SCHMIT, JENNIFER MARIE
Postural instability is a classical characteristic of cerebral palsy (CP), but it has not been examined in the during simultaneous supra-postural activity. It is important to study postural control in the context of other behaviors children perform when standing because recent work demonstrates that when motor tasks are made functionally more relevant, performance improves, even in individuals with movement pathology (Volman et al., 2001). If supra-postural tasks provide a functional context for postural control, children with CP might improve postural stability when performing supra-postural tasks.
Thirty children with CP participated in this study. Their postural sway was quantified during performance of...
Foster, Mary Kristin
This study sought to replicate the finding that adolescents with BPD have facial affect processing deficits and extended this line of inquiry to aural emotional processing (i.e., the ability to decode emotion expression from the speaker’s voice quality). Because Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has a high comorbidity with BPD (60-80% of children and adolescents with BPD also have ADHD), we contrasted the visual and aural recognition of emotion of five adolescents with BPD and no comorbid ADHD with nine adolescents who have ADHD alone and twelve who were psychiatrically healthy. The participants completed tasks of facial and vocal affect recognition,...
Nicholson, Delmer William, Jr
A data warehouse conceptual design is an implementation-independent representation of the contents of an organizations data repository used for analysis. The information conveyed by the design is useful to domain experts and also to database designers as a communication mechanism to validate the correctness of the design prior to implementation. In order to continue the development process, the conceptual design must be converted to a physical implementation. The conversion combines high-level abstractions from the conceptual schema with data structures
required by a computer data management system. This thesis presents a semi-automated system for converting a conceptual design schema to a physical...
DIALLO, MAMADOU CHERIF
Rotaxanes are fascinating molecules that continue to attract the interest of many scientific investigators due to their potential applications in biology and molecular machinery. The first two chapters report our progress toward the synthesis of rotaxanes for cancer treatment. Cancer treatment poses a great challenge to the scientific community. To meet this challenge, scientists must construct drugs that can selectively destroy cancerous cells without harming normal ones. Researchers have made progress in this regard by exploiting structural and biochemical properties that differentiate cancer cells from normal cells, however many challenges are yet to be overcome. As a novel approach to...
DILLON, BRENDAN RUSSELL
Reconnecting Man with Nature through Architectural Design
Biophilic design balances human needs with the value and considerations of natural environments and processes and incorporates aspects and qualities of those elements into architectural design. This serves to reinforce man's instinctual connection and relationship with those systems.
There are two basic, symbiotic, motivations for reinforcing this relationship. First, a high quality relationship with the environment has many beneficial effects on human health on the physical, psychological and intellectual levels. The second reason is that a strong relationship with the environment will result in people acting in a manner that is conducive to the...
BETTS, DAWN M.
The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the relationship between high school students�€™ language and literacy skills and their performance on state mandated assessments, specifically the Ohio Graduation Test (OGT). An additional goal of the research was to identify language/literacy skills that are predictive of OGT performance.
A total of 96 Ohio public high school students were enrolled in the study and were placed in one of two groups based on their OGT results: Group 1- pass group (N= 56)or Group 2- fail group (N=40). The pass group passed all five sections of the OGT...
CHERRY, DANIEL E.
This document examines the pedagogical and performance uses of the songs of Gustav Mahler. It also includes transcribed trombone versions of 32 of Mahler's songs, written to both emulate the original vocal pieces and to take advantage of the trombone's range, technical facility and dynamic capabilities. These transcriptions can be performed with the existing vocal/piano scores. Gustav Mahler's songs work particularly well as instrumental transcriptions because of his beautiful melodies, his symphonic compositional style, his emphasis of thematic development over text declamation, and his inclusion of so many expressive elements into the accompaniments of his songs. They are particularly well...
Can the multiplicity in perception, usage and manifestation of architectural events be orchestrated to provide a better fit between users and architectural space? Our experience of architecture is a collective experience of all other architecture we have known. Events do not operate in isolation but are always linked to a multiplicity of phenomena. Perceptions of events as discrete entities neglect to recognize this system of relationships between part-to-part and part-to-whole. The spaces we design however, afford the possibility for design with manifest awareness of these interdependencies. This thesis addresses the potentialities of making the inter-relationship or the collective our central...
COUPER, KELLY A.
Cemeteries provide insight into societal responses and attitudes towards disease, death and burial. Mortuary variation allows insight into not only societal views of death, but also a reflection of change during the use-life of the cemetery. Carpenter's Run Pioneer Cemetery, in Blue Ash, Ohio provides a sociocultural history of the area in the 19th and 20th Centuries. By examining mortuary variation among 231 grave-markers using 23 variables, fieldwork was conducted to illuminate whether mortuary variation displayed was a reflection of disease, death and burial on a societal or familial level. Utilizing recovered data, it was concluded that within this rural...
In today’s world, with ever increasing design complexity and constantly shrinking
device sizes, the microelectronics industry faces the need to develop an entire system on a single chip (SoC). This need gives rise to the responsibility of developing mature Computer-Aided-Design (CAD) tools to tackle such complexities. Unlike digital CAD tools, automated synthesis tools for the irreplaceable analog sections are still immature. Circuit-level analog synthesis comprises of two steps – Topology formation and Sizing of the topology. Topology selection and topology generation are two approaches to topology formation. Research in topology selection has almost been discontinued owing to heavy designer dependency. But...
RAUN, TRUITT GRAMER
This thesis explores the idea of measuring and increasing the quality of experience of the built environment. As inhabited spaces become more generic, the meaning of one space amongst others becomes passive with no depth of content. Several factors have lead to the loss of ownership of ideas about an experience. Thoughts are generated from the discoveries found during an experience. Space has the ability to impose its terms to the subject, but conversely can be exposed through the design by the will of the subject.
The design of a commuter rail station for a suburban community will attempt to counteract...
Aliyev, Emil Malik
This research examines the situation with the delivery of humanitarian services to the internally displaced persons in the Republic of Azerbaijan. It explores the ways in which relief assistance could be delivered more efficiently. The study concentrates on several major approaches to service delivery: 1) delivery of assistance in an integrated fashion (addressing multiple issues at a time), 2) delivery of assistance in a segmented fashion (addressing one issue at a time), 3) delivery of assistance with participation of the Government of Azerbaijan, and 4) delivery of assistance without the Government’s participation. The research focuses on five main issues which...
The consequences of occupational stressors in today's rapidly changing work culture and environment are critical issues for the occupational safety and health field. Previous literature suggests that a variety of health and safety problems are related to adverse working conditions, but little attention has been given to exploring how gender-related stressors might influence the occupational health and safety of female construction workers. For the research described here I conducted a secondary analysis of 9 in-depth interviews collected by Goldenhar and Sweeney (1996) looking for evidence of gender-specific stressors affecting female construction workers' safe work practices. I also evaluated the conceptual...
LaPensee, Elizabeth W.
Chemotherapy is mainstay treatment for cancer patients, but unfortunately many tumors are resistant to therapy. Much research now focuses on identifying mechanisms that contribute to chemoresistance. The importance of such research lies in the fact that no other treatment has proven as effective in controlling cancer metastasis and preventing tumor recurrence. This thesis focuses on: 1) identifying a cellular model appropriate for studying chemoresistance in liposarcoma and 2) understanding the role of endogenous hormones, such as prolactin (PRL) and estradiol (E2), as well as the endocrine disruptor bishpenol A (BPA), in affecting anti-cancer drug efficacy in breast cancer cells.
GILLESPIE, GORDON LEE, II
Workplace violence (WPV) in the healthcare setting occurs four times more often than in all private-sector industries combined; however, only one previous study included findings that violence occurs in a pediatric emergency department (PED). The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify the extent that WPV by patients and visitors occurred in an urban PED and the negative effects on PED workers. The conceptual model for this study was the workplace violence model. The research questions were related to describing the context of WPV; person, workplace, and community/environmental factors for WPV; consequences for workers, perpetrators of violence, patients, and...
Changing agricultural practices have significant impacts on water resources. The information of these changes is abundant at the plot or field study, but limited at the watershed scale. Therefore, the goal of this dissertation is to quantify the impacts of these changes at a watershed/sub-watershed scale. AVSWAT-X, an extension of the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), is used to model the impacts of two tillage systems (No-tillage, NT and Moldboard plow, MP), three crop combinations (continuous corn, CC; corn-soybean rotation, CS; and continuous soybean, SS), and three N application rates (90, 170, and 250 kg N/ha) on flow, nitrogen...
The conventional 2-dimension monolithic microwave integrated circuits (2D-MMICs) technology has reached its limitation and cannot address the needs of the next generation of communication systems and microwave radars. A 3D multilayer MMIC is needed to increase the functionality and compactness of microwave circuits.
The major challenges lie in the design of efficient antenna structures on very thin substrates with closely spaced bottom ground planes. An Archimedean slotted spiral antenna was presented with a relatively thin dielectric substrate on a ground plane. The requirement is that the slot width should be less than or equal to the substrate thickness. In this...
McBrayer, Benjamin Marcus
In 1945 Benjamin Britten’s Peter Grimes contributed to a renascence of English opera.
Critics praised Grimes for its realization of many aesthetic ideals of the traditional canon of
opera, including musical depiction of character, innovation, and unification of music and drama.
Subsequent English operas, however, failed to achieve the same success. Ralph Vaughan
Williams’s The Pilgrim’s Progress and Britten’s Gloriana, especially, became subjects of
critical disapproval. Scholars have examined the reception histories of these operas, but none
has attempted to show a connection between them. This thesis explores the ways in which the
success of Peter Grimes affected the reception of The Pilgrim’s Progress and Gloriana.
Guerdjikova, Anna I.
Background: A growing body of research suggests that obesity may be related to mood and eating disorders in adults and possibly children, and that obesity with childhood onset may represent a subtype of obesity requiring specific diagnostic and treatment interventions.
Objective: This study was designed to examine whether childhood onset obesity differed significantly from adult onset obesity in lifetime prevalence of mood and eating disorders, and metabolic abnormalities.
Methods: Data were collected prospectively for 450 consecutive patients who presented for weight loss treatment. A subgroup of participants with clearly defined childhood-onset obesity (N=44) were compared with a group with adult-onset obesity (N=...
ALFELD, ANNA POULIN
Amy Beach employed many sources for her musical themes, including folk music, bird songs, and music by herself and even other composers. She based several of her instrumental compositions on her own art songs. These compositions fall into three categories. The first contains keyboard transcriptions or paraphrases of an entire song. The second consists of short works for small ensembles that include piano in their instrumentation and include substantial quotation and reworking of the opening thematic material from the song. The third comprises large multi-movement works for orchestra in which at least one theme is derived from the song and...