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AMS Acta (10.950 recursos)

Repository of the University of Bologna.

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 1.851

  1. Newtonian Roots of Adam Smith's "Theorem": Toward a systemic approach to market competition

    Bianchi, Patrizio
    Adam Smith states that the relation between the division of labour and the estent of the market is the crux of this Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of Wealth of Nations(WN).

  2. Alcune note sul ruolo dei consumi nella crescita italiana del secondo dopoguerra. (Un' applicazione della teoria dei mercati esterni)

    Chirco, Alessandra
    Fin dai primi decenni di questo secolo, alcuni studiosi di impostazione marxista hanno affrontato il problema della crescita di un sistema capitalistico con riferimento ad una nozione, quella di "mercati esterni", che diverrà, sebbene con notevoli modificazioni d'accento, elemento fondamentale della successiva teoria keynesiana e post-keynesiana.

  3. Economic Cooperation and Confrontation between Europe and the USA. A Game Theoretic Approach to the Analysis of International Monetary and Trade Policies

    Basevi, Giorgio; Kind, Paolo; Poli, Giorgio
    It has recently become common, and almost fashionable, to analyze problems of economic policy with the techniques of game theory.

  4. L'argomentazione nella comunicazione e nell'epistemologia keynesiana

    Rossini Favretti, Rema
    Si tratta di un argomentazione nella comunicazione e dell'epistemologia Keynesiana.

  5. The Legacy of Ricardo

    Scazzieri, Roberto
    A characteristic feature of economic knowledge is that the contributions of distinguished economists of the past are often interpreted in alternative, and seemingly incompatible ways.

  6. A Development Strategy With Foreign Borowing: A neo-Austrian Approach

    Ricottilli, Massimo; Cantalupi, Marco
    The aim of this paper is to address the problem of development strategy by discussing the case of a country which borrows in order to accelerate its development process by importing capital gooda and the technology embodied therein.

  7. Multilateral Negotiations in the Gatt Framework, and Analysis of Trade Policy Changes Through the various Gatt Rounds

    Casadio, Gian Paolo
    The purpose of this study is twofold: (a) to identify the key elements needed to strengthen multilateral trade negotiations; (b) to provide the basic elements for a European strategy in the New GATT that will emerge from the current negotiations.

  8. Exchange Rate and Prices: Firms' Behaviour in the Open Economy

    Colombo, Caterina
    This paper is concerned with the behaviour of firms operating in international markets, i.e. exporting and/or facing import competition, with specific reference to the effects of exchange rate movements.

  9. Testing Exogeneity in Overidentified Models

    Capuccio, Nunzio; Orsi, Renzo
    In this paper we analyze the consequences of model overidentification on testing exogeneity, when maximum likelihood technique for estimation an inference are used. This situation is viewed as a particular case of the more general problem of considering how restrictions on "nuisance" parameters could help in making inference on the parameters of interest. At first general model is considered. A suitable likelihood function factorization is used which permits to easily derive the information matrix and other tools useful for constructing hoint tests for exogeneity and overidentifying restrictions both of Wald and Lagrange Multiplier type. The asymptotic local power of the...

  10. The Incentive Effects of the Taxation if Income from Capital in the Italian Corporate Sector

    Giannini, Silvia
    This research is part of a broader study on fiscal an financial investment incentives. This paper investigates the potential distotions of investment and saving decisions induced by the taxation of income from capital and by investment incentives in the Italian economy.

  11. International Monetary Cooperation Under Tariff Threats

    Delbono, Flavio; Denicolò, Vincenzo; Basevi, Giorgio
    We analyze games between two countries that use the tariff as a threat to induce each other to follow monetary policies equivalent to those that would obtain under a cooperative game. The analysis shows that under certain assumptions concerning the shares of tariff revenues that the countries spend on imports, the punishment structure, and the discount factors, the outcome of the games converges to a monetary policies. It is suggested that the model could be applaied to current relations between the US, Germany and Japan.

  12. Economic Studies in Bologna: A Historical Introduction

    Scazzieri, Roberto
    Interest in economic issues at Bologna goes back to the earliest period of University history. It is among law scholars that economic life became a subject for intellectual inquiry.

  13. Mixed Oligopoly: An Overview

    De Fraja, Giovanni; Delbono, Flavio
    In this paper we review various models that have been proposed for the study of mixed oligopoly, more precisely of those markets in which private and public firm compete on equal basis, that is, using only market instruments. The survey is preceded by a brief discussion of other regulatory mechanisms available to the public authority to improve social welfare in a sector.

  14. Il contributo dell'Universita' al trasferimento tecnologico per lo sviluppo regionale

    Giacometti, Miretta
    Il seguente lavoro va a studiare il contributo che l'Università da al trasferimento tecnologico. tutto per poter portare ad un ulteriore sviluppo regionale.

  15. Incentives to Innovate in a Cournot Oligopoly

    Delbono, Flavio; Denicolò, Vincenzo
    We study the R&D performance of Cournot aligopolists. To this end we model a one-shot noncooperative game in which firms invest in R&D, with the aim of being first in an uncertain competition for a patentable cost-reducing innovation. The incentives to innovate are market profits and not exogenously given prizes as in most of the earlier literature. Thus, incentives depend on the number of firms. We show that increasing rivalry may increase or decrease the individual R&D espenditure, there may be underinvestment with the various effect to the socially optimal level. Moreover, we identify the various effects which are responsible...

  16. Scomposizione di serie storiche economiche mediante una metodologia bayesiana

    Scarani, Claudia
    In questo lavoro si presentano alcuni risultati ottenuti mediante un programma di destagionalizzazione che utilizza un modello lineare bayesiano. Lo schema teorico, proposto da Akaike (1980), consiste nella risoluzione di un problema di minimi quadrati e nella minimizzazione di una funzione di costo ABIC. L'implementazione dell'algoritmo nel programma SEA ha tenuto conto, nella risoluzione del problema di minimi quadrati, delle strutture del modello, rendendo così possibile una drastica riduzione del numero di calcoli e di occupazione di memoria. L'algoritmo utilizzato e il confronto con altri algoritmi basati sulla stessa metodologia si trovano nel lavoro di Scarani (1986). Il programma è...

  17. Dynamic Monopolist's Behavio and Consumer Learning

    Scarpa, Carlo
    This paper studies the optimal behavior of a monopolist in the presence of asymmetric information cencerning the characteristics of the good he produces.

  18. Dimensione d'impresa e conflittualità' nell'industria manifatturiera italiana

    Fiorentini, Gianluca; Prosperetti, Luigi
    Con questo paper si va ad analizzare la dimensione dell'impresa e la conflittualità presente all'interno dell'industria manifatturiera italiana.

  19. R & D Investment in Oligopoly: Betrand vs Cournot

    Delbono, Flavio; Denicolò, Vincenzo
    Since the work of Schumpeter, it has been argued that there may exist a trade-off between static and dynamic efficiency. As a contribution to this debate, in this paper we compare the R&D performance of CCournot and Bertrand oligopolists. We model a one-shot noncooperative game in which firms invest in R&D, with the aim of being first in a competition for a patentable cost-reducing innovation.

  20. Neutralita' e riforma del sistema trubutario nel trattamento dei redditi da capitale

    Giannini, Silvia
    L'elevato livello del prelievo tributario nei diversi paesi industrializzati ha stimolato, negli anni più recenti, una rinnovata attenzione per il contenuto di efficienza e di equità, nonché per la trasparenza e il grado di semplicità dei sistemi tributari vigenti.

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