López Morales, José María
Benítez Aurioles, Beatriz
Ramajo Hernández, Julián; Márquez Paniagua, Miguel Ángel
The objective of this work is to provide an exploratory analysis of the economic effects of various Operational Programs implemented in Extremadura, the only Spanish region that, in the context of the European Cohesion Policy, still remains in the group of less developed regions (with a per capita income lower than 75% of the European average). After carrying out an examination of some of the most relevant socio-economic characteristics of Extremadura, a homogeneous summary of the expenditure made during the programming periods 2000-2006 and 2007-2013 is included as a starting point, followed by a brief description of the general spending...
Atwi Saab, Majed; Barberán Ortí, Ramón; Mur Lacambra, Jesús
La curva de Kuznets (EKC) predice que la degradación medioambiental se intensifica inicialmente al aumentar la renta per cápita, para disminuir a continuación tras haber alcanzado cierto nivel de renta o "turning point". Esta estructura se traduce en una relación en forma de U invertida entre ambas variables. Existe abundante literatura sobre el tema que corrobora la existencia de una elasticidad neta positiva para la calidad medioambiental. Sin embargo, los resultados son controvertidos. Analizamos el caso de CO2 comparando los resultados de las estimaciones transversales, con las derivadas de un enfoque panel. Para ello utilizamos datos de 182 países durante...
Jiménez, Jackeline; Alvarado, Rafael
The objective of this research is to examine empirically the relationship between labor productivity and human capital with regional poverty in Ecuador. In order to correct the bias caused by endogeneity and the omission of spatial dependence, we used regressions with instrumental variables and spatial econometric techniques. We estimated two sets of regressions. In the first, the dependent variable is the poverty rate and the independent variable is human capital. In the second, the poverty rate is a function of labor productivity. In both sets of models we include covariates associated with the social and economic characteristics of the regions....
Segarra Blasco, Agustí
The aim of the study is to analyze the impact of public support on R&D investment among Catalan firms. The text approaches the analysis from a triple perspective. Firstly, it details the characteristics of Catalan firms that have benefitted from public support for R&D. Secondly, it establishes whether public support fulfills the principle of additionality and stimulates the innovative efforts of Catalan companies. And thirdly, it analyses whether support affects the composition of private investments in R&D. To address these issues, we have information
provided by the questionnaires of the Community Innovative Survey (CIS) which,
based on a sample of 3,410 Catalan...
Peñate Valentín, María Concepción; Sánchez Carreira, María del Carmen
Public sector could play a crucial role as consumer to foster innovation through public procurement of innovation (PPI). PPI is a R&D, innovation and development policy tool, which shows high potential and relevance in OECD economies. In comparison with other tools, its main advantages are guaranteeing a considerable launch market for innovations developed by the private sector, as well as reducing risks linked with new and expensive technologies. For the public sector, this tool improves the efficiency and quality of public services, and contributes to reduce costs in the medium and long term. The main aim of this paper is...
Andrés-Rosales, Roldán; Bustamante Lemu, Carlos; Saraí Ramírez Argumosa, Giovanna
The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the importance of social exclusion and its relationship to economic growth in the main Mexican regions. The principal components technique was used to build a multi-dimensional indicator based on the information provided by the Mexican Institute for Statistics and Geography (INEGI), by taking into account the main factors provoking such exclusion. An econometric inference on the regional growth was made using the spatial panel data to find the direct and indirect effects that it has on the social exclusion in the different regions of this country.
Navarro Espigares, José Luis; Aureliano Martín Segura, José; Pérez López, César; Maraver Tarifa, Guillermo
Spain is one of the European countries with more municipalities adhering to the Local Agenda 21 (LA21). Environmental spending exerts a great influence on implementing LA21. But some authors raise doubts about the firm commitment of local governments to LA21 objectives. Thus, the main objective of this paper is to verify whether political commitment is backed up with action towards meeting the objectives of sustainable development by means of budgetary support for waste management policies. To accomplish this, we applied the Difference in Differences technique for the period 2002-2012 in the Spanish municipalities. Our initial results confirmed the original hypotheses...
Soza Amigo, Sergio; Aroca, Patricio
By using OECD Input-Output in three different periods of time: mid-1990’s, beginning and end of the 2000’s, we discuss the evolution of their economic structures and their sectors along with a comparison among their structural similarities, measures by their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita in purchaser’s power parities (ppp). Structural changes and similarities are discussed using fields of influence. The results revealed that economies tend to be stable in their structures depending on their level of development and the profusion of their fields of influence, with the exception of two countries with low GDP per capita but economic structures...
Dantas Oliveira, Rafael; Costa Nogueira, Ricardo Jorge da Cunha
O objetivo do presente artigo demonstrar um panorama acerca da gesto da inovao e subveno econmica em micro e pequenas empresas (MPEs) no Estado do Amazonas. Para tanto, sero utilizados dados oficiais publicados em lngua portuguesa, na base de dados da Pesquisa de Inovao (PINTEC), do Instituto Nacional de Propriedade Industrial (INPI), da Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP) e da Fundao de Amparo Pesquisa do Estado do Amazonas (FAPEAM) com projetos e editais de subveno econmica ligados gesto da inovao em MPEs. A metodologia utilizada de natureza exploratria e descritiva, de abordagem qualitativa. Os principais resultados foram que h...
Vallejo Franco, Beatriz Eugenia
This article analyzes the relationship between the development of the concept of human security and the emerging norm of responsibility to protect, based on the most emblematic cases of international intervention in events of massive violations of rights within a state. The term human security emerged in 1994 in a report of the United Nations Development Program. It is a broader concept of security than the one traditionally assumed, which demonstrates that this concept, in the eye of the United Nations, is no longer valid only for states, but also, and increasingly, for people. While it has to do with...
Aguilar Zambrano, José Javier; Rene Yepes, Edgar
Organizational capabilities are those behavioral routines oriented to develop a specific task (NELSON; WINTER, 1982). These capabilities define what the company knows to do and how must to do it. Nevertheless, the repetitive character of these capabilities could be producing stopped processes (METCALFE, 1995) which both limit the generation of new capabilities and diminishing the dynamism in the production, reproduction and reconfiguration of new capabilities (TEECE; PISANO, 1997). This article compares and analyzes different theoretical-conceptual perspectives for generation and reconfiguration of technological capabilities within an organization. Additionally this article suggests that dynamic capabilities to make feasible innovation processes within an...
De Arco Paternina, Lilian Karina; Barrio Barcelo, Hugo de Jesus; Parra Ortega, Ginna Mercedes
This article describes the feasibility of implementing the educational modality known as Blended learning in the specialization of petroleum refining and basic petrochemical processes engineering at the University of San Buenaventura, Cartagena sectional. For this purpose, information was collected through virtual surveys carried out on the target population, the study of the economic and financial viability of the project was carried out and the results were presented to the corresponding entities of the University. Within the study, we identified nine drivers or agents motivating decision as well as the financial viability obtained through indicators such as net present value and...
Tello Yandún, Henry Patricio; Morocho Macas, Ángel A.; Bonilla Carchi, Sonia Marlene
The tax stander establishes only the term of prescription for the refund request of the
improperly paid, being necessary to determine the deadlines for the prescription for refund
request of VAT. The objective of this study is to determine the period of time to request
about the improperly paid, carrying out a critical analysis of the Ecuadorian tax regulations
and the pronouncements of the competent authority, the analogy being an admissible
procedure to fill the voids of the law. As such, it is concluded that the period of the
refunded duly paid prescribed in 5 years.
Longarela Ares, Ángeles
The reduction of harmful emissions and energy costs derived from merchant ships are key
objectives for maritime shipping. Greater investment in cost-efficient measures could help
achieve these goals. Consequently, the study of the factors that incentivise their adoption
becomes interesting to encourage investment. This paper presents a literature review of
investment in energy efficiency in maritime shipping focusing on decision-making and
Picasso Salazar, Emmanuel; Ruiz Ceseña, Francisco Isaías; Torres García, Alberto Francisco
Baja California Sur (BCS) is one of the most important tourist destinations in the southern
part of the state. We are talking about Los Cabos. However, given the geographical
conditions of the entity it is difficult for the north to benefit from the tourism activity
developed in the aforementioned destination. The north of BCS has the presence of highly
potential natural resources for the development of tourist activities directed to nature
tourism. In this sense, it is pertinent to carry out a study that exposes the opportunities in
the trial zone for the development of tourism activities based on the natural attractions,
thus leading to the delimited...
Núñez Tobías, Lluvia Nohemí; Juárez Mancilla, Judith
In this paper are studied the factors involved in the assessment carried out by the
consumer once the service was experienced, and how that contributes to explain the level
of quality in the service that the client assigns to the experience has led to the emergence
of quality of service evaluation models. It is studied the dimensions proposed in 8 quality
models that are recognized and accepted in the area by analyzing the direction of the
causal relationship of the factors identified in each of the models towards the customer
satisfaction construct. By establishing a categorization of quality determinants it was
identified the dimension that evokes the...
Sarzosa Rivera, Estefanía Soledad; Medina Chicaiza, Ricardo Patricio
This paper aims to develop a quantitative measurement strategy for news on social
channels for cantonal governments in the province of Tungurahua, in Ecuador. Six phases
were defined: definition of objectives, definition of criteria to be evaluated, selection of
technological tools, monitoring of accounts, analysis and presentation of results,
positioning alternatives. The problem that is detected is, the low positioning of the social
channels of cantonal governments and the ignorance of technological tools to support this
activity. Empirical and theoretical methods were used in addition to the Fanpage Karma
tools for Facebook and Twitter, as well as Foller me for Twitter, which allows obtaining
Fernández Felices, Diego; Guardarucci, Isidro; Puig Gabau, Jordi
This paper studies the distributive impact of the tax system in Argentina using
the last two available Household Expenditure Surveys for 2004/05 and 2012/13.
Calculations were made using both household per capita income and household per
capita consumption as welfare indicators. By using household per capita income,
the tax system puts relatively more pressure on both tails of the distribution, being approximately constant for the intermediate deciles. On the other hand, choosing
per capita consumption as welfare indicator makes the tax system roughly
proportional, with the exception of the last decile, where tax pressure becomes
much higher. These differences on...