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Costruire comunità ospitali e sostenibili. Nuove sfide per la Psicologia di Comunità
Il volume presenta gli atti del X Convegno Nazionale della Società Italiana di Psicologia di Comunità (SIPCO), che si è svolto a Cesena dal 19 al 21 giugno 2014. "Ospitalità" e "sostenibilità" sono i temi scelti per questa edizione del Convegno: concetti che si è voluto assumere come stimolo a rivisitare – attraverso la riflessione teorica e la presentazione di esperienze concrete di ricerca ed intervento – due temi centrali per la disciplina, tra loro strettamente interconnessi: quello della "relazione con l’altro" (che comprende il "diverso" da sé, per provenienza, cultura, genere, condizione di salute, ecc.) e quello del benessere....
Which attitudes will make us individually and socially happier and healthier? A cross-culture and cross-development analytical model - Zagonari, Fabio
This paper describes a dynamic system for the interrelationships between happiness and health that considers three main attitudes to life: α, β, and γ for Aristotelian, Epicurean, and Stoic, respectively. All variables that have been shown by empirical and theoretical studies to affect individual health and happiness are included (i.e., employment, occupation, education, ethical freedom, equity in achievements). Three main approaches are considered: behavioural and statistical ex-ante, and ex-post behavioural. I develop the model to rank the three attitudes in terms of health for a given happiness level, and consequently, provide insights into which attitude should be adopted by each...
Tradurre Figure / Translating Figurative Language
Tradurre Figure / Translating Figurative Language offers 30 original contributions on the interlingual translation of figurative language. The chapters were first presented at an international conference held at the University of Bologna in December 2012 and have been selected through a double peer-reviewed process. Why figurative language in translation? Essentially because figurative language – and the contributions in this book can be seen to prove it – may often foreground the complexities of the translation process, as well as the strong link between language and culture that this process has to renegotiate. Written in either English or Italian, the different...
Cartel Size and Collusive Stability with Non-Capitalistic Players - Delbono, Flavio; Lambertini, Luca
A well established belief both in the game-theoretic IO and in policy debates is that market concentration facilitates collusion. We show that this piece of conventional wisdom relies upon the assumption of profit-seeking behaviour, for it may be reversed when firms pursue other plausible goals. To illustrate our intuition, we investigate the incentives to tacit collusion in an industry formed by Labor-Managed (LM) enterprises. We characterize the perfect equilibrium of a supergame in which LM firms play an infinitely repeated Cournot game. We show that the critical threshold of the discount factor above which collusion is stable (i) is lower...
Intergenerational altruism and house prices: evidence from bequest tax reforms in Italy - Bellettini, Giorgio; Taddei, Filippo; Zanella, Giulio
We identify the degree of intergenerational altruism in an OLG framework à la Barro exploiting the quasi-experimental variation generated by reforms of bequest taxation (estate or inheritance tax, in the U.S.) and taxes on inter vivos real estate donations (gift tax, in the U.S.) that were enacted in Italy between 2000 and 2001. Employing a unique data set containing information on the housing stock and house prices in 13 large Italian cities between 1993 and 2004, we identify the structural parameter of interest via the effect of changes in the tax rate on house prices. We find that the intergenerational...
The impact of floods on firms' performance - Coelli, Federica; Manasse, Paolo
We estimate the short-run impact of a major flood that hit the region of Veneto in 2010 on firms' performance. Using firm level data and a difference in difference approach we compare the value added growth of hit firms to the one of a control group of companies that are not exposed to the flood. The results indicate that the value added growth of affected firms is 6.9% higher two years after the flood. We further investigate the role of aid transfers in the aftermath of the disaster event. Considering both the flood and the aid treatment, we construct four...
R&D Policy and Schumpeterian Growth: Theory and Evidence - Minniti, Antonio; Venturini, Francesco
In recent years, a large body of empirical research has investigated whether the predictions of secondgeneration growth models are consistent with actual data. This strand of literature has focused on the longrun properties of these models by using productivity and innovation data but has not directly assessed the effectiveness of R&D policy in promoting innovation and economic growth. In the present paper, we fill this gap in the literature by providing a unified growth setting that is empirically tested with US manufacturing industry data. Our analysis shows that R&D policy has a persistent, if not permanent, impact on the rate...
Economic Behavior under Alcohol Influence: An Experiment on Time, Risk, and Social Preferences - Corazzini, Luca; Filippin, Antonio; Vanin, Paolo
We report results from an incentivized laboratory experiment to provide controlled evidence
on the causal effects of alcohol consumption on risk preferences, time perception
and altruism. Our design allows disentangling the pharmacological effects of alcohol intoxication
from those mediated by expectations, as we compare behaviors of three groups of subjects: those participating to an experiment with no reference to alcohol, those exposed to the possibility of consuming alcohol but assigned to a placebo and those having effectively
consumed alcohol. Once randomly assigned to one treatment, subjects were administered a series of consecutive economic tasks, being the sequence kept constant across treatments.
After controlling for both...
Cultural Offer and Distance in a Spatial Interaction Model for Tourism - Patuelli, Roberto; Mussoni, Maurizio; Candela, Guido
Culture is more and more considered as an important driver of tourism. However, it is critical, for policymakers, to evaluate the potential returns from investments in culture and generally cultural offer, in particular in multiregion settings with a potentially inefficient distribution of cultural offer. Our paper focuses on the role of distance (between the tourist’s origin and destination regions) in mediating the tourism impact of cultural offer. This
research question is investigated by means of a spatial interaction model, applied to the case of Italian domestic tourism. We find that distance indeed matters: a destination’s endowment in culture appears to be...
An Experiment on Retail Payments Systems - Camera, Gabriele; Casari, Marco; Bortolotti, Stefania
We study the behavioral underpinnings of adopting cash versus electronic payments in retail transactions. A novel theoretical and experimental framework is developed to primarily assess the impact of sellers’ service fees and buyers’ rewards from using electronic payments. Buyers and sellers face a coordination problem, independently choosing a payment method before trading. In the experiment, sellers readily adopt electronic payments but buyers do not. Eliminating service fees or introducing rewards significantly boosts the adoption of electronic payments. Hence, buyers’ incentives play a pivotal role in the diffusion of electronic payments but monetary incentives cannot fully explain their adoption choices. Findings...
Technology and costs in international competitiveness: from countries and sectors to firms - Dosi, Giovanni; Grazzi, Marco; Moschella, Daniele
This paper examines the determinants of international competitiveness at the level of sectors and firms. First, we address the relation between cost-related and technological competition in a sample of fifteen OECD countries. Results suggest that the countries’ sectoral market shares are indeed mainly shaped by technological factors (proxied by investment intensity and patents) while cost advantages/disadvantages do not seem to play any significant role. Next, we attempt to identify the underlying dynamics at the firm level. We do that for a single country, Italy, using a large panel of Italian firms, over nearly two decades. Results show that also at...
Environmental Law Survey 2013
Within the EGP Project “The Capacity Building of Environmental Justice and Guarding Environmental Rights in Western China”, the scholars of the University of Bologna, partner of the China University of Political Science and Law (CUPL) and its Center for Legal Assistance to Pollution Victims (CLAPV), have worked on an Environmental Law Survey so as to provide to the interested public –in particular, Chinese judges, lawyers, academics, and civil society as a whole – with the most interesting and recent judicial decisions or pieces of Environmental Law legislations developed in the most relevant legal fields. The choice has fallen on the...
Climate Change and Natural Disasters: Responding to the Philippines’ Haiyan tragedy - Ratha, Keshab Chandra; Mahapatra, Sushanta Kumar
The powerful typhoon Haiyan that swept across the Philippines is one of the strongest storms ever to make landfall, cut a path of destruction through several central islands, causing scores of people dead. The disaster's full impact is still revealing as the entire country has been caught in a state of shock and desperation. The devastation is really horrific with human tragedy. Responding to the disaster of such magnitude calls for both national and international hands to come forward for the affected people.
Assessing the incidence and wage effects of overeducation among Italian graduates using a new measure for educational requirements - Cattani, Luca; Guidetti, Giovanni; Pedrini, Giulio
This paper investigates three dimensions of overeducation: incidence, impact on earnings and possible determinants.
The analysis focuses on Italian graduates and refers to the cohort that graduated in 2007 using data from the
AlmaLaurea survey on graduates' career paths. A new measure of overeducation is introduced and it is jointly
examined along with other pre-existing measures based on workers' self-assessment. The analysis is carried out by
comparing the different results obtained adopting the two different measures of overeducation. Results show that the
newly introduced measure can deal with the biases affecting workers' self- assessment measures.
Experiencing breast cancer at the workplace - Zanella, Giulio; Banerjee, Ritesh
We study unique data from a dynamic natural experiment involving more than 7,000 American women to understand how a woman’s propensity to perform an annual mammography changes over time after a co-worker is diagnosed with breast cancer. We find that in the year this event occurs the probability that a woman performs a mammography drops by about 8 percentage points, off a base level of about 70%. This impact effect is persistent during at least the following 2 years, is driven by cases of breast cancer diagnosed at non-early stages, and by the behavior of individuals who are less knowledgeable...
Grandchildren and Their Grandparents’ Labor Supply - Rupert, Peter; Zanella, Giulio
We study how becoming a grandparent affects grandparents’ labor supply. In a simple model
of the allocation of time in which seniors care about their offspring’s welfare and also value
time spent with family children, the sign of the effect is ambiguous. Using data from the Panel
Study of Income Dynamics we find evidence that becoming a grandparent causes a reduction
of employed grandmother’s hours of work. We identify a lower bound of about 190. This
effect originates towards the bottom of the hours distribution (i.e., among women less attached
to the labor market). For employed grandfathers, the effect is also negative, originates towards
the top of...
Revisiting wage, earnings, and hours profiles - Rupert, Peter; Zanella, Giulio
We document empirical life cycle profiles of wages, earnings, and hours of work for pay from
the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, following the same workers for up to four decades. For
six of the eight cohorts we analyze the wage profile does not decline with age (not before 65,
at least), while the earnings profile always does. The discrepancy is explained by a sharp drop
in the hours of work for pay profile beginning shortly after age 50, when many workers start a
smooth transition into retirement by working progressively fewer hours. This pattern is not an
artifact of staggered abrupt retirement, and is robust...
Effective Trade Execution - Cesari, Riccardo; Marzo, Massimiliano; Zagaglia , Paolo
This paper examines the role of algorithmic trading in modern financial markets. Additionally, order types, characteristics, and special features of algorithmic trading are described under the lens provided by the large development of high frequency trading technology. Special order types are examined together with an intuitive description of the implied dynamics of the order book conditional to special orders (iceberg and hidden). The chapter provides an analysis of the transaction costs associated with trading activity and examines the most common trading strategy employed in the market. It also examines optimal execution strategy with the description of the Efficient Trading Frontier....
One more in my backyard? Insights from the 2011 Italian nuclear referendum - Pignataro, Giuseppe; Prarolo, Giovanni
This paper investigates the 2011 Italian referendum on nuclear power as a clean laboratory for recovering information on the spatial pattern of votes about the construction (or restoration) of nuclear facilities. Our results show that voting preferences on building nuclear facilities are sensible to proximity determined by a strong local component. Voters’opposition to nuclear installments tends to be even higher when the effect of both existing and proposed plants is taken into account. The study tracks the changes of risk perception and voting preferences finding a positive correlation between the distance-related perceived nuclear risk and the share of participation against...
L’imposta sul valore aggiunto: regime ordinario e regime del margine a confronto. Il caso del mercato dell’arte - Candela, Guido; Randon, Emanuela; Scorcu, Antonello Eugenio
In letteratura, il confronto tra i metodi di calcolo dell’imposta sul valore aggiunto (regime ordinario e regime del margine) è limitato: si riduce al risultato di equivalenza ottenuto con aliquote identiche e uniformi nelle diverse fasi della produzione e dello scambio. In questo lavoro proponiamo un’analisi comparativa generale per stabilire la desiderabilità di un metodo rispetto all’altro in relazione alla struttura delle aliquote, alla tipologia dei soggetti coinvolti, alle politiche di commercializzazione. I risultati sono applicati per valutare il meccanismo di formazione dei prezzi nel mercato dell’arte. Si propongono degli interventi di riforma per rendere il regime fiscale neutrale e...