Recursos de colección

DSpace at MIT (104.280 recursos)

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Linguistics and Philosophy - Master's degree

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 23

  1. Subset comparatives as comparative quantifiers

    Nussbaum, Miriam Claire
    This paper motivates and presents a novel analysis of the "subset comparative" construction (e.g. John saw more phonologists than just Mary; John drank more than just coffee). I build on Hackl (2000) and Alxatib (2013)'s analyses of comparative quantifiers (more than three) to develop a unified account for both. This analysis entails that subset comparatives are formed via ellipsis of a clausal source; I provide evidence for this claim and against previous analyses that give subset comparatives a phrasal analysis.

  2. Stress and vowel harmony in Telugu

    Kolachina, Sudheer
    This thesis presents a study of vowel harmony in Telugu, a Dravidian language. Vowel harmony in this language is manifest primarily in the form of vowel alternations in paradigms triggered by suffixes. I present a robust factual generalization that holds true of alternations in different types of nominal and verbal stems- vowels in unstressed syllables change to agree with a suffix vowel, with respect to either backness or height. Stress is the main conditioning environment for blocking of harmony. I show that secondary stress in Telugu can be inferred based on the pattern of vowel harmony. I account for this...

  3. Stress and vowel harmony in Telugu

    Kolachina, Sudheer
    This thesis presents a study of vowel harmony in Telugu, a Dravidian language. Vowel harmony in this language is manifest primarily in the form of vowel alternations in paradigms triggered by suffixes. I present a robust factual generalization that holds true of alternations in different types of nominal and verbal stems- vowels in unstressed syllables change to agree with a suffix vowel, with respect to either backness or height. Stress is the main conditioning environment for blocking of harmony. I show that secondary stress in Telugu can be inferred based on the pattern of vowel harmony. I account for this...

  4. Discourse interpretation and the temporality of states and events

    Washington, Corey Glenn
    by Corey Glenn Washington.

  5. Beyond slurs : communicating evaluative perspectives

    Lenehan, Rose (Rose Elizabeth)
    Slurs have recently received a great deal of attention from philosophers of language. They are thought to be special in both their linguistic properties and their rhetorical effects-that is, in both what they mean and what they do. In this paper, drawing on the work of Elisabeth Camp and Rae Langton, I argue that a wide variety of speech shares the interesting features normally imputed to slurs. In using a slur, Camp argues, a speaker signals allegiance to a derogating perspective. He does not indicate merely that he believes a certain proposition; he indicates that certain features of the world...

  6. Analytic bias in coocurrence restrictions

    Brohan, Anthony
    The representation, content and learning of phonotactic constraints has spurred a lot of recent research phonology. This work concerns the constraints involved in the representation of place-based coocurrence restrictions. A single OCP-[PLACE] constraint is argued to compete in in constraint learning with other place-based and feature-based coocurrence constraints. The key prediction of this constraint participating in learning is generalization of a coocurrence restriction on to a novel place. This prediction, along with others, are tested in a series of artificial language learning experiments. A modification of the existing Hayes and Wilson (2008) phonotactic learner is presented (HWgain). This modified model...

  7. Superlative degree clauses : evidence from NPI licensing

    Howard, Edwin Martin
    This paper concerns itself with the superlative morpheme -est and its ability to license Negative Polarity Items (NPIs) such as any or ever, and in particular the compositional analysis of a puzzling type of utterance which incorporates these grammatical elements. Specifically, an embedded clause structure which appears at first glance to be a restrictive relative clause modifier will be argued to be an argument of the superlative morpheme, and an analysis will be presented that brings superlatives in line with comparatives in finding its semantic restrictor in the overt syntax, in the form of a degree clause. The first puzzle...

  8. Non-specific objects in the pseudopassive : the syntax and semantics of English pseudo-incorporated pseudopassives

    Mills, Jillian Louise
    This thesis introduces a special form of pseudopassive that differs from previously discussed forms in that it includes a direct object adjacent to the verb. It is shown that the direct object position in this construction is restricted to NPs that lack D(eterminer)-level projections. As a result, the direct object can only receive a non-specific interpretation, resists certain types of modification, extraction, and scope interactions. Due to its lack of D-level, I argue, the direct object also cannot check the EPP feature on T and therefore cannot raise to subject of the passive sentence. T, then, must probe instead into...

  9. The role of perception in phonotactic constraints : evidence from Trinidad English

    Katzir Cozier, Franz
    This thesis demonstrates that perception plays a role in computing grammatical well-formedness. This is shown specifically for grammatical constraints on word-final consonant cluster inventories (VC 1 C2#), with focus on coda cluster simplification in Trinidad English. The first claim of this thesis is that C2 deletion is triggered when VC 1 C2# is not sufficiently distinguished perceptually from VC 1 #, by at least one relevant perceptual dimension. The relevant properties that sufficiently distinguish VC1C2# from VC1# are the release burst spectrum, values of F2 transitions to Cl or C2, transitions from Cl into C1, nucleus (Vowel + Sonorant) duration,...

  10. The effects of frequency and composition on production duration on morphological processing

    Tapio, Sophia
    by Sophia Tapio.

  11. Syllabification and syllable weight in Ancient Greek songs

    Hill, J. D. (Joseph David)
    This thesis is about phonetic events, phonetic representations, and the grammatical constraints on those representations, with respect to one particular phonetic dimension: time. It focuses on a process called beat mapping, whose clearest manifestation is in singing (as opposed to "ordinary" speech). This is the mapping of a sequence of syllables/segments onto a sequence of timing units or beats. The empirical ground is provided by Ancient Greek musical scores. We analyze the way that sensitivity to syllable weight manifests itself in beat mapping. In Ancient Greek, the musical quantity of syllables (their duration, counted in beats) is tightly controlled by...

  12. A list of initials and finals in Wôpanâak

    Hicks, Nitana (Nitana Christine)
    This paper consists primarily of lists of initial, medial and final verb morphemes in Wôpanâak. There are also lists of special initials and finals that function in different ways. Along with these lists are brief descriptions of the usage of the morphemes and the construction of Wôpanâak verbs. There are some notes on phonology, but an entire section on phonology will be an addition made at a later time. These lists will serve as a resource for the formulation of verbs, both for understanding how verbs are put together, as well as for forming entirely new verbs, or verbs that...

  13. An information theoretic approach to veridical hallucination

    Trimmer, Brian, 1971-
    David Lewis, in "Veridical Hallucination and Prosthetic Vision", outlines his views on seeing. He discusses, by way of several examples, unusual visual conditions and gives explanations of why one does or does not see in those conditions. However, it is not always clear exactly how Lewis' views apply to unusual cases. He also admits that he has made mistakes in applying his criteria to examples, in the Postscript to the original article. However, I think Lewis' ideas are worthwhile and would like to expound upon them. In what follows, I hope to provide clearer criteria that are compatible with Lewis'...

  14. Acquisition of the T and C system in clausal complements

    Norris, Rebecca L. (Rebecca Lynn), 1977-
    In order to discover how children acquire the T(ense) and C(omplementizer) system, finite and nonfinite embedded clauses produced by children in the CHILDES database were studied. It was discovered that young children often delete to in nonfinite embedded clauses, and that they use that in the C position of finite imbedded clauses far less often than adults do. By adapting Wexler's (1998) theory of optional infinitives to a Pesetsky and Torrego (2001, 2002) framework, I show that the facts about both finite and nonfinite embedded clauses are due to three conflicting constraints: a modified Unique Checking Constraint based on that...

  15. A cross-linguistic study of Broca's aphasia

    Edwards, Jan
    by Jan Edwards.

  16. Grammatical relations and anaphora in Malayalam

    Mohanan, Karuvannur Puthanveettil
    by Karuvannur Puthanveettil Mohanan.

  17. A critical study of imperatives

    Leszek, Andrea Suzanne
    by Andrea Suzanne Leszek.

  18. On the Swedish pitch accents

    Löfstedt, Ingvar P. M. (Ingvar Pekka Magnus)
    by Ingvar P.M. Löfstedt.

  19. Metrical theory and English verse

    McKay, David Andrew
    by David McKay.

  20. On the distribution of Dutch reflexives

    Veraart, Fleur
    by Fleur Varaart.

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