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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (80.208 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Antarctic Deep Freeze Oral History Project

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 39

  1. Interview of Walter L. Davis by Dian O. Belanger

    Davis, Walter L.
    Seabee Walt Davis volunteered for Antarctic duty in Deep Freeze II for the challenge of fully using his talents. Responsible for equipment maintenance, he was the only professional mechanic at Ellsworth Station. Wintering over in 1957, he assisted the IGY scientists with their equipment problems despite the station leader's objections (though not as much as he later wished). He discussed the ongoing tensions at the station. In DF 61, he wintered over at Byrd, where, as the leading chief, he essentially ran the station, and was the leading chief on the first American overland expedition to the South Pole. He...

  2. Interview of William H. Littlewood by Dian O. Belanger

    Littlewood, William H.
    Bill Littlewood, a civilian oceanographer in the Navy Hydrographic Office since 1949, had worked off an icebreaker in the Arctic when he learned about the IGY and agreed to participate in a six-month Antarctic expedition in Deep Freeze I (1955-56). In the three subsequent seasons, DF II, III, and IV, he was the senior oceanographer in charge of the teams on all four icebreakers operating in the Southern Ocean-one oceanographer, a chief petty officer, and four sailors per ship. Littlewood described the goals, procedures, and findings of the program; with so little data available, almost everything was new and important....

  3. Interview of George Moss by Dian O. Belanger

    Moss, George
    Surveyor chief and navigator George Moss always claimed that he "was volunteered" for Antarctic duty in Deep Freeze I because of his Arctic experience and cold-weather survival training. He was the operations chief for Little America, the senior enlisted man, and an acknowledged, admired leader beyond official duty. A member of the trail party to find a route to inland Byrd Station, he distrusted the approach of the leader, a "hero" of the old school. On the return by Otter with six others of the party, the plane crashed in bad weather. Moss determined that they were far off-course and...

  4. Interview of Philip M. Smith by Dian O. Belanger

    Smith, Philip M. (Philip Meeks), 1932-
    Lieut. Philip Smith was a crevasse expert in an Army transportation unit in Greenland when Admiral Dufek asked him to blaze a safe trail to Marie Byrd Land. He agreed immediately. After recon-noitering a route by air, the crevasse team blasted and filled seven miles of deadly fissures where the ice sheet met the ice shelf. Smith then guided the first tractor-train through. On his return ship, he was recruited to work for the IGY with the National Academy of Sciences in Washington. The would-be geologist returned to do ice deformation measurements on the Ross Ice Shelf in Deep Freeze...

  5. Interview of Paul F. Noonan by Dian O. Belanger

    Noonan, Paul F.
    Photographer Paul Noonan rode the cargo ship Arneb in Deep Freeze II to Wilkes Station where he wintered over. En route the ship got squeezed, near-disastrously, in storm-driven ice by Cape Hallett. On the Antarctic Circle, Wilkes had "almost seasons" but ferocious winds. Noonan helped in the hurried, late-season station-building and organizing of supplies. He kept separate sets of cameras for indoor and outdoor use to avoid drastic temperature changes that would cause alternate condensation and freezing. He documented trips inland to establish and supply the satellite station on the icecap. Like others, he credited IGY leader Carl Eklund and...

  6. Interview of Michael Baronick by Dian O. Belanger

    Baronick, Michael, 1923-2000
    Aviation ordnance chief Mike Baronick was a crew member on the first R5D that flew to the polar continent from New Zealand in December 1955. He wintered over at McMurdo during Deep Freeze I as the senior aviation enlisted man. The line chief for the aviation unit VX-6, he was responsible for all operations on the aircraft-fuel, arrivals and departures, maintenance, preheating. He also had charge of building and running the Beardmore auxiliary base for three spring-summer months of DF II. Mistakenly located that year at the foot of the Liv Glacier, the small temporary camp was a weather station...

  7. Interview of Richard A. Bowers by Dian O. Belanger

    Bowers, Richard A.
    Lieutenant (jg) Richard A. Bowers, a structural engineer with the US Navy's Mobile Construction Battalion (Special), was the Officer-in-Charge of building an air operations facility for the IGY at McMurdo Sound during Operation Deep Freeze I (1955-56) and also the incomparably more difficult construction of South Pole Station, to be supported entirely by air-drop the following austral summer. Wintering over at McMurdo to prepare the 24-man construction crew, materials, and equipment for Pole, he also had charge of developing an ice runway at McMurdo for the heavy wheeled Air Force cargo aircraft. In November 1956 he led the advance party...

  8. Interview of Lynn M. Cavendish by Dian O. Belanger

    Cavendish, Lynn M., 1922-2001
    Civil engineer Lynn Cavendish participated in a hastily organized Construction Battalion Base Unit (Detachment Golf) survey program in Deep Freeze I. The party investigated the Cape Royds area and the Taylor Dry Valley as potential sites for a permanent airstrip on land, but neither proved feasible. On a Glacier cruise in Vincennes Bay in March 1956, he led three others on a shore survey. They got caught unprepared in a sudden blizzard and had a frightening struggle along a steep and ice slope to return to the ship. During Deep Freeze II, Cavendish returned as construction officer for McMurdo.

  9. Interview of Conrad Shinn by Dian O. Belanger

    Shinn, Conrad, 1922-
    Pilot Gus Shinn first saw Antarctica during Operation Highjump. He took off in an R4D from the aircraft carrier Philippine Sea, the only pilot to land at Little America IV with ski-landing experience. Shinn volunteered for Deep Freeze I, but poor weather and insufficient gasoline forced the R4Ds and Albatrosses to turn back to New Zealand. The next year, with fuselage fuel tanks, he made it, even after reversing course to escort another pilot having electrical problems affecting navigation, although the first-in P2V crashed at McMurdo, with fatalities. On 31 October 1956, he piloted the first plane to land at...

  10. Interview of John A. Randall by Dian O. Belanger

    Randall, John A., 1935-2005
    John Randall was a twenty-year-old construction mechanic, third class, when he volunteered for MCB (Special) in Deep Freeze I. During the winter at McMurdo he worked long hours to help maintain the overworked equipment for plowing an ice runway, only to have storms fill it up again. A member of the advance party of the Pole construction crew, he learned a great deal paying attention to polar survival training and the know-how of more senior Seabees. He repaired a weasel when it fell improperly on airdrop, leveled snow surfaces for building, retrieved dropped materials. Like others, he considered the first...

  11. Interview of Robert L. Chaudoin by Dian O. Belanger

    Chaudoin, Robert L.
    Yeoman Bob Chaudoin chose Antarctica for the adventure. After serving on Admiral Byrd's staff and then Task Force 43, he transferred to the Seabee battalion MCB (Special) for Deep Freeze I and sailed south on the Glacier. Working closely with Lcdr. D. W. Canham, McMurdo's officer in charge, he typed the station's daily journal (intended as a guide for later report writing) and handled other correspondence. He was a member of the South Pole construction crew and postmarked bags of philatelic mail there. Disappointed to not winter over at Pole, he later helped run the Navy's Antarctic office in Christchurch...

  12. Interview of William E. Stroup by Dian O. Belanger

    Stroup, William E.
    Seabee Bill Stroup made chief petty officer the same summer he volunteered for Deep Freeze I. He was the chief electrician for Little America and building Byrd Station. Despite chaotic offloading, Stroup found all of his electrical supplies and moved them to tunnels between buildings where those bound for Byrd Station could later be broken out and sorted. He had charge of the supposedly self-regulating generators, which were a constant problem because of an uncorrectable design flaw. Stroup explained the challenges of raising antenna poles in snow, melting snow for water, and improvising equipment and repairs. He discussed the tractor...

  13. Interview of George Toney by Dian O. Belanger

    Toney, George
    George Toney was loaned to the secretariat of the US National Committee for the IGY as a US Weather Bureau Arctic logistics specialist. He accompanied the Antarctic reconnaissance cruise of the icebreaker Atka in 1954-55. During Deep Freeze I, he worked on preparations for the IGY Antarctic program-recruiting personnel, training and clothing them, and transporting them and their scientific equipment. Very late, he was appointed scientific leader at inland Byrd Station. When he landed to winter over in January 1957, construction crews that came with supplies by tractor train had erected four buildings, but much outdoor work remained to be...

  14. Interview of Gilbert Dewart by Dian O. Belanger

    Dewart, Gilbert, 1932-
    Drawn by the mystery of the unknown, geophysicist Gilbert Dewart signed on as a seismologist for the IGY. He wintered over at Wilkes Station where he set up the first of a network of seismograph stations for continuous earthquake coverage of the Antarctic. An elective satellite station about fifty miles inland on the icecap offered a recreational getaway and an opportunity for glaciologists to dig the deepest ice pit of the IGY. Dewart credited scientific leader Carl Eklund for the collegiality of the station and the numerous additional scientific and exploratory activities that were pursued. He wintered again, in 1960,...

  15. Interview of William T. Beckett by Dian O. Belanger

    Beckett, William T., d. 2000
    Utilitiesman, first class, Willie Beckett had charge of installing and maintaining the base utilities heating, plumbing, water-at Little America V during Deep Freeze I.. After wintering over, he drove a D-8 in the tractor train to establish Byrd Station in Deep Freeze II, where he also set up the utilities. Beckett wintered over three more times-at Byrd during DF IV and McMurdo during DF 61 and DF 63. He died in 2000.

  16. Interview of Edward N. Ehrlich by Dian O. Belanger

    Ehrlich, Edward N.
    Dr. Edward Ehrlich, then a drafted Navy lieutenant in the medical corps, learned from HMC Ken Aldrich when he volunteered for Deep Freeze I, that little medical planning had been done. But with his officer status and Aldrich's knowledge of Navy procedures they managed to assemble adequate supplies and equipment. Ehrlich designed his own training program. He was appalled by the huge quantities of "medicinal" alcohol that had been supplied for Little America and decided to give it out only recreationally (against Navy regulations) and equally available to all. He performed an appendectomy in camp, a scary and difficult experience....

  17. Interview of Richard Lucier by Dian O. Belanger

    Lucier, Richard
    Yeoman Richard Lucier was assigned to MCB (Special) when he volunteered for Antarctic duty, only then learning that it meant a whole year away from family and civilization. One of the first personnel to report in at the Seabee base in Davisville, Rhode Island, he handled the administrative paperwork for personnel but also any other work that needed doing, just as he did on arriving at Little America V. He helped unload the ships and build the camp. Lucier and Chaplain Bol copied news broadcasts and prepared a weekly newsletter that they mimeographed and distributed to every bunk. During his...

  18. Interview of James H. Bergstrom by Dian O. Belanger

    Bergstrom, James H.
    Navy pilot and then-Lieutenant Jim Bergstrom volunteered for Operation Deep Freeze I as a GCA (Ground Controlled Approach) officer to guide incoming aircraft attempting to land on the ice in poor visibility. As officer-in-charge of the advance party, he arrived at McMurdo on the icebreaker Edisto in December 1955 and helped in the building of the station. He was Executive Officer of the wintering-over party. When plowing seemed the only way to prepare an ice runway in time for the spring planes, and the prospects iffy, the leadership team reorganized the entire camp to keep snow-removal crews going around the...

  19. Interview of H. Kim Lett by Dian O. Belanger

    Lett, H. Kim
    Twenty-year-old Seabee equipment operator Kim Lett, after brief tractor training on the Greenland icecap, arrived at Little America V to winter over in Deep Freeze II-III. When an underwater projection on the high barrier prevented ship-unloading, he volunteered to help blast it free only to be nearly carried away as the bad ice cracked up. He described snow-melter and fire-watch duty, that included filling the camp stoves with diesel fuel, and having to preheat the heavy vehicles. He assisted with aurora observations and sang in a quartet with Soviet meteorologist Vladimir Rastorguev. In the spring he volunteered to help plow...

  20. Interview of Philip W. Porter, Jr. by Dian O. Belanger

    Porter, Philip W., Jr.
    Captain Philip Porter, who had earlier been part of the support force for Operation Highjump in 1946-47, commanded the icebreaker Glacier during Deep Freeze 60 and 61. He considered this a plum assignment; orders were general and dependent on conditions and the still-new ship enjoyed popular interest and press attention. The Glacier carried numerous scientists, whose itineraries he planned with NSF representative Philip Smith-what Smith wanted to do, what he felt he could do. He rescued the ice-bound Danish vessel Kista Dan, which had been chartered by Vivian Fuchs, and then, with Fuchs, visited Deception Island and the Falkland Islands,...

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