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Aquatic Commons (31,910 recursos)
The Aquatic Commons is a thematic digital repository covering the natural marine, estuarine /brackish and fresh water environments . It includes all aspects of the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments, their organisms and resources, and the economic, sociological and legal aspects.

Subject = Biology

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 5,010

1. Use of length-weight relationship in grading processed beche-de-mer - Siddeek, M.S.M.; Sachithananthan, K.
Holothurians, belonging to the species Holothuria scabra, have been collected by diver-fishermen and processed for export. There is an active fishery for these animals in Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar, off the north-western coast of Sri Lanka. The absence of standardized method of grading has led to unwarranted variation in sale prices and sometimes in loss of foreign exchange in Sri Lanka. In this paper an attempt is made to present a method to grade processed beche-de-mer by using the lenght-weight relationship.

2. Results of the Austrian-Ceylonese hydrobiological mission 1970 of the Institute of Zoology of the University of Vienna (Austria) and the Department of Zoology of the University of Sri Lanka, Vidyalankara Campus, Kelaniya. Pt. 19. Aquatic and semiaquatic Hemiptera of Sri Lanka from the Austrian Indo-Pacific expedition, 1970-71 - Polhemus, J.T.
This report concerns the aquatic and semiaquatic Hemiptera collected in Sri Lanka by Prof. Starmühlner and Prof. Costa during November and December 1970. A surprising number of new species have been found in the Starmühlner-Costa material, even in groups for which comprehensive revisions exist. Seven new species are described here.

3. The freshwater zooplankton of Sri Lanka, with a discussion of tropical freshwater zooplankton composition - Fernando, C.H.
Based on the study of over 500 zooplankton samples collected in Sri Lanka during 1965-1974, the species composition from different habitats is analysed. The zooplankton assemblage is typically tropical with relatively few species of Cladocera and Copepoda. The Rotifera include a large number of species of the genus Brachionus. The limnetic zooplankton resembles the pond zooplankton closely in that all the eurytopic species found in the different types of habitats, including ponds; also occur in the limnetic zooplankton. The large Cladocera belonging to the genus Daphnia are very rare. In general, large zooplankters are absent. The size composition of the...

4. Fish fauna of a coastal lagoon in Sri Lanka: distribution and seasonal variation - De Silva, S.S.; Silva, E.I.L.
In this paper results of investigations carried out over the period of September 1977 to August 1978 are presented. These data were collected in the course of a detailed investigation into the biology and the eco-physiology of the young grey mullet and the grey mullet fishery of the Negombo Lagoon. In this paper the distribution and seasonal variation of fin fish species within the Negombo Lagoon are presented.

5. Estimating the population density of prawns by the use of catch per effort data from prawn trawlers at Chilaw - Siddeek, M.S.M.
The penaeid prawns of Sri Lanka from estuaries and sea are an important commercial fishery resource. This resource has been exploited over the last century or more by local fishermen using indigenous fishing gear from locally sail-driven or oar-driven fishing crafts. In more recent times, the Fisheries Research Division of the Department of Fisheries undertook surveys of the seas and lagoons of Sri Lanka with a view to ascertain whether any unexploited resources of prawns existed. These publications deal with the species composition, biology, distribution and abundance in the lagoons and inshore waters of Sri Lanka.

6. Hydrobiology of Colombo (Beira) Lake, 1. Diurnal variations in temperature, hydrochemical factors and zooplankton - Costa, H.H.; De Silva, S.S.
An extensive study of the hydrobiology of the Colombo Lake was initiated by the authors in May 1969 as a contribution to the International Biological Program (Productivity of freshwater communities) by the Department of Zoology, Vidyalankara University of Ceylon, Kelaniya. The Colombo Lake often referred to as the Beira Lake covers an area of approximately 160 acres. The water is usually very turbid with a greenish blue appearance due to the presence of large quantities of blue green algae.

7. Results of the Austrian-Ceylonese hydrobiological mission 1970 of the 1st Zoological Institute University of Vienna (Austria) and the Department of Zoology of the Vidyalankara University of Ceylon, Kelaniya. Pt 18. Freshwater musssels bivalvia - Hadl, G.
Till now there have been only two families of Bivalves with four genera known from freshwater in Ceylon. The material used for this study consists of members of three genera. This study deals with the family Unionidae, the family Corbiculidae is only represented by one specimen.

8. Results of the Austrian-Ceylonese hydrobiological mission 1970 of the 1st Zoological Institute University of Vienna (Austria) and the Department of Zoology of the University of Ceylon, Vidyalankara Campus, Kelaniya (Sri Lanka). Pt 17. The freshwater gastropods of Ceylon - Starmuhlner, F.
In the present study the specimens collected by the Austrian-Ceylones hydrobiological mission 1970 are described. The freshwater gastropods in this study were collected from 100 different localities, mostly running waters, but some were also collected from stagnant waters like pools, irrigated paddy fields, swamps and water reservoirs (tanks). Listed from these localities are 31 species (and subspecies) 28 species are Streptoneura (=Prosobranchia), 3 species are Euthyneura-Pulmonata Basommatophora.

9. Rotifera from Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 3. New species and records with a list of Rotifera recorded and their distribution in different habitats from Sri Lanka - Chengalath, R.; Fernando, C.H.; Koste, W.
In two previous papers, the Eurotatorian fauna of Sri Lanka has been systematically dealt with. Description of 104 species is given in the previous papers. In the present study an additional twenty-two species are described. Of these two are new. The composition of the Sri Lanka Rotifera is discussed in relation to the fauna of other parts of the world. The distribution of the species in different types of habitats is studied on the basis of samples. A complete list of all Rotifera recorded from Sri Lanka so far is given for easy reference. Examples of localities where species were...

10. Guide to the freshwater fauna of Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Supplement 4 - Fernando, C.H.
In the present supplement, where records in the past have been few in a group, new records are given of localities both as regards species previously recorded from Sri Lanka and especially for new records. This gives the new records more standing and may enable others to collect these species. Over 50 species are recorded for the first time in Sri Lanka. A general survey of the freshwater fauna is attempted. This is intended to give an indication of the groups as regards their numerical status in species and the extent to which different groups have been investigated. Using this...

11. Limnology and fishery biology of the streams at Horton Plains, Sri Lanka (Ceylon) - Costa, H.H.
The present study deals with the chemical, algal and faunal characteristics of the stream system at Horton Plains, the highest plains in Ceylon (altitude 2'225 m). The cultivation of seed potatoes and subsequent use of fertilizers have caused extensive silting and severe eutrophication of the stream systems. Since there are no indigenous fish, the trout Salmo gairdnerii has been introduced and it is the only fish found in these streams. The commonest fauna in the streams are crabs (Paratelphusa sp.), shrimps (Caridimr sp.), Simulium sp. and Chironomus sp. Their increase in number is probably correlated with increase in organic and...

12. A preliminary assessment of the scad and mackerel stocks at Sofala Bank, Mozambique - Borges, F.; Gislason, H.; Sousa, M.I.
Scads (Decapterus russellii, D. macrosoma, Selar crumenophthalmus), Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta) and horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) are the main pelagic species caught in a bottom trawl fishery at Sofala Bank and at Boa Paz. Information on catch and effort is presented together with available data on distribution, spawning, size at first maturity, growth, mortality and biomass of the species. As the present catch and fishing mortality are low compared to the estimates of biomass and total mortality it is concluded that the fishery may be expanded further in the future.

13. A study on growth of Metapenaeus monoceros (Fabricius) of Maputo Bay - Brinca, L.; Palha De Sousa, L.
Biological data on Metapenaeus monoceros has been regularly collected in Maputo Bay since 1968. The main objective of this report is to study growth as a function of the size, since this is one of the basic parameters for population dynamics. As the possibility of studying shrimp growth by modal progression analysis depends very much on the space-time configuration of sampling, the years 1968 and 1969 were chosen to study growth of the population available to the bottom trawl used by the fishing industry. In those years sampling was very frequent (twice a week) and the samples were collected from...

14. Mortality rates estimates for Metapenaeus monoceros (Fabricius) of Maputo Bay - Brinca, L.; Palha De Sousa, L.
The species Metapenaeus monoceros in Maputo Bay recruits to the fishery almost all over the year, but the main recruitment occurs over a short period of time, each year, during April-May. Growth curves were constructed by following the progression of modes over a period of time. The von Bertalanffy growth parameters were estimated as L∞=31.9 mm and K(monthly)=0.25, for males, and L∞=48.3 mm and K(monthly)=0.14, for females (Brinca and Sousa, 1984). Using data on growth and length composition of the catches, the following methods were applied to estimate mortality rates of M. monoceros: estimation of natural mortality by using approximative...

15. Relatório do cruzeiro realizado no Banco de Sofala pelo navio SRTM "Sebastopolsky rybak" de Novembro a Dezembro de 1982: camarāo de águas pouco profundas - Mascarenhas, V.; Brinca, L.
From November 18th to December 17th 1982, the SRTM "Sebastopolsky Rybak" carried out research cruises on the Sofala Bank in the area between 16°20'S and parallel 19°40'S. The authors analyze data collected on biological characteristics, sexual maturity and localization of Penaeus indicus, Metapenaeus monoceros, Penaeus japonicus, Penaeus monodon and Penaeus latisulcatus.

16. Camparaçāo entre os cruzeiros de investigaçāo realizados no Banco de Sofala pelo navio SRTM "Sebastopolsky rybak" em Setembro-Outubro e Novembro-Dezembro de 1982: camarao de [águas pouco profundas] - Mascarenhas, V.; Brinca, L.
During the last 4 months of 1982, two research cruises had been carried out at the Sofala Bank by the SRTM "Sevastopolsky Rybak". The authors analyze and compare data on biological characteristics, sexual maturity and localization of Penaeus indicus and Metapenaeus monoceros.

17. Revisão dos conhecimentos sobre os recursos pesqueiros marinhos de Moçambique - Sætre, R.
A marine fish resources first assessment of Mozambique was made in 1979 (Sætre and Paula e Silva, 1979). Up to now, information on resources has increased significantly as result of the work done by the IIP’s technicians. A brief review of data is given.

18. Reproduction, age and growth of the Russell's scad, Decapterus russellii (Rüppel, 1828)(Carangidae) from Sofala Bank, Mozambique - Gjøsaeter, J.; Sousa, M.I.
Age, growth and reproduction of D. russellii were studied. Most of the material used was caught by the commercial fishing fleet, operating in the Sofala Bank (Mozambique) area. A total of 68,000 fish were examined during the period 1979-1981. There were 2 main spawning periods each year, one in February-March and another in August-September. The sex ratio was about 1:1. Ageing was carried out using primary growth rings in the otoliths and analysis of size-frequency distributions. The parameters of the von Bertalanffy's growth equation were determined. Males and females grew at the same rate.

19. Reproduction, age and growth of the kelee shad, Hilsa kelee (Cuvier, 1829) (pisces: fam. Clupeidae) with informations on its fishery in Maputo Bay, Mozambique - Gjøsaeter, J.; Sousa, M.I.
Age, growth and reproduction of H. kelee were studied, and a brief description of its fishery in Maputo Bay (Mozambique) is given. Most material was collected from gill net fisheries during 1977-1980, but some was taken from shrimp trawlers operating in the same area during 1980-1981. Main spawning takes place during October-January with a peak in December. There is also some evidence that spawning takes place during June-July. The size at first maturity was approximately equals 14-15 cm. Ageing was carried out using primary growth rings in the otoliths and length-frequency analysis of fish caught by shrimp trawlers. Von Bertalanffy's...

20. The biology and availability of the spiny lobster Palinurus delagoae Barnard, off the coast of Mozambique - Brinca, L.; Palha De Sousa, L.
Catch and effort data and some biological characteristics of the deep water spiny lobster P. delagoae collected between August 1980 and December 1981, are presented. The work was conducted on board a commercial vessel off the coast of Mozambique.

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