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Urban Studies and Planning - Master's degree

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 3.128

  1. Don't get taken for a ride! : designing and Implementing effective autonomous vehicle regulation in Toronto, Ontario

    Gillies-Podgorecki, Benjamin M. (Benjamin Marshall)
    Studies suggest autonomous vehicles can enable a more equitable, efficient, and sustainable transportation network. Yet, experts point out this outcome is not guaranteed, and that without outside policy intervention autonomous vehicle (AV) use might actually exacerbate congestion, sprawl, and inequitable access to travel. These challenges will be most acutely felt in areas under the purview of local governments-such as transportation congestion, land use, and impacts on public transit. As such, the goal of this thesis is to assist municipal policymakers with mitigating these impacts by answering the question: How can local governments effectively regulate autonomous vehicles? Looking at Toronto, Canada,...

  2. Nontraditional roles for philanthropic capital in urban redevelopment

    Newsome, David Lee
    Across the United States, neighborhoods of persistent urban disinvestment continue to elude revitalization. Despite efforts from private, public, and social sector leaders, these areas continue to produce unacceptable health, safety, education, economic, and wellbeing outcomes for their residents. Philanthropy has long been a stakeholder in urban revitalization efforts, yet is often understood and described only as a source of grant capital. However, understanding some of the roles of philanthropic capital beyond grants, specifically philanthropic investments, knowledge creation, leadership, and operations, may reveal powerful, unexpected roles for philanthropy. While urban revitalization can occur without philanthropic involvement, these various tools and approaches...

  3. Visualizing and modeling Peri-Urban drinking water supply and planning in Pune, Maharashtra

    Hui, Rebecca (Rebecca C.)
    As cities grow and rural fringes are urbanized, an in-between village state is emerging, that scholars are attempting to categorize as "Peri-Urban". Yet there are no existing models to quantify the population movements, infrastructure needs, and social characteristics of this rapidly emerging condition. The lack of diagnosis for the Peri-Urban State leads to uneven distribution of water resources, pollution of surface and groundwater, and unclear administrative lines. This thesis presents a dialectical field research and Census data mapping approach for visualizing peri-urban and rurban patterns at the district (Zilla Parishad) scale using Pune district in Maharashtra as a case study....

  4. Accelerating bus electrification : enabling a sustainable transition to low carbon transportation systems

    Blynn, Kelly (Kelly Mavis)
    With growing agreement that credible pathways to zero carbon electricity exist, many support the notion that widespread electrification of the transportation sector will be an essential strategy for meeting scientifically-based midcentury climate goals. While transit buses have a relatively small impact on greenhouse gas emissions, they have a larger impact on urban air quality, have commercially available in-service electric models, and have historically commercialized clean technologies that enabled deployment in the rest of the heavy duty vehicle sector. This thesis seeks to understand what factors hinder or enable transit agencies to go beyond initial pilots to largely or wholly electrify...

  5. Integration of tva and valley state planning board programs in regional resource development

    Parker, John A
    by John A. Parker.

  6. Determinants of residential location demand : implications for transportation policy

    Weisbrod, Glen E. (Glen Elliot)
    by Glen E. Weisbrod.

  7. High-speed rail and local land development : case studies in London and Las Vegas

    Mascoop, Daniel R
    This thesis explores the relationship between high-speed rail development, local rail station development and land development. The efficacy of a high-speed rail system depends, in part, upon rail stations' locations close to urban centers and integration into the broader transportation networks and urban realm. Through economies of agglomeration, high-speed rail can bring wider economic benefits to regions, cities and local areas. Transit-oriented development can be used as a strategy to capture these local-level benefits and also bring urban development to the highspeed rail system. In order to evaluate these relationships, this thesis examines two case studies. In the United Kingdom,...

  8. Breaking barriers : an examination and recommendations regarding the role of clean distributed electricity generation in Mexico

    Madrazo Vega, Fernando
    Through the 2013 Energy Reform, the Law of Energy Transition, and the General Law of Climate Change, the policy makers in Mexico have aimed to lower electricity tariffs, generate 35% of electricity from clean energy sources by 2024, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30% in 2020 and 50% in 2050 compared to greenhouse gas emissions in 2000. Furthermore, the 2013 Energy Reform aims to promote economic development and reduce electricity subsidies. In an effort to achieve these goals, policy makers have tried to diversify the country's electricity generation profile, including the promotion of clean distributed generation (DG) technologies. A...

  9. Designing economic democracy Boston Ujima Project's participatory allocation process

    Cohn, Libbie Dina
    This client-based thesis analyzes Participatory Budgeting processes in two cities to help guide the institutional design of Boston Ujima Project's participatory allocation process. Grassroots-led organization Boston Ujima Project is developing a democratically-governed Capital Fund by integrating community participation in deliberation and decision-making at various stages of the investment process. Broadly speaking, the three democratic dimensions of the Fund are those that ensure meaningful participation by low-income communities of color most impacted by the investments, safeguard accountability to those communities, and integrate relevant forms of expertise, including residents' expertise, throughout the decision-making process. Drawing from case studies of Participatory Budgeting in...

  10. REITs and securitization as innovative modes to finance affordable housing in China

    Zou, Linyi
    Affordable housing finance in China is a hot issue, which mainly relies on government budgets and bank loans. These two financing channels are insufficient to support the large number of affordable housing projects, and there is a need to explore innovative channels. Within them, this thesis focuses on REITs and other types of securitization (ABN and ABS), in order to research their implementations in affordable housing finance, as well as the obstacles and impacts. In 2005, Hong Kong Government created the first REIT by privatizing and securitizing the retail and parking facilities affiliated to affordable housing owned by the government....

  11. Measuring the performance of metro-based Transit Oriented Development (TOD) : a comparative study between Beijing and Singapore

    Xie, Yiling, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Transit oriented Developments (TOD) is a package that consists of urban form and development strategies that aims to foster efficient land use patterns to create sustainable neighborhoods. By using public transit as a focal point to create attractive environments, TOD is a promising approach to tackle urban issues such as traffic congestion, ineffective land use, and air pollution in metropolises like Beijing. Beijing, and even the entire country of China, is at its 'Golden Age' of metro system expansion. As metro systems have the capacity to reshape urban mobility and urban form, they are considered one of the key components...

  12. Testing collaborative accessibility-based engagement tools : Santiago de Chile case

    Navas Duk, Cristián
    The population of metropolitan areas in developing countries has been rapidly growing and transport externalities -- such as congestion, pollution and traffic fatalities -- have followed, in most cases, the same trend. Latin American metropolitan areas, where generally public transit is still predominant, has important challenges in continuing their economic development without severe increases in transport externalities. At least partly in response, citizens are raising their voices for more reliable and people-oriented solutions. Transportation planning, thus, plays an important role and within transportation planning, increasing public participation in decision-making has emerged as key to providing better transport solutions. As part...

  13. The unique challenges of building permanent supportive housing for female veterans : a comparative case study

    Seeney, Ronette C. (Ronette Chanel)
    In 2009, President Barack Obama and mayors around the country pledged to end veteran homelessness by 2015. Although their collaborative efforts led to a dramatic decrease in the rate of homelessness among veterans, the number of homeless female veterans peaked during the same period. The federal and state governments have increased the amount of permanent supportive housing units to address this rising homeless population, but experts have cited several reasons for stagnant rates of homelessness among female veterans. Many female veterans are unaware of housing opportunities, confused about identifying as a veteran, and/or perceive veteran housing as incompatible. Reasons for...

  14. The unique challenges of building permanent supportive housing for female veterans : a comparative case study

    Seeney, Ronette C. (Ronette Chanel)
    In 2009, President Barack Obama and mayors around the country pledged to end veteran homelessness by 2015. Although their collaborative efforts led to a dramatic decrease in the rate of homelessness among veterans, the number of homeless female veterans peaked during the same period. The federal and state governments have increased the amount of permanent supportive housing units to address this rising homeless population, but experts have cited several reasons for stagnant rates of homelessness among female veterans. Many female veterans are unaware of housing opportunities, confused about identifying as a veteran, and/or perceive veteran housing as incompatible. Reasons for...

  15. Automobile regulations in China examined from a behavioral perspective

    Wang, Shenhao
    Automobile growth has created severe problems such as traffic congestion, air pollution, and carbon emission worldwide. To address these problems, Chinese local governments implemented a series of automobile regulations to slow down auto growth. They set up a yearly quota of license plates and require potential car buyers to obtain a license plate before buying an automobile. Local governments end up with three modes of allocating the scarce license plates: only lotteries, only auctions, and a mix of lotteries and auctions. The main debate is the tradeoff between the efficiency represented by auctions and the equity represented by lotteries. By...

  16. Automobile regulations in China examined from a behavioral perspective

    Wang, Shenhao
    Automobile growth has created severe problems such as traffic congestion, air pollution, and carbon emission worldwide. To address these problems, Chinese local governments implemented a series of automobile regulations to slow down auto growth. They set up a yearly quota of license plates and require potential car buyers to obtain a license plate before buying an automobile. Local governments end up with three modes of allocating the scarce license plates: only lotteries, only auctions, and a mix of lotteries and auctions. The main debate is the tradeoff between the efficiency represented by auctions and the equity represented by lotteries. By...

  17. Full house : occupancy standards, normative zoning, and the responses of U.S. cities to changing households

    Rodriguez, Amarillys
    Both long term and more recent socioeconomic, demographic, and cultural shifts have led to changing household formation patterns. Alongside a rise in living alone and adult children remaining in their parental homes have been increases in doubled-up or more-than-one-family households and non-family households. However, U.S. zoning codes and housing markets have long favored single-family homes and living arrangements. Have cities adapted to changing household trends? If so, how? Whether they have or not, what influences their responses? This thesis addresses these questions through a qualitative analysis of the occupancy standards- specifically family or household definitions, limits on the numbers of...

  18. Full house : occupancy standards, normative zoning, and the responses of U.S. cities to changing households

    Rodriguez, Amarillys
    Both long term and more recent socioeconomic, demographic, and cultural shifts have led to changing household formation patterns. Alongside a rise in living alone and adult children remaining in their parental homes have been increases in doubled-up or more-than-one-family households and non-family households. However, U.S. zoning codes and housing markets have long favored single-family homes and living arrangements. Have cities adapted to changing household trends? If so, how? Whether they have or not, what influences their responses? This thesis addresses these questions through a qualitative analysis of the occupancy standards- specifically family or household definitions, limits on the numbers of...

  19. De-gentrifying the streetscape : reclaiming tactical urbanism for San Francisco's Tenderloin

    Ryan, Annie (Annie Fisher)
    San Francisco's Tenderloin neighborhood is often described in classic "skid row" terms as a neighborhood characterized by crime, prostitution, drugs, homelessness, seedy hotels, and rampant blight. It is described as 'hopeless' and 'lost', and a place to be avoided at all costs. In reality, the Tenderloin is a more complex neighborhood than a simple skid row definition allows, with a rich fabric of social dynamics, built form, local heroes,and powerful villains. While the historic culture bearers of other San Francisco neighborhoods have been gradually pushed out by younger, richer, tech-affiliated residents with little understanding of the historical context they have...

  20. De-gentrifying the streetscape : reclaiming tactical urbanism for San Francisco's Tenderloin

    Ryan, Annie (Annie Fisher)
    San Francisco's Tenderloin neighborhood is often described in classic "skid row" terms as a neighborhood characterized by crime, prostitution, drugs, homelessness, seedy hotels, and rampant blight. It is described as 'hopeless' and 'lost', and a place to be avoided at all costs. In reality, the Tenderloin is a more complex neighborhood than a simple skid row definition allows, with a rich fabric of social dynamics, built form, local heroes,and powerful villains. While the historic culture bearers of other San Francisco neighborhoods have been gradually pushed out by younger, richer, tech-affiliated residents with little understanding of the historical context they have...

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