The Aquatic Commons is a thematic digital repository covering the natural marine, estuarine /brackish and fresh water environments . It includes all aspects of the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments, their organisms and resources, and the economic, sociological and legal aspects.
Subject = Sociology
Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 454
Monitoring well-being and changing environmental conditions in coastal communities: development of an assessment method - Dillard, Maria K.; Goedeke, Theresa L.; Lovelace, Susan; Orthmeyer, Angela
The intersection of social and environmental forces is complex in coastal communities. The well-being of a coastal community is caught up in the health of its environment, the stability of its economy, the provision of services to its residents, and a multitude of other factors. With this in mind, the project investigators sought to develop an approach that would enable researchers to measure these social and environmental interactions. The concept of well-being proved extremely useful for this purpose. Using the Gulf of Mexico as a regional case study, the research team developed a set of composite indicators to be used...
Prioritizing county-level well-being: Moving toward assessment of Gulf Coast counties impacted by the Deepwater Horizon Industrial Disaster - Lovelace, Susan; Goedeke, T. L.; Dillard, M.
To develop a portfolio of indicators and measures that could best measure changes in the social, economic, environmental and health dimensions of well-being in coastal counties we convened a group of experts March 8-9, 2011 in Charleston, SC, U.S.A. The region of interest was of the northern Gulf of Mexico, specifically, those coastal counties most impacted during the explosion and subsequent oil spill from the Macondo Prospect wellhead during the summer of 2010. Over the course of the two-day workshop participants moved through presentations and facilitated sessions to identify and prioritize potential indicators and measures deemed most valuable for capturing...
Historical knowledge of sharks: ancient science, earliest American encounters, and American science, fisheries, and utilization - Castro, Jose I.
In western civilization, the knowledge of the elasmobranch or selachian fishes (sharks and rays) begins with Aristotle (384–322 B.C.). Two of his extant works, the “Historia Animalium” and the “Generation of Animals,” both written about 330 B.C., demonstrate knowledge of elasmobranch fishes acquired by observation. Roman writers of works on natural history, such as Aelian and Pliny, who followed Aristotle, were compilers of available information. Their contribution was that they prevented the Greek knowledge from being lost, but they added few original observations. The fall of Rome, around 476 A.D., brought a period of economic regression and political chaos. These...
Determinants of small-scale fishermen's income on Oman's Batinah Coast - Al Jabri, Omar; Collins, Ray; Sun, Ximing; Omezzine, Abdallah; Belwal, Rakesh
The small-scale fishing industry of Oman is responsible for almost 90 percent of the total marine fishery production. It is also the main supplier of fish for Omani households. This study analyzes the factors that determine small-scale fishermen’s income on Oman’s Batinah Coast, which has almost 30 percent of Oman’s population and more than one-third of the small-scale fishermen. We find that fishermen’s
income here can be explained broadly under four major blocks of variables: geographical region, fishing inputs and catch, socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, and the nature of the relationship with fisheries extension services. In general, the Wilayat (local administrative...
Synthesis of aquaculture policy and development approaches in Africa - Jamu, D.; Chapotera, M.; Chinsinga, B.
The WorldFish Center was tasked to undertake a study to access, collate and develop background materials to produce an internationally linked and Africa-wide perspective on sectorally relevant policy issues. The specific objective of the study was to assess and define conditions and impact pathways, in Africa or elsewhere, where markets, policies, resources and technologies have combined to promote steady and sustainable growth of aquaculture, and where have been clear direct impacts on food supply, income, employment and consumption opportunities, as well as increase in supply that has led to stabilised prices. The study was also aimed at providing guidelines for...
SAMUDRA Report No. 65, July 2013
Sticky issues - An update on the recent SSF guidelines, Forced into slavery- New Zealand, Grabbing oceans- MPAs fail to recognize human-rights issues, Getting rights wrong- GPO ignores the voices of SSF people, Smoking kilns- artisan fishers on the map, Depending on mangroves- Vietnam, Statement made at the GDF on work in fishing convention, fishy partnership- proposed GPO, Champion for fishers - Rolf Willmann
Guía del CIAPA : una introducción al convenio sobre el trabajo en el sector pesquero de 2007
El objetivo que persigue esta guía consiste en presentar brevemente el Convenio sobre el trabajo en el sector pesquero de 2007, adoptado en junio del mismo año en Ginebra, Suiza, durante la 96ª reunión de la Conferencia Internacional del Trabajo (CIT) de la Organización Mundial del Trabajo (OIT). No pretende en absoluto interpretar ninguna de sus disposiciones y no debe ser considerado como equivalente al texto oficial. La guía se ha elaborado pensando en facilitar la comprensión del convenio y del funcionamiento de la CIT y de la OIT a personas profanas en la materia. De forma más concreta se...
Guide ICSF : pour mieux comprendre la convention sur le travail dans la pêche, 2007
Ce guide a pour but de faire une présentation rapide de la Convention sur le travail dans la pêche qui a été adoptée en juin 2007 à Genève lors de la 96ème Conférence internationale du Travail (CIT) de l’Organisation internationale du Travail (OIT). Il ne prétend pas donner une interprétation de ses dispositions, ni remplacer la lecture du texte officiel. Il s’agit essentiellement d’aider ceux qui ne connaissent rien de ce nouveau document, et connaissent mal le fonctionnement de l’OIT et de la CIT, à se faire une idée des sujets traités. On espère que ce guide permettra notamment aux...
Women fish vendors in Mumbai: a study report - Peke, Shuddhawati
Government development programmes and policies in fisheries are focused on the problems and needs of men though women are known to dominate the post-harvest sector in artisanal fisheries and are involved, to varying degrees, in pre-harvest and harvest activities. A lack of women’s participation in decision-making bodies within communities, fisheries organizations and government has resulted in a general neglect of their interests. This has led to a constant demand by women’s-rights activists and organizations to address market-related issues of women vendors.
This study, “Women Fish Vendors in Mumbai”, aims to provide insights into the challenges faced by women fish vendors...
Fishery-dependent livelihoods, conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: the case of marine and coastal protected areas in India
The lacunae in fishing-community engagement in the management and governance of marine and coastal protected areas (MCPAs) were discussed in the 2009 Chennai Workshop organized by the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF). To continue the discussion, a second, two-day workshop to review existing legal and institutional mechanisms for implemention and monitoring of MCPAs, titled ‘Fishery-dependent Livelihoods, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: The Case of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas in India’, was held in New Delhi during 1-2 March 2012.
The objective was to understand the impact of MCPAs on fishing communities, from an environmental-justice and human-rights perspective,...
Getting it right: incorporating social aspects into MPA planning and implementation
This brochure summarizes a series of case studies done in nine countries—Brazil, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Senegal, South Africa, Spain,Tanzania and Thailand—on the role of communities in the planning and implementation of marine protected areas (MPAs).
The studies demonstrate that communities can be powerful allies in efforts for conservation and management of coastal and marine resources. They also underline the need for systematic attention, capacity building, funding and other resources for effective implementation of Programme Element 2 on governance, participation, equity, and benefit sharing of the Programme of Work on Protected Areas (PoWPA) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
SAMUDRA Report No. 64, March 2013
Contents: At a crossroads: England’s small-scale fisheries are being integrated within a national system.
Diversionary tactics: Most of Peru’s anchoveta catches meant
for human consumption are being diverted.
Fair, sustainable? The new EU-Mauritania Fisheries
Agreement has been welcomed—and spurned.
A weighty responsibility: A fisheries reform process is
under way in several parts of Africa.
Sri Lanka. Restoring past glory: The Regional Fisheries Livelihoods Programme focuses on fisheries in the Negombo lagoon.
Need for vigilance: Summary of a study on globalization and
trade treaties in Atlantic Canadian fisheries.
A collective voice: A national workshop on the ILO Work in
Fishing Convention was held in Goa, India.
Short-term model: Brazil is backing increased production
SAMUDRA Report No. 63, November 2012
Contents: CBD COP11.
Fisheries and the Right to Food.
Indonesia’s Flying Fishermen.
Subsidies and Fisheries in Chile.
Fishing People of the North.
Women Seaweed Harvesters.
SAMUDRA Report No. 62, July 2012
Contents: Customary Rights in South Africa.
Artisanal Fishworkers of Brazil.
Sea Piracy in Nigeria.
Civil Society Guidelines on SSF.
SBSTTA 16th Session.