Recursos de colección

Aquatic Commons (36.650 recursos)

The Aquatic Commons is a thematic digital repository covering the natural marine, estuarine /brackish and fresh water environments . It includes all aspects of the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments, their organisms and resources, and the economic, sociological and legal aspects.

Subject = Health

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 246

  1. Study on the inhibitory effects of native medicinal plants on growth and aflatoxin production by toxigenic Aspergilli isolated from rainbow trout feed

    Alinezhad, Soheil
    In the present study, natural occurrence of fungi and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in pellet feed and feed ingredients used for rainbow trout was investigated with emphasis to Aspergillus section Flavi members and medicinal plants inhibitory to Aspergillus growth and/or AF production. The feed samples were cultured on the standard isolation media including dichloran rosebengal chloramphenicol agar (DRCA) and Aspergillus flavus/parasiticus agar (AFPA) for 2 weeks at 28 °C. Identification of fungal isolates was implemented based on the macro- and microscopic morphological criteria. AFs were detected using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Based on the results obtained, a total of 109...

  2. Separation and identification fresh water leeches of waters resources in Kordistan Province

    Salimi, Behnam
    In the primary studying, known leeches have included into free living and parasitic which the parasitic group, besides of direct impacts like: growth detraction, anemia, making wound in the connecting part with the skin, with making plat for secondary bacterial and molding infections in the toll place, is able to cause to transfer blood flagellate and virus to the fish too. Therefore, by accusing information related to fauna leeches of each area a risk factor from the viewpoint of the possibility of being or accusing transferred diseases by these leeches, one can predict and forehand about them. Freshwater leeches of...

  3. Detection of viral diseases in shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei in Iran with emphasis on white spot disease prevention by using marine alga extract

    Khalilpazir, Mohammad
    Nowadays, following was expanded shrimp breeding and culture; viral diseases have been main problem which threatened shrimp industry in the country. Therefore, shrimp samples were obtained from different stages of Litopenaeus vannmei life cycle (larval, post larval, juveniles, adults and broodstocks) based on clinical signs in the breeding center and shrimp farming from Bushehr, Khozestan and Sistan and Baluchestan provinces. Viral diseases were detected by PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction), histopathology and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) methods. Results of the PCR were indicated present white spot virus (WSV) in juveniles, sub adults and adults shrimp with medium intensity from three provinces,...

  4. Survey on the digenean and monogenean helminthes of clupeidae (teleosts) from southern part of Caspian Sea

    Varshoie, Hossein
    The helminthes parasites fauna of 313 specimens of Caspian herrings (Clupeonella cultriventris, Clupeonella engrauliformis, Clupeonella grimmi) caught from catching localities situated in southeast of Caspian Sea Were investigated during winter 2008 until autumn 2009. A total of 3 helminthes species were found. They were including Pseudopentagramma symmetrica from intestine (mid gut, hind gut and cecae) Bunocotyle cingulata in intestine, Mazocreas alosae the only monogenean with Marine origin in the gills of infected specimens. In addition to two zoonotic species including Contracecum sp. and Anisakis sp. in digestive system, muscle and ovary and an Acanthocephal, Corynosoma strumosum in intestine which were...

  5. Pathogenesis of Yersinia ruckeri-like isolates and compared with Streptococcus sp. in rainbow trout, Onchorhyncus mykiss

    Fadaeifard, Firouz
    Pathogenesis of an isolate of Yersinia rukeri-like bacterium was studied in rainbow trout weighting 8-12 g at 20C and acceptable water quality for 20 days.

  6. Study of infectious haematopoietic necrosis disease in some hatcheries and farmed rainbow trout in Iran using immunohistochemical technique and to comparing the obtained results with the PCR works

    Haghighi Khiabanian Asl, Adel
    To detect rainbow trout hatcheries for infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus, samples of kidney, liver, spleen, muscle, intestine, heart and gills of trout larvae were obtained from a number of trout hatcheries from different provinces. Also tissue samples were obtained for molecular works using RT- PCR procedure. Tissue samples were processed using standard histotechnique and the obtained sections were stained using immunohistochemical procedure. From 100 examined samples 35 were positive for IHN by immunohistochemical test. Also, from 100 samples examined, 43 were positive in RT- PCR studies. The obtained results show that some rainbow trout hatcheries are contaminated in different regions...

  7. Isolation and recognition Saprolegnia species from fungal infected eggs of the rainbow trout in Mazandaran province farms

    Hosseini Fard, Mehdi
    Fungal infection in the eggs of freshwater fish is well known as a problematic disease. That isolation and recognition Saprolegnia fungi from fungal infected eggs of the rainbow trout in Mazandaran province was the aim of this research. For this purpose fungal infected eggs were examined from six fish farm in the fall and winter 2005-2006. The eggs with fungi were inoculated on SDA, CMA, GPagar and hemp seed and sesame seed cultures in sterile tap water at room temperature (18-24°C). In this study recognized three genera and six species Saprolegniaceae members, based on morphological characteristics which contain: Saprolegnia, Achlya,...

  8. Filariasis research annual report 1952


    This 1952 report gives details of findings in the Southern and Southern Highlands Provinces. Accordingly in this publication a return is made to the more usual method of presentation, a summary being given of work done, with detailed sectional reports.

  9. Evaluation of indigenous molluscicides in water against schistosomiasis vectors

    Makanga, B.; Monkiedge, A.; Obbo, C.J.
    Seven varieties of indigenous Phytolacca dodecwulra L'Herrit (Phytolaccaceae) were field-tried for molluscicidal potency. Varieties (U96) and (U95) collected from Kabarole and Kabale respectively were the most potent with LD90 equal to 2.54 and 6.46 mg.t-· respectively. Water bodies ranging between 4,770 and 347,510 Iitres in Kibimba rice fields were treated with up to 50mg.t-· Snails kills were monitored every three months and 92 - 100% mortality rates were realized. HPLC fingerprints revealed the two P. dodecandra varieties to contain highest concentration of the active principle, oleanoglycotoxin- A or lemmatoxin - A.

  10. Marine Vertebrates and Low Frequency Sound: Technical Report for LFA EIS

    Croll, Donald A.; Tershy, Bernie R.; Acevedo, Alejandro; Levin, Phil
    Over the past 50 years, economic and technological developments have dramatically increased the human contribution to ambient noise in the ocean. The dominant frequencies of most human-made noise in the ocean is in the low-frequency range (defined as sound energy below 1000Hz), and low-frequency sound (LFS) may travel great distances in the ocean due to the unique propagation characteristics of the deep ocean (Munk et al. 1989). For example, in the Northern Hemisphere oceans low-frequency ambient noise levels have increased by as much as 10 dB during the period from 1950 to 1975 (Urick 1986; review by NRC 1994). Shipping...

  11. Issues of HIV/AIDS/ health among the fisher communities of Lake Albert and Kyoga

    Akumu, J.; Odongkara, O.K.; Mbilingi, B.; Nasuuna, A.; Mununuzi, D.
    The fisheries resources of Lakes Albert and Kyoga present a high potential for economic growth, food, employment and foreign earnings. However, livelihoods appear to be compromised with the emergence and rapid spread of HIV/AIDS in the fisher communities of L. Albert and Kyoga. HIV/AIDS is considered a silent epidemic that is unique, posing a great challenge to the fisheries managers, health service providers, development planners and the resource users themselves. Fishers have high HIV prevalence, as well as AIDS-related illnesses and mortality rates. The high HIV prevalence rates among the fishing communities in Uganda is between 10-40% compared to the...

  12. Survey of veterinery [sic] drug residues, environmental contaminants and mycotoxins of cultured shirmp [sic] in Iran

    Motalebi Moghanjoughi, Abbasali
    Economical achievement of optimal growth in developing countries may lead to sustainable poverty reduction. Agricultural activities play an important role in economy and human being welfare, which leads to establishment of food security and quality. Aquaculture products in developing countries share 51.4 percent of total agricultural production.7—percent in developed countries. Therefore undoutedly food production by means of quality and quantity has to be increased .The history of shirmp production goes back to 500 years ago. Today 50 countries of the world produce shirmp .In Islamic Republic of Iran shrimp production started since 1992 in the coastal region of Persian Gulf....

  13. Food safety through HACCP

    Adan, R. I. Y.

  14. Epidemiology of bilharzia (Schistosomiasis) among fishing communities of Lake Victoria

    Kadama, A.B.; Magumba, K.M.; Balirwa, J.S.; Kyangwa, I.J.; Odongkara, K.
    The study was done in six districts of Mukono, Jinja, Iganga, Bugiri, Busia and Kalangala. At both mainland shoreline and islands, 271 adult respondents were randomly selected from 17 landing sites of Lake Victoria over a four months period between October 2000 and January 2001. A questionnaire was administered for symptoms of schistosomiasis and samples of stool, urine and blood were taken from respondents. Stool and urine were analysed for schistosome eggs and blood. Blood was analysed for increased eosinophils. Snail samples were collected from various depths along the shoreline of study sites identified and screened for schistosome cercariae.

  15. Facing the challenges in aquaculture through biotechnology

    Ayson, Felix G.

  16. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in disease diagnosis

    de la Pena, Leobert D.

  17. Fish in the diet


  18. Toxifying and detoxifying shellfish


  19. Fish health: What is a diagnosis?


  20. Isolatin [sic] the bacteria produced biactive [sic] metabolits [sic] cytotoxic compound in order to prduction [sic] anticancer substance in the coral regin [sic] the Persian Gulf (Larak Island)

    Safaeian, Shila
    In the present investigation the marine bacteria isolated from corals, sponges sea water and sediments of coral regions in the larak Island located in the Persian Gulf and were examined for ability to produce cytotoxic metabolits in order to use as an anticancer compounds. Cytotoxic effect were isolated bacteria from different samples and were examined by Artemia Cytotoxic Bioassay test, in which 4.5 percent of sea waters, 12 percent of sediments and 28 percent of marine invertebrat showed cytotoxic activity, using Brine Shrimp Bioassay test. Streptomyces S-2004 isolated from soft coral specified as Sinularia erecta had LC50=0.5mg/m1 in Brine Shrimp...

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