The Aquatic Commons is a thematic digital repository covering the natural marine, estuarine /brackish and fresh water environments . It includes all aspects of the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments, their organisms and resources, and the economic, sociological and legal aspects.
Subject = Fisheries
Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 11,475
Rights first, rights forever: small-scale fisheries and fishing communities from a human-rights perspective. A collection of articles from SAMUDRA report
Small-scale and artisanal fisheries contribute about two-thirds of the global fish production destined for direct human consumption. They also accommodate over 90 per cent of those who make their living from fisheries. Women comprise at least half the workforce in small-scale fisheries. Despite the important contributions made by small-scale fisheries to poverty eradication and food security, small-scale fishers and fishworkers continue to be marginalized at different levels. It is in this context that the Committee on Fisheries (COFI) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has developed the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-scale Fisheries in...
Marine protected areas and small-scale fisheries in South Africa: promoting governance, participation, equity and benefit sharing - Sunde, Jackie
This monograph studies the progress achieved by conservation partners in South Africa on the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Programme Element Two components of governance, participation, equity and benefit sharing, from the perspective of small-scale fishing communities. It explores the strategies and mechanisms used by different authorities to create the conditions whereby local communities can benefit from marine protected areas (MPAs), of which South Africa has gazetted 24, highlighting examples of best practice. The monograph will be useful for researchers, scientists, fishworker organizations, environmentalists and anyone interested in the protection of marine biodiversity and the promotion of...
Growth of the buccaneer anchovy Encrasicholina punctifer off Mozambique, based on samples collected in research surveys - De Paula e Silva, R.
Growth of Encrasicholina punctifer (Engraulididae) is estimated, based on samples obtained during five surveys on Sofala Bank (central Mozambique). The estimated values of the von Bertalanffy growth function, TL∞=12 cm and K=2.0 yearˉ¹ are compared with results of growth studies elsewhere in the Indo-Pacific region, based mainly on the index Φ=log(sub)10 K+2*log(sub)10L∞ assumed to be constant within species. This comparison is rendered difficult by the uncertain taxonomical status of stolephorid anchovies.
Stock assessment of the deep-water spiny lobster Palinurus delagoae, off Mozambique - Palha de Sousa, B.
Preliminary estimates of growth parameters and mortality are presented for the deep-water spiny lobster Palinurus delagoae fished off Mozambique. The length-converted catch curve shows three levels of total mortality (year-1): Z=2.9 for the smaller sizes; Z=1.4 for intermediate, and Z=0.6 for the larger lobsters. These results are confirmed by a length-structured virtual population analysis. Yield-per-recruit analysis suggests that a long-term yield, at least 50% higher than the present one, could be obtained by increasing the mean size at first capture from about 6 cm (carapace length) to about 10 cm.
Population dynamics of Penaeus indicus at Sofala Bank, Mozambique: a preliminary study - Silva, C.; Palha De Sousa, L.
Length-based methods are used to estimate growth and mortalities of Penaeus indicus at Sofala Bank in Mozambique. This Penaeid shrimp is one of the most important species in the fishery as it constitutes 45% of the catches and has a great influence in their trend. First estimates of growth parameters for this species in Mozambique are presented and a comparison of the derived mortalities with the previous estimates is made.
Avaliaçāo económica das medidas de gestāo da pescaria de camarāo do Banco de Sofala - Tenreiro de Almeida, J.; dos Santos, E.
The objective of this study is to recommend management measures for the industrial shallow-water shrimp fishery in Sofala Bank after estimating the economic affects considering different alternatives and assessing the level of exploitation of this fishery. The short-term economic analysis was based on the results of the total catch and average weight of the shrimp caught obtained by a simulation model in which different combinations of exploitation patterns and levels of fishing intensity were tasted. The variable parameters used were the mash size and the duration and period of the closed season, and all the remaining parameters were fixed. Economic...
Análise dos efeitos da introduçāo de medidas de gestāo na pescaria de camarāo do Banco de Sofala - Silva, C.; Palha De Sousa, L.; Cadima, E.L.
Biological effects of management measures introduced in the shrimp fishery from 1985 to 1990 are analysed as well as the results from simulation of different closed seasons. Observed changes in recruitment, total catch, biomass and average individual weight during 1985 to 1990 for Penaeus indicus and Hetapenaeus Monoceros are also analysed. Further studies on a stock-recruitment relationship are important due to decline of recruitment levels in this period. A three-month closed season starting in January is recommended, without increases in the monthly fishing effort. The TAC shall be fixed according to the recruitment level each year.
Recolha de camarões reprodutores vivos da espécie Fenneropenaeus indicus da pesca de arrasto semi-industrial na Baía de Maputo - Ribeiro, F.A.L.T.; Mbula, M.; Uetimane, A.E.
The collection of wild breeders of the Indian white prawn Fenneropenaeus indicus from two semi-industrial trawlers fishing in Maputo Bay is assessed for the period between August and November 1993. The daily mean catch (12-21 prawns dayˉ¹) increased until October but monthly yields were not significantly different (P>0.05). The monthly mean mortality ranged between 8% and 20% and was similar for males and females. More than 70% of the catch comprised small (grade B1: 20-39 g) and medium size (grade B2: 40-59 g) prawns. While males were exclusively of grade B1 (99%), the females were predominantly of grades B2 and...
The marine linefish resources of Moçambique (status, development and future research) - Van der Elst, R.; David, B.; Govender, A.
Marine line-fishing is seen to be of major importance to the social well-being and economy of many coastal people of Mozambique. Aspects of the artisanal and semi-industrial fisheries of Mozambique are described and a recent significant increase in effort is noted. Landings are seen to comprise a high proportion of vulnerable, endemic species, several of which are shared with neighbouring South Africa. Trends in CPUE, sex ratios and yield per recruit suggest that future landings may decline if conservative management is not introduced. Strategies for data collection and biological research on key species are proposed.
Some key concepts in fisheries research and management, with emphasis on Mozambique - Pauly, D.
Some basic concepts of fishery economics and management, and fish population dynamics are
recalled, as presented during a course held at the Instituto de Investigaçāo Pesqueira from 23 February to 15 March 1988 in Maputo, Mozambique. Also, some basic elements of length-based stock assessment are reviewed, with emphasis on their implementation through the “Compleat Elefan" package, used extensively during this course, when the participants analyzed their data and wrote first draft of manuscripts incorporating the results of these analyses. Some problems relative to sampling and to seasonal growth oscillations are discussed with special reference to conditions in Mozambique.
Seasonal growth of five commercially important fishes at Sofala Bank, Mozambique - Sousa, M.I.
An analysis of growth of scad and mackerels on Sofala Bank, Mozambique, was performed using data collected from commercial vessels during the year 1986-87, using the "Compleat Elefan" software package. Updated estimates of growth parameters of Decapterus russelli, D. macrosoma
(Carangidae), and Rastrelliger kanagurta (Scombridae) were obtained which take seasonal growth oscillations into account. Preliminary growth parameter estimates are also presented for Selar crumenophthalmus (Carangidae) and Saurida undosquamis (Synodontidae).
Preliminary estimation of growth in Cheimerius nufar (Sparidae) from southern Mozambique - Timochin, I.G.
On the basis of length-frequency data collected in 1987, by the hook-and-line fishery research program, preliminary estimates of the parameters of a seasonally oscillating version of the von Bertalanffy equation for Cheimerius nufar (Ehrenberg, 1830) were obtained, i.e., TL∞=70 cm and K=0.17 yearˉ¹. A discussion of these results is provided.