation procedure is only based on the symmetry of the local noise and does not require any finite moments on the errors (e.g., Cauchy-type errors). We establish under mild conditions minimax properties and asymptotic normality of our estimators. Moreover, Monte Carlo simulations are conducted...

  20. Empirical entropy, minimax regret and minimax risk

    Rakhlin, Alexander; Sridharan, Karthik; Tsybakov, Alexandre B.
    We consider the random design regression model with square loss. We propose a method that aggregates empirical minimizers (ERM) over appropriately chosen random subsets and reduces to ERM in the extreme case, and we establish sharp oracle inequalities for its risk. We show that, under the $\varepsilon^{-p}$ growth of the empirical $\varepsilon$-entropy, the excess risk of the proposed method attains the rate $n^{-2/(2+p)}$ for $p\in(0,2)$ and $n^{-1/p}$ for $p>2$ where $n$ is the sample size. Furthermore, for $p\in(0,2)$, the excess risk rate matches the behavior of the minimax risk of function estimation in regression problems under the well-specified model. This...

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