Repository of works by Caltech published authors.
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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 128
Probabilities of Large Earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay Region, California - Dieterich, James H.; Allen, Clarence R.; Cluff, Lloyd S.; Cornell, C. Allin; Ellsworth, William L.; Johnson, Lane R.; Lindh, Allan G.; Nishenko, Stuart P.; Scholz, Chris H.; Schwartz, David P.; Thatcher, Wayne; Williams, Patrick L.
In 1987 a Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities was organized by the U.S. Geological
Survey at the recommendation of the National Earthquake Prediction Evaluation Council (NEPEC). The
membership included representatives from private industry, academia, and the U.S. Geological Survey. The
Working Group computed long-term probabilities of earthquakes along the major faults of the San Andreas
fault system on the basis of consensus interpretations of information then available. Faults considered by the
Working Group included the San Andreas fault proper, the San Jacinto and Imperial-faults of southern
California, and the Hayward fault of northern California. The Working Group issued a final report of its
findings in 1988...
The Theory of the Relativity of Motion - Tolman, Richard C.
Thirty or forty years ago, in the field of physical science, there
was a widespread feeling that the days of adventurous discovery had
passed forever, and the conservative physicist was only too happy to
devote his life to the measurement to the sixth decimal place of
quantities whose significance for physical theory was already an old
story. The passage of time, however, has completely upset such
bourgeois ideas as to the state of physical science, through the discovery
of some most extraordinary experimental facts and the development
of very fundamental theories for their explanation.
On the experimental side, the intervening years have seen the
discovery of radioactivity, the exhaustive study...
Information, Finance and General Equilibrium. Collected Papers on the Experimental Foundations of Economics and Political Science, Volume 3 - Plott, Charles R.
Information, Finance and General Equilibrium brings together the seminal papers on which Charles R. Plott has founded our understanding of experimental economics and political science.
These works reflect the broad and overlapping nature of economics, public economics, public choice and political science. They examine the fundamental problem encountered in of all these subject areas – understanding the nature of allocation under conditions of limited resources and how decision processes, institutions and procedures shape these allocations.
Market Institutions and Price Discovery. Collected Papers on the Experimental Foundations of Economics and Political Science, Volume 2 - Plott, Charles R.
Market Institutions and Price Discovery contains papers which define problems, create laboratory methodology and produce the first results in many areas of experimental economics.
Primarily, the volume attempts to explain what is learned from applications of experimental methods, using examples taken from the first stages of the early experimental literature. It goes on to include the first applications of newly developed laboratory methods to matters of national policy, and progresses to examine institutions such as the posted price and to other more complex institutions including opportunities for conspiracy.
Public Economics, Political Processes and Policy Applications. Collected Papers on the Experimental Foundations of Economics and Political Science, Volume 1 - Plott, Charles R.
Public Economics, Political Processes and Policy Applications brings together an impressive collection of Charles R. Plott’s work in experimental economics.
The papers in this volume represent the beginnings of Professor Plott’s experimental research on public economics, public choice and political processes, which are the origin for experimental work in mechanism design and experimental testbeds. He addresses the problems related to committees and public choice institutions, and develops methodological foundations that were later exported to other areas of economics. In these groundbreaking experiments strategies for posing questions are developed. The fundamental principles that shape policy studies are discovered and refined.
Handbook of Experimental Economic Results, Volume 1 - Plott, Charles R.; Bossaerts, Peter; Camerer, Colin F.
Experimental methods in economics respond to circumstances that are not completely dictated by accepted theory or outstanding problems. While the field of economics makes sharp distinctions and produces precise theory, the work of experimental economics sometimes appear blurred and may produce results that vary from strong support to little or partial support of the relevant theory. At a recent conference, a question was asked about where experimental methods might be more useful than field methods. Although many cannot be answered by experimental methods, there are questions that can only be answered by experiments. Much of the progress of experimental methods...
Designer Markets: Laboratory Experimental Methods in Economics : Symposium - Plott, Charles R.
Designer markets are becoming a reality. A merger of theory and experimental
work is setting stages for a different kind of economics. The modern theory of
mechanisms suggests that it is possible to design markets and/or decentralized
mechanisms that can perform tasks that were thought to be impossible. The
mechanisms themselves can become active participants with computers solving
complex optimization or coordination problems based on "messages" submitted to
the system by decentralized agents. Competition becomes utilized in new ways in
the context of what are becoming known as "smart markets." Testbed experiments
are demonstrating that such processes can be developed beyond purely theoretical
discussions. Paper processes, mechanisms found only...
Thermodynamics with Relations to Statistical Mechanics and with Applications to Steady States - Tolman, Richard C.
It is the threefold purpose of this book, in the first place to
give a short review of the principles of thermodynamics, in the second
place to provide a brief outline of the relations of thermodynamics to
statistical mechanics, and in the third place to present a theory of the
thermodynamic behaviour of systems in steady states together with applications
to some typical examples. The book is in no sense a complete
treatise on thermodynamics, but does give an opportunity to present in
one place a fairly coherent account of certain newer aspects of thermodynamic
theory which seem to the writer of considerable importance.
In the present chapter, The...
Adventures around the World - Brennen, Christopher E.
It is important to stress that there is always a significant danger associated with adventures into the wilderness. Those who wish to follow the adventure hikes in this book should be fully cognizant of those dangers and take appropriate precautions. The accounts are primarily intended for experienced hikers who will exercise informed judgment and caution. The hikes requiring technical expertise and equipment should never be undertaken without proper training and qualifications. Even given all this, the dangers should not be minimized. The accounts are offered with the understanding that readers will proceed entirely at their own risk. In "Precautions"...
Frontiers in Space: Official Publication of the Mount Wilson and Palomar Observatories - Hale, George E.
The Mount Wilson and Palomar Observatories
are situated on two Southern California
mountains: the one, Mount Wilson, about 30
miles by road north of Pasadena; and the
other, Palomar Mountain, about 130 miles to
The two observatories, together with the
administrative and research centers in Pasadena,
are operated jointly by the Carnegie
Institution of Washington and the California
Institute of Technology in a broad, coordinated
program of astronomical research. It is
because the two observatories take part in this
one unified program that both are included
in this one hook. It would he impossible to
talk about the past, present, or future of one
without reference to the other.
Both observatories are largely the result...
The Oxford Handbook of Causation
The Oxford Handbook of Causation provides an overview of topics related to causation, as well as the history of the causation debate from the ancient Greeks to the logical empiricists. Causation is a central topic in many areas of philosophy. In metaphysics, philosophers want to know what causation is, and how it is related to laws of nature, probability, action, and freedom of will. In epistemology, philosophers investigate how causal claims can be inferred from statistical data, and how causation is related to perception, knowledge, and explanation. In the philosophy of mind, philosophers want to know whether and how the...
Contemporary Debates in the Philosophy of Science
Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science contains sixteen original essays by leading authors in the philosophy of science, each one defending the affirmative or negative answer to one of eight specific questions, including: Are there laws of social science? Are causes physically connected to their effects? Is the mind a system of modules shaped by natural selection? Brings together fresh debates on eight of the most controversial issues in the philosophy of science. Questions addressed include: “Are there laws of social science?”; “Are causes physically connected to their effects?”; “Is the mind a system of modules shaped by natural selection?”...
Print Politics : The Press and Radical Opposition in Early Nineteenth-Century England - Gilmartin, Kevin
Print Politics was the first literary study of the culture of the popular radical movement for parliamentary reform in the early decades of the nineteenth century. The period was characterized by popular agitation and repressive political measures including trials for seditious and blasphemous libel. Kevin Gilmartin explores the styles and strategies of radical opposition in the periodical press, and in the public culture of the time. He argues that writers and editors including William Cobbett, T. J. Wooler, Richard Carlile, John Wade, and Leigh Hunt committed themselves to a complex, flexible, and often contradictory project of independent political opposition. They...
Romantic Metropolis: The Urban Scene of British Culture, 1780-1840
This 2005 collection of essays challenges the traditional conception that British Romanticism was rooted in nature and rural life, by showing that much of what was new about Romanticism was born in the city. The essays examine the works and events of the Romantic period from the point of view of the urban world, where rapid developments in population, industry, communication, trade, and technology set the stage and the tone for many of the great achievements in literature and culture. The great metropolis appears as both fact and figure: London is its paradigm, but the metropolitan perspective is also borrowed...
Writing Against Revolution: Literary Conservatism in Britain, 1790-1832 - Gilmartin, Kevin
Conservative culture in the Romantic period should not be understood merely as an effort to preserve the old regime in Britain against the threat of revolution. Instead, conservative thinkers and writers aimed to transform British culture and society to achieve a stable future in contrast to the destructive upheavals taking place in France. Kevin Gilmartin explores the literary forms of counterrevolutionary expression in Britain, showing that while conservative movements were often inclined to treat print culture as a dangerously unstable and even subversive field, a whole range of print forms - ballads, tales, dialogues, novels, critical reviews - became central...
Elbridge Gerry's Salamander: The Electoral Consequences of the Reapportionment Revolution - Cox, Gary W.; Katz, Jonathan N.
[Preface] Elbridge Gerry was governor of Massachusetts from 1810 to 1812. During his term, his party produced an artful electoral map intended to maximize the number of seats it could eke out of its expected vote share. Contemporary observers latched onto one district in particular, in the shape of a salamander, and pronounced it a Gerry-mander. This book is about a unique episode in the long history of American gerrymandering – the Supreme Court’s landmark reapportionment decisions in the early 1960s and their electoral consequences. The dramatis personae of our story are the state politicians who drew congressional district lines,...
Higher Transcendental Functions [Volumes I-III] - Bateman, Harry
The work of which this book is the first volume might be described
as an up-to-date version of Part II. The Transcendental Functions of Whittaker and Watson's celebrated "Modern Analysis". Bateman (who
was a pupil of E. T. Whittaker) planned his "Guide to the Functions" on a gigantic scale. In addition to a detailed account of the properties
of the most important functions, the work was to include the historic
origin and definition of, the basic formulas relating to, and a bibliography
for all special functions ever invented or investigated. These
functions were to be catalogued and classified under twelve different
headings according to their definition by...
Tables of Integral Transforms [Volumes I & II] - Bateman, Harry
A considerable proportion of the tremendous amount of material collected by the late Professor Harry Bateman concerns definite integrals. The organization and presentation of this material is a very difficult
task to which Bateman devoted considerable attention. It is fairly clear that the arrangement used in shorter tables of integrals is not very suitable for a collection about three times the size of Bierens de Haan, and
the circumstance that a considerable proportion of these integrals involves higher transcendental functions with their manifold and not always highly standardized notations, does not make this task easier. Eventually,
Bateman decided to break up his integral...