Recursos de colección

Aquatic Commons (41.476 recursos)

The Aquatic Commons is a thematic digital repository covering the natural marine, estuarine /brackish and fresh water environments . It includes all aspects of the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments, their organisms and resources, and the economic, sociological and legal aspects.

Subject = Sociology

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 41

  1. Study on Tehran citizens behavior change in consumption of the aquatic products

    Adeli, A.; Shabanpour, B.
    To understand the change in fish consumption behavior of Tehran citizens (Iran), in the year 2005, an investigation was conducted using questionnaire. Using independent random method, 316 families covering all 22 districts of Tehran were selected. The results were combined with that acquired in the year 2001 to develop marketing programs. We used Fridman, K2 tests for nonparametric statistics and Z (normal distribution) and Phi Cramer index for analysis. The results showed that the quality and freshness of the products and the hygienic state of the distributing places had the highest effects on purchase. Also, the price and packaging had...

  2. Determining fish consumption behaviour among households and the most suitable type of fish in Erzurum Province

    Uzundumlu, A.S.
    This study focuses on the factors influencing consumer’s decision in fish consumption in Erzurum Province of Turkey. The data were obtained from 384 households who live in urban areas of Erzurum Province in 2012. The sample size of the study was determined by Unclustered Proportional Sampling Method. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to determine the most suitable type of fish for households. The main aim of this study was to determine the factors that influence the type of fish chosen and the most desired type of fish for consumers. The households consist of 4.5 individuals on average, with fish...

  3. Socioeconomic analysis of fish farming in Ogun State, southwest Nigeria

    Olasunkanmi, J.B.
    Fish farming as an economic activity in Nigeria is predominantly an extensive land based system practiced at subsistence level in water. The socio-economic analysis of fish farming in Ogun State, South-Western Nigeria was carried out using data collected from sixty randomly selected fish farms. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, costs and returns, as well as regression analysis. The relationship between fish output and five inputs: feed, fertilizer, lime, labour and fingerlings were measured using Cobb-Dou production model. Results suggest that a unit increase in feed application contributed 68 percent increase to the profitability of the farms and this was...

  4. Poverty and inequality among fishing households and implications for fishery resources management in Kainji Lake, Nigeria

    Tafida, A.A.; Adebayo, A.A.; Galtima, M.; Arowolo, K.O.
    Fishing has traditionally been a major source of livelihood for fishing households in Kainji Lake Basin (KLB). It plays a significant role to the rural and national economy in terms of employment, income and source of protein. However, the livelihoods of the primary actors (fishers) are being jeopardized by the depletion of fishery resources, mainly due to over exploitation and poor management. This paper examines poverty among the fishing households in KLB using empirical data. Foster Greer Thorbecke (FGT) Model was adopted for the analysis. The results reveal greater poverty (over 60%) with minimal inequality among fishing households. Finally, the...

  5. Benefit related relationship among artisanal fisher folks of Tombo fish landing community

    Olapade, O.J.; Zahara, E.C.
    Benefit related relationship among the artisanal fisher folks of Tomho, a fishing community in Western Rural District of Sierra Leone was studied. The study was carried out to ascertain the socioeconomic activities of the target group, their level of involvement and reasons for going into transactional sexual activities. Eighty (80) structured questionnaires were administered to randomly selected fishermen and people engaged in fish related activities and this was backed up hy the record of HIV cases especially among women at tht Tombo Community Health Centre. Data collected from the interview were treated using measure of central tendency such mean and...

  6. The socio-economic analysis of small scale fish farmers in Lagos State fish farm estate, Ikorodu, Nigeria

    Olaoye, O.; Odebiyi, O.C.; Omoyinmi, G.A.K.; Akintayo, I.A.; Udolisa, R.E.K.; Ezeri, G.N.O.; Hundeyin-Agoro, O.C.
    This study was conducted to evaluate the socio-economic analysis of small scale fish farmers in Lagos state fish farming estate in Ikorodu, Nigeria. The primary data were obtained from 60 respondents with structured interview guides and face to face interview, which were selected using simple random sampling techniques. The result revealed that most (88.3%) of the fish farmers are male while (31.40%) are in the active age distribution of 31-40 years, university education (63.0%) and 58.3% were married, 73.4% had a household size that ranged between 3 - 5 persons. Results of the descriptive analyses and tests of significance however...

  7. The nature of fishing community in Nigeria: a case study of Itowolo fishing community, Lagos

    Ebonwu, B.I.; Okunade, O.A.; Ayaobu-Cookey, I.K.
    Itowolo is a fishing village being boarded with Lagos lagoon on nearly every side except the southern part which opened to the Ikorodu road from Mile 12 part of Agboyi - Ketu Local Council Development Area. During the raining season, the water level increases which possibly cause flood at heavy down pour while low water level of higher salinity during the dry season. The indigenes are primarily fisherfolks and they are effective in their fishing activities by having individual functional canoe ranging from small unmotorised paddled dugout type to outboard ones. The main gears used for fishing in the area...

  8. Socio-economic status of the fisher folk of Yuna Adopted Village in Borgu local government area, Niger State

    Ahmed, Y.B.
    Overcoming Poverty in Nigeria is one of the fundamental challenges facing the country today. The study was conducted to assess the socio-economic status of fisher folks in Yuna Adopted Village Borgu Local Government Area of Niger State. One hundred respondents (65 male and 35 female) were purposively selected from four registered groups in the Village. Frequencies and Percentages were used to arrange, summarize and present the findings of this study. Majority of the male respondents fell within the range of 30-49 years, while female respondents range from 40-49 and 60-69 years. The distribution of respondents based on educational attainment shows...

  9. Exploitable socio-economic benefits of mangrove oyster culture to the people of Niger Delta

    Adisa-Bolanta, A.S.; Edun, O.M.; George, O.S.; Aranyo, A.A.
    The Niger Delta, a 30,000 km2 wetland of global ecological significance is located at the southernmost part of Nigeria. The Delta is dissected by a dense network of rivers and creeks of saline and freshwater surface bodies. The brackish water (saline) sector consists of estuaries and intertidal mangrove swamps; the total brackish water area for the Niger Delta estimated at about 7,415 km2. The mangrove oysters grow chiefly in brackish water creeks of Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers States, found attached to the aerial roots of the mangrove Rhizophora racemosa (Red mangrove). Mangroves are salt-tolerant evergreen forests found along sheltered coastlines,...

  10. Policy and policy framework for growth of women's fisheries activities: accessing micro credit facilities for women in fisheries development as a fundamental human right

    Yarhere, M.
    This paper begins with a review of policy issues on status of women’s fundamental human rights and the effects on their optimal participation in fisheries development. The focus of the paper is on the importance of women in fisheries activities within the fisheries industry. Issues pertaining to gender inequality in the rural communities affecting women in the fisheries sector, and solutions to overcome some of these issues are discussed. The degree of participation of women in the fisheries sector is an overall reflection of the cultures, the laws of the country and the priority given by the state to ensure...

  11. Socio-economic status of the fisherfolk of Yuna Adopted Village in Borgu Local Government Area, Niger State

    Ahmed, Y.B.
    The study was conducted to assess the socio-economic status of fisherfolks in Yuna Adopted Village Borgu Local Government Area of Niger State. One hundred respondents (65 male and 35 female) were purposively selected from four registered groups in the Village. Frequencies and Percentages were used to arrange, summarize and present the findings of this study. Majority of the male respondents fell within the range of 30-49 years, while female respondents range from 40-49 and 60-69 years. The distribution of respondents based on educational attainment shows that 92.3% male and 100% female had Quranic education. Majority of the respondents (both male...

  12. Social structure of fish farmers in Osun State, South-West Nigeria

    Olasunkanmi, J.B.; Omitoyin, B.O.; Ipinmoroti, M.O.
    A survey of seventy-two selected fish farms in Osun State South-West Nigeria was carried out to determine the social status of the fish farmers. Structured questionnaires were used to collect information on age, educational background, marital status, mode of operation and type of culture embarked upon by the farmers among others. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results showed that most fish farmers (58.3%) in the state were male and were aged between 31-50 years old.91.7% of fish farmers were married and 95.8% had formal education. 63.9% adopted polyculture system. Tilapia and catfish were the two main species being cultured...

  13. Impact of oil exploration on fisherfolks' livelihood and safety of fisheries industry in Nigeria

    Yarhere, M.
    There have been many outcries in the Nigerian media on the various environmental degradation of the vast water space in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria by oil explorers. About 70% of the Nigerian populace lives in the coastal areas where the occupation is predominantly fishing and farming. For most of the publications, the extents of impact on the fishing industry are not addressed in order for solutions to be given. Production from the fisheries sector has dropped astronomically thereby earning the country a deficit due to importation of frozen fish to the country. In this study, a survey of...

  14. Occupation and health hazards in Nigerian coastal artisanal fisheries

    Udolisa, R.E.K.; Akinyemi, A.A.; Olaoye, O.J.
    There are more occupational and health hazards in the Fishing Industry than in other occupational categories in the world. In Nigerian Industrial Fisheries, safety measures are regulated while little attention is given to safety standards in the artisanal fisheries. In West Africa, the coastal artisanal canoe fatality rates have been given in 1991-1994 to be 300 to 1,000 per 100,000 fishermen. Thus, the fatality rate in Nigerian artisanal fisheries, (coastal states) has been estimated to be 999 to 3,329 per 100,000 fishermen. The high rate is due to piracy, boundary disputes between fishing communities, unemployment, societal low value for human...

  15. Gender issues in economics of fish farming in Maiduguri and environs

    Usman, A.; Kyari, F.M.; Abdurahman, M.
    This study focused and examined gender issues in economics of fish farming in Maiduguri and its environs. The socio-economic characteristics of the fish farmers were examined. The profitability of the industry and constrains affecting fish farming in the study area were analyzed. Stratified random sampling technique was used due to the heterogeneous nature of the population considering 30% of the fish farmers as the sampled size. Descriptive statistics and net farm income were used to analyse the data obtained. It was revealed that 81.25% of the respondents were male while female fish farmers represented 18.75% of the respondents. 84.40% of...

  16. The role of women in the fishing community of Doma Dam, Nasarawa State

    Ogah, D.M.; Abari, M.A.; Dada, S.A..; Yusuf, J.K.; Usman, M.; Umaru, J.A.
    The study was carried out to assess the role of women in the fishing activities around the Doma dam fishing community in Nigeria. The study reveals that women participate in all fishing activities and play significant role in family income generation from gear construction, fish catch, transportation, processing to marketing of the fish and fish products. Some limitations were identified in women participation such as some cultural practices, denial to participate in decision making, poor infrastructure and lack of organised markets. Women should be encouraged to freely participate and make decision so as to enhance their finances as it will...

  17. Women participation in fisheries in some fishing communities in Sokoto, Nigeria

    Skinkafi, B.A.
    This study set out to investigate the participation of women in fisheries in some fishing communities in Wamakko Local Government Area of Sokoto state. It succeeded in establishing the fact that women are active though to some extent in fisheries in this area. This is as a result of the prevailing socio-cultural, as well as religious set up which revolves round task sharing. It however highlighted the fact that women's contribution in the fisheries sub-sector is necessary to improve their livelihood and by so doing, to directly help households.

  18. Socio-cultural impact of tourism in Nigeria: a case study of fisheries development in Nigeria

    Badmus, O.; Gbise, D.S.; Yacim, S.E.; Dogonyaro, B.B.
    Socio-cultural impact of tourism has become a veritable tool for fisheries development in Nigeria. Little wonders that Nigeria who has a great potential in tourism and rich cultural heritage and notable festivals attracts tourist not only in Nigeria but other parts of the World are not fully explored. Among many other popular festivals is the Niger Delta holds the Ikwere, Kalabari and Obirika festivals, to celebrate the water head dress that imitate the heads of fish or water birds. Many communities, including those in north, have a version of the harvest festival. Also in the north, the Argungu fishing festival...

  19. Socio-economic factors influencing aquaculture development in Sokoto State

    Bako, W.S.; Kabir, M.S.; Garba, Y.C.
    The study was carried out in five local Government Areas namely Sokoto North, Bodinga, Kware, Ilila and Tambuwal mapped out by International Fund for Agricultural Development as fishery potential areas. Seven villages namely Gidan Igwai, Kaurar Kwasau, Gidan Akwara, Tozai, Tambuwal, Mogajin Gari, and Badau also were selected all at random. Fish farm management questionnaire was used for data collection. Results revealed that adequate fish farm facilities, fish seed supply, private sector confidence and support, risk consderation, government support and investment, over popularized livestock poultry sub sector and fishery extension service are the problems of fish farming. Recommendations were made...

  20. Women at the water’s edge: lives of women in climate changed Sunderbans

    Mehtta, Megnaa
    The Indian poet, Bhupen Hazarika’s soul-stirring composition ‘O Ganga Boicho Keno (Oh Ganges, why do you flow?),’ inspired by Paul Robeson’s “Ol’ Man River”, plays as we see footage of communities facing irrecoverable loss of their homes, lands and assets by an aggressively advancing river.Women at the Water’s Edge is a film shot on Mousuni, one of the 54 inhabited islands of the Sundarbans delta in West Bengal, India.

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