Sturgeon, John A.; Taub, Chloe J.
In recent years, there has been increasing interest in processes and characteristics that may underlie resilient adaptation to chronic pain. With this recent increase in empirical inquiry, there has emerged a degree of ambiguity in terms between pain resilience and other constructs previously connected to effective pain adaptation, such as pain acceptance, psychological flexibility, and pain self-efficacy. Objectives of the current paper included reviewing recent clinical and empirical evidence in the area of chronic pain resilience and offering a synthesis of these findings, with a specific focus on issues of defining and operationalizing this construct, compared to other constructs relevant...
Reyes Martín, Sara; Ferragut, Marta
This study analysed the association between character strengths and happiness and global health in adolescents by gender. The participants comprised 117 high-school students (μ =16.90, σ =.81) from Málaga (Spain). All participants completed the Values in Action 120-Items Questionnaire (VIA-120), the 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and the Happiness Item. The results showed higher levels of character strengths and lower levels of temperance and religiousness in the humanity score. Moderately significant associations were found between all character strengths and general health, happiness, and especially hope. Boys had significantly higher scores on zest, prudence, self-regulation, and hope (Student t test). The...
Ramírez Maestre, Carmen
Moyano Pacheco, Manuel; Bermúdez Vázquez, Manuel; Ramírez García, Antonia
Since the September 11 terrorist attacks, coping with radicalisation and jihadist terrorism has been at the forefront of the domestic and foreign policy agendas in Western societies. During this time, the influence that political leaders can exert in their interaction with institutions, citizens, and terrorist organizations has been demonstrated. We present a case study of the speech by Barak Obama on June 4, 2009 at the University of Cairo ("A New Beginning"). Its content and internal structure is analysed using the classification of virtues and strengths defined by Peterson and Seligman (2004) as a theoretical and conceptual reference within the...
Fierro Bardají, Alfredo
Psychology seeks to understand human beings through their behaviour. However, there are other sources to obtain such understanding which, at its highest level, is generally regarded as "wisdom". Nowadays, wisdom is mainly found not only in philosophical texts and essays but also in literary works. This article draws from the work of Proust items of practical knowledge to cope with the loss of a beloved person, either by death or by disaffection.
Frías Armenta, Martha; Barrios Gaxiola, Melanie Itsel
Adolescence is a crucial developmental phase that shapes people's futures. Positive psychology investigates the variables that promote the optimal development of human beings. It recognizes that all children and adolescents have strengths that will develop once these strengths match the resources needed to achieve this in the various settings in which they live. The aim of this study was to analyze from a multidisciplinary perspective (e.g. psychological, sociological, and economic) the effect of resources that promote positive youth development. The sample consisted of 200 middle school students (15 to 19 years). EQS statistical software was used to analyse a structural...
Rey Peña, Lourdes; Extremera Pacheco, Natalio
This study examined the mediating effects of affect on the relationship between core self-evaluations (CSE) and life satisfaction in people with intellectual disabilities. The participants comprised 134 people (79 men and 55 women from southern Spain) with intellectual disabilities. All participants completed the core self-evaluations scale (CSES), the positive and negative affect scale (PANAS), and the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS). The results showed that high scores on the CSE were associated with higher life satisfaction. Moreover, positive and negative affect partially mediated the relationship between CSE and life satisfaction. The final model also showed two significant paths from CSE...
Montagut, Maite; Mas Romero, Rosa María; Fernández Andrés, María Inmaculada
The prevalence of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) has
increased in recent years, partly due to improvements in
detection methods and partly to the modifications in the
definition that have been incorporated into diagnostic
manuals. This increase has caused the prevalence rate by
gender to be currently of 1.4 / 1, according to some authors,
or up to 15.7 / 1 according to others, with a much higher
number of barons who receive the diagnosis compared to
the number of women who receive it. The different explana-
tions that have been given to this question point to certain
gender differences in the...
González Sala, Francisco; Osca Lluch, Julia
This study used journals in the Development Psycho-
logy category of the WoS service and Scopus database
to investigate whether there is an association between
developmental psychology and health. We analysed 291
journals in the Developmental Psychology category of the
JCR (SSCI) and the SJCR. In total, 21.7% of the WoS
Developmental Psychology journals and 16.1% of the
Scopus journals are also classified in health-related areas
such as Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis
Psychology, Pediatrics, and Rehabilitation. The Clinical
Psychology category has the highest representation, with
20.3% of journals in the JCR (SSCI) and 10.1% of journals
in the SJCR. The results...
Cantavella Edo, Sara; Andrés Roqueta, Clara
Beliefs about whether intelligence can change or not are
known as “growth mindsets” (GM) or “fixed mindsets” (FM)
in the literature. These beliefs influence academic achie-
vement. However, there is little information on whether
children with dyslexia have a fixed mindset. The aim of
this study was to investigate this issue. Thirty-two children
were recruited (16 with dyslexia and 16 with typical reading
development) and were compared using two measures of
mindset. The results showed that FMs were more common
in children with dyslexia than in their typically developing
peers. However, no significant association was found
between the two measures of...
Trinidad Maldonado Recio, María; Barajas Esteban, Carmen
Theory of Mind (ToM) and empathy are skills that play a cru-
cial role in social interaction. Recent advances in cognitive
neuroscience are contributing to distinguishing between the
cognitive and affective components of ToM and empathy,
thus defining a conceptual relationship between them. This
study analysed the impact of cognitive ToM, affective ToM,
cognitive empathy, and affective empathy on the social
acceptance of children. It also investigated the relative con-
tribution of these factors in pre-school, primary school, and
secondary school children. There were 127 participants in
three age groups: 4 to 5 years (N = 31), 7 to 8 years (N...
Rodriguez Hernandez, Rogelio; Riosvelasco Moreno, Leticia; Castillo, Nemesio
This study was motivated by the phenomenon of gender
differences in dating violence, the importance of social
support in this setting, and the relative scarcity of studies
on dating violence in Mexico and Latin America. It analy-
sed the association between perceived support from family
and friends and dating violence victimization in a sample
of 679 college students from Ciudad Juarez, Mexico (n =
679; women = 67%; mean age = 20.5, SD = 2.1). Mean
and women were analysed separately. Men experienced
violence more frequently than women. Social support from
friends was associated with various types of victimization
Rodriguez, Angélica María; Coral Cadena, Rosa Elmira; Andino, María Guadalupe; Portilla, Óscar William
This article shows the results of an investigation about the influence of the development of argumentative
abilities on the approach of possible solutions to the interpersonal conflicts that occur in the school environment.
A descriptive qualitative study was carried out, in which a didactic unit was designed, including
the analysis of moral dilemmas of conflictive situations presented in the classroom as a strategy–adapted to
the Kohlberg model–to emerge the students’ speeches. A descriptive qualitative study was carried out, in
which a didactic unit was designed following the strategy of moral dilemma analysis, based on conflictive
situations presented in the classroom–adapted to Kohlberg’s moral development model. This...
Quintana Arias, Ronald Fernando
Between 2009 and 2013 there was a search to establish the relationship between nature and children,
through analyzing nine instruments obtained from the school Francisco de Orellana at the Macedonia
indigenous reserve (Colombian Amazon). The investigation led into the restructuration of the criteria of
set data for the theory of related conglomerates, departing from symbol morphology and the ecological
shortening. This proved an indigenous mental model that is not based on words but on symbols, true acts,
and rituals that make of nature and the Amazon undistinguishable spaces. Finally, it´s recommended not
comparing equality (deserved wellness) with the difference (diversity), now that this makes the cultural
Gómez Córdoba, Ana Isabel; Pinto Bustamante, Boris Julián
Academic integrity is one of the main purposes of high quality education. However, the phenomenon of
academic dishonesty is a growing problem at the global level that has become more sophisticated due to
new information and communication technologies. This paper addresses the issue of academic dishonesty
in the context of teaching medicine, its causes, modalities, predisposing factors and strategies for
prevention, detection, and punishment. Academic dishonesty is a multi-causal phenomenon in which
factors related to the environment and moral culture, personal factors, hidden curriculum, institutional
policies, as well as teaching models based on academic results, rather than the collaborative learning
process. Within the dishonest practices, we can...
The first agriculture faculties, since the late XIX century and until the 1930´s crisis, were founded in the
Pampeana and Litoraleña regions, both export producers characterizing Argentina´s position in international
workforce at the time. During the 70´s, there was the impulse to the department model, which
was then partially adopted by some universities with agricultural majors. The required training for the
90´s should educate people for a society with different requirements; the most used model to change
the study plans was focused on the restructure. This turned into the relocation, increase, or decrease
of subjects. The study plans for agriculture evolved from awarding the acquisition of...
Torres Silva, Diana Isabel
The Large Glass by Mario Bellatín is an unusual autobiographical work written as three different stories,
which differ regarding form and content, but are similar in their fragmented and nonlinear narrative.
This paper —focused on the first story “My Skin, Luminous”— asserts that the story displays complex
structures and relationships of power resembling some of Foucault’s ideas in Discipline and Punish: The
Birth of the Prison. Relationships of power are spread ubiquitously throughout the story, subjugating the
protagonist/narrator and reaching the reader. My analysis aims to reveal these relationships, in regards to
both the content of the story and its form.
Ferreyra Fagiuoli, Horacio Ademar
The current investigation exposes the features on the definition of the achievable school, the features that
it contains -sense, context, evolution- and the dimensions that each one of these embrace: curriculum,
knowledge and practices, student´s trajectories, school environment, staff´s professional development, and
the relationship between families and community. Also, it frames those components around the school´s
management and adds new points of view to understand the procedures that a middle school involves
on its construction. As a conclusion, it could be mentioned that an achievable school implies alternative
existence that likely announces proposals for a change. A quality education, within an achievable school,
constitutes a new gathering...
Vieira Najjar, Jorge Nassim; Dias da Fonseca, Leonardo; Vinagre Mocarzel, Marcelo Maia
The city of Niterói was raised to be the capital of the Rio de Janeiro County in 1834, leaving from the
supervision by the central government and experiencing an important process of urbanization and economic
development, which attracted the recent economic elite born in the country. In this context, the
city developed a rich educational system, bringing together public and private schools, laic and religious
institutions, domestic and collective instruction. The purpose of this essay is to promote an analysis of the
nineteenth century Nichteroy, from theoretical contributions and historical documents, relating economic
development and education.
Bustos Aguayo, José Marcos; Juárez Najera, Margarita; Sandoval Vázquez, Francisco Rubén; Quintero, María Luisa; García Lirios, Cruz
The quality and fares of the county utilities are the main topic in the local development and public agenda
of sustainability development, but the relevant literature seems to highlight the relationship between
identity and the environment as determinants of the evaluation of the water management system and
the administration of the public utility. In this sense, the objective of the present article was to establish
a model to study of the perception of the quality and the fares on county services; in order to be able
to highlight the importance of differences and similarities between the authorities and the people in
the context of the lacking...