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DIALNET OAI Articles (635,570 recursos)
Dialnet (Difusión de Alertas en la Red) es una plataforma de recursos y servicios documentales, cuyo objetivo fundamental se centra en mejorar la visibilidad y el acceso a la literatura científica hispana a través de Internet.

Psicología y educación

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 80,922

1. Aplicación del enfoque de promoción de la salud en la región central de occidente de Costa Rica: los principales hallazgos - Picado Herrera, Lidia Isabel; Quesada Monge, Ana Cristina
Focus on Health Promotion is a technical-political axis that seeks to provide the means and necessary tools to social actors, to exercise greater control over the determinants that promote health. In the particular case of the West Central Region of Costa Rica, it has developed a series of institutional and community efforts to position this paradigm health approach, seeking to contribute to better conditions and therefore an optimum quality of life for it population. However, there is no previous research to let us know the real situation of its application in the public institutions of the region already mentioned. In...

2. El desarrollo de la actividad turística en Cartagena de Indias: implicaciones sociales y urbanas: 1943 - 1978 - Carrillo Romero, Harold; Cabarcas Cañate, Georgina; Vargas Hernández, Adineth; Puello Pájaro, Yusleinis
Cartagena de Indias es la plaza turística más significativa del país. Sin embargo, es uno de los espacios con mayores índices de pobreza, exclusión y marginalidad social. El presente artículo es un acercamiento, desde una perspectiva socio-económica, a los procesos de instrumentalización de políticas sobre turismo en la ciudad. Enmarcado dentro del período de tiempo 1943-1978. Dicho esbozo, analiza el proceso y construcción histórica de Cartagena como ciudad turística, a partir de las legislaciones que se adelantaron para este fin y como en muchas medidas, este proceso catalizó signos de segregación y exclusión de los sectores populares de la ciudad,...

3. Sistema clientelar, mediaciones y elecciones de Alcalde durante el siglo XXI en Cartagena de Indias (Documento de trabajo) - Posada Meola, Mercedes
Este trabajo se encuentra en proceso de elaboración y se inscribe en la producción del Proyecto de Doctorado en la Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina. La investigación se pregunta por las relaciones entre el sistema clientelar institucionalizado en Cartagena de Indias, las retóricas que entran en tensión durante las campañas políticas y el sostenimiento de un modelo que parece renovarse en cada proceso electoral. La presunción se adscribe en la dimensión medios de comunicación y democracia y establece un vínculo entre los diferentes actores que confluyen alrededor de la comunicación política: ciudadanía, partidos políticos, candidatos, elecciones, estado y medios de...

4. Mujer y poder: representaciones sociales. Caso de Beatriz Bechara de Borge, primera Rectora de la Universidad de Cartagena 1988-1990 - Piñeres de la Ossa, Dora
El presente artículo recoge parte del estudio sobre la rectoría de Beatriz Bechara de Borge1, la primera y única mujer que hasta hoy ha asumido la dirección de la primera institución universitaria del Caribe Colombiano, la Universidad de Cartagena, y recrea las representaciones sociales que se producen en el corto tiempo que estuvo como rectora entre septiembre de 1988 a marzo de 1990, periodo durante el cual, su gestión administrativa no solo significó el primer intento de organización de género, del principal cargo administrativo en esta institución universitaria, sino que además su plan de desarrollo universitario estuvo orientado a fomentar...

5. Enfermería en Cartagena 1900-1920 - Montalvo Prieto, Amparo; Gómez Bustamante, Edna
Con el fin de establecer el proceso y desarrollo de la profesionalización de la enfermería en Cartagena de Indias y explicar el lugar y los desafíos que la mujer enfrentó en los avances de este saber durante las dos primeras décadas del siglo XX, se realizó una investigación cualitativa de corte histórico. La recolección de información se circunscribió a la revisión sistemática de fuentes primarias del período en estudio (1900-1920), por ser este el período de formación de las Enfermeras en Cartagena, a la luz del proceso histórico-social de la ciudad de Cartagena.

6. Poner el grito en el cielo: Diversidad sexual e identidades de género en familias con prácticas patriarcales en Cartagena de Indias, 2010-2012 - Pérez Alvarez, Alexander
The intersection between family- patriarchal society- sexual diversity and gender identities situates too many Cartagena families with patriarchal practices and heterosexist conception of gender in a tension where rights are violated and where practices of discrimination and exclusion are reproduced against those people who transgress gender role socially assigned. Theoretical reflections and men and women voices that daily face the hegemonic order reproduction in their family spaces, allow us to describe feelings, attitudes and practices, in a context where diversity is still considered such as a threat for the established family ideal.

7. “Entre la estigmatización y la restricción”. Políticas migratorias y discursos políticos sobre familia, migración, género y generación en países de inmigración y emigración: España y Colombia - Echeverri Buriticá, María Margarita; Pedone, Claudia; Gil Araujo, Sandra
This article explores the ways of thinking about links between family, migration and integration – as well as gender relations across them - in Spain as a country of immigration and Colombia as a country of emigration. It offers a review of the process of how migrant families become a social problem at both ends of the migratory chain. In the European countries, over the past two decades, family reunification is no longer a right and has become a prerogative of the State, which can be accessed by meeting certain economic and cultural requirements. At the same time, in Colombia...

8. Expresiones de la intimidad política desde el cuerpo de las mujeres activistas - Hartog, Guitté; Carrillo Padilla, Ana Lorena; Greathouse Amador, Louise M.
A partir del contexto contemporáneo mexicano se busca ilustrar cómo a través de su cuerpo algunas mujeres van protestando en contra de diversas formas de opresión. El exhibicionismo de la intimidad femenina se vuelve un estilo de empoderamiento para decir “NO” desde las entrañas al oscurantismo imperante y para gritar su deseo de vivir libre. A través del activismo tanto en el espacio virtual que en las plazas públicas analizaremos estos actos de rebeldía que unen lo íntimo a lo político.

9. La familia en la obra de la novelista argentina Juana Manuela Gorriti - Irigoyen López, Antonio
This work aims to study the question whether there was a change in the concept of marriage in the Nineteenth Century in Argentina. Our purpose is to find out if there was a change in the sense that social elites gave to marriages; to support our points some contemporary texts, mainly stories of Juana Manuela Gorriti, are analyzed. The purpose is to test three premises: 1) the rise of individualism that had rigged a concession to feeling as a determinig factor of the choice and therefore a decrease of obligations to family decisions, 2) a change in family strategies that...

10. Delitos Sexuales y Práctica Judicial en Colombia: 1870-1900. Los Casos de Bolívar, Antioquia y Santander - Márquez Estrada, José Wilson
This article analyzes the phenomenon of aggressive behaviors against sexual freedom of women in late nineteenth-century in Colombia, classified as sexual offenses, and how they developed the legal proceedings regarding this type of crime. First we analyze the concept of sexual crime and its various manifestations in the Colombian society in the late nineteenth century, supported by the study of the criminalization of these offenses in the criminal codes of that time. Then we study the characteristics of judicial practices and criminal procedures in this type of crime, especially its relation to moral and religious mentality of that time. Then...

11. Entre quejas confiadas y súplicas de amparo: una aproximación a la condición de la mujer en el Río de la Plata a fines del siglo XVIII - Aguirrezabala, Marcela; Tejerina, Marcela V.
The present work focuses on the analysis of specific instances approached for a direct claim to the Monarch valid at the end of the Ancient Regime, which were open even for women. We refer in this case to the representations which, in form of supplication or motivated proposition addressed to the Princes and Superiors, were open to all their vassals and set in the center of the scene having the King’s most important function as the dispenser of justice. We worked with General Archive of the Indies ́s sources, identifying three cases belonging to the middle and high sectors of the...

12. Elegibilidade, caracterização e diagnóstico nas equipas de intervenção precoce do Alentejo - Peixoto, Maria do Carmo; Apolónio, Ana María; Franco, Vitor Manuel Ferreira
Diagnosis is a fundamental process of early intervention practices. This study has as main objective to know how the Early Intervention teams Alentejo look at the eligibility of children in their services, and how do their diagnosis and characterization. In this study, a questionnaire was administered to 34 Early Intervention teams of Alentejo, and the results point to the need for implementation of a more consistent assessment and diagnosis.

13. El juego infantil en un mundo de cambio - Gordillo Gordillo, María; Gómez Acuñas, M.; Sánchez Herrera, S.; Gordillo Solanes, Teresa; Vicente Castro, F.
In the work that we sense beforehand later we gather the results of an investigation which principal aim is to know the development of the infantile game in the stages of Infantile and Primary Education. The above mentioned investigation has been carried out by a total of 150 children of the autonomous Extremaduran community, and for the withdrawal of information there has been in use a scale of observation, which exists complementing with personal interviews and sociogramas.

14. El asma infantil: Una excusa para acercar conocimientos didácticos y clínicos. Experiencia piloto en el Hospital de Son Dureta de Palma de Mallorca - Iglesia Mayol, Begoña de la; Rosa Roselló Ramón, Mª; Verger Gelabert, Sebastià
The article describes the first phase of an interdisciplinary project between members of the Pediatric Pneumology Service of the Hospital Son Dureta and faculty of the Department of Applied Pedagogy and Educational Psychology at the University of the Balearic Islands, whose objective is to analyze the communication process that established between health personnel and the asthmatic patient. The purpose is to determine how to improve communication between these professionals (pediatricians, pneumologists, pediatricians, emergency room and graduate nurses) and patients with asthma, aged from 5 to 12 years. Specifically, the work now focuses on how states has been the approach to the pulmonology department, the development of...

15. Echar la culpa y sentirse culpable: La comprensión infantil de emociones morales a través de la interacción comunicativa con sus adultos de apego - Clemente, Rosa Ana; Andrés Roqueta, Clara; Flores Buils, Raquel
The socialization process that is done by attachment adults involves emotion comprehension. In this sense, joint attention tasks (i.e. reading book stories) contribute to develop belief, desire, intention and emotion understanding of other people, since a socio-cognitive point of view. The work described here relates the understanding of a specific secondary emotion (guilt) with some variables obtained through a sheared-narration – where every biological mother told a story to her child. In every story, characters helped to distinguish between the belief and the guilt of one aggressor. Each interaction was filmed and linguistic variables of different nature were analyzed. Thirty-two pairs of mother-child were divided into two...

16. Diseño y validación de un sistema de indicadores para valorar la calidad psicosocioeducativa de centros y servicios de primera infancia 0-3 años - Secanilla, Esther
Background: From a global approach to early childhood care, it’s necessary to offer a high psycho- socioeducational quality, like tools that help us to evaluate the context, the process and the results of the educative practice. Methods: After the previous capture of information, thirteen expert judges were consulted utilising Delphi’s technique. Questionnaires were applied in a pilot test. The analysis of reliability and validity of the instrument was calculated by the Cronbach’s alpha. Results: The questionnaire was administered to a total of 53 professionals. The analysis of the data shows excellent internal consistency. Is shown that psycho- socioeducational quality of professionals in the centres studied is good. Conclusions: According...

17. Desigual(mente) – projecto de intervenção de redução do estigma face à doença mental em crianças do ensino básico - Monteiro, Ana Paula; Lopes, Andreia Sofia; Madeira, Hugo Tiago; Seco, Joana Maria
A educação escolar é o ponto de partida para abordar as questões da diferença associada aos problemas de saúde mental, que originam comportamentos discriminatórios e levam ao estigma. Na linha dos programas de intervenção que procuram amadurecer atitudes relacionais, desenvolvemos um projecto-piloto, dirigido a 29 crianças do ensino básico numa escola da periferia de Coimbra, com o objectivo de sensibilizá-las para a diferença, com vista à prevenção de comportamentos discriminatórios associados ao estigma da doença mental. Foram realizadas 6 sessões psico-educativas em que se abordaram conceitos como o respeito, diferença, igualdade e interajuda, com recurso a métodos pedagógicos interactivos: jogos pedagógicos, filmes, contos infantis, visita de estudo e...

18. Contextual factors impact on the child development in early childhood: The attendance of the pre-kindergarten as an increasing factor the basic visual-motor and perception skills - Gastaldi, Francesca Giovanna Maria
The purpose of this study is to assess how the pre-kindergarten experience can positively affect the development of basic visual-motor integration skills in early childhood. Pre-kindergarten has to be understood as a setting with specific educational purposes that differentiate it from the first educational context in which the child experiences: the family. The envisioned hypothesis is that the experience of pre-kindergarten can improve the neuropsychological development of the sensorymotor and perceptual aspects of visual and spatial integration. The specific objective is to assess the impact of pregressed education experiences, within the pre-kindergarten on the development of visual-motor integration skills, comparing the incidence of additional contextual factors, referred...

19. Los Trastornos por Déficit de Atención e Hiperactividad: Tratamiento Psicológico de la Sintomatología. - Llerena Companioni, Odalia

20. Inclusión y currículo intercultural. - Peñaherrera León, Mónica; Cobos Alvarado, Fabián

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