Recursos de colección

Aquatic Commons (36.803 recursos)

The Aquatic Commons is a thematic digital repository covering the natural marine, estuarine /brackish and fresh water environments . It includes all aspects of the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments, their organisms and resources, and the economic, sociological and legal aspects.

Subject = Fisheries

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 13.078

  1. Pempheris vanicolensis (Cuvier, 1831)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Pempheris vanicolensis has reported for the first time from Persian Gulf (Kish Island). Various aspects of the biology of P. vanicolensis Cuvier & Valenciennes, a recent Lessepsian (Suez Canal) immigrant into the Mediterranean, are given. Red Sea and Mediterranean populations were compared, and the results indicate that the spawning season is shortened in the Mediterranean, continuing from April to September, as opposed to year-round in the Red Sea. Descriptions of a ripe ovary and post-larva from the Mediterranean are given. Individuals reach a mean size of 10.8 cm in their first year, and 14.4 cm in the second year. Little change has...

  2. Boloceroides spp.

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Boloceroides spp. are looking like an untidy mop, this anemone is sometimes seen in sea grass areas on many of our shores. It is possibly seasonal. Sometimes, large numbers are seen (up to 10-20 animals in a trip) and then none at all.  Tiny swimming anemones may sometimes be confused with Sea grass anemones which have translucent tentacles with tiny spots. The swimming anemone harbors symbiotic single-celled algae (zooxanthellae). The algae undergo photosynthesis to produce food from sunlight. The food produced is shared with the sea anemone, which in return provides the algae with shelter and minerals. The oral disk and tentacle muscles...

  3. Koumansetta hectori  Smith, 1957

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Many aquarists know this fish as Ambylgobius hectori but accepted name is actually Koumansetta hectori. K. hectori, Hector's goby, is a species of goby native to the Indian Ocean (including the Red Sea), first record from Persian Gulf (Kish Island, Iran) to the islands of Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean. It can be found on sheltered coral reefs at depths of from 3 to 30 meters (though usually between 5 to 20 meters). This species reaches a length of 8.5 centimeters (3.3 in) SL. This attractive little fish measures only 2” at maturity and spends its time hovering over rocks and substrates out in the open water column. Known for their bold yellow stripes, peaceful disposition, the diminutive...

  4. Effect of temperature on genomic and some biological indices during embryonic and larval development of Caspian trout Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877

    Alizadeh Sabet, Hamid Reza
    Since 1966 especially recent decade, Caspian trout (Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877) considered as a strategic endemic species for Caspian Sea fisheries resources also coldwater aquaculture in Iran. Nowadays habitat condition effects on this subspecies during life stages, artificial breeding and incubation period noticed by research and execution sessions of fisheries in Iran. Incubation duration of Caspian trout from artificial fertilization followed by green egg and eyed egg, hatching and yolk sac absorption identified as most sensitive stages for fish and any pollution, stress and deviation by natural life conditions of embryo up to larvae could provide possible mortalities and...

  5. Labroidaes dimidiatus (Valenciennes, 1839)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Labroides dimidiatus, is one of several species of cleaner wrasses found on coral reefs from Eastern Africa and the Red Sea to French Polynesia, for the first time from Iran (Persian Gulf, Kish Island). Like other cleaner wrasses, it eats parasites and dead tissue off larger fishes’ skin in a mutualistic relationship that provides food and protection for the wrasse, and considerable health benefits for the other fishes. Some fish mimic cleaner wrasses. For example, a species of blenny called Aspidontus taeniatus has evolved the same behavior to tear small pieces of flesh from bigger fish. Cleaner wrasses are usually found at cleaning stations. Cleaning stations are occupied by different units of cleaner wrasses, such as a group of youths,...

  6. Chrysiptera unimaculata Cuvier, 1830

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Chrysiptera unimaculata, an algivorous species also living on the coral reef flat and being territorial but not considered as a strict farmer in this location. Maximum length is 8 cm in Persian Gulf. It is living in close association with macrophytes. Adults are found solitarily or in small groups among coastal algal reefs, rubble or over open beach-rock of reef flats exposed to moderate surge and feeds mainly on benthic algae. C. unimaculata is oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding. Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate. Males guard and aerate the eggs.

  7. Torpedo sinuspersici  Olfers, 1831

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Electric rays, thought to be the most primitive of the skates and rays, have stout tails but have rather expansive disc. This group is distinguished by the presence of powerful electric organs, derived from branchial muscles in head region. Torpedo sinuspersici found inshore in sandy bottoms, and well offshore from the surf zone down to 200 m. Also on or near coral reefs (like Kish Island in Persian Gulf). Common in shallow sandy areas. Occasionally hooked by anglers, more often seen by divers; can deliver a strong shock. Flesh is edible. T. sinuspersici can survive for hours after being stranded...

  8. Plotosus lineatus  (Thunberg, 1787)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    The Striped Catfish can be recognized by its striped coloration, barbels around the mouth, and its body shape which tapers to a point posteriorly. Small juveniles are black and large adults may be less distinctly striped. Plotosus lineatus can reach a maximum length of 32 cm (13 in) and about 40cm in Persian Gulf. The body is brown with cream-colored or white longitudinal bands. The most striking feature of this species is in the fins; in fact the second dorsal, caudal and anal are fused together as in eels. In the rest of the body is quite similar to a...

  9. Cymo andreossyi (Audouin, 1826)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Cymo andreossyi is found both in the live and dead branching corals of coral Pacillopora, Acropora and Montipora. Compared to the occurrence its compatriot C. melanodactylus, this species found in large numbers. The relationship is mutualistic, with the species occupying a niche similar to that occupied by the more colorful Trapezia species.

  10. Study of rainbow trout neoplasia in the region of Haraz

    Notash, Shahab
    This study was carried out in order to determine neoplasia presence in rainbow trout in Haraz area. Neoplasia in various species of fishes including freshwater, brackish water and marine fishes was reported in other countries. But up to now there is no documented report of rainbow trout neoplasia in Iran. The study was performed in 20 farms of Haraz area during 2004-2005. All fishes of each farm firstly were observed in order to any abnormal mass which is suspicious to neoplasia. Besides in order to observation of external and internal organs, 20 fishes was sampled randomly from each farm and...

  11. Biological activities (antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic) of secondary metabolites of Ircinia spp.

    Nazemi, Melika
    Sponges are the most primitive of the multicellular, These organisms don’t have any mechanical defense system, so their early appearance in evolution has given them a lot of time for the development of advanced secondary metabolites as chemical defense system. Sponges have the potential to provide drugs from chemical components against diseases. In this investigation the sponge samples, which it is Ircina spp., were collected at depth of 15- 24 meter, from locations on the coastline of Island Kish in Persian Gulf of Iran. For identifying natural components, methanolic and diethyletter were used as extraction solvents, after removal of the...

  12. Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål, 1775)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    This is one of the largest species of angelfish reaching almost 20 inches (50cm) in length. As an adult it has a violet blue body with a large yellow blotch on the side that some say resembles the continent of Africa. As a juvenile it is similar in appearance (and easily confused with) other young Pomacanthus, especially the Blue-ring Angelfish P. annularis. But as its color pattern begins to metamorphosis, the sub-adult begins to look very much like the Arabian Angelfish P. asfur. It will have a similar looking vertical yellow bar on its body, but lack the bright yellow...

  13. Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    The sohal surgeonfish or sohal tang, Acanthurus sohal, is a Red Sea endemic which grows to 16 in (40 cm) in the wild. Its striking blue and white horizontal stripes have made it what many consider the 'poster fish' for the Red Sea reef environment. It is a valued aquarium fish. A common species found in seaward edges of reefs exposed to surge. Aggressive and territorial. Feeds on various kinds of algae, mainly Sargassum, and fine filamentous green algae. Caught with nets; traps and occasionally by trawls.

  14. Crabbing into an uncertain future: the blue swimming crab fisher in coastal town of Eastern Philippines

    Cabrales, Pedro; Racuyal, Jesus; Mañoza, Alfredo
    This research project sought to find out the socio-economic status of the small-scale fishers of the blue swimming crab (Portunuspelagicus) in Samar, considering the diminishing volume of catch of the species in the recent years. Using a blend of quantitative and qualitative methods, the study employed an interview schedule, focus group discussion (FGD) and observation in collecting data not only from the fishers but also from other sectors directly involved in the blue swimming crab industry.

  15. La pêche dans le eaux douces du Cambodge

    Chevey, P.; Le Poulain, F.
    The importance of water in Cambodia's economy has always greatly impressed scientists and their work. This trend is spread over a period of more than 70 years. There were three distinct phases in the history of fishing and fish research in Cambodia. The phase of isolated workers (1865-1923), the phase of the first gathered researches, corresponding to the beginning of the work of the Oceanographic Institute of Indochina (1923-1936), and finally close cooperation phase between the Institute Oceanographic and Protectorate, inaugurated in 1936. The purpose of this 5th Memoire is exposing the knowledge on fishing activities in Cambodia in 1936.

  16. Traditional practices of fermenting small rock oysters (Sacosstrea sp.) "Sisi"

    Patosa, Florabelle; Doncillo, Leonora; Diocton, Renato; Gomba, Felisa; Orale, Ronald
    The fermented product from small rock oyster (Sacosstrea sp.) locally known, 'Sisi' is an essential source of livelihood in Zumarraga, Samar. Key informant interviews, ocular observation and focus group discussion (FGD) were conducted to find out the traditional practices used in producing 'Sisi'. Salient findings showed that non-standardized processing of Sisi was practiced, thus limiting the revenues derived from this marginalized industry. Furthermore, 'Sisi' has high ash content with high microbial count which indicates that there are some colonies that grow in the mixture. Hence, there is a need to standardize the methods applied in producing fermented small rock oyster...

  17. Socio-economic profile of the Philippine National Aquasilviculture Program (PNAP) beneficiaries in Jiabong, Samar, Philippines

    Enate, Rholyna T.; Diocton, Renato C.; Macopia, Janet L.
    A total of 37 beneficiaries under the Philippine National Aquasilviculture Program (PNAP) was interviewed using the structured survey questionnaire of Socioeconomic Monitoring Guidelines for Coastal Managers in Southeast Asia (SocMon SEA). Most of the members of the households are young and in-school. Household heads’ primary occupation is fishing, a shift from mussel farming- the town’s major industry in the past decades. Perceived threat by the beneficiaries is related to the environment specifically typhoon and the problems on waste disposal. It also identified law enforcement as weak leading to dwindling fish catch, mass mortality of mussel, red tide and other problems...

  18. Refolding of omega conotoxin peptide derived from marine snail, Conus magus, to evaluate its analgesic effects

    Eisapoor, Seyed Sahand
    Oxidative refolding is one of the key challenges hampering the development of peptide based compounds as therapeutics. The correct refolding for three disulfide peptide like w-Conotoxi n MVIIA is difficult and crucial for biological activity. This work advanced knowledge of chemical and biological for improve oxidative refolding of synthetic w-Conotoxi n MVIIA in base of Conus magus venom. The present study aimed to set up an appropriate and effective protocols for refolding of disulfide-rich w-Conotoxin MVIIA. In this study, the crude peptide was protected with Acm group, according to the right amino acid sequences (Synthesized by Australian Company). The crude...

  19. The experimentally pathogenesis of Aeromonas hydrophila in Astacus leptodactylus with emphasis on temperature in bacterial pathogenesis

    Cookiyae, Arash Sam
    In this study, four hundred freshwater Crayfish (A. leptodactylus) with average weight of 25-40g were purchased from Aras dam reservoirs in west Azerbayjan province and transported to Iranian Artemia Research Center of Uromya province in September 2010. (One hundred crayfish extra purchased for probably mortality). Before implement of experiment the Crayfish were acclimated for ten days. These experiments was designed in four group treatments (Number, 1,2,3,4) and one control group (Number 5) in triplicate with 20 Crayfish in each repetition prepared of glass aquarium with size (50x40x30cm). Many of infected Crayfish were used for isolation of bacteria. Haemolymph sample had...

  20. Capture d'un Requin-Baleine, Rhineodon typus A. Smith, en Cohinchine: résumé de connaissances sur ce poisson

    Chevey, P.
    A description of a whale shark (Rhincodon typus) captured on June 1934 along the coast of Cap Ti Oan is given. The scientific name Rhincodon is not correct due to a typographic error. The name with greek origin, should be: Rhineodon typus.

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