Hartman, Stephanie; Horowitz, Lisa R.
A basic premise of User Experience (UX) is to empathize with your users. This assessment exercise encourages your staff to understand what users experience in your spaces and, as a bonus, identifes some immediate space usability issues as well.
Baildon, Michelle; Hamlin, Dana; Jankowski, Czeslaw; Kauffman, Rhonda; Lanigan, Julia; Miller, Michelle; Venlet, Jessica; Willer, Ann Marie
The Collections Directorate of the MIT Libraries sponsored a task force to identify opportunities
for archives, technical services, preservation, scholarly communication, and collections strategy
staff to manifest the values of diversity, inclusion, and social justice in their daily work. In this report the Collections Directorate Diversity, Inclusion, and Social Justice (DISJ) task force
describes some of the overarching social and economic contexts for academic libraries, as well
as the core professional values that guide us, and offers recommendations to the Directorate for
operationalizing the values of diversity, inclusion, and social justice. The task force aims to
demonstrate, through our recommendations, how DISJ values might guide every...
Finnie Duranceau, Ellen; Kriegsman, Sue
Crummett, Courtney; Kajosalo, Erja; Noga, Michael; Silver, Howard
An assessment of the Bioinformatics Program at MIT Libraries was conducted using quantitative and qualitative data collection methods during FY13-14. Interviews were conducted to gain insight about bioinformatics researcher’s needs and behaviors and insight about the bioinformatics support offered by the MIT Libraries. Data was collected from various services of the bioinformatics program as well as from other library services. The assessment found that the bioinformatics community is interdisciplinary and crosses traditional life science departmental boundaries. The bioinformatics community takes a collaborative do-it-yourself (DIY) approach to computational skills and analytical tools –if they don’t know something or have something to...
Duranceau, Ellen Finnie; Kriegsman, Sue
Digital media increase the visibility and presence of the past while also reshaping our
sense of history. We have extraordinary access to digital versions of books, journals, film, television,
music, art and popular culture from earlier eras. New theoretical formulations of database and
archive provide ways to think creatively about these changes to the cultural and historical record.
This essay explores the ways in which the current digital environment can be theorized in terms
of, what I call, its archival effects.
Willmott, Mathew A.; Dunn, Katharine H.; Duranceau, Ellen Finnie
INTRODUCTION The Accessibility Quotient (AQ), a new measure for assisting authors and librarians in assessing and characterizing the degree of accessibility for a group of papers, is proposed and described. The AQ offers a concise measure that assesses the accessibility of peer-reviewed research produced by an individual or group, by incorporating data on open availability to readers worldwide, the degree of financial barrier to access, and journal quality. The paper reports on the context for developing this measure, how the AQ is calculated, how it can be used in faculty outreach, and why it is a useful lens to use...
Crummett, Courtney; Finnie Duranceau, Ellen; Gabridge, Tracy A.; Green, Remlee S.; Kajosalo, Erja; Noga, Michael M.; Silver, Howard J.; Stout, Amy
Faculty and researchers who receive substantial funding from NIH were interviewed about their publication practices. Qualitative data was collected from interviews of eleven faculty members and one researcher representing six academic departments who received NIH funding. Interview responses were analyzed to identify a representative publication workflow and common themes related to the publication process. The goals of this study were to inform librarians about faculty publication practices; to learn how faculty are affected by and responding to NIH publication policy changes; and to inform planning and discussion about new services to support NIH compliance in addition to general faculty publishing....
The FACADE project at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the USA
is exploring the long-term archiving and preservation of digital data from architectural projects
in general, and 3D models and related information in particular. The project is working
with design data from major building projects of the architects Frank Gehry and Moshe Safdie
initially, and will generalize its findings to other architectural firms using 3D design software.
The project is also exploring how to relate 3D designs with related 2D drawings, digital images
and videos, email and other communications, and with emerging Building Information Models
(BIMs). A prototype archive for this material will be produced...
Increasing demand to manage and preserve 3-dimensional models for a variety of physical phenomena (e.g., building and engineering designs, computer games, or scientific visualizations) is creating new challenges for digital archives. Preserving 3D models requires identifying technical formats for the models that can be maintained over time, and the available formats offer different advantages and disadvantages depending on the intended future uses of the models. Additionally, the metadata required to manage 3D models is not yet standardized, and getting intellectual proposal rights for digital models is uncharted territory. The FACADE Project at MIT is investigating these challenges in the architecture,...
The RLG/NARA trusted digital repository (TDR) certification checklist defines a set of assessment criteria for preservation environments. The criteria can be mapped into data management policies that define how a digital preservation environment is operated. We explore how the enforcement of these management policies can be automated through their characterization as rules that control preservation services. By integrating a rule-based data management system with the DSpace digital archive system, we expect to demonstrate automated audits of the TDR checklist for a defined set of local policies. The system is sufficiently general that one can also demonstrate the completeness and self-consistency...
Smith, MacKenzie; Moore, Reagan W.
The MIT Libraries, the San Diego Supercomputer Center, and the University of California San Diego Libraries are conducting the PLEDGE Project to determine the set of policies that affect operational digital preservation archives and to develop standardized means of recording and enforcing them using rules engines. This has the potential to allow for automated assessment of "trustworthiness" of digital preservation archives. We are also evaluating the completeness of other efforts to define policies for digital preservation such as the RLG/NARA Trusted Digital Repository checklist and the PREMIS metadata schema. We present our results to date.
Gass, Steven; Flanagan, Pat; Horowitz, Lisa
. In the past few years, the MIT Libraries has been focused on how to turn declining reference statistics, new modes of technology, users’ increasing needs and expectations, and constrained staff resources into a robust and valued reference service. A 5-year strategic plan written in 1999 spurred staff to develop a new service based on chat technology, but once the service was established, it was unclear how it fit into the future of reference at MIT. This article describes how library staff worked together to envision a future of reference at MIT that would incorporate the values of reference, the...
Since its inception in the 17th century the research journal emerged as the formal communication method in the sciences. The last half of the 20th century has seen stresses develop on the journal system due to the explosion of scientific research, increasing subscription costs, and technological advances. New models, taking advantage of digital technology, have demonstrated that great improvements are possible if the scientific community is willing to embrace change. Two methods for significantly changing the model are suggested:
adopting an e-print moderator model which decouples the dissemination of information from its review, and shifting the costs of publication from...
Stout, Amy; Graham, Anne
Presented by Amy Stout at ASEE Annual Conference, June 24-27, 2007,
With the design of new libraries increasingly emphasizing support for collaborative activity, librarians need to understand how and why their users are working together in library spaces. No published studies quantify the impact of collaborative spaces in academic libraries on student learning behaviors. The objective of this study was to determine how and why the collaborative spaces in an academic library were used, and how well the observed use matched the intent of the people who designed and managed the spaces.
The study was conducted in the Fall of 2005 at a recently built academic library in New England that was...
Providing access points for building names is a tremendous challenge for library catalogers. Using Blithewold Mansion, Gardens & Arboretum as an example of the complexities involved in assigning these types of headings, and reviewing previous work of library groups to develop policies, some solutions are proposed. The author's goal is to make the issues understandable to the general public and encourage discussion among art catalogers so that the problems can eventually be resolved.
As an increasingly virtual society anticipates the decline of print, it looks to the keepers of the written record to maintain continuity with its past. Libraries cannot formulate intelligent collection and preservation policies without taking into account current perceptions of the fragility of historical memory. Understanding the symbolic role they play in the cultural imaginary will help libraries to map a future that addresses public concerns about the preservation of the historical record.