The Aquatic Commons is a thematic digital repository covering the natural marine, estuarine /brackish and fresh water environments . It includes all aspects of the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments, their organisms and resources, and the economic, sociological and legal aspects.
Catch composition of penaeid prawns caught with fish corrals at Batan Bay, Philippines - Motoh, Hiroshi; Solis, Noel; Caligdong, Edna
The study was undertaken to ascertain the commercially important species of penaeid prawns caught in Batan Bay, Philippines and their abundance in fish corrals. A total of 12 species were commercially caught: Penaeus monodon, P. semisulcatus, P. merguiensis, P. indicus, P. latisulcatus, P. japonicus, P. canaliculatus, Metapenaeus ensis, M. endeavouri, M. dalli, M. elegans, and Trachypenaeus fulvus.
Occurrence of milkfish, Chanos chanos (Forsskal) eggs around Panay Island, Philippines - Senta, Tetsushi; Kumagai, Shigeru; Castillo, Nelson
The study documents the occurrence of milkfish, Chanos chanos (Forsskal) eggs around Panay Island, Philippines: in Cuyo East Pass, Panay Gulf, Visayan Sea, Sibuyan Sea and Cagayan Islands. Most of the eggs, 545 out of 551, were obtained from Cuyo East Pass compared to Cagayan Islands and Sibuyan Sea while no milkfish egg was recovered from either Panay Gulf or Visayan Sea.
Effect of different sex ratios of ablated wild-stock Penaeus monodon Fabricius on maturation, fecundity and hatching rates - Alava, Rosario; Primavera, Jurgenne H.
The study was conducted to determine other sex ratios of ablated wild-stock Penaeus monodon other than the most commonly practiced 1 male: 1 female. Four different sex ratios, 0:1, 1:1, 1:2, and 1:4 male: female were tested in four 4m diameter circular tanks for a period of 55 days. During the first run the 1 male: 2 females ratio gave: (a) the highest percentage of first (42.20%), second (30.00%) and third (33.33%) spawning; and (b) the highest total and average fecundity (3.9 million eggs and 300,692 eggs, respectively). The 1 male: 2 females ratio is recommended on the basis of...
Quality of cured fish on the west coast: comparative study with the IS specifications - Muraleedharan, V.; Unnithan, G.R.; Joseph, K.G.; Unnikrishnan Nair, T.S.
Moisture and salt content in cured fish products from various centres on the west coast of India are compared. The moisture contents varied in samples from different centres, whereas the salt content remained more or less uniform. The deviations from the Indian standard specification were highly significant in both cases. The high mean moisture values and low salt values with respect to accepted standards are indicative of the improper drying and poor salting.
Estimation of yield of dry air bladders from eel fish - Basu, S.; Panduranga Rao, C.C.; Krishna Rao, K.
The findings are presented of a study conducted to determine a method for the calculation of the yield of dried air bladders of eel from the weight of the whole fish.
Inactivation of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in drinking water - Sanjeev, S.; Mahadeva Iyer, K.
A study was conducted in the Cochin area of India to determine the effect of drinking water on Vibrio parahaemolyticus, a bacterium that contaminates fish harvested from marine and estuarine environments. Times of fresh-water exposure required to inactivate these bacteria are given. Findings indicate that the washing of fish and equipment used to handle the fish in drinking water may decrease in the number of viable Vibrio cells and thus aid in prevention of food poisoning.
Relative retentivity of knowledge in fish processing by fisherwomen - Thiagarajan, R.; Kandoran, M.K.
Retention of knowledge in the preparation of fish pickle, fish wafers and fish soup powder for an experimental group of 20 fisherwomen selected from three fishing villages was studied. The knowledge retention immediately after exposure and also at intervals of 15 days and 30 days after exposure differed significantly.
A scale to measure the attitude towards improved fish processing methods - Thiagarajan, R.; Mohan, B.; Kandoran, M.K.
An attitude scale was constructed to measure the attitude of fisherwomen towards improved fish processing methods. To construct the attitude scale, 'scale' and ‘Q’ values (the interquartile ranges) were calculated for 31 statements selected, based on the opinion of 34 judges. Based on the 'scale' and ‘Q’ values 16 statements were selected with eight favorable statements and eight unfavorable statements. The weightages given were 3, 2 and 1 for favorable statements and 1, 2 and 3 for unfavorable statements.
On the pattern of Salmonella serotypes in fishery products, froglegs and processing environments - Gopalakrishna Iyer, T.S.; Shrivastava, K.P.
Thirty four different serotypes of Salmonella have been isolated from aquatic products. The number of serotypes from frozen froglegs were 22. Only four serotypes were isolated from frozen shrimps. S. weltevreden predominates in frozen shrimps and fish. S. roan and S. larochelle were isolated for the first time in India. Isolation of six rare serotypes of Salmonella has also been reported.
Influence of dietary proteins on cholesterol levels in albino rats - Ammu, K.; Stephen, J.; Devadasan, K.
Six groups of albino rats were fed identical diets, differing in their protein sources for sixty days. The protein sources used were fat free casein, defatted groundnut cake, and defatted fish powders from three species of fishes, namely, the fresh water fish Labeo rohita, the marine fishes, Rastrelliger kanagurta and Otolithus argenteus and marine prawns, Parapenaeopsis stylifera. After sixty days, the levels of cholesterol in the serum, liver and heart of the rats were estimated. The casein group recorded the highest level of cholesterol. Compared to casein, the groundnut protein was distinctly hypocholesterolemic. The fish proteins had a still greater...
Fish sauce from two species of unexploited deep sea fish Peristedion adeni and Peristedion weberi - Lekshmy Nair, A.; Prabhu, P.V.; Shenoy, A.V.
Two species of unexploited deep sea fish Peristedion adeni and Peristedion weberi caught from the Exclusive Economic Zone of India were subjected to fermentation at ambient temperature (30 ± 2°C) in the presence of salt in 4:1 ratio. Periodical analysis of the fermented product was carried out up to one year. The sauces had brownish yellow colour and conformed to special grade of the standards prescribed by the Food and Drug Administration. Further solubilization of protein after 9 month's maturation was not appreciable.
Preparation of mussel marinade - Unnikrishnan Nair, T.S.; Joseph, K.G.; Muraleedharan, V.; Kalaimani, N.
A simple and cheap process for the preservation of mussel meat by marinading is described. The method involves blanching the mussel meat shucked from depurated live mussels in 3% boiling sodium chloride solution for 5 min followed by preserving it in a solution containing 3% acetic acid and 3% sodium chloride. The product stored in closed glass jars has a storage life of approximately 16 weeks at room temperature (23-30°C), after which the quality began to deteriorate. Texture of the meat is least affected and closely resembles that of the fresh meat.
Quality of dry fish from markets in Andhra Pradesh - Basu, S.; Khasim, D.I.; Gupta, S.S.; Panduranga Rao, C.C.
Dry fish samples were procured from different fish markets and subjected to biochemical and bacteriological evaluation for assessing quality. The quality of market samples was compared with the samples dried in laboratory and in the mechanical drier [sic]. Most of the market samples had high moisture and sand contents. TVN values of market samples were high showing poor quality of the finished product.
Studies on canning Psenopsis cyanea - Balachandran, K.K.; Vijayan, P.K.
Suitability of Psenopsis cyanea, a deep sea fish caught on board FORV Sagar Sampada from a depth of 350m off Cochin for processing into canned product was studied. The fish having high fat content around 52% (DWB) and white attractive meat renders itself well for canning yielding a product good in organoleptic characteristics. However to have a presentable appearance to the product the fish has to be skinned prior to canning. Gentle agitation of P. cyanea in 0.25% aqueous solution of lactic acid at ambient temperature for 15 min followed by thorough washing yields skinless fish. Fish suffers around 8%...
Delayed freezing on the quality and shelf-life of Kalawa (Epinephelus spp.) - Joseph, A.C.; Surendran, P.K.; Perigreen, P.A.
Kalawa (Epinephelus spp.) caught on board FORV Sagar Sampada was frozen in the absolutely fresh condition as well as after keeping for 5 and 10h at ambient temperature. Evaluation of changes in the quality of these samples during storage at -20°C indicated appreciable difference between the fresh frozen and delayed frozen fish during the initial stages of storage. Fresh frozen and 5h delayed froze fish samples had a shelf-life of more than 62 weeks, whereas the 10h delayed frozen fish had a shelf-life of about 48 weeks.
Performance of 25m large mesh demersal trawl off Veraval, north west coast of India - Kunjipalu, K.K.; Subramania Pillai, N.; Boopendranath, M.R.
Performance of a 25m large mesh demersal trawl, with 150mm mesh size in the fore parts of the trawl was evaluated in comparison with one boat high opening trawl of the Bay of Bengal Programme (BOBP) with 360 meshes of 160mm mesh size and 25.6m head rope length. An 8.2% increase in catch was obtained by 25m large mesh demersal trawl. The gear is comparatively cheaper, lighter in construction and offered better horizontal spread with significantly lower towing resistance. Commercial suitability of the gear for efficient harvesting of demersal fish resources of the region is discussed.
On the optimum mesh size for the capture of Barbus tor (Hamilton) - Khan, A.A.; George, N.A.; Mathai, T.J.; Kesavan Nair, A.K.
Results of mesh selectivity experiments on B. tor are presented in this paper. Selectivity curve on the basis of maximum girth of fish in relation to perimeter of mesh was worked out. The optimum girth/mesh perimeter ratio was found to be 1.31. A linear regression of G+0.445L=12.8 was fitted for conversion of length to girth.