Recursos de colección

Aquatic Commons (37.071 recursos)

The Aquatic Commons is a thematic digital repository covering the natural marine, estuarine /brackish and fresh water environments . It includes all aspects of the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments, their organisms and resources, and the economic, sociological and legal aspects.

Subject = Policies

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 225

  1. Fishery bycatch of the Waved Albatross Phoebastria irrorata, a need for implementation of agreements

    Jiménez-Uzcátegui, Gustavo; Mangel, Jeffrey; Alfaro-Shigueto, Joanna; Anderson, David J.
    The Waved Albatross, a threatened Ecuadorian endemic bird, is protected by national and international laws and agreements, in spite of which, 43 that had been ringed on the island of Española, Galapagos, were found killed off the coast of Peru, at least 34 of them by incidental fishing. International collaboration is required for the effective conservation of this species.

  2. Legal consideration on Convention for the Prevention of Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (at sea) and assessment of its implementation in Iran (The London [dumping] Convention)

    Amirhosseini, Sara
    Making use of sea, as a place for dumping of wastes and other materials from human activities wasn’t forbidden before creation of the convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other matters (London Convention). Therefore, industrial countries, without any specific consideration, were dumping their wastes into the world’s seas. Many years and before the beginning of rapid development of industry, the great self- purification of seas were preventing some of discharging problems. But gradually, the increase of industrial development activities, exceeded the production of wastes and other matters, and this led to the misuse of...

  3. Socio-economic profile of the Philippine National Aquasilviculture Program (PNAP) beneficiaries in Jiabong, Samar, Philippines

    Enate, Rholyna T.; Diocton, Renato C.; Macopia, Janet L.
    A total of 37 beneficiaries under the Philippine National Aquasilviculture Program (PNAP) was interviewed using the structured survey questionnaire of Socioeconomic Monitoring Guidelines for Coastal Managers in Southeast Asia (SocMon SEA). Most of the members of the households are young and in-school. Household heads’ primary occupation is fishing, a shift from mussel farming- the town’s major industry in the past decades. Perceived threat by the beneficiaries is related to the environment specifically typhoon and the problems on waste disposal. It also identified law enforcement as weak leading to dwindling fish catch, mass mortality of mussel, red tide and other problems...

  4. Marine Vertebrates and Low Frequency Sound: Technical Report for LFA EIS

    Croll, Donald A.; Tershy, Bernie R.; Acevedo, Alejandro; Levin, Phil
    Over the past 50 years, economic and technological developments have dramatically increased the human contribution to ambient noise in the ocean. The dominant frequencies of most human-made noise in the ocean is in the low-frequency range (defined as sound energy below 1000Hz), and low-frequency sound (LFS) may travel great distances in the ocean due to the unique propagation characteristics of the deep ocean (Munk et al. 1989). For example, in the Northern Hemisphere oceans low-frequency ambient noise levels have increased by as much as 10 dB during the period from 1950 to 1975 (Urick 1986; review by NRC 1994). Shipping...

  5. Requirements for fishpond lease: things you need to know and do

    Adan, R.I.Y.

  6. Some import/export laws affecting the ornamental fish trade

    Surtida, Augusto P.

  7. 'No' to cyanide fishing!

    Dagoon, N.J.

  8. Aquaculture provisions of the proposed fishery code

    Castaños, M.
    A list is given of the provisions for aquaculture in the Philippine Fishery Code, passed by Congress on its third and final reading on 5 August 1997, under the following headings: 1) Code of practice for aquaculture; 2) Fishpond lease agreements; 3) Fish pens, fish cages, fish traps, etc.; 4) Non-obstruction to navigation and to defined migration paths of fish; 5) Insurance; and, 6) Registration.

  9. Marine environment: conservation and utilization


  10. Aquaculture - for genuine development


  11. Fishery resources: problems, rehabilitation, and development


  12. Fisheries' answer to agriculture's "land to the tiller": Give small-scale fishermen territorial rights over municipal waters


  13. GATT issues and Philippine agriculture


  14. Guide to the development of Myanmar's National Plan of Action for the conservation and management of sharks


    The priorities for the revised National Plan of Action include: strengthening current regulations; improved data collection of landings; identifying breeding and nursery grounds; study of ecology and biology of sharks; improved data acquisition of shark products and trade; and active enforcement at sea, landing sites and markets.

  15. Ecosystem characterisation of Indian coast with special focus on the west coast

    Kumar, S.P.; Ramaiah, N.; Sreepada, R.A.
    CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR-NIO), Goa, India in collaboration with CSIRO, Australia organised a 2 day national experts workshop to: pool information between fisheries and oceanography experts; verify a draft ecosystem characterisation for the east coast of India; and develop a draft ecosystem characterisation for the west coast of India.

  16. An ecosystem characterisation of the Bay of Bengal

    Brewer, D.; Hayes, D.; Lyne, V.; Donovan, A.; Skewes, T.; Milton, D.; Murphy, N.
    This study summarises the high level drivers on ecological systems of the BOBLME. The ecological characterisation resulted in the identification of 29 subsystems. The report recommends the development of fully integrated approaches that considers human needs and the ecological system, involving stakeholders in a transparent way.

  17. The NIPAS Act of 1992


    Republic Act 7586 (Philippines) provides for the establishment and management of a National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS).

  18. The UN World Charter for Nature


    General principles and specific guidelines endorsed by the General Assembly of the United Nations.

  19. Guidelines for the development of environmentally acceptable coastal aquaculture


    The paper presents some recommendations for the development of the environmentally acceptable coastal aquaculture such as: 1) Formulate coastal aquaculture development and management plans, 2) Formulate integrated coastal zone management plans, 3) Apply the environmental impact assessment (EIA) process to all major aquaculture proposals, 4) Select suitable sites for coastal aquaculture, 5) Improve the management of aquaculture operations, 6) Assess the capacity of the ecosystem to sustain aquaculture development with minimal ecological change, 7) Establish guidelines governing the use of mangrove wetland for coastal aquaculture, 8) Establish guidelines for the use of bioactive compounds in aquaculture, 9) Assess and evaluate...

  20. Monitoring and evaluation of management effectiveness for adaptive management of MPAs in Indonesia's BOBLME area


    Subcomponent 3.2 Marine Protected Areas in the conservation of regional fish stocks "Provision of Services Relating to the Assessment and Planning of Effective Management of two MPAs in Sumatra Coast, Indonesia". Assessments of management effectiveness of two Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in Pulau Pieh National Park and Sabang District, Sumatra, were conducted through two separate workshops. Recommendations were made and future needs identified.

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