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Marietta College ETDs
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The Impact of a School-Wide Token Economy on Behavior, Attendance, and Academics At Morgan High School - Porter, Scott Michael
Token economy systems are used in many different situations throughout the world. Primarily these systems seem to be used the most in educational settings. The use of “tokens” also varies with the situation of the social setting. There has been extensive research about token economies in elementary and special needs classrooms. However, not much research has been conducted to determine if token economy systems are effective in a high school setting. This researcher used quantitative data in an attempt to support the idea that token economy systems are indeed effective on a school-wide level in a high school setting.
The College Student Athlete and Alcohol: A Study of the Student Athlete Use and Abuse of Alcohol Consumption - Pedersen, Erik J.
The alcohol use and abuse of college athletes is a rapidly growing concern in colleges and universities across the country. The purpose of this study was to research and evaluate a group of college student athletes at a small liberal arts college in southeastern Ohio. The researcher obtained statistical information from the student athletes at Marietta College by giving them a fifteen question survey. The researcher conducted his research the 2nd semester of 2007. The student athletes were asked to participate by completing both a confidential and anonymous survey. The survey asked questions in direct relationship to alcohol consumption and...
Why Johnny Isn't Ready for Kindergarten: A Study of Phonological Awareness Methodology in Pre-Kindergarten Programs in the Mid-Ohio Valley Region of Appalachia - Backus, Carolyn S.
Phonological awareness is one of the areas of early literacy that is a good predictor of later success in reading. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a representative group of pre-kindergarten classrooms in the Mid-Ohio Valley region of Appalachia. The researcher looked at the methods used by teachers to explicitly and implicitly teach phonological awareness in their classrooms. A Likert scale survey was administered to investigate methodology used by teachers to expose students to these skills in the classroom. Teachers answered questions that focused on their use of strategies to develop early literacy skills such as phoneme and...
Working Memory Span Differences in the Use of Encoding Strategies - Dmitsak, Lyndley Anne
The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between memory encoding techniques and working memory (WM) ability in college students enrolled in Introductory Psychology courses. This study expanded on Balch (2005), who found that compared to repeated definitions and paraphrases, mnemonics and examples improved scores on a multiple choice test. The participants in the current study, who were divided into low, medium, and high WM span groups, studied test booklets with psychology terms and definitions, followed by a repeated definition, a mnemonic device (i.e., keyword), or an example. It was predicted that the high WM span participants would...
Marietta College's Strength and Conditioning Program-Football - Goeser, Nicholas Joseph
The purpose of the study was to explore the gains football players achieve over the spring semester of 2005 at Marietta College. The researcher had the football players tested in bench press, squat, and power clean as soon as the spring semester began of ‘05. The researcher then put the players through a vigorous semester workout of lifting and running. The players were again tested at the end of the semester in the same lifts. The researcher evaluated the numbers to better understand if the players met their maximum potential. The researcher then compared results with other college football programs...
The Effects of Preacademic Experiences on Kindergarten Readiness - Haught, Aundrea E.
The purpose of this study was to determine if children who attended preschool are better prepared for kindergarten as measured by their performance on the Dial-R Test of Kindergarten Readiness. Participants included 37 kindergarten students. One school in rural Washington County, Ohio was selected in a cluster sample of schools in a rural district in Washington County. A paired sample T-test was conducted on the mean scores on the Dial-R Test of Kindergarten Readiness to determine if a significant difference exists between the groups. Implications for public policy regarding preschool attendance were discussed. This study concluded that children who attended...
THE IMPACT OF AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC CONDITIONING ON SMALL COLLEGE SOCCCER PROGRAMS - Gonzalez, Rolando
THE STUDY EXAMINES THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FITNESS AND SUCCESS IN THE SPORT OF SOCCER AT THE DIVISION III LEVEL. A QUESIONNAIRE WAS DEVISED TO ASSESS THE IMPORTANCE OF CONDITIONING AND WHAT TYPES OF AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC FITNESS WAS NECESSARY OR A COMBINATION OF BOTH OF THESE ELEMENTS INCORPORATED IN THE PROGRAM. THE QUESTIONNAIRE WAS BROKEN INTO TWO PARTS AND WAS DISTRIBUTED TO SOCCER TEAMS AND THEIR COACHES. THIS INCLUDES 25 DIVISION III SOCCER COACHES IN OHIO AND PENNSYLVANIA. THE RESEARCH SHOWS THAT THE CONDITIONING PERFORMED DURING PRESEASON REFLECTS THE SUCCESS OF THE PROGRAM. FUTURE STUDIES WILL BE NEEDED TO ANALYSIS...
ECHOES FROM HENDERSON HALL: THE HISTORY OF ONE PIONEER FAMILY SETTLING IN THE OHIO VALLEY - Cunningham, Connie K.
Every family has a history. It may be filled with heroism, patriotism, and fame, or it may be filled with treachery, violence, and shame. Regardless of the content, it is the legacy and heritage of the family’s descendents. This researcher has attempted to convey the story of one family whose pioneer ancestry began in old Virginia and extended into the beautiful river bottoms of the Ohio Valley. Entwined in the legacy of the Henderson family is their friendship with George Washington, disclosure of the treasonous plans of Aaron Burr and Harman Blennerhassett, and a court case over a runaway slave....
Travel Training: an Exploration of the Importance of Public Transportation for Suburban Students with Disabilities - Baginski, Jessie Guidry
High school students with disabilities, like most teenagers, envision a life of independence after high school including the ability to go to college, work or travel. Yet many students with disabilities will never be able to drive a personal vehicle, thereby blurring those visions with the reality of their dependence on others to get to their destinations. Travel training, a process of learning how to use local public transportation, has the potential to increase the mobility, freedom and opportunities of students with disabilities through enhancing independence and self-advocacy skills. For students with disabilities living in suburban areas, public transit routes...
MARIETTA COLLEGE: SURVIVING A NATURAL DISASTER. THE FLOOD OF 2004 - McVicar, Scott W.
There is a lack of research on how a college campus may be affected by negative national media exposure. With increasing media hunger for sensational stories, colleges are facing national attention for its handling of campus crisis. Once the media has moved on to its next media event, the college is left to manage the lingering effects of how the campus and public has reacted to the campus crisis. There is a need to understand the state of the campus after its attempt to return to normal. The researcher has conducted a grounded theory qualitative research study to explore the...
CREATING COMMUNITYAMONG ADULTS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES IN APPALACHIA OHIO - Palmer, Tyler Jones, Ty
Although, attitudes towards people with disabilities have been changing over the past 30 years, many remain separated from their community in social and employment situations. Attempts toward inclusion have still left many people with disabilities behind and many barriers still remain in Appalachia Ohio. In this report interviews will be conducted and case studies reported of adults with developmental disabilities participating in a small pilot program in Appalachia Ohio. The purpose of these studies is to explore the value of the program and to understand the perceptions of community from the individual in an effort to help remove barriers and...
THE IMPACT OF GROUPING IN MATHEMATICS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL - Foote, Nancy
The topic the researcher chose is the impact of grouping in mathematics in elementary school. Points discussed regarding this topic were exploring the reasons behind teachers grouping of students in math. The participants were elementary teachers. In this report, questionnaires were distributed to elementary math teachers. The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of grouping and to understand the personal beliefs and opinions of teachers who group their students by ability in math
The Impact of Physical Activity and Sports on Self-Esteem in Adolescent Girls - Basich, Chris William
Females have historically been discouraged from participating in physical activity and sports. Research however has found that females, especially young adolescents, benefit greatly from physical activity and sports. Physical activity not only promotes a higher sense of self esteem in women but also provides a greater sense of body image and overall well being throughout life. It has been shown that women that engage in physical activity as young adults tend to continue to stay active later in life, leading to a greater sense of self esteem. With the evidence that has been shown in past research and the research...
The Effect of Motivation Level on Retention of Information Encoded Using the Keyword Method - Amrine, Stephanie Jean
The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between long-term retention of material learned using memory strategies (i.e., the keyword mnemonic) and level of motivation. The participants studied foreign vocabulary words by means of rote rehearsal (i.e., repeated definition condition) and the keyword method, and were tested for immediate and delayed recall. Motivation was manipulated by informing half of the participants that they would be re-tested at a later date and adding a monetary incentive to perform well, while withholding the information and reward from the other half of the participants. One hypothesis of this research was that...
Parents Perception of Emotional Disturbance: Their Child is in Special Education - Addis, Emily M.
The researcher investigated the parents/ guardians perceptions of their child being labeled emotionally disturbed. The researcher surveyed the parent/ guardian of students enrolled in the Washington County Educational Service Center- ED program. They were given various questions to answer about how their child being labeled emotionally disturbed affected them and their family. The researcher was available to do a one on one interview if that was necessary. After the surveys were collected and information compared, the parents/ guardians agree for the most part with the label of emotional disturbance. They want their child to do well and have a “normal”...
Athletic Director’s Budgets of Ohio’s State Sponsored Schools A Comparison - Ciccone, Richard Rex
The budgets of Division I athletic departments across the United States are increasing at a vast pace. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a representative group of Ohio's state funded Division I universities, and the amount of funding for their athletic budgets. The researcher obtained the statistical information from the business offices of all the Division I athletic departments in Ohio. The study encompassed the fiscal years of 2004-2007. The researcher compared the overall operating athletic budget from each individual school. The statistical information was acquired from each university's athletic department website.
GIRLS' BASKETBALL AND THE JUMP SHOT: A STUDY OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE TEN POINT, 100 SHOT, STAR JUMP SHOOTING DRILL ON JUNIOR HIGH GIRLS' GAME SHOOTING PERCENTAGES - Hanes, Amber Noel
Forming a truly effective jump shot is a difficult task for many female athletes at all age levels in the sport of basketball. Although it requires patience and hard work, effective jump shooting may significantly increase individual athlete scoring in contests. The researcher, as a coach, believed this to be true; therefore, the researcher developed an original ten point, 100 shot, Star Jump Shooting Drill for seventh and eighth grade female athletes in the sport of basketball. This study tested the effectiveness of the Star Jump Shooting Drill using an experimental design with the participants' mean individual shooting percentages from...
The Impact of School Dress on Behavior of Elementary School Children: One School Educator's View - Perry, Sara
The topic this researcher chose is the impact of school dress ib the behavior of elementary school children. Points discussed regarding this topic will be exploring the views of how they educators feel the way dress effects student behavior. The participants were elementary school teachers at one school. In this report, questionnaires were distributed to an elementary school for the purpose of exploring the feelings of teachers regarding the link between student dress and student behavior.
Year-round Schooling – Perceptions of Students, Teachers and Administrators - Sutton, Andrea A.
The purpose of this study was to determine discover the phenomenon of negative perceptions toward year-round schooling. The researcher interviewed students, teachers, and administrators from Marietta High School to obtain his or her opinions on year-round schooling. The researcher asked for possible benefits, downfalls, and perceptions of others in the community. The researcher followed up by asking which type of calendar, traditional or year-round, each subject would choose if given the opportunity. The researcher concluded that not as many people had a negative perception as previously believed. Of the individuals who had a negative perception, many did not understand the...
THE IMPACT OF MEDICARE PART D: PRESCRIPTION DRUG COVERAGE FOR SENIOR CITIZENS - Quimby, Elizabeth A
The Medicare Modernization Act (MMA) of 2003 enacted major changes in the Medicare Program for the first time in 30 years. Prescription drug assistance was offered for all Medicare beneficiaries. Temporary availability for prescription drug coverage under Medicare started in January 2004. This coverage was called Prescription Drug Assistance Program (PDAP) and extended to December 31, 2005. The permanent new coverage for 2006 is called Medicare Assistance Prescription Drug (MAPD) and is available under Medicare Part D. In this report, a random survey and interview was conducted with twelve Medicare beneficiaries that have already enrolled in a Medicare Part D...