Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 2.703

  1. Willmore surfaces in spheres via loop groups III: on minimal surfaces in space forms

    Wang, Peng
    The family of Willmore immersions from a Riemann surface into $S^{n+2}$ can be divided naturally into the subfamily of Willmore surfaces conformally equivalent to a minimal surface in $\mathbb{R}^{n+2}$ and those which are not conformally equivalent to a minimal surface in $\mathbb{R}^{n+2}$. On the level of their conformal Gauss maps into $Gr_{1,3}(\mathbb{R}^{1,n+3})=SO^+(1,n+3)/SO^+(1,3)\times SO(n)$ these two classes of Willmore immersions into $S^{n+2}$ correspond to conformally harmonic maps for which every image point, considered as a 4-dimensional Lorentzian subspace of $\mathbb{R}^{1,n+3}$, contains a fixed lightlike vector or where it does not contain such a ``constant lightlike vector''. Using the loop group formalism for the construction of Willmore immersions we characterize in this paper...

  2. Notes on 'Infinitesimal derivative of the Bott class and the Schwarzian derivatives'

    Asuke, Taro
    The derivatives of the Bott class and those of the Godbillon-Vey class with respect to infinitesimal deformations of foliations, called infinitesimal derivatives, are known to be represented by a formula in the projective Schwarzian derivatives of holonomies [3], [1]. It is recently shown that these infinitesimal derivatives are represented by means of coefficients of transverse Thomas-Whitehead projective connections [2]. We will show that the formula can be also deduced from the latter representation.

  3. Periodic magnetic curves in Berger spheres

    Inoguchi, Jun-ichi; Munteanu, Marian Ioan
    It is an interesting question whether a given equation of motion has a periodic solution or not, and in the positive case to describe it. We investigate periodic magnetic curves in elliptic Sasakian space forms and we obtain a quantization principle for periodic magnetic flowlines on Berger spheres. We give a criterion for periodicity of magnetic curves on the unit sphere ${\mathbb{S}}^3$.

  4. On linear deformations of Brieskorn singularities of two variables into generic maps

    Inaba, Kazumasa; Ishikawa, Masaharu; Kawashima, Masayuki; Nguyen, Tat Thang
    In this paper, we study deformations of Brieskorn polynomials of two variables obtained by adding linear terms consisting of the conjugates of complex variables and prove that the deformed polynomial maps have only indefinite fold and cusp singularities in general. We then estimate the number of cusps appearing in such a deformation. As a corollary, we show that a deformation of a complex Morse singularity with real linear terms has only indefinite folds and cusps in general and the number of cusps is 3.

  5. On the universal deformations for ${\rm SL}_2$-representations of knot groups

    Morishita, Masanori; Takakura, Yu; Terashima, Yuji; Ueki, Jun
    Based on the analogies between knot theory and number theory, we study a deformation theory for ${\rm SL}_2$-representations of knot groups, following after Mazur's deformation theory of Galois representations. Firstly, by employing the pseudo-${\rm SL}_2$-representations, we prove the existence of the universal deformation of a given ${\rm SL}_2$-representation of a finitely generated group $\Pi$ over a perfect field $k$ whose characteristic is not 2. We then show its connection with the character scheme for ${\rm SL}_2$-representations of $\Pi$ when $k$ is an algebraically closed field. We investigate examples concerning Riley representations of 2-bridge knot groups and give explicit forms of the universal deformations. Finally we discuss the universal deformation of...

  6. On the reduction modulo $p$ of Mahler equations

    Roques, Julien
    The guiding thread of the present work is the following result, in the vain of Grothendieck's conjecture for differential equations : if the reduction modulo almost all prime $p$ of a given linear Mahler equation with coefficients in $\mathbb{Q}(z)$ has a full set of algebraic solutions, then this equation has a full set of rational solutions. The proof of this result, given at the very end of the paper, relies on intermediate results of independent interest about Mahler equations in characteristic zero as well as in positive characteristic.

  7. On the generalized Wintgen inequality for Legendrian submanifolds in Sasakian space forms

    Mihai, Ion
    The generalized Wintgen inequality was conjectured by De Smet, Dillen, Verstraelen and Vrancken in 1999 for submanifolds in real space forms. It is also known as the DDVV conjecture. It was proven recently by Lu (2011) and by Ge and Tang (2008), independently. The present author established a generalized Wintgen inequality for Lagrangian submanifolds in complex space forms in 2014. In the present paper we obtain the DDVV inequality, also known as generalized Wintgen inequality, for Legendrian submanifolds in Sasakian space forms. Some geometric applications are derived. Also we state such an inequality for contact slant submanifolds in Sasakian space forms.

  8. Surfaces of globally $F$-regular type are of Fano type

    Okawa, Shinnosuke
    We prove that a projective surface of globally $F$-regular type defined over a field of characteristic zero is of Fano type.

  9. A remark on Jacquet-Langlands correspondence and invariant $s$

    Kariyama, Kazutoshi
    Let $F$ be a non-Archimedean local field, and let $G$ be an inner form of $\mathrm{GL}_N(F)$ with $N \ge 1$. Let $\boldsymbol{\mathrm{JL}}$ be the Jacquet--Langlands correspondence between $\mathrm{GL}_N(F)$ and $G$. In this paper, we compute the invariant $s$ associated with the essentially square-integrable representation $\boldsymbol{\mathrm{JL}}^{-1}(\rho)$ for a cuspidal representation $\rho$ of $G$ by using the recent results of Bushnell and Henniart, and we restate the second part of a theorem given by Deligne, Kazhdan, and Vignéras in terms of the invariant $s$. Moreover, by using the parametric degree, we present a proof of the first part of the theorem.

  10. Real analytic complete non-compact surfaces in Euclidean space with finite total curvature arising as solutions to ODEs

    Gilkey, Peter; Kim, Chan Yong; Park, JeongHyeong
    We use the solution space of a pair of ODEs of at least second order to construct a smooth surface in Euclidean space. We describe when this surface is a proper embedding which is geodesically complete with finite total Gauss curvature. If the associated roots of the ODEs are real and distinct, we give a universal upper bound for the total Gauss curvature of the surface which depends only on the orders of the ODEs and we show that the total Gauss curvature of the surface vanishes if the ODEs are second order. We examine when the surfaces are asymptotically minimal.

  11. A Geometric Proof of a Result of Takeuchi

    Quast, Peter
    In 1984 Masaru Takeuchi showed that every real form of a hermitian symmetric space of compact type is a symmetric $R$-space and vice-versa. In this note we present a geometric proof of this result.

  12. A twisted moment map and its equivariance

    Hashimoto, Takashi
    Let $G$ be a linear connected complex reductive Lie group. The purpose of this paper is to construct a $G$-equivariant symplectomorphism in terms of local coordinates from a holomorphic twisted cotangent bundle of the generalized flag variety of $G$ onto the semisimple coadjoint orbit of $G$. As an application, one can obtain an explicit embedding of a noncompact real coadjoint orbit into the twisted cotangent bundle.

  13. A note on the Kakeya maximal operator and radial weights on the plane

    Saito, Hiroki; Sawano, Yoshihiro
    We obtain an estimate of the operator norm of the weighted Kakeya (Nikodým) maximal operator without dilation on $L^2(w)$. Here we assume that a radial weight $w$ satisfies the doubling and supremum condition. Recall that, in the definition of the Kakeya maximal operator, the rectangle in the supremum ranges over all rectangles in the plane pointed in all possible directions and having side lengths $a$ and $aN$ with $N$ fixed. We are interested in its eccentricity $N$ with $a$ fixed. We give an example of a non-constant weight showing that $\sqrt{\log N}$ cannot be removed.

  14. Wintgen ideal submanifolds of codimension two, complex curves, and Möbius geometry

    Li, Tongzhu; Ma, Xiang; Wang, Changping; Xie, Zhenxiao
    Wintgen ideal submanifolds in space forms are those ones attaining the equality pointwise in the so-called DDVV inequality which relates the scalar curvature, the mean curvature and the scalar normal curvature. Using the framework of Möbius geometry, we show that in the codimension two case, the mean curvature spheres of the Wintgen ideal submanifold correspond to a 1-isotropic holomorphic curve in a complex quadric. Conversely, any 1-isotropic complex curve in this complex quadric describes a 2-parameter family of spheres whose envelope is always a Wintgen ideal submanifold of codimension two at the regular points. Via a complex stereographic projection, we show that our characterization is equivalent to Dajczer and...

  15. Holomorphic submersions onto Kähler or balanced manifolds

    Alessandrini, Lucia
    We study many properties concerning weak Kählerianity on compact complex manifolds which admits a holomorphic submersion onto a Kähler or a balanced manifold. We get generalizations of some results of Harvey and Lawson (the Kähler case), Michelsohn (the balanced case), Popovici (the sG case) and others.

  16. Construction of sign-changing solutions for a subcritical problem on the four dimensional half sphere

    Ghoudi, Rabeh; Ould Bouh, Kamal
    This paper is devoted to studying the nonlinear problem with subcritical exponent $(S_\varepsilon) : -\Delta_g u+2u = K|u|^{2-\varepsilon}u$, in $ S^4_+ $, ${\partial u}/{\partial\nu} =0$, on $\partial S^4_+,$ where $g$ is the standard metric of $S^4_+$ and $K$ is a $C^3$ positive Morse function on $\overline{S_+^4}$. We construct some sign-changing solutions which blow up at two different critical points of $K$ in interior. Furthermore, we construct sign-changing solutions of $(S_\varepsilon)$ having two bubbles and blowing up at the same critical point of $K$.

  17. Convergence of measures penalized by generalized Feynman-Kac transforms

    Kim, Daehong; Matsuura, Masakuni
    We prove the existence of limiting laws for symmetric stable-like processes penalized by generalized Feynman-Kac functionals and characterize them by the gauge functions and the ground states of Schrödinger type operators.

  18. Homogeneous Ricci soliton hypersurfaces in the complex hyperbolic spaces

    Hashinaga, Takahiro; Kubo, Akira; Tamaru, Hiroshi
    A Lie hypersurface in the complex hyperbolic space is an orbit of a cohomogeneity one action without singular orbit. In this paper, we classify Ricci soliton Lie hypersurfaces in the complex hyperbolic spaces.

  19. Calabi–Yau 3-folds of Borcea–Voisin type and elliptic fibrations

    Cattaneo, Andrea; Garbagnati, Alice
    We consider Calabi–Yau 3-folds of Borcea–Voisin type, i.e. Calabi–Yau 3-folds obtained as crepant resolutions of a quotient $(S\times E)/(\alpha_S\times \alpha_E)$, where $S$ is a K3 surface, $E$ is an elliptic curve, $\alpha_S\in \operatorname{Aut}(S)$ and $\alpha_E\in \operatorname{Aut}(E)$ act on the period of $S$ and $E$ respectively with order $n=2,3,4,6$. The case $n=2$ is very classical, the case $n=3$ was recently studied by Rohde, the other cases are less known. First, we construct explicitly a crepant resolution, $X$, of $(S\times E)/(\alpha_S\times \alpha_E)$ and we compute its Hodge numbers; some pairs of Hodge numbers we found are new. Then, we discuss the presence of maximal automorphisms and of a point with maximal...

  20. The equivariant $K$-theory and cobordism rings of divisive weighted projective spaces

    Harada, Megumi; Holm, Tara S.; Ray, Nigel; Williams, Gareth
    We apply results of Harada, Holm and Henriques to prove that the Atiyah-Segal equivariant complex $K$-theory ring of a divisive weighted projective space (which is singular for non-trivial weights) is isomorphic to the ring of integral piecewise Laurent polynomials on the associated fan. Analogues of this description hold for other complex-oriented equivariant cohomology theories, as we confirm in the case of homotopical complex cobordism, which is the universal example. We also prove that the Borel versions of the equivariant $K$-theory and complex cobordism rings of more general singular toric varieties, namely those whose integral cohomology is concentrated in even dimensions, are isomorphic to rings of appropriate piecewise formal power...

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