DIALNET OAI Articles
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Towards a revision of Pseudobombax Dugand (Malvaceae- Bombacoideae): typification of names published by E. Hassler and R. Chodat in the related genus Bombax L. - Carvalho-Sobrinho, Jefferson Guedes de; Ramella, Lorenzo; Queiroz, Luciano Paganucci de; Dorr, Laurence J.
To facilitate an ongoing taxonomic revision of Pseudobombax
Dugand as part of studies on the systematics of Neotropical
Bombacoideae (Malvaceae), we clarify the typification of 16
names in Bombacoideae that were published by Emil Hassler
and Robert Chodat based mostly on specimens collected by
Hassler in Paraguay and collected by Robert Fries and Gustaf
Malme in Argentina and Brazil. We designate 4 lectotypes for
the following names: Bombax elegans R. E. Fr., Bombax longi
florum var. emarginatum Hassl., Bombax marginatum subsp.
meridionale Hassl., Bombax marginatum var. praecox Hassl.
An epitype is designated for Bombax elegans R. E. Fr. In
addition, we narrow down André Robyns� lectotypification of
Bombax marginatum f. arboreum Chodat...
Three new grass records for Madagascar - Vorontsova,, María S.; Nanjarisoa,, Olinirina Prisca; Besnard, Guillaume
Madagascar�s fragile ecosystems are vulnerable to invasive
plants but accounting for these in a poorly known and undercollected
group is challenging due to an insufficient knowledge
base. We record three species of grasses (Poaceae) new to Madagascar.
Ehrharta stipoides Labill. is a potentially dangerous introduction
due to its invasiveness in frequently burned ecosystems.
Enteropogon prieurii (Kunth) Clayton is not recorded as
invasive but is frequently misidentified due to its similarity to
Chloris virgata Sw. The new record of Vulpia myuros (L.) C. C.
Gmel. is from a collection made 50 years ago.
A new name in Ruellia L. (Acanthaceae) for Madagascar - Callmander, Martin W.; Tripp, Erin A.; Phillipson, Peter B.
endemic Malagasy Eusiphon Benoist is nested within Ruellia
L. (Acanthaceae). The authors here propose a new name to
replace an illegitimate later homonym for Eusiphon longissimum
Benoist: Ruellia quartziticola Callm., E. Tripp & Phillipson.
This striking species is rare in the wild and endemic to
the quartzite veins of the Highlands of Madagascar. Following
IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Ruellia quartziticola
is considered to be �Critically Endangered�.
Aloe gautieri J.-P. Castillon & Nusb. (Xanthorrhoeaceae), a new species from the northeastern coast of Madagascar - Castillón,, Jean-Philippe; Nusbaumer, Louis
Aloe gautieri J.-P. Castillon & Nusb. (Xanthorrhoeaceae,
Asphodeloideae), a new species from the northeastern coast of
Madagascar is described and illustrated. The new species is
morphologically closely related to Aloe fragilis Lavranos &
Röösli but differs in having paler flowers, more elongated
racemes, ungrouped cauline leaves forming no compact rosette.
The distribution, ecology and conservation status of the
new species are presented along with a line drawing and colour
A synoptic revision of the Malagasy endemic genus Socratina Balle (Loranthaceae) - Callmander, Martin W.; Luino, Iacopo; Da-Giau, Simona; Rakotovao, Charles; Gautier, Laurent
The hemiparasitic endemic genus Socratina Balle (Loranthaceae)
is revised for Madagascar. Three species are recognized,
including a new one, Socratina phillipsoniana Callm.
& Luino. The vegetative and floral morphology of the new
species is distinctive; in particular the conspicuous longitudinal
villous fringe of long dendritic trichomes on the outer surface
of its corolla along each suture of the lobes that contrasts
with the shorter floccose indument that covers the rest of the
outer corolla surface. All three known species are provided
with preliminary risk assessments based on the IUCN Red List
Categories and Criteria. A key to the genus is presented and a
discussion of the morphological affinities of each species...
Taxonomic revision of the genus Bombycilaena (DC.) Smoljan. (Asteraceae) - Andrés Sánchez, Santiago; Martínez Ortega, María Montserrat; Rico Hernández, Enrique
La première étude taxonomique complète du genre Bombycilaena
(DC.) Smoljan., basée sur la révision de plus de 2000
échantillons conservées dans 28 herbiers, est présentée ici. Une
description détaillée du genre et une clé d�identification des
deux espèces qui y sont incluses sont données, de même que
leur description et les données relatives à leur habitat, phénologie
et distribution géographique. Le problème lié à la typification
de Bombycilaena erecta (L.) Smoljan. est résolu et un
néotype est désigné pour le nom Bombycilaena discolor (Pers.)
Taxonomy of Anisotes Nees (Acanthaceae: Justicieae) in the Comoros Archipelago and a preliminary list of Acanthaceae in the Islands - Daniel, Thomas F.
A new species and a new combination in Anisotes Nees are
proposed for the acanthaceous flora of the Comoros Archipelago.
The new species, Anisotes mayottensis T. F. Daniel, is
known only from Mayotte, and can be distinguished from its
Comoran congener by its unequally five-lobed (4+1) or equally
four-lobed calyx; longer corolla, stamens, and thecae; and fouraperturate
pollen. Anisotes comorensis (Lindau) T. F. Daniel,
based on Himantochilus comorensis Lindau, is proposed for a
species endemic to Grande Comore. A lectotype is designated
for Himantochilus comorensis. Both species are described,
mapped, and distinguished by a key; Anisotes mayottensis is
also illustrated. All Acanthaceae known from the archipelago
are listed in a table.
Floristic analyses of the Corsican flora: distribution in ecological compartments - Schlüssel, André; Jeanmonod, Daniel; Gamisans, Jacques
This article analyzes partial data published in the �Flora Corsica�
in order to characterize the Corsican vascular flora. These
analyses focus on different aspects of the flora such as species
richness, taxonomic distribution, abundance and life-forms at
different vegetation belts, habitats and substrates. The results
are compared with other geographic regions, particularly from
the European Mediterranean and adjacent areas. The decrease
of species richness with an increase of altitude as well as the
sharp decrease of Fabaceae has been confirmed. Regarding
the biological spectrum, the decrease of the therophytes with
an increase of altitude is obvious and compensated by the
increase of the hemicryptophytes. On Corsica several peculiarities
have been highlighted in...
Primulina dongguanica F. Wen, Y. G. Wei & R. Q. Luo (Gesneriaceae), a new species from South China - Fang, Wen; Wei, Yi-Gang
A new species, Primulina dongguanica F. Wen, Y. G. Wei &
R. Q. Luo (Gesneriaceae) is described and illustrated from Dongguan city, Guangdong province, S
China. The species grows in crevices of granite within subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forests
or shrubby vegetation in the Yinpingzui nature reserve. Primulina dongguanica differs from other
species in the genus occurring in Guangdong province, China. Despite sharing some morphologically
characters with Primulina eburnea (Hance) Y. Z. Wang, Primulina dryas (Dunn) Mich. Möller & A.
Weber, Primulina napoen- sis (Z. Y. Li) Mich. Möller & A. Weber and Primulina spec. nov., several
features allow its recognition. It...
Tipificación de Inula montana L. (Asteraceae) - Ferrer-Gallego, Pedro Pablo; Laguna Lumbreras, Emilio; Roselló, Roberto; Gómez, José; Peris, Juan B.
The name Inula montana L. (Asteraceae) is lecto- and
epitypified. The designated lectotype corresponds to an icon
from Robert Morison published in 1699 and the epitype to a
plant specimen collected by Morison and conserved at OXF
Improving the reviewing process in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology - Grossman, Gary D.
Improving the reviewing process in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.� I discuss current issues in reviewing and
editorial practices in ecology and evolutionary biology and suggest possible solutions for current problems. The reviewing
crisis is unlikely to change unless steps are taken by journals to provide greater inclusiveness and incentives
to reviewers. In addition, both journals and institutions should reduce their emphasis on publication numbers (least
publishable units) and impact factors and focus instead on article synthesis and quality which will require longer
publications. Academic and research institutions should consider reviewing manuscripts and editorial positions an
important part of a researcher�s professional activities and reward them accordingly....
Grasses of Washington, D.C. - Ibrahim,, kamal m.; Peterson, Paul M.
Ibrahim, Kamal M., and Paul M. Peterson. Grasses of Washington, D.C. Smithsonian Contributions
to Botany, number 99, viii + 128 pages, 190 figures, 2014.�A vegetative key, descriptions, and illustrations
for the identification of 182 native and naturalized grasses that occur in Washington, D.C., are
presented. In addition, we provide a glossary of terms and indexes to scientific and common names.
The key is based on vegetative characters to allow identification of specimens that primarily do not have
flowering structures (inflorescences and spikelets).
Is the �n = 30 rule of thumb� of ecological field studies reliable?: a call for greater attention to the variability in our data - Martínez Abraín, Alejandro
Is the 'n = 30 rule of thumb' of ecological field studies reliable? A call for greater attention to the variability
in our data.� A common practice of experimental design in field ecology, which relies on the Central Limit
Theorem, is the use of the 'n = 30 rule of thumb'. I show here that papers published in Animal Biodiversity and
Conservation during the period 2010�2013 adjust to this rule. Samples collected around this relatively small
size have the advantage of coupling statistically�significant results with large effect sizes, which is positive
because field researchers are commonly interested in large ecological effects. However, the power to...
Chinchilla lanigera (Molina 1782) and C. chinchilla (Lichtenstein 1830): review of their distribution and new findings - Valladares Faúndez, Pablo; Zuleta, Carlos; Spotorno Oyarzún, Ángel
Chinchilla lanigera (Molina 1782) and C. chinchilla (Lichtenstein 1830): review of their distribution and new findings.�
Millions of Chinchilla chinchilla and C. lanigera were killed during the early twentieth century and they
were nearly hunted to extinction. In order to establish the current range of distribution of these two wild species
and to localize possible new colonies, we used the available scientific literature, technical reports, information
from residents, and live trapping methods. Both species are 'critically endangered' since their current distribution
is highly fragmented and all recognized colonies are small and isolated. We report a small new wild colony of
C. lanigera in the Atacama region,...
Invertebrates outcompete vertebrate facultative scavengers in simulated lynx kills in the Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany - Ray, Rena Rebeca; Seibold, Heidi; Heurich, Marco
Invertebrates outcompete vertebrate facultative scavengers in simulated lynx kills in the Bavarian Forest National
Park, Germany.� Understanding the role of scavengers in ecosystems is important for species conservation and
wildlife management. We used road�killed animals, 15 in summer 2003 (June�August) and nine in winter 2003/2004
(from November to January), to test the following hypotheses: (1) vertebrate scavengers such as raven (Corvus
corax), red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and wild boar (Sus scrofa) consume a higher proportion of the carcasses than in..
vertebrates; (2) the consumption rate is higher in winter than in summer due to the scarcity of other food resources;
and (3) vertebrate scavengers are effective...
Habitat use pattern and conservation status of smooth�coated otters Lutrogale perspicillata in the Upper Ganges Basin, India - Khan, M. S.; Dimri, Nand Kishor; Nawab, Asghar; Ilyas, Orus; Gautam, Parikshit
Habitat use pattern and conservation status of smooth�coated otters Lutrogale perspicillata in the Upper Ganges
Basin, India.� Smooth�coated otters inhabit several major river systems in southern Asia, and their environmental
requirements link them to food and water security issues as the region is so densely populated by humans. The
lack of baseline data on their distribution and ecology is another major constraint that the species is facing in
India. The present study was stimulated by the rapid decline in the otter�s population in the country and focuses
on estimating the conservation status, habitat use pattern, and associated threats in the upper Ganges River
Basin (N India)....