Recursos de colección

Aquatic Commons (36.803 recursos)

The Aquatic Commons is a thematic digital repository covering the natural marine, estuarine /brackish and fresh water environments . It includes all aspects of the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments, their organisms and resources, and the economic, sociological and legal aspects.

Subject = Biology

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 5.665

  1. Pempheris vanicolensis (Cuvier, 1831)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Pempheris vanicolensis has reported for the first time from Persian Gulf (Kish Island). Various aspects of the biology of P. vanicolensis Cuvier & Valenciennes, a recent Lessepsian (Suez Canal) immigrant into the Mediterranean, are given. Red Sea and Mediterranean populations were compared, and the results indicate that the spawning season is shortened in the Mediterranean, continuing from April to September, as opposed to year-round in the Red Sea. Descriptions of a ripe ovary and post-larva from the Mediterranean are given. Individuals reach a mean size of 10.8 cm in their first year, and 14.4 cm in the second year. Little change has...

  2. Boloceroides spp.

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Boloceroides spp. are looking like an untidy mop, this anemone is sometimes seen in sea grass areas on many of our shores. It is possibly seasonal. Sometimes, large numbers are seen (up to 10-20 animals in a trip) and then none at all.  Tiny swimming anemones may sometimes be confused with Sea grass anemones which have translucent tentacles with tiny spots. The swimming anemone harbors symbiotic single-celled algae (zooxanthellae). The algae undergo photosynthesis to produce food from sunlight. The food produced is shared with the sea anemone, which in return provides the algae with shelter and minerals. The oral disk and tentacle muscles...

  3. Koumansetta hectori  Smith, 1957

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Many aquarists know this fish as Ambylgobius hectori but accepted name is actually Koumansetta hectori. K. hectori, Hector's goby, is a species of goby native to the Indian Ocean (including the Red Sea), first record from Persian Gulf (Kish Island, Iran) to the islands of Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean. It can be found on sheltered coral reefs at depths of from 3 to 30 meters (though usually between 5 to 20 meters). This species reaches a length of 8.5 centimeters (3.3 in) SL. This attractive little fish measures only 2” at maturity and spends its time hovering over rocks and substrates out in the open water column. Known for their bold yellow stripes, peaceful disposition, the diminutive...

  4. Effect of temperature on genomic and some biological indices during embryonic and larval development of Caspian trout Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877

    Alizadeh Sabet, Hamid Reza
    Since 1966 especially recent decade, Caspian trout (Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877) considered as a strategic endemic species for Caspian Sea fisheries resources also coldwater aquaculture in Iran. Nowadays habitat condition effects on this subspecies during life stages, artificial breeding and incubation period noticed by research and execution sessions of fisheries in Iran. Incubation duration of Caspian trout from artificial fertilization followed by green egg and eyed egg, hatching and yolk sac absorption identified as most sensitive stages for fish and any pollution, stress and deviation by natural life conditions of embryo up to larvae could provide possible mortalities and...

  5. Labroidaes dimidiatus (Valenciennes, 1839)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Labroides dimidiatus, is one of several species of cleaner wrasses found on coral reefs from Eastern Africa and the Red Sea to French Polynesia, for the first time from Iran (Persian Gulf, Kish Island). Like other cleaner wrasses, it eats parasites and dead tissue off larger fishes’ skin in a mutualistic relationship that provides food and protection for the wrasse, and considerable health benefits for the other fishes. Some fish mimic cleaner wrasses. For example, a species of blenny called Aspidontus taeniatus has evolved the same behavior to tear small pieces of flesh from bigger fish. Cleaner wrasses are usually found at cleaning stations. Cleaning stations are occupied by different units of cleaner wrasses, such as a group of youths,...

  6. Chrysiptera unimaculata Cuvier, 1830

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Chrysiptera unimaculata, an algivorous species also living on the coral reef flat and being territorial but not considered as a strict farmer in this location. Maximum length is 8 cm in Persian Gulf. It is living in close association with macrophytes. Adults are found solitarily or in small groups among coastal algal reefs, rubble or over open beach-rock of reef flats exposed to moderate surge and feeds mainly on benthic algae. C. unimaculata is oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding. Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate. Males guard and aerate the eggs.

  7. Torpedo sinuspersici  Olfers, 1831

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Electric rays, thought to be the most primitive of the skates and rays, have stout tails but have rather expansive disc. This group is distinguished by the presence of powerful electric organs, derived from branchial muscles in head region. Torpedo sinuspersici found inshore in sandy bottoms, and well offshore from the surf zone down to 200 m. Also on or near coral reefs (like Kish Island in Persian Gulf). Common in shallow sandy areas. Occasionally hooked by anglers, more often seen by divers; can deliver a strong shock. Flesh is edible. T. sinuspersici can survive for hours after being stranded...

  8. Plotosus lineatus  (Thunberg, 1787)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    The Striped Catfish can be recognized by its striped coloration, barbels around the mouth, and its body shape which tapers to a point posteriorly. Small juveniles are black and large adults may be less distinctly striped. Plotosus lineatus can reach a maximum length of 32 cm (13 in) and about 40cm in Persian Gulf. The body is brown with cream-colored or white longitudinal bands. The most striking feature of this species is in the fins; in fact the second dorsal, caudal and anal are fused together as in eels. In the rest of the body is quite similar to a...

  9. Cymo andreossyi (Audouin, 1826)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    Cymo andreossyi is found both in the live and dead branching corals of coral Pacillopora, Acropora and Montipora. Compared to the occurrence its compatriot C. melanodactylus, this species found in large numbers. The relationship is mutualistic, with the species occupying a niche similar to that occupied by the more colorful Trapezia species.

  10. Biological activities (antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic) of secondary metabolites of Ircinia spp.

    Nazemi, Melika
    Sponges are the most primitive of the multicellular, These organisms don’t have any mechanical defense system, so their early appearance in evolution has given them a lot of time for the development of advanced secondary metabolites as chemical defense system. Sponges have the potential to provide drugs from chemical components against diseases. In this investigation the sponge samples, which it is Ircina spp., were collected at depth of 15- 24 meter, from locations on the coastline of Island Kish in Persian Gulf of Iran. For identifying natural components, methanolic and diethyletter were used as extraction solvents, after removal of the...

  11. Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål, 1775)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    This is one of the largest species of angelfish reaching almost 20 inches (50cm) in length. As an adult it has a violet blue body with a large yellow blotch on the side that some say resembles the continent of Africa. As a juvenile it is similar in appearance (and easily confused with) other young Pomacanthus, especially the Blue-ring Angelfish P. annularis. But as its color pattern begins to metamorphosis, the sub-adult begins to look very much like the Arabian Angelfish P. asfur. It will have a similar looking vertical yellow bar on its body, but lack the bright yellow...

  12. Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775)

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla
    The sohal surgeonfish or sohal tang, Acanthurus sohal, is a Red Sea endemic which grows to 16 in (40 cm) in the wild. Its striking blue and white horizontal stripes have made it what many consider the 'poster fish' for the Red Sea reef environment. It is a valued aquarium fish. A common species found in seaward edges of reefs exposed to surge. Aggressive and territorial. Feeds on various kinds of algae, mainly Sargassum, and fine filamentous green algae. Caught with nets; traps and occasionally by trawls.

  13. Nudibranches du Viet-Nam

    Risbec, Jean
    This study deals with detailed descriptions of nudibranchs belonging to the collection of the Oceanographic Institute of Vietnam.

  14. Les hapalocarcinidés du Viet-Nam

    Fize, Antoinette; Serene, Raoul
    Serene (1936) and Dawydoff (1952) reported several species of Hapalocarcinids on Indochina corals. This study does not aim to a revision of known species, but a preparatory work for next revisions. A great part of their work was dedicated to the description of species; two preliminary notes had already described 12 new species. This work interested 22 species, 6 already known, 12 already described briefly and 4 new.

  15. Les batraciens de l'Indochine

    Bourret, René
    This study on batrachians follows two previous works on Indochinese fauna, "Snakes of Indochina" and "Marine turtles of Indochina" by the same author. Hand drawings with all relevant details of every species have been included.

  16. Oiseaux des Iles Paracels

    Delacour, J.; Jabouille, P.
    A survey on birds living on the Paracels Islands has been carried out by the two authors in 1926. During a research cruise, they visited some of the 36 islands composing the Paracels archipelago and list three bird families (Laridés, Stéganopodés, Zostéropidés) and their sub-families.

  17. Zoanthaires du Viet-Nam

    Pax, Ferdinand; Müller, Ingeborg
    The present note deals with a description of Zoanthids found on the coast of Vietnam.

  18. Refolding of omega conotoxin peptide derived from marine snail, Conus magus, to evaluate its analgesic effects

    Eisapoor, Seyed Sahand
    Oxidative refolding is one of the key challenges hampering the development of peptide based compounds as therapeutics. The correct refolding for three disulfide peptide like w-Conotoxi n MVIIA is difficult and crucial for biological activity. This work advanced knowledge of chemical and biological for improve oxidative refolding of synthetic w-Conotoxi n MVIIA in base of Conus magus venom. The present study aimed to set up an appropriate and effective protocols for refolding of disulfide-rich w-Conotoxin MVIIA. In this study, the crude peptide was protected with Acm group, according to the right amino acid sequences (Synthesized by Australian Company). The crude...

  19. Les pagures du Vietnam

    Fize, Antoinette; Serene, Raoul
    The main purpose of the Oceanographic Institute of Nhatrang aimed to make an inventory of the marine fauna of Vietnam in order to increase the collection kept at the National Museum. The present note deals with detailed descriptions 32 species of hermit crabs belonging to the family of Paguridae collected on the Vietnamese coasts.

  20. Notes sur quelques poissons d'espèces nouvelles ou peu connues des eaux douces Cambodgiennes

    Durand, J.
    The ichtyological research, conducted in Cambodia from 1938 to 1939 by the Oceanographic Institute, has greatly enriched the Indochinese freshwater wildlife inventory. 40 new species for Indochina were harvested. They have been divided into 12 families and 30 genera, 12 new species for Indochina. The 7 completly unknown species described in this note are: Clupea (Alosa) Thibaudeaui, Xenocheilichthys Loppei, Cosmochilus Pellegrini, Kryptopterus Cheveyi, Pangasius altifrons, Cybium cambodgiensis, Synaptura krempfi.

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