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OhioLINK DRC (219.865 recursos)

Ohio campuses are treasure troves of knowledge, but valuable resources are often hidden. The Ohio Digital Resource Commons (DRC) provides a robust, statewide platform for saving, discovering and sharing—free of charge—the instructional, research, historic and creative materials produced by the University System of Ohio and Ohio's private colleges.

Ashland University ETDs

Mostrando recursos 1 - 9 de 9

  1. A Mixed Methods Comparison Study of Placement Strategies for College Mathematics Courses

    Ingalls, Victoria A.
    The purpose of this study was to better understand the mathematics placement process currently used at Tiffin University as well as to compare the respective accuracy and success rates of four different placement methods historically utilized by the college. Interviews with the mathematics department chair brought forth the expert judgment in making decisions based on multiple measures. Quantitatively, the math subscore of the American College Test, Course Placement System data, online placement testing, and expert teacher judgments of 1508 students were analyzed statistically. In short, although the accuracy rates of the methods varied within three course levels, the accuracy rate...

  2. Instituting a Value-Added Assessment System in Ohio: The Professional Development Implications from the Perspective of the District Value-Added Specialists

    Lloyd, James Louis
    Although much has been written about the various value-added models from a statistical point of view, there is a considerable lack of literature related to the professional development implications of value-added once a particular model has been chosen. This study illuminates and describes some of the professional development implications related to Ohio's scale up of its educational value-added assessment system from the perspective of those responsible for teaching its implications to others at the local level – the District Value-Added Specialists. Six research questions were explored using a survey instrument that was developed by the researcher. The results were reviewed and...

  3. Connections between Ethical Leadership Behavior and Collective Efficacy Levels as Perceived by Teachers

    Bowers, Trent H.
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible connections between ethical leadership behavior and collective efficacy levels as perceived by teachers. Second, this study examined the possible links between teacher characteristics and perceptions of a supervisor's ethical leadership and a school's collective efficacy. This study used two questionnaires to collect data. The Ethical Leadership Scale was used to gather perceptions of ethical leadership behavior. Four weeks later, the Collective Efficacy Short Form was used to collect data on perceived staff efficacy. The sample was 209 educators who were taking graduate education courses at a comprehensive Midwestern university in...

  4. An historical analysis of policy decisions and the fiscal equity of school funding in Ohio: 1980—2003

    Hill, Frederick Robert, lll
    An ex-post facto approach was used to construct a history of Ohio school finance from 1980-2003 to show links between policy decisions and changes in the equity of the system. Through economic analysis, litigation analysis and review of literature, the effect of education funding policy changes in the state of Ohio between 1980 and 2003 were examined. The research began with determination of years of major policy changes and was followed by assembly of the database, including the Adjusted Current Expenditures (ACE) for school districts in the state of Ohio. Adjusted Current Expenditures (ACE) for each school district in each...

  5. Perceptions of Collaboration of Parents of Students with Disabilities and Service Providers

    Danklefsen, Pamela R.
    This dissertation examined perceptions of collaboration from the perspectives of parents of children with disabilities and service providers. Fourteen parents of sixteen children with identified disabilities were individually interviewed about their collaborative experiences with school personnel. Service providers who were recommended by parents as exemplifying positive collaborative models were interviewed. Findings suggested that collaboration produces a consistent educational program for students with special learning needs. The data further suggested that service providers take the initiative in developing trust on the part of parents through regular and frequent communication, a demonstrated knowledge of disabilities, and empathy and respect for the unique...

  6. Mentoring and Ohio School Superintendents

    Rutar, Pamela K.
    Changes in education have placed increased pressure on school superintendents. Some states have implemented mentoring programs to aid new superintendents in adjusting to the role. This study looked at Ohio's formal mentoring program employing a quantitative-qualitative approach. The study used an instrument based on Cohen's Principles of Adult Mentoring Survey to compare perceptions of mentors and mentees of the mentoring experience. The instrument measured two dimensions of the mentoring experience: structure of perceived mentoring relationship and quality of perceived mentoring relationship. The study found that there were differences in both dimensions between mentors and mentees, and by years of experience....

  7. An Examination of Lesson Study as a Teaching Tool in U.S Public Schools

    Friedman, Ruth E.
    The purpose of this qualitative research study was to determine whether a Japanese professional development tool called lesson study could fit into teachers’ existing work culture. In addition, data was collected concerning teachers’ attitudes and beliefs about the lesson study process. After the release of the Third International Mathematics and Science Studies (TIMSS) in 1995 and the TIMSS-R in 1999 the Japanese model of lesson study gained attention as a professional development tool that built teachers’ instructional skills. As a professional development tool, lesson study also put teachers in a leadership role for improving their classroom practices. Lesson study was...

  8. Effective Instructional Strategies for At-Risk Rural Elementary Students

    Webb, Tamara Alyce
    The purpose of this study was to understand how a rural elementary school achieved high student performance. The study was a case study of one elementary school. Data were collected through observations, interviews, and document reviews. This study provided a detailed description of one rural elementary school's culture and instructional practices that were adopted by the staff to improve the educational program from a state ranking of Academic Watch in 2001 to Excellent in 2005. This study identified key components of two intervention programs, a professional development plan, and the change process which took place at the school as well...

  9. Professional Development Standards: Implementation and Challenges in Selected Ohio Schools

    Uitto, Denise J
    Professional development offers teachers the training for new instructional practices that support student learning. To assist school leaders implementing professional development programs, the National Staff Development Council’s Standards for Staff Development serves as a valuable guide. This study was designed to determine the number of Ohio public schools aligned with these standards using a questionnaire, alignment schema, and scoring rubric designed by the researcher. Of the 58 Ohio public schools that participated in this study, 20 were considered aligned with the National Staff Development Council’s standards. Of the schools not aligned with these standards, the family involvement standard was typically...

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