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DIALNET OAI Articles (646,518 recursos)
Dialnet (Difusión de Alertas en la Red) es una plataforma de recursos y servicios documentales, cuyo objetivo fundamental se centra en mejorar la visibilidad y el acceso a la literatura científica hispana a través de Internet.

Psicología y educación

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 82,881

1. Prática pedagógica, saberes e histórias de vida - Bezerra de Brito, Daniel
This study aims at identifying the personal and professional profile, and life accounts, of twenty teachers from public schools, t ogether with the articulation between such accounts, knowledge and teaching practice of one of those teachers. Quantitative method was applied in order to identify the personal and professional teaching profile, and so was the qualitative method in order t o analyse the accounts contents, in accordance with Bardin. Teachers answered several questions over the following subjects: 1) personal representation; 2) family and school life; 3) professional choice, 4) teaching training, and 5) teaching practice. We o bserved an incidence of the aspects above...

2. L’émergence de cinq paradoxes qui nous interrogent: vers un avenir complexe de la recherche en éducation - Sabirón Sierra, Fernando; Arraiz Pérez, Ana
In the first part of the article («classical epistemology and complexity»), the Kuhn’s Historicism is stated to oppose the binary classical scientific logic with the fuzzy logic of the Complexity. The contrast between two of the classical paradigms in research (positivist paradigm versus ethnographic paradigm), allows us to exemplify the consequent instrumental and communicative logics applied in the historical development of research in education. By opposition, it is suggested a current development from the epistemological principles of the Complexity. These principles are developed throughout the article and allow us to formulate the five paradoxes that articulate it 1) concerning how to interpret...

3. Évaluation du phénomène de suréducation au Cameroun - Issofou, Njifen
Overeducation is currently a major social problem in developing countries. It is another form of under- utilization of human skills. His analysis is an important issue for an economy like Cameroon. From an assessment view point, identification of overeducation in the light of many studies done in this area, based on different measures do not give hope to have a simple, accurate and complete measure. In traditional approaches called normative statistical and subjective, overeducation measure is made possible by setting a standard of education required. However, the choice of this standard is questionable because of its dual perception both objective...

4. Étude critique d’un questionnaire de diagnostic des habiletés - Raissouni, Amal
This article aims the verification of the metrological characteristics of a questionnaire drawn up by L. Benlafkih (2006), used in the «Gifted assistance program» by the Arabian Gulf University of Bahrain in order to diagnose the abilities of gifted people, in a Moroccan educational context –where it has never been applied before– , which targeted 414 students with high academic performance in the baccalaureat e cycle, through a differentiator theoretical model of giftedness and talent called DMGT 2.0 (F. Gagné, 2009). After this verification, it was found that only about 30% of the 140 items of the questionnaire met the international...

5. Trajectoires, profils et insertion professionnelle des enseignants du secondaire à Kinshasa en République Démocratique du Congo - Ntoto Ntoto, Firmin Phambu
This text deals with the world of teach ing in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It describes the professional lives of secondary school teachers of the city of Kinshasa, highlighting the flexibility and the atypical nature of their school and career path as well as the contents of their work an d the conditions of their employment. Indeed, the professional orientation of many secondary teachers in Democratic Republic of Congo is not always in accordance with their future career choice and the reasons for this choice remain at least very vague. Fu rthermore, access to the teaching profession has become unpredictable and is...

6. Repenser la présence – distance en formation : une clé phénoménologique pour comprendre l’émancipation de l’apprenant ? - Briançon, Muriel; Peyron-Bonjan, Christiane
Na sequência de um simpósio apresent ado no Colóquio organizado pelo CREAD de Rennes 2 em maio de 2012, as autor as sentir am necessidade de retomar os elementos da discussão e de trabalhar a problemática da presença e da distância na formação de um ponto de vista filosófico. Observando que os sentimentos de «distância» e de «presença» nos dispositivos de formação presenciais ou em linha são duas facetas do mesmo fenómeno paradoxal, esclarecem estas formas imaginárias graças ao pensamento do filósofo francês Nicolas Grimaldi. Esta reflexão fenomenológic a mostra que o aprendente é alienado por seu desejo d aquilo que ele não é...

7. Questions de revues - revue de questions: Éditorial - Marmoz, Louis

8. Respostes al retalla-enganxa acrític de fonts digitals? - Llorens Cerdà, Francesc

9. Competèncias informacionals i formació professional - Boluda Ivars, Óscar

10. Compartir conocimiento: El rol de variables psicológicas en líderes y colaboradores - Ignacio Castañeda Z, Delio
El objetivo de esta investigación es evaluar la relación de normas subjetivas, autoeficacia y valor percibido del conocimiento con la intención y la conducta de compartir conocimiento en líderes y colaboradores en organizaciones. Los datos se obtuvieron de 1027 participantes, el 23.1% líderes y el 76.9% colaboradores. Todas las hipótesis fueron consistentes con los datos. Se propuso un modelo sobre la relación entre las variables. Esta investigación contribuye a comprender los factores humanos en el enfoque conductual de la gestión del conocimiento.

11. El rol de la envidia benigna y maligna en la toma de decisiones estratégicas - Mola, Débora Jeannete; Godoy, Juan Carlos
This study aimed to examine the influence of benign and malicious envy upon offers from proponents with envious and envied status in the Ultimatum Game. Participants were 172 university students from Cordoba (Argentina). A factorial inter-subject 2 (type envy: benign and malicious) × 2 (condition of the participant: envied and envious) design was used, with an additional absolute control group. Offers in the Ultimatum Game were compared according to experimental condition. No statistically significant differences were observed between the different conditions. Nevertheless, the fear of being envied was positively associated with offers in the Ultimatum Game.

12. Análisis de los componentes en la adquisición de la lectura en castellano: Una aplicación del modelo logístico lineal - Alvarado Izquierdo, Jesús María; Puente Ferreras, Aníbal; Fernández, María Paz; Jiménez Rodríguez, Virginia
Se analizan los componentes básicos para la adquisición de la lectura en castellano mediante la aplicación del modelo logístico lineal de Fisher (Linear Logistic Test Model [LLTM]). Participaron en el estudio 245 niños y niñas de edades comprendidas entre los 4 y los 9 años a los que se administró una extensa batería diseñada para evaluar distintos procesos básicos para la lectura (PROBALES). Se aplicaron técnicas de análisis factorial para seleccionar un subconjunto de ítems que mostrasen ajuste al modelo de Rasch. El LLTM permitió confirmar la validez del modelo teórico según el cual el aprendizaje de la lectura descansa...

13. Papel mediador del afrontamiento de la competencia en la relación entre la concienciación y el florecimiento - Akin, Ahmet; Akin, Umran
The aim of this research is to investigate the mediator role of coping competence on the relationship between mindfulness and flourishing. Participants were 284 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale, the Coping Competence Questionnaire, and the Flourishing Scale. The relationships between coping competence, mindfulness, and flourishing were examined using correlation and regression analysis. According to results, both coping competence and flourishing were predicted positively by mindfulness. On the other hand, flourishing was predicted positively by coping competence. In addition, coping competence mediated on the relationship between mindfulness and flourishing. Together, the...

14. Efectos a largo plazo de los síntomas depresivos en una tarea de memoria de trabajo con y sin interferencia atencional - Botelho de Oliveira, Silvia; Jaimes Alvarado, Laura Fernanda; Conde Cotes, Carlos Arturo
The neurobiology of depression involves structural changes in the nervous system associated with cognitive processes such as memory and attention. This study sought to evaluate the long-term effect of depressive symptomatology (DS) using a task of visual working memory with or without attentional interference in college students. A 2 × 2 factorial design was used wherein the independent variables were the clinical condition (with and without DS) and the Memonum version (with and without interference of color). The Memonum consists of software to evaluate working memory through retention of direct digits, in two versions: a black-white (without interference) and another...

15. Diferencias en los patrones de distribución y en el uso de los principios distributivos surgidas de los niños de padres brasileños en Brasil y Estados Unidos - Rodrigues Sampaio, Leonardo; Ribeiro, Guilherme
Este estudio trató de investigar las diferencias en el modo de distribución de los recursos por parte de los niños en Brasil y Estados Unidos, y en la justificación de sus decisiones en una situación ficticia. La muestra se compuso de 178 niños de padres brasileños: 98 niños brasileños que viven en Brasil, y 80 niños americanos, poco familiarizados con la cultura brasileña. Se solicitó a los participantes que resolvieran un dilema distributivo, durante el cual los personajes con diferentes atributos personales se reunían para hacer un picnic en un parque público. Los resultados reflejaron que la mayoría de los...

16. Creencias sobre la pobreza relacionadas con la categorización social en la infancia - Amar Amar, José Juan; Abello Llanos, Raimundo; Martínez González, Marina; Monroy Agamez, Ernesto; Cortés Peña, Omar Fernando; Crespo Romero, Fernando Alexis
The aim of this study was to determine whether the social categorization of poverty during childhood is based on essentialist beliefs. The study included 121 children, aged 5 to 7, from different socioeconomic backgrounds living in the city of Barranquilla, Colombia. The children stated that the nature of this social category is based on situations external to the individuals rather than essentialist reasons. No significant differences were found as regards age, gender or socioeconomic status (SES), except in the capacity of the respondents to self-categorize their social status. Children who find fewer differences between members and non-members of a given...

17. Binge drinking: conductas sexuales de riesgo y drogas facilitadoras del asalto sexual en jóvenes españoles - Isorna Folgar, Manuel; Fariña Rivera, Francisca; Sierra Freire, Juan Carlos; Vallejo Medina, Pablo
Drug use (alcohol included) as a sexual-assault facilitator and risky sexual behavior are two important issues from a social and health perspective. This study aims to compare the attitudes towards these variables in a sample of 164 young people in conditions of intoxication vs sobriety. The sample consisted of 82 men and 82 women. Their mean age was 27.50 (SD = 3.72). Participants answered a sociodemographic questionnaire, a drug information questionnaire, and the Sexual Behaviors Scale. and moreover, Several Zaphir Deluxe Digital breathalyzers were also used to monitor alcohol level. This is a quasi- experimental study conducted using a within-subject...

18. El sesgo negativista y su repercusión en la conducta social: la influencia de las emociones en el comportamiento cooperativo - Amaya Durán, Laura E.; Ballesteros Valderrama, Blanca Patricia; López López, Wilson
This study undertook to provide information on the relevance of the tools used to study the influence of emotional conduct in cooperative behavior. It also attempts to present an analysis of the association between the social value orientation (SVO) scale of the slider measure of social values (Murphy, Handgraaf & Ackermann, 2011) and the results obtained in the prisoner’s dilemma game, as well as the study of the ability of two visual stimuli to induce emotional behavior, assessed as negative or positive. The method applied was based on the degree of dependence between the prisoner’s dilemma and SVO measurements, and...

19. La percepción de calidad y fidelidad en clientes de centros de fitness low cost - García Fernández, Jerónimo; Fernandez Gavira, Jesús; Bernal García, Ainara
The low-cost approach is a current trend, which has recently become the vogue in the fitness industry, with its frequent use of the new information and communication technologies. However, due to the novelty this approach, it is unknown how customers perceive their services and the type of customers who will use these sports facilities. The aim of this study is to analyze quality perception and future behavioral intentions of low-cost fitness centers customers, as well as to examine whether there are significant differences in sociodemographic characteristics, and the use of Facebook and the Internet. To this effect, a study was...

20. Percepción de conflicto intergrupal y su relación con la adhesión a creencias esencialistas - Cruz Pillancari, Milena; Vargas Velázquez, Daniela; Vargas Vida, Ricardo; Estrada Goic, Claudia
This research study covers the relation between perception of conflict (in two groups: intragroup and extragroup) and adherence to essentialist beliefs. The hypothesis made states that perception of a higher conflict level between intragroup and extragroup is associated with an increase in essentialist beliefs. This means that this increase occurs pursuant to the belief that groups exist as a consequence of sharing profound elements amongst members, thus becoming real and natural (not socially created) groups. This hypothesis establishes a new approach to the application of this implicit theory, as it seeks to understand not only its negative consequences, but also...

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