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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (74.520 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Aquatic Ecology Laboratory Publications

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 112

  1. Use of a Quadrat Rotenone Technique and Bioenergetics Modeling to Evaluate Prey Availability to Stocked Piscivores

    Johnson, Brett M.; Stein, Roy A.; Carline, Robert F.
    This study was funded by the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife, and the Federal Aid in Fish Restoration Act under Project F-57-R.

  2. Linking Bluegill and Gizzard Shad Prey Assemblages to Growth of Age-0 Largemouth Bass in Reservoirs

    Garvey, James E.; Stein, Roy A.
    This research was funded by National Science Foundation grants DEB 9407859 and DEB 9107173 to R.A.S. and by Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Project F-69-P, administered jointly by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Ohio Division of Wildlife.

  3. Direct and Indirect Effects of Fish Predation on the Replacement of a Native Crayfish by an Invading Congener

    Mather, Martha E.; Stein, Roy A.
    In Ohio streams, the crayfish Orconectes rusticus is replacing O. sanborni, and herein we test how predators influence this replacement. In a field survey, crayfish were scarce when fish were abundant, suggesting that predators can adversely affect these prey. In laboratory experiments, we examined underlying mechanisms for this inverse relationship; specifically, we tested how crayfish species, adult aggression, and habitat heterogeneity influenced the predator-prey interaction. In a laboratory stream, smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) ate similar numbers of equal-sized O. rusticus and O. sanborni, but when sizes mimicked those in the field (i.e., O. rusticus 4 mm > O. sanborni), fewer O. rusticus...

  4. A dynamic model of group-size choice in the coral reef fish Dascyllus albisella

    Martinez, Felix A.; Marschall, Elizabeth A.
    We developed a dynamic programming model of group size choice for settling coral reef fish to help understand variability in observed group sizes. Rather than calculating optimal group size, we modeled optimal choice and calculated the acceptable group sizes that arose from this choice. In the model, settling individuals weigh the fitness value of settling in a group against the expected fitness of searching another day and encountering other groups, choosing the option with the higher value. Model results showed that individuals settling on any given day in the settling season have several acceptable group sizes in which they can...

  5. Juvenile growth and survival of heat-shocked triploid hybrid saugeyes, Stizostedion vitreum × S. canadense

    Garcia-Abiado, Mary Ann; Lynch, W. E. Jr.; Dabrowski, Konrad; Czesny, Sergiusz; Rinchard, Jacques; Stafford, J.
    Triploid hybrid saugeyes may be a desirable stocking alternative because diploid saugeyes are fertile and can compromise the genetic integrity of parental stocks. Four groups of saugeye eggs were heat-shocked 5 min after fertilization for 15 min at 31°C, which resulted in an 86.7 ± 9.4% triploidy rate and 57.8 ± 24.3% survival to the eyed-stage. Heat shocked and control saugeyes were stocked in two ponds for 40 days at 395 000 ind.ha^-1. Mean length and weight of triploid and heat-shocked diploid saugeyes were greater (P < 0.01) than unshocked diploid saugeyes. Survival of heat-shocked saugeyes (22.4%) was lower than...

  6. Testing for Evidence of Maternal Effects among Individuals and Populations of White Crappie

    Bunnell, David B.; Scantland, Matthew A.; Stein, Roy A.
    This research was funded by Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Project F-69-P, administered jointly by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife and the Department of Evolution, Ecology, and Organismal Biology at Ohio State University.

  7. The impact of introduced round gobies (Neogobius me/anostomus) on phosphorus cycling in central Lake Erie

    Bunnell, David B.; Johnson, Timothy B.; Knight, Carey T.
    We used an individual-based bioenergetic model to simulate the phosphorus flux of the round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) population in central Lake Erie during 1995-2002. Estimates of round goby diet composition, growth rates, and population abundance were derived from field sampling. As an abundant introduced fish, we predicted that round gobies would influence phosphorus cycling both directly, through excretion, and indirectly, through consumption of dreissenid mussels, whose high mass-specific phosphorus excretion enhances recycling. In 1999, when age-1+ round gobies reached peak abundance near 350 million (2.4 kg.ha^-1), annual phosphorus excretion was estimated at 7 t (1.4 X 10^-3 mg P.m^-2·day^-l). From an ecosystem perspective, however,...

  8. Food Consumption and Growth of Three Esocids: Field Tests of a Bioenergetic Model

    Wahl, David H.; Stein, Roy A.
    This study was supported in part by funds from the Federal Aid in Fish Restoration Act under Project F-57-R.

  9. Changes in Prey Fish Populations in Western Lake Erie, 1969-88, as Related to Walleye, Stizostedion vitreum, Predation

    Knight, Roger L.; Vondracek, Bruce
    Relative abundance of the total prey fish community in the western basin of Lake Erie varied little from 1969 to 1988, but species composition changed significantly. Soft-rayed fishes such as emerald shiner, Notropis atherinoides, spottail shiner, N. hudsonius, and alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus, declined significantly after 1977 whereas only one spiny-rayed species, white bass, Morone chrysops, declined over the same period. Trout-perch, Percopsis omiscomaycus, a relatively abundant species rarely eaten by piscivores in this system, experienced only minor shifts in abundance between 1969 and 1988. Although several factors could be responsible for the shift in species composition, predation by increasingly abundant walleye,...

  10. Scale-Dependent Associations Among Fish Predation, Littoral Habitat, and Distributions of Crayfish Species

    Garvey, James E.; Rettig, Jessica E.; Stein, Roy A.; Lodge, David M.; Klosiewski, Steven P.
    To predict how species establish and disperse within novel communities, the spatial scale at which competition, predation, and habitat interact must be understood. We explored how these factors affect the distribution and abundance of the exotic crayfishes Orconectes rusticus and O. propinquus and the native O. virilis at both the site-specific and whole-lake scales in northern Wisconsin lakes. During summer 1990, we quantified crayfish, fish predators, and fish diets in cobble and macrophyte sites in Trout Lake, comparing resulting patterns to those in 21 lakes surveyed during summer 1987. Within and across lakes, fish abundance was unrelated to habitat. Within...

  11. Biological Invasion Theory: Darwin's Contributions from The Origin of Species

    Ludsin, Stuart A.; Wolfe, Andrea D.
    Support for this work was provided by (1) a Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Project F-69-P (to R. A. Stein), administered jointly by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and Ohio Department of Natural Resources-Division ofWildlife, (2) the Department of Evolution, Ecology and Organismal Biology at The Ohio State University (OSU), and (3) a Presidential Fellowship awarded to S. A. Ludsin by OSU.

  12. Feeding Preferences of Omnivorous Gizzard Shad as Influenced by Fish Size and Zooplankton Density

    Yako, Lisa A.; Dettmers, John M.; Stein, Roy A.
    This work was supported by Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration project F-57-R, administered jointly by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Ohio Division of Wildlife, to R.A.S.

  13. Food Consumption by Larval Gizzard Shad: Zooplankton Effects and Implications for Reservoir Communities

    Dettmers, John M.; Stein, Roy A.
    This work was supported by Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration, Project F-57-R, administered through the Ohio Division of Wildlife.

  14. Androgenesis and Homozygous Gynogenesis in Muskellunge (Esox masquinongy): Evaluation Using Flow Cytometry

    Lin, Feng; Dabrowski, Konrad
    The purpose of this work was to study the effects of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation on denucleation of eggs and investigate the heat-shock conditions for diploidization for induction of androgenesis in muskellunge, Esox masquinongy. Several egg incubation media, including saline, Ringer’s solution, and Ringer’s solution supplemented with bovine serum albumin (BSA), were found suitable to maintain the egg fertility as high as in muskellunge ovarian fluid. The optimal doses of UV radiation were 660-1320 J/m^2, at which 100% haploid larvae were produced at a hatching rate of 22.5 ± 2.8%. UV irradiation at low doses (165-330 J/m^2) generated abnormal larvae, which...

  15. Foraging in a patchy environment: prey-encounter rate and residence time distributions

    Marschall, Elizabeth A.; Chesson, Peter L.; Stein, Roy A.
    Small bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus, foraging among patches in the laboratory did not search systematically within a patch; their intercapture intervals did not differ from a model of random prey encounter within a patch. Patch-residence time, number of prey eaten, and giving-up time (time between last prey capture and leaving the patch) were measured for bluegills foraging in two different three-patch 'environments' (a constant environment, in which each patch began with the same number of prey and a variable environment, in which two patches began with low prey density and one patch with high prey density). When compared with three...

  16. Prey Selection by Larval Fishes as Influenced by Available Zooplankton and Gape Limitation

    DeVries, Dennis R.; Bremigan, Mary T.; Stein, Roy A.
    Feeding success during the first weeks of life is critical to determining survival and ultimate year-class strength of fishes. To compare the relative influence of gape limitation and available zooplankton on prey size selection among the larvae of three species of freshwater fishes, we gathered data on fish gape size, prey size, and size-specific prey selection in lakes and reservoirs. These variables were compared among black crappies Pomoxis nigromaculatus from a lake that contained large zooplankton as prey and white crappies P. annularis and gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum (a potential competitor of white crappie) from reservoirs that contained small zooplankton. In three...

  17. Use of Erythrocyte Measurements to Identify Triploid Saugeyes

    Garcia-Abiado, Mary Ann; Dabrowski, Konrad; Christensen, James E.; Czesny, Sergiusz; Bajer, Przemyslaw
    The use of erythrocyte size measurements as a possible alternative to flow cytometry for identifying triploid saugeyes (female walleye Stizostedion vitreum X male sauger S. canadense) was evaluated. Blood smear preparations were made from 32 heat-shocked saugeyes (1.0-42.7 g; 52-185 mm total length), which consisted of 12 diploids and 20 triploids, as determined by flow cytometry after blood cells were stained with propidium iodide. The length, width, surface area, and volume of the cell and nucleus of 100 erythrocytes were determined for each fish. The cell and nuclear dimensions were measured at 1,000X magnification with a calibrated ocular micrometer. Discriminant analysis was used to distinguish...

  18. Complex predator-prey interactions and predator intimidation among crayfish, piscivorous fish, and small benthic fish

    Rahel, Frank J.; Stein, Roy A.
    Predator-prey interactions were studied among a small prey fish (the johnny darter Etheostoma nigrum) and two predators (crayfish Orconectes rusticus and small-mouth bass Micropterus dolomieui) with complementary foraging behaviors. When only smallmouth bass were present, darters reduced activity to 6% of control rates and spent most of the time hiding under tile shelters. When only crayfish were present, darter activity and shelter-use were similar to controls. When both crayfish and bass were present, an interaction occurred. Darters, normally inactive in the presence of bass, were often forced to move by approaching crayfish and thus activity increased to 19% of control...

  19. Predicting Crappie Recruitment in Ohio Reservoirs with Spawning Stock Size, Larval Density, and Chlorophyll Concentrations

    Bunnell, David B.; Hale, R. Scott; Vanni, Michael J.; Stein, Roy A.
    Stock-recruit models typically use only spawning stock size as a predictor of recruitment to a fishery. In this paper, however, we used spawning stock size as well as larval density and key environmental variables to predict recruitment of white crappies Pomoxis annularis and black crappies P. nigromaculatus, a genus notorious for variable recruitment. We sampled adults and recruits from 11 Ohio reservoirs and larvae from 9 reservoirs during 1998-2001. We sampled chlorophyll as an index of reservoir productivity and obtained daily estimates of water elevation to determine the impact of hydrology on recruitment. Akaike's information criterion (AIC) revealed that Ricker and Beverton-Holt...

  20. Escape tactics used by bluegills and fathead minnows to avoid predation by tiger muskellunge

    Moody, Robert C.; Helland, John M.; Stein, Roy A.
    Funding for this project was provided by the Federal Aid in Fish Restoration Act under Dingell-Johnson Project F-57-R.

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