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DIALNET OAI Articles (920.466 recursos)

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 25.755

  1. Quantitative analysis of brick-faced masonry: examples from some large imperial buildings in Rome

    Medri, Maura; Di Cola, Valeria; Mongodi, Samuele; Pasquali, Giorgia
    This paper aims to present some preliminary results of an ongoing study which started from the analysis of the external brick facing of the Aurelianic Walls. The methodology employed was to analyse the brick facing by sampling the brick wall surfaces, drawing consistent areas of 1x1 m2 in CAD, based on rectified photographs. These samples were then measured in detail to make a quantitative-statistical analysis of the elements constituting the brick facings, in order to yield standard parameters which could meaningfully describe their features. In this first part of the work, we tried to compare some of the most important...

  2. Ubicazione delle cave di pietra da calce utilizzata come materia prima degli intonaci romani nella Lombardia occidentale

    Bugini, Roberto; Folli, Luisa
    Lime as building material was widely diffused in Roman architecture of western Lombardy. The presence of magnesite (magnesium carbonate) was detected in painted plasters coming from roman sites of Milano: magnesite indicates the use of dolomite to make the lime. Dolomite rocks widely outcrop in the Lombard Prealps: light grey dolomites and dolomitic limestones (Dolomia del Salvatore, Ladinian-Anisian); grey dolomites, sometimes with cyclothemes (Dolomia Principale, Norian). There is no evidence of Roman lime quarries or kilns in this area; the Romans probably exploited the same dolomite outcrops, located along the eastern shore of lake Maggiore, where lime was produced from...

  3. Refuerzo de fustes de columna en la arquitectura monumental de Italica (prov. Baetica): aplicación de nuevas tecnologías para la reconstrucción de una práctica singular

    Rodríguez Gutiérrez, Oliva; Rodríguez Medina, Jesús; Pinto Puerto, Francisco; Angulo Fornos, Roque
    The pieces under study presented in this paper come from the already well known “Traianeum" of Italica (prov. Baetica, present Santiponce, Seville), a huge complex area, formed by a wide open square with a main central temple, built according to the extension of the city with a new quarter in Hadrian times. Most of them, fragments of column shafts, offer very peculiar technical features: canals for metallic dowels, cavities for marble tasselli and holes for also metallic staples or cramps. All these systems had the aim of reinforce a valuable material with potential structure problems. The ensemble is unique because...

  4. Desde las figlinae a los edificios: el uso del barro cocido en el sur de la Baetica

    Roldán Gómez, Lourdes; Bustamante Álvarez, Macarena
    We analyzed the utilization of the o. testaceum in urban contexts of southern Andalusia (Hispania), especially in Carteia and Baelo Claudia. This shall be considered as a single study of the production process, from the figlinae, the distribution to its application in buildings. Therefore, the analysis of these pieces will be accompanied with a spatial assessment of their territorium and the sigilla that as well appear on these materials. We have to highlight that some of them are indicators of productive patterns.

  5. Reassessing Roman ceramic building materials: economics, logistics and social factors in the supply of tile to Dorchester on Thames, Oxfordshire

    Peveler, Edward C.
    This research explores the supply of Roman ceramic building materials to Dorchester on Thames, Oxfordshire. Mineralogy and bulk chemistry of tile fabrics were analysed by thin-section and scanning electron microscopy. The assemblage from this Roman ‘small town’ has shown, besides the existence of local manufacture, that tegulae were on occasion transported c. 50 km by road to the site. The ‘pink grog-tempered ware’ fabric in which some tegulae were made is analogous to a fabric used to produce large storage jars in the vicinity of Stowe Park, Buckinghamshire. Analysis and discussion of the mechanisms and logistics which facilitated the production...

  6. Il Progetto Domus Tiberiana (Roma): gli approvvigionamenti di laterizi per i cantieri adrianei lungo la Nova Via

    Serlorenzi, Mirella; Coletti, Fulvio; Traini, Lino; Camporeale, Stefano
    The Domus Tiberiana Project started in 2013 and is coordinated by the Soprintendenza Speciale per il Colosseo e l’area archeologica centrale di Roma. It aims at a new and comprehensive study of the first imperial palace on the Palatine. Several aspects are considered, integrating the results of preceding research into new analyses archived inside the GIS SITAR of the Soprintendenza: the study of wall stratigraphy, building techniques, decoration systems, archaeological finds, and architectural restorations. This paper shows the first results of the survey of building techniques and materials used in the Hadrianic block along the western section of the Nova...

  7. Lifting and transport by sea of great stone columns : evidence of traditional methods used in 18th and 19th century building programs as a clue to reconstructing Roman marble transport processes

    Barresi, Paolo
    Aim of this paper is to investigate the traditional technologies of lifting and sea transport of large stone blocks (time spent for sea transport, ways of charging and stewing large stone pieces, number of people engaged) with evidence from 18th and 19th century Italy, as a key to understand ancient Roman practices. I shall use data from reconstruction of the 5th century Christian basilica of St. Paul at Rome, burnt in 1823, where new granite shafts, mainly from Italian quarries, replaced the Roman ones. Other documentary sources help to understand some details related to heavy transport, otherwise unknown for Roman...

  8. El transporte de grandes fustes monolíticos por el interior de la trama urbana de Roma

    Pensabene, Patrizio; Domingo Magaña, Javier Á.
    One of the questions we have to answer when studying the process of building Rome’s huge temples is how their large monolithic shafts were moved through the city. The shafts used in some of the temples were enormous. For example, the temple of Antoninus and Faustina in the Roman Forum and the Forum of Peace were built, respectively, with shafts of cipollino and granito rosa from Aswan. They would have had to have been taken through the city centre where manoeuvring such large loads through the narrow streets would not have been an easy task. We will attempt to hypothesise not...

  9. La Casa de Hacienda de Shuracpamba: visión arquitectónica desde el análisis estratigráfico

    Aguirre Ullaur, María del Cisne
    Shuracpamba, a colonial farm located in southern Ecuador, has remained in anonimity. With the aim of making some of the particularities of this architectural complex; tasks such as bibiliographic research and in situ recognition of the preserved building have been carried out. This research is one of the few texts that addresses the object and some of its multiple dimensions, although partially, by constructing its historical and historical-constructive sequence, and tying them in with some social and historical connections. Additionally, this is the first research to test the statigraphic constructive methodological analysis by evidencing five building campaigns, materials and techniques...

  10. Evidencias de arquitectura de materiales perecederos en Buenos Aires, Argentina (siglos XVI-XVIII)

    Schavelzon, Daniel
    The indigenous population occupying the place where Buenos Aires was founded in 1580 has always been seen as nomadic or semi-nomadic. This has been interpreted as having no form of architecture, or what used left no traces that archeology could recover. A review of studies already done in the city shows at least two cases in which a series of postholes located in lines could indicate the likely presence of so-called indigenous awnings. That is evidence of having been made constructions with vertical posts and closed with branches, straw or hides of cows or horses as recorded in historical documentation,...

  11. Montículos arqueológicos, actividades y modos de habitar: vivienda y uso del espacio doméstico en Santiago del Estero (tierras bajas de Argentina)

    Taboada, Constanza
    This paper intends to provide information to a subject which has not been studied yet -the aboriginal domestic dwellings in Santiago del Estero plain, Argentina. For that reason we have tried to relate this issue to that of the typical mounds of the area, based on archaeological studies. We propose a theoretical model and methodological strategies to overcome the limitations imposed by a perishable architecture. This allowed us to identify the first signs of a covered area with a floor. With the reinterpretation of bibliographic data we were able to define different situations about activities, construction and lifestyles that permitted...

  12. El puente romano de Alcántara: nueva documentación arqueológica y evidencias constructivas previas

    Pizzo, Antonio
    This paper presents part of the results in two research projects about the architecture of the Roman Lusitania. The bridge of Alcantara (Cáceres) has been object of an exhaustive study, which includes new graphic documentation and the analysis of historical and structural transformations of the monument. Different evidences support the hypothesis of an existing architectural project for an earlier bridge, which probably was never finished. Two external arches and a vault of a structure underneath the Trajan bridge indicates the existence of a very different construction to the monument that can be seen nowadays. That first bridge, crucial for the...

  13. El uso de la cal en la construcción durante la Prehistoria reciente : nuevas aportaciones para el levante de la península Ibérica

    Jover Maestre, Francisco Javier; Pastor Quiles, M.; Martínez Mira, Isidro; Vilaplana-Ortego, Eduardo
    The uses of lime in building tasks in the Late Prehistory along the Mediterranean area, constitutes one of the most relevant questions in the research process in the last decades. The important difficulties to determine with reliability the presence of anthropic lime among the building materials obtained from the archeological places is been commented in different studies. To identify this pyrotechnological product in the prehistoric constructions, distinguishing it from natural lime, is really important due to the social and environmental implications that its uses and production involve. The application of an ample analysis protocol to several samples coming from different...

  14. Materiali e tecniche costruttive del Mugello tra basso Medioevo e prima Età Moderna

    Arrighetti, Andrea
    Mugello is a medium-high seismic risk area situated on the Italian Apennine mountain range, between Tuscany and Emilia Romagna. The territory is characterized by a large presence of long duration settlements characterized by well-preserved historic buildings, most of which are religious’ architectonical complexes. An area of Mugello, between 2010 and 2014, was characterized by the project "Archaeology of Buildings and seismic risk in Mugello", a research focused on testing the potential information of the process of archaeological analysis of buildings as a form of knowledge, prevention and protection of medieval seismic risk settlements. Among the results that have emerged from...

  15. Jardins de fora e dentro: Novos móveis em oitocentos

    Tojal, Alexandre
    In the context of a doctoral study, focused in the nineteenth century domestic gardens, the specific furniture emerges as a challenging research area, raising an autonomous discursive knowledge. The increase of domestic gardens reaches significant values in Lisbon since the mid of the 1800’s. However the seduction by gardens is not confined to the exterior; plants and flowers invade the interior landscape under diferent intensities. Winter gardens, rooms, parlours, verandas and transitional areas are contaminated by a vegetal world wich claims for new furniture. Cast iron pots, white earthenware pots, Japan pots, Rouen pots, jardinieres , tables, aquariums, wicker and bamboo chairs, swings and...

  16. Estudo, conservação e restauro de um estojo de faqueiro do século XVIII

    Santos, Alexandra; Barata, Carolina; Subtil, Eulália; Frade, José; Amorim da Silva, José Luís
    The intervention of conservation and restoration of an eighteenth century cutlery case and its historical, material and technical study, allowed not only to restore the physical integrity and original function of the case, but also to deepen the knowledge about the materials and constructive system of the storage furniture, which embodies an important testimony of the table etiquette developed in the Portugues e society of the eighteenth century, under the influence of the French court of Louis XIV . This article aims to describe the historical and aesthetical context in which this piece has emerged and its material and technical features...

  17. Mobiliário lusíada em Espanha – encomenda, circulação, consumo e coleccionismo – do sécu– lo XVI ao nossos dias

    Cabral de Moncada, Miguel
    Uma das consequências dos Descobrimentos Portugueses (1415-1543) foi a criação de um novo estilo artístico, sem paralelo em nenhum outro país do mundo – a Arte Lusíada – na qual o mobiliário teve especial relevo. Pela sua raridade, exotismo, beleza, luxo e qualidade teve grande impacto na Europa de quinhentos e seiscentos, tornando-se imprescindível nas «Kunstkammer» das elites europeias. A rainha Dona Catarina de Áustria teve grande importância na disseminação do gosto pelo consumo de mobiliário Lusíada na Europa, particularmente em Espanha, tendo presenteado inúmeros parentes seus da Casa Real espanhola. Quando em 1580 Filipe II se tornou rei de...

  18. El mueble en Brasil a través de la pintura de la etapa imperial (1822-1889)

    Castro Brunetto, Carlos Javier
    La historia del mueble en Brasil es poco conocida. En este trabajo estudiamos el impacto que la proclamación de la Independencia del Brasil y el inicio de la etapa imperial tuvo sobre la apreciación social y cultural del mueble. Durante el siglo xix los muebles brasileños mantuvieron la tradición heredada del periodo colonial, pero en la corte y en los entornos más sofisticados se introdujeron muebles de influencia francesa que completarían el panorama de la historia del mueble en Brasil. La manera en que se produjo ese proceso es el objetivo de nuestro trabajo.

  19. El mobiliario y los bienes muebles de una casona señorial durante el Antiguo Régimen en el norte de España

    García López, Ana Isabel
    Furniture and everyday objects that a family, of a time and a given context, is acquiring through the years turn the house into a home. Furniture, goods, tools, decorative objects... facilitate the everyday life of this members and reflect their lifestyle. That ́s why we should understand home not only as a set of walls which provide shelter for a family, bu t as “a reflection of said individual, member of a society, who thinks and feels one way another given season and given historical economical context”. The case we will analyze is about the furniture and movables of the “Casona de...

  20. O mobiliário precioso luso-asiático e as colecções renascentistas (Kunstkammern)

    Sequeira Pinto, Álvaro
    The study of furniture as a collector's phenomenon has yet to be properly explored, while being deemed secondary to other decorative arts. There is, however, a very specific type of furniture, related to the so - called 'adventure of knowledge' brought by the Age of Discovery that, not only by this fact but given the materials use d, its exoticism, the original character of its decoration, the methods employed in its craftsmanship, the innovation depicted by its shapes and forms, the originality of its metal fittings, its boldness, richness, freshness, colour, and detail deserves to be emphasized from the rest and lacks specific treatment from...

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