Repository of works by Caltech published authors.
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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 136
Genomic Control Process: Development and Evolution - Peter, Isabelle S.; Davidson, Eric H.
In our time, the sheer volume of published experimental measurements, their scope and technical sophistication, compounded with a proliferation of diverse approaches, objectives, and model systems, has made it particularly difficult to see the conceptual forest for the trees. Yet all of the elegant and sophisticated though disparate and unconnected data sets with which we are confronted represent biological output of the same fundamental operating principles. Each experimental system provides a different window which offers a pathway to these principles. In this book we provide a conceptual framework that we hope will make accessible the principles by which the genomic...
Nonextensive Entropy : Interdisciplinary Applications - Gell-Mann, Murray; Tsallis, Constantino
A great variety of complex phenomena in many scientific fields exhibit power-law behavior, reflecting a hierarchical or fractal structure. Many of these phenomena seem to be susceptible to description using approaches drawn from thermodynamics or statistical mechanics, particularly approaches involving the maximization of entropy and of Boltzmann-Gibbs statistical mechanics and standard laws in a natural way. The book addresses the interdisciplinary applications of these ideas, and also on various phenomena that could possibly be quantitatively describable in terms of these ideas.
Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology - Goddard, William A., III; Brenner, Donald; Lyshevski, Sergey Edward; Iafrate, Gerald J.
In his 1959 address, "There is Plenty of Room at the Bottom," Richard P. Feynman speculated about manipulating materials atom by atom and challenged the technical community "to find ways of manipulating and controlling things on a small scale." This visionary challenge has now become a reality, with recent advances enabling atomistic-level tailoring and control of materials.
Exemplifying Feynman’s vision, Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology, Third Edition continues to explore innovative nanoscience, engineering, and technology areas. Along with updating all chapters, this third edition extends the coverage of emerging nano areas even further. Two entirely new sections on energy and...
Richard Bentley: Poetry and Enlightenment - Haugen, Kristine Louise
Bentley was the most famous classical scholar in Europe at a time when this meant a great deal. But he provoked continual controversy by his bold methods and pugnacious personality. In the world of England, both Bentley and his rivals Swift and Pope apparently wished to be known for classical knowledge as much as personal taste. In the international Latin-speaking realm, Bentley faced the universal opinion that no one could equal the great scholars of the Renaissance. If later generations admire Bentley, then, his life in his own time was uncertain, uncomfortable, and fundamentally experimental.
Aquatic Chemistry: Interfacial and Interspecies Processes - Huang, Chin Pao; O'Melia, Charles R.; Morgan, James J.
The symposium upon which this book is based was organized in honor of Werner Stumm, the founder of aquatic chemistry. A total of 21 invited papers and 30 posters were presented at this special symposium. A wide spectrum of scientists (surface chemists, soil chemists, geochemists, limnologists, and oceanographers) and engineers (environmental, civil, and chemical) attended. The symposium opened with a paper by Stumm titled "The Inner Sphere Surface Complex: A Key to Understanding Surface Reactivity", which was followed by five key talks representing five major topics of the symposium: surface chemistry, earth sciences, biology, redox and photochemistry, and engineering. This...
Why Did Europe Conquer the World? - Hoffman, Philip T.
Between 1492 and 1914, Europeans conquered 84 percent of the globe. But why did Europe rise to the top, when for centuries the Chinese, Japanese, Ottomans, and South Asians were far more advanced? Why didn’t these powers establish global dominance? In Why Did Europe Conquer the World?, distinguished economic historian Philip Hoffman demonstrates that conventional explanations—such as geography, epidemic disease, and the Industrial Revolution—fail to provide answers. Arguing instead for the pivotal role of economic and political history, Hoffman shows that if variables had been at all different, Europe would not have achieved critical military innovations, and another power could...
Indefinite-quadratic estimation and control: a unified approach to H^2 and H∞ theories - Hassibi, Babak; Kailath, Thomas; Sayed, Ali H.
This monograph presents a unified mathematical framework for a wide range of problems in estimation and control. The authors discuss the two most commonly used methodologies: the stochastic H^2 approach and the deterministic (worst-case) H∞ approach. Despite the fundamental differences in the philosophies of these two approaches, the authors have discovered that, if indefinite metric spaces are considered, they can be treated in the same way and are essentially the same. The benefits and consequences of this unification are pursued in detail, with discussions of how to generalize well-known results from H^2 theory to H∞ setting, as well as new...
Workshop on Prospects for U.S.-P.R.C. Cooperation on Earthquake Engineering Research - Housner, George W.
In January 1980, the United States of America (U.S.) National Science Foundation and U. S. Geological Survey together with the Peoples' Republic of China (hereafter, P.R.C. or China) State Seismological Bureau and the State Capital Construction Commission established a joint protocol for scientific and technical cooperation in earthquake studies. The U.S.-P.R.C. Protocol for Scientific and Technical Cooperation (hereafter, The Protocol) was the outgrowth of a series of delegation exchanges between 1976 and 1979. The rationale
for the establishment. of a protocol was the realization that the United States and China are among the countries most threatened by earthquakes and the recognition...
1985 AFOSR/ONR Contractors Meeting on Turbulent Combustion 23-35 July 1985
This report consists of a collection of expanded abstracts of the numerous research progress reports given by AFOSR/ONR supported contractors and grantees on the Air
Force and Navy basic research program on Turbulent Combustion and of invited papers from other governmental agencies and contractors.
Probabilities of Large Earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay Region, California - Dieterich, James H.; Allen, Clarence R.; Cluff, Lloyd S.; Cornell, C. Allin; Ellsworth, William L.; Johnson, Lane R.; Lindh, Allan G.; Nishenko, Stuart P.; Scholz, Chris H.; Schwartz, David P.; Thatcher, Wayne; Williams, Patrick L.
In 1987 a Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities was organized by the U.S. Geological
Survey at the recommendation of the National Earthquake Prediction Evaluation Council (NEPEC). The
membership included representatives from private industry, academia, and the U.S. Geological Survey. The
Working Group computed long-term probabilities of earthquakes along the major faults of the San Andreas
fault system on the basis of consensus interpretations of information then available. Faults considered by the
Working Group included the San Andreas fault proper, the San Jacinto and Imperial-faults of southern
California, and the Hayward fault of northern California. The Working Group issued a final report of its
findings in 1988...
The Theory of the Relativity of Motion - Tolman, Richard C.
Thirty or forty years ago, in the field of physical science, there
was a widespread feeling that the days of adventurous discovery had
passed forever, and the conservative physicist was only too happy to
devote his life to the measurement to the sixth decimal place of
quantities whose significance for physical theory was already an old
story. The passage of time, however, has completely upset such
bourgeois ideas as to the state of physical science, through the discovery
of some most extraordinary experimental facts and the development
of very fundamental theories for their explanation.
On the experimental side, the intervening years have seen the
discovery of radioactivity, the exhaustive study...
Information, Finance and General Equilibrium. Collected Papers on the Experimental Foundations of Economics and Political Science, Volume 3 - Plott, Charles R.
Information, Finance and General Equilibrium brings together the seminal papers on which Charles R. Plott has founded our understanding of experimental economics and political science.
These works reflect the broad and overlapping nature of economics, public economics, public choice and political science. They examine the fundamental problem encountered in of all these subject areas – understanding the nature of allocation under conditions of limited resources and how decision processes, institutions and procedures shape these allocations.
Market Institutions and Price Discovery. Collected Papers on the Experimental Foundations of Economics and Political Science, Volume 2 - Plott, Charles R.
Market Institutions and Price Discovery contains papers which define problems, create laboratory methodology and produce the first results in many areas of experimental economics.
Primarily, the volume attempts to explain what is learned from applications of experimental methods, using examples taken from the first stages of the early experimental literature. It goes on to include the first applications of newly developed laboratory methods to matters of national policy, and progresses to examine institutions such as the posted price and to other more complex institutions including opportunities for conspiracy.
Public Economics, Political Processes and Policy Applications. Collected Papers on the Experimental Foundations of Economics and Political Science, Volume 1 - Plott, Charles R.
Public Economics, Political Processes and Policy Applications brings together an impressive collection of Charles R. Plott’s work in experimental economics.
The papers in this volume represent the beginnings of Professor Plott’s experimental research on public economics, public choice and political processes, which are the origin for experimental work in mechanism design and experimental testbeds. He addresses the problems related to committees and public choice institutions, and develops methodological foundations that were later exported to other areas of economics. In these groundbreaking experiments strategies for posing questions are developed. The fundamental principles that shape policy studies are discovered and refined.