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DIALNET OAI Articles (571,267 recursos)
Dialnet (Difusión de Alertas en la Red) es una plataforma de recursos y servicios documentales, cuyo objetivo fundamental se centra en mejorar la visibilidad y el acceso a la literatura científica hispana a través de Internet.

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 12,864

1. Valoración bioquímica, nutricional y médica en deportistas de la asamblea departamental del deporte de Chuquisaca 2010. - Mojica, Marycruz
Biochemical, nutritional and medical monitoring of the athlete, is considered as a complex but effective way to correct the direction of athletic training. The information obtained from biochemical analysis, that value various metabolites and substrates present in the blood, urine, saliva or sweat are indicators of active muscles, the anthropometric measurements: weight, height and body mass allow to make Nutritional assessment and medical evaluation by examination of blood pressure, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate permit to assess the athlete's cardiovascular function, emphasizing that the main objective of these controls is to help coaches to get the maximum performance...

2. Riesgo y Beneficio del Meloxicam frente al Diclofenaco en pacientes con Artritis Reumatoides Sucre 2008. - Chara, Flora; Encinas, Silvia; Martínez, Evelyn; Mendieta, Anabel; Rodas, Beatriz; Rodríguez, Soledad
This work was done to make a study on the benefit risk ratio of Meloxicam vs. Diclofenac, in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune, degenerative and progressive disease characterized by causing inflammation in the in the synovium of joints (membrane which feeds, protects and covers the cartilage), very common in our environment, since one in ten people suffers it. According to this research the disease occurs more often in women (63%) and not necessarily elderly, usually starts at age 20-43 years old, men can get it too. 30% of our study patients suffer the disease 3 years ago,...

3. Relación talla - peso en los niños del kínder garden "Benicio Montero Mallo" de la ciudad de Potosí, gestión 2012. - Mamani, Tito; Marleny, Magali; Vargas, Macario; Vargas, Roxana
The subject of nutrition disorders is consideredreally important because theconsumptiondeficit influencesintellectual performance, if thisdeficit is excessive, it causes changesin the body, like adecreased of the immune system performance. Therefore, it isimportant that children consumeadequate amounts ofnutrientsdaily to have an optimal level of health. For these reasons the following research question was posed: What is therelationship between length and weight in children who attend ¿Benicio Montero Mallo¿ Kinder Garden in Potosi, in 2012? This study was performed using formulas of ideal size and weight. This study presents anon-experimentaldescriptive and retrospective design, with the totaluniverse consideredfor the present studyof 137students of the...

4. Prevalencia de uso del sildenafil (viagra) en la población masculina de la ciudad de Sucre. 2008 - Acho, Eusebia; Barja, Dolly; Paredes, Sandra; Quispe, Gimena
This research aims to determine the prevalence of use of sildenafil (Viagra) in the male population in the city of Sucre. In our study we relied on interviews to collect information on the male population consuming sildenafil from the different pharmacies in the city of Sucre and also to pharmaceutical dispensers. Through this research it was observed that the age of the people using this medication is more often between 20 and 51, and less frequently over 51. Most consumers purchase sildenafil without prescription in pharmacies as it is delivered without requiring the same. In most cases people who buy...

5. Prevalencia de infecciones de transmisión sexual y VIH/SIDA en mujeres de 15 a 49 años, que realizarón consultas médicas en el centro de salud "Leo Schwarz" de la localidad de Muyupampa del departamento de Chuquisaca - gestión 2010. - Huayta, Loida; Chambi, Dionicia
Sexual health is a personal issue of each individual in society and to achieve full health in sexuality is a priority of the same. In order to achieve an integral health it is important to promote and maintain sexual health allowing a health improvement and therefore the personal and society welfare. In recent years, the low level of information transmission of these health problems make think that these disease do not exist anymore; which is not true. Bolivia has a young population structure, with major problems of sexual and reproductive health, derived of the delimited information and education access. Due to...

6. Valorar la incidencia de escoliosis en los estudiantes de la unidad educativa Benicio Montero Mallo gestión 2012 Potosí. - Delgado, Miguel; Martínez, Dayana; Pereira, Judith; Portillo, Noemi; Troncoso, Carlos
Scoliosis is a deviation o fthe spine tha tprevents a complete straightening of this, children almostnever feelpainwhen developing,so it isimportant to controlor prevent problems, however if the curvatureincreases,islikely to developarthritis, infections respiratoryand heart problems. For these reasonsitstated the following: To assess the incidenceof scoliosisin the students ofthe Educational UnitManagementBenicioMallo2012MonteroPotosi.The designis non-experimental, descriptive and retrospective. The total universe considered for the study is 295students, representing the number of students of the Education Unit, with the sample students in 4th, 5th and 6th which corresponds to a numbe rof 124, with 68boys and 56 girls,were selected for convenience.The methods used were the...

7. Uso racional del Omeprazol, en pacientes comprendidos entre 21 y 45 años de edad que acuden a farmacias comunitarias de la ciudad de Sucre - Bolivia, gestión 2008. - Arce, Marcela; Cari, Heidy; Escobar, Mariana; Magne, Edson
The hyperacidity, very common and extremely uncomfortable for who suffers it, affects 10% of the adult population. This high rate entails to use medicines like Omeprazol, for free sale in the pharmaceutical market. For that reason, a research work has been done, asking and interviewing people.The survey involved 200 patients between 21 and 45 years old that go to communitarian pharmacies in Sucre and who use Omeprazol, as well as to 40 pharmaceutical professionals who work in these pharmacies. In the survey to patients is obtained the following results: predominant sex, women (64%); age group, 20 - 24 years old (28%); time...

8. Prevalencia de Gardnerella Vaginalis en estudiantes de la U.T.A.F. que acuden al seguro social universitario, Potosí gestión 2010 - 2011 - Flores, Celina; Chambi, Jacqueline; Tola, Sandra; Zambrana, Noemy
Vaginitis is a sexually transmitted disease that can produce an irritating vaginal discharge (vaginitis) clinical picture in women, because it is a germ that causes primarily bacterial vaginosis in the company of other aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of vaginitis in women in reproductive age and it represents a complex change in vaginal flora characterized by a reduction in the prevalence and concentration of lactobacilli that produce hydrogen peroxide and an increase in the prevalence and concentration of Gardnerella vaginalis.Thus an extensive research about its causes and consequences to society, physically and psychologically as...

9. Propuesta de un protocolo de mantenimiento de equipos y accesorios que se emplean en el servicio de rayos x del Hospital Santa Bárbara de agosto a octubre de 2009. - Characayo, Nancy; Nuñes, Luis
In most of the departments the factor time had primordial importance, and its economy is benefical. Therefore, the useful information that is transmitted to the personnel of service before this it undertakes trip a beautiful time that sometimes gets lost trying to get the reserves that correspond can economize. The technical radiologist should know enough about the maintenance like to identify the problem by means of a logical succession of verifications and determinations, so, whenever he/she can, capture the beginning of a damage so that it is possible to correct it before serious damages take place. With this manual it is...

10. Prevalencia de litiasis hepato - biliar, en personas del Barrio Japón de la ciudad de Sucre, a través del método ultrasonográfico como forma de diagnóstico oportuno y precoz. - Roncal, Carlos; Calderón, Marisol
The Ultrasonographi is a method of diagnostic non invasive that will help us to diagnose the lutes presence in the system hepatic - people's of a certain area of our city, to show us the prevalence with this affection appears in our society. It is an area in our society that regard their economic conditions not very favourable. They do not have the necessary knowledge about the importance of being carried out periodic exams and with it to prevent the succession of pathologies but complicated. The prevalence of this pathology to offer to people that go to the realization of this...

11. Relación de efectos adversos y grado de eficacia del antídoto del paracetamol después de una sobre dosis, comprobado en conejos. - Almanza, Mónica; Flores, Eddith; Condori, Laura; López, Soraida; Mendieta, Vivian Del Rosario
The present work was carried out under the vision of to investigate and to base the consequences of the excessive consumption of paracetamol and the damage that it takes place when ingesting high doses. The type of work is: Scientific experimental, explanatory of longitudinal court. It could observe indeed that the dose administered to each one of the rabbits was positive causing adverse effects: being one rabbit free of dosage that which is good us to be able to value the changes. It gives us the case of the second one that was dosed with a normal dose of 1ml according...

12. Técnica alternativa de preservación de material biológico humano, implementando reactivos químicos de uso común. - Delgado, Susana Julia; De la Cruz, María Luisa; Encinas, Nino Antenor; Mezza, Jhonny Alberto
The estimation of the effects of climate change on water resources is of great importance in regions with arid and semiarid climates where water availability is limited, such as 034 irrigation district of Zacatecas, Mex. The reliability of the estimate depends directly on the quality of each of the time series of weather variables to use, having to have continuous records and unaltered by anthropogenic conditions. In this paper we apply nonparametric tests Standard Normal Homogeneity (SNHT for its acronym in English), and PettittBuishand to determine the record length data homogeneous maximum temperature, and precipitation Miniña each weather station that...

13. Prevalencia de hábitos bucales y su relación con las mal oclusiones en niños de edad preescolar pertenecientes a la red 1 de la ciudad de Sucre, 2012. - Carvajal, José; Carvajal, Carmiñia; Escudero, Ermelinda; Romero, Marcelo
Introduction: A habit is any act acquired through experience and regularly perform dun consciously. The importance of oral habits lies that may interfere with the development dental occlusion.Objective: To determine the prevalence of oral habit sand its relation to malocclusions in preschool children, belonging to the RED 1, of the City of Sucre. Methods: It is and exploratory, descript viand cross study, because by observing it was identified the prevalence of oral habit sand their relationship to malocclusion in preschool children of the City of Sucre. The number of children included in this study was 263. The detection of different...

14. Prevalencia de labio fisurado y paladar hendido en niños de edad preescolar del municipio de Zudáñez, 2012. - Carvajal, José; Carvajal, Pamela; Carvajal, Carmiñia; Henners, Hellen; Romero, Marcelo
Introduction: Cleft Lip and cleft Palate are facial and oral congenital malformations that can occur alone or simultaneously. Objective: To determine the prevalence of cleft lip and cleft palate in preschool children in Zudañez town, 2012. Methodology: It is an exploratory, descriptive and transversal study. The number of children included in this study was 67. It was taken into account only the children who were present in their schools as the time of the oral review, which was conducted by qualified dental professionals. It was also performed an interview with the parents of the children who had birth defects in...

15. Prevalencia de la desnutrición en niños menores de 5 años en la comunidad de mosojllajta del departamento de Chuquisaca en el periodo de agosto de 2010 al mes de mayo del 2011. - Amusquivar, Shirley; Barja, Bernardina; Espino, Maribel
The research is the result of obtaining demographic data and health which expresses the lifestyle and the importance of health personnel to attend and perform such actions. This work will be released through graphs and pictures each of the needs of the population, with greater emphasis on the nutritional status of children under five who are under consideration, knowing that malnutrition in our country is third cause of mortality and morbidity by which programs are created to prevent and reduce the prevalence of malnutrition. We try to explain in detail what they mean malnutrition, as well as the different causes that produce...

16. Riesgo de caries según los niveles de infección de Streptococcus Mutansen el binomio madre niño atendidos en la Clínica de Odontopediatría de la Facultad de odontología de mayo a agosto de 2013. - Justiniano, Laura; Velásquez, Carolina; Moscoso, Mauricio; Murillo, Ximena; Albornoz, Celia
In Bolivia caries in children not just a public health problem but also a social problem due to its relationship with the educational level of the household. Although caries affects children of all socioeconomic levels are higher in children of low socioeconomic status. Caries is a multifactorial disease, but the presence of high levels of S. mutans is critical, so this study is essential to determine levels. Mutans in our pediatric population, and implement educational measures to reduce these levels. With this research will include information on the number of S. mutans (primary etiologic agent of dental caries) patients have children...

17. Valoración de hierro, capacidad de fijación de hierro y transferrina en embarazadas. Hospital Gíneco- Obstétrico y San Pedro Claver. Sucre-2008. - Alvino, Febe; Barrancos, Liliana; Daza, Jeanet; Mendieta, Anabel
Iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutritional deficiency and the leading cause of anemia worldwide. This lack is mainly due to a low intake of bioavailable iron, increased requirements (growth, pregnancy) and increased losses from menstruation. Anemia during pregnancy is a concern, as it is associated with premature delivery, increased morbidity and increased mortality, both maternal and fetal , being the most frequent in our country, the one caused by iron deficiency, which is particularly severe. This paper aims to assess the concentration of serum iron, iron binding capacity and serum transferrin in pregnant women attending the Obstetrics and Gynecology and...

18. Tamizaje serológico para Chagas aplicando el método de hemaglutinación indirecta en embarazadas. Hospital San Antonio de los sauces de Monteagudo. Primer semestre gestión 2008. - Boutier, Gabriela; Zambrana, Lizet; Tapia, Karen
Chagas disease is one of the most important endemic diseases in Latin America becoming one of the biggest public health problems nowadays. Bolivia is among the most affected countries. It is believed that the prevalence varies from 20% to 40% in general population and that of those who are infected 30% suffered cardiac complications and / or gastrointestinal disease. And there is also the rate of seroprevalence of pregnant women ranging from 17 to 81% and an incidence of vertical transmission from 5% to 6%. The way of transplacental transmission is a continuous source of transmission that cannot be prevented, compared to...

19. Prevalencia del mal de Chagas en niños de 9 meses a 15 años de edad en el municipio de Aiquile, Provincia Campero, Cochabamba. 2007 - 2008 - Cortez, Mario
Chagas disease is a chronic disease caused by infection of the protozoan T. cruzi. The parasite is transmitted to humans by a group of insects of the family Reduviidae, being the vinchuca (Triatomainfestans) the main vector. This disease can be transmitted, besides vector transmissions, congenitally: by blood transfusions or organ transplants. This infection affects in a variable degree different organs and systems, especially the heart and the gastrointestinal tract. Knowing this background is set the target of this investigation, which was designed to determine the prevalence of this disease in children under the age of 9 months to 15 years in the...

20. Prevalencia de disfunción tiroidea en niños y adolescentes con baja talla, sobrepeso y su relación con el bajo rendimiento escolar, Sucre 2008 - Herrera, Sabina; Lima, Juan; Mercado, Jhonny; Muñoz, Carla; Nina, Nelida; Vera, Carla; Vera, Paola
The thyroid hormones are an important element in a person¿s organism used for physical an intellectual development, the thyroid function could be distorted in those whose present overweight, short stature and altering the intellectual performance too. The thyroid hormones clinic analysis was made between July and September of 2008 (winter) in Sucre at the schools of: Sagrado Corazon, Humbolt, Pestalozzi, SagradaFamilia y Juana Azurduy de Padilla to determinate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction on kids and teenagers between 8 and12 years. This work permit to know the importance of thyroid¿s dysfunction as an element affecting the normal growing and develop of child...

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