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Aquatic Commons (31,532 recursos)
The Aquatic Commons is a thematic digital repository covering the natural marine, estuarine /brackish and fresh water environments . It includes all aspects of the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments, their organisms and resources, and the economic, sociological and legal aspects.

Subject = Fisheries

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 11,446

1. Fluctuations in species composition of Penaeid prawns in estuaries - De Bruin, G.H.P.
During a study of the distribution of penaeid prawns in Sri Lanka waters a difference was noticed in the species composition from one estuary to another. Moreover, a marked monthly fluctuation in the relative abundance of the different penaied species was also observed. This indicated migratory behaviour. In order to study this phenomenon in the different species of prawns, regular samples of prawns were collected from two estuaries on the south-west coast of Sri Lanka, namely at Moratuwa/Panadura and at Negombo. The investigation was spread over a period of three years from 1957-1959.

2. Studies on the seasonal cycle of sea surface temperatures, salinities, oxygen and phytoplankton in Koddiyar Bay, Trincomalee in relation to the shore seine fishery - Durairatnam, M.
In Sri Lanka waters, Durairatnam (1963, 1969) had reported on the seasonal variation of plankton at Puttalam lagoon, Dutch Bay, Portugal Bay and in the inshore and off shore waters off Colombo. Similar investigations were carried out at Koddiyar Bay especially in the estuarine waters where the three tributaries of the river Mahaveli empty their waters into the bay. The estuary is perennial. The fishes constituting the estuarine fisheries are mostly shallow water marine species which can tolerate considerable variations of salinities. Prawns and crabs also constitute a very valuable fishery in estuarine waters.

3. Investigations on the bottom conditions and the possibilities for marine prawn and fish trawling on the north and east coast of Ceylon - Berg, S.E.
The execution of this survey was decided upon by Swedevelop in agreement with the Sri Lanka Fisheries Corporation and was a part of the investigations and studies for a fishery project at Trincomalee which was carried out by Scandia Consult. The main purpose was to investigate the following aspects: bottom conditions, especially prawn trawling conditions; size of the potential prawn trawling catches; size and quality of the potential fish trawling catches; suitable sizes and types of boats and trawling gear; duration of trawl fishing season.

4. Ceylon's tuna longline fishing effort and catch distribution in the Indian Ocean, 1967-70 - Sivasubramaniam, K.
The present report was prepared to evaluate the performance of two fishing vessels, study trends in fishing condition, the status of the stocks exploited and also to contribute basic information required by the Indian Ocean Fisheries Commission for management of the tuna resources.

5. Apparent abundance of yellowfin and bigeye tuna in the inshore, off shore and near oceanic ranges around Ceylon - Sivasubramaniam, K.
Sri Lanka entered oceanic longline fishery in 1967 and have limited the areas of operation to the central equatorial belt, thus limiting their fishery to the yellowfin and bigeye tunas. Sri Lanka while developing her coastal fishery took a leap into oceanic longlining and in view of her programme for accelerated development of the fishing industry, has to fill the gap between the two fisheries by exploiting the intermediate range (off shore and near oceanic) which would chiefly be for tunas and sharks. The present paper has been prepared in this context, utilizing available data and information on the tuna...

6. An aerial survey for surface tuna resources in the seas around Ceylon - Sivasubramaniam, K.
An aerial survey of the off shore range around Ceylon, for a quick evaluation of the potential surface tuna resources, for commercial exploitation, was organised by Mr. Manuel R. Cintas of Ocean Blazer Inc. (Commercial tuna), San Diego, California and his associate Mr. R. Perera. The organisers offered, through the Hon'ble Minister of Fisheries, to take an officer of the Fisheries Research Station, Ceylon, as an observer and the author participated in that capacity. Dr. V. Arkely served as the photographer. The survey period was within the South-West monsoon season and extremely bad weather with high speed winds were experienced...

7. Perspectivas de la biología marina - Bigatti, G.
La biología marina es una rama de las ciencias del mar de reciente desarrollo en la Argentina (oceáno Atlántico sudoccidental) que está en franco crecimiento. Se muestra un panorama del desarrollo de las diversas disciplinas, como los estudios sobre la biodiversidad marina y de la biología marina y pesquera, así como amenazas a los ambientes marinos y medidas de conservación tomadas. Se incluyen las perspectivas para futuros estudios de biología marina, los beneficios de las iniciativas de divulgación científica, entre otros temas, así como otras lecturas afines sugeridas.

8. Un mar compartido - Penchaszadeh, P.E.; Piola, A.R.
Existen pocos ámbitos más reveladores que el mar para entender las virtudes de la cooperación internacional en materia científica. En las ciencias marinas esta cooperación es más que deseable: es imprescindible para poder contestar preguntas relacionadas con el movimiento de las corrientes, el aporte de los ríos, los ciclos migratorios de las especies, las pesquerías, etc. Se analiza la importancia de los proyectos conjuntos donde participaron países latinoamericanos, algunos con éxitos, y sobre todo, la importancia de la continuidad. Se detallan un amplio conjunto de recomendaciones que surgieron de varias reuniones sobre ciencia, tecnología y sociedad (CTS) celebradas en la...

9. Las ciencias del mar en la Argentina - Ogden, J.C.; Podestá, G.; Zingone, A.; Wiebe, W.J.; Myers, R.A.
La situación de las ciencias del mar en la Argentina se puede caracterizar como una de ‘excelencia en aislamiento’. El tema dominante de las discusiones mantenidas por el comité que preparó este informe fue la virtual inexistencia de coordinación entre programas de investigación, equipo para realizar tareas de campo y personal científico y de apoyo en las instituciones. La coordinación que existe ocurre gracias a enormes esfuerzos individuales y a relaciones personales. Si bien en muchos lugares hay investigadores destacados y entusiastas, casi todos sufren de aislamiento físico, mínima financiación y la necesidad de prestar servicios por contrato para llevar...

10. La pesca costera en la Argentina - Perrotta, R.G.; Ruarte, C.; Carozza, C.
Se aborda el estudio de la pesca costera en la Argentina (océano Atlántico sudoccidental) teniendo en cuenta los factores económicos, sociales y políticos que promovieron su retraso o desarrollo. Para comprenderlo se analizan las diversas etapas históricas desde la época de la conquista (1580) hasta nuestros días. Se detalla sobre la actualidad de las artes de pesca en pequeña escala, las características de los pescadores, el manejo de las pesquerías costeras y el conflicto por los recursos y perspectivas.

11. Surface and subsurface fisheries for young and immature yellowfin tuna (T. Albacares) around Ceylon - Sivasubramaniam, K.

12. Evaluation of stern trawler operation in the Wadge Bank for economic exploitation of its demersal fish resources - Munasinghe, N.L.R.
The records of the exploitation of demersal fish resources by trawlers during the past two decades indicated a decline in productivity and uneconomical fishing operations. The possible reasons for the decline can be deduced by analysis of the fishing records of trawlers that have fished in the banks. Such an analysis can also provide a basis for planned management in the exploitation of demersal stocks of fish. This paper attempts to provide such a basis for the Wadge Bank.

13. Sirahu Valai: a passive fishing gear in Ceylon - Sachithananthan, K.; Thevathasan, A.
There are many types of passive fishing gear in use in the estuarine waters and lagoons in Ceylon such as the stake seine net or Kattudel, the tat trap or Jalcottu and the wing net or Sirahu valai. Of these Siraku valai is very popular in the shallow and near shore areas of the sea in north Ceylon. Sirahu valai is popular since it is relatively more economical, less time consuming and more efficient than other forms of fishing gear in shallow waters. More over the fishermen do not have to remain in the fishing grounds while his gear is...

14. The distribution of penaeid prawns in Ceylon waters - De Bruin, G.H.P.
Thirty one species of penaeid prawns have been discovered in Ceylon waters. A taxonomic study of these species was carried out and their distribution in relation to hypothetical oceanographical barriers was discussed (De Bruin 1965.) As penaeid prawns are of important commercial value, a study was made of their distribution and relative abundance in the estuaries and seas round the island. The results of this study are reported in this publication.

15. The Pearl Banks inspection: April, 1970 - Munasinghe, N.L.R.
The last major pearl fishery in the Gulf of Mannar was held in February-March, 1958, when about 4.5 million oysters were collected from the south-west Cheval Paar by dredging. (Sivalingam 1961). Subsequently, two smaller fisheries, one in 1960 and another in 1961 took place. In these two fisheries one million oysters and four hundred thousand oysters respectively were collected from the Cheval paar by dredging. (De Fonselm 1953). Inspections of the Banks were carried out in 1962, 1963, 1964 and 1965. (Balasuriya 1964 and Silva 1965 and 66). Since then inspections were not possible due to one of two reasons...

16. The adaptive variations in catchability of trawls on the Wadge Bank - Chestnoy, V.N.
The author made a trip on the Ceylon Fisheries Corporation trawler m/t "Pesalai" from 18th February, to 4th March, 1970, in order to study, amongst other matters, the "Adaptive Variations in catch ability of Trawls on the Wadge Bank". This was during the period of the north-east monsoon which offers very not favorable conditions for commercial fishing on the Wadge Bank. It was a normal commercial fishing trip and the work of the author was clone in keeping with the schedule of work of the trawler. A trip made to the Wadge Bank on the trawler m/t "Myliddy" in November, 1969,...

17. Small mesh trawling - De Bruin, G.H.P.
Experimental trawling operations for bottom fish were first begun in 1920 and consisted of surveys of the continental shelf around Ceylon and the west and east coasts of India. These preliminary surveys showed that the continental shelf of Ceylon was either very poor in bottom fish or that the ground was so rough that trawling has proved to be economically not sustainable (Malpas, 1926). Although a considerable amount of trawling has been carried out using small-meshed trawls, there is no record of the details of the gear used or any account of the relative efficiency of the different designs of...

18. Fisheries Department Annual report 1972
I am particularly happy to write this short forward introducing the report of the Fisheries Department for the year 1972. The Fisheries Department of the Ministry of Animal Resources is responsible for directing the development, utilization and scientific management of the fisheries resources of Uganda. This ensures that our people continue to benefit from this resource not only as a revenue earner but also as a constant source of the much needed animal protein.

19. Spiny lobsters resources - De Bruin, G.H.P.
Investigations into the resources of spiny lobsters in Ceylon waters were first begun in 1958 and consisted initially of skin-diving surveys of sand-stone and rocky areas at night. The surveys revealed the presence of lobsters in appreciable quantities in these reefs. Experiments were then carried out to decide on the most effective method of capturing them. Lobster traps of different design were placed in the reefs and rocky areas and the most efficient design was selected for use. This design was used thereafter to assess the spiny lobster resources. However, traps proved ineffective on the east coast as the particular...

20. Drift-net fishing in Ceylon waters - De Bruin, G.H.P.
Fishing with drift-nets beyond the continental shelf was more profitable than fishing within the continental shelf. Fishing operations conducted over the year beyond the shelf yielded an average catch approximately 1000 lbs. per operation while fishing within the shelf yielded an average catch of 400 lbs. per operation. The seas off the south-west and south coasts were found to be much richer in pelagic fish than the seas off the east coasts. There was a seasonal abundance of fish off the south-west, south and east coasts of Ceylon. On the south-west and south coast fish were more abundant during the...

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