Finance, Intermediaries, and Economic Development - Engerman, Stanley L.; Hoffman, Philip T.; Rosenthal, Jean-Laurent; Sokoloff, Kenneth L.
This volume contains papers first presented at a conference, "In Data Veritas: Institutions and Growth in Economic History," held in honor of Lance Davis at the California Institute of Technology, November 6-8, 1998. In addition to the presenters, also attending , as formal or informal discussions, were Karen Clay, Robert Cull, Price Fishback, Albert Fishlow, Stephen Haber, John James, Shawn Kantor, Zorina Khan, Margaret Levenstein, Rebecca Menes, Clayne Pope, and John Wallis. The Introduction and the Afterword were written by the editors at a later date. We wish to thank Frank Smith from Cambridge University Press and the two anonymous...
Surviving Large Losses: Financial Crises, the Middle Class, and the Development of Capital Markets - Hoffman, Philip T.; Postel-Vinay, Gilles; Rosenthal, Jean-Laurent
Financial disasters often have long-range institutional consequences. When financial institutions—banks, insurance companies, brokerage firms, stock exchanges—collapse, new ones take their place, and these changes shape markets for decades or even generations. Surviving Large Losses explains why such financial crises occur, why their effects last so long, and what political and economic conditions can help countries both rich and poor survive—and even prosper—in the aftermath.
Looking at past and more recent financial disasters through the lens of political economy, the authors identify three factors critical to the development of financial institutions: the level of government debt, the size of the middle class,...
Before and Beyond Divergence: The Politics of Economic Change in China and Europe - Rosenthal, Jean-Laurent; Wong, Roy Bin
[Introduction] In the past three decades scholars have reconsidered what set Europe off from the rest of the world as the site of state formation and economic changes that led to modern nation-states and industrialized economies. The themes, of course, are far older. They recur in the inquiries of great social thinkers from Montesquieu and Adam Smith to Karl Marx and Max Weber. Europe’s, particularly England’s, success moved scholars to assess other societies from a European benchmark. Quite diverse social science scholarship presumed that there was a unique and European-defined path to modernization and prosperity. But in the 1980s doubts...
Stealing the Initiative: How State Government Responds to Direct Democracy - Gerber, Elisabeth R.; Lupia, Arthur; McCubbins, Mathew D.; Kiewiet, D. Roderick
This book uses eleven recent California initiatives and referendums to provide readers with a set of analytical tools and examples that will help them better understand real politics. It clarifies the public consequences, and studies the great variations of what happens to initiatives that win on Election Day and withstand judicial review. Research is presented in an effective and efficient manner, along with key factors that lead policy actors to implement and enforce initiatives and referendums fully, partially, and not at all—a social phenomenon that affects our lives in fundamental ways. A wide range of policy areas cover tobacco tax,...
Legislatures: Comparative Perspectives on Representative Assemblies - Loewenberg, Gerhard; Squire, Peverill; Kiewiet, D. Roderick
The purpose of this book is to bridge the gap between the large, systematic body of scholarship on the U.S. Congress and the significant though more scattered scholarship on legislatures outside the United States. Although there is no single paradigm that guides research on Congress, there has been a succession of dominant methodologies. Among these the rational choice approach is the most recent. Furthermore, the sustained work on Congress has produced an accepted body of knowledge on many aspects of the institution, and considerable agreement on the current research agenda. By comparison, research on legislatures outside the United States employs...
The Interdisciplinary Earth: a Volume in Honor of Don L. Anderson - Anderson, Don L.
This volume is a memorial to Don L. Anderson, former director of the Seismological Laboratory of the Caltech Institute of Technology, recipient of the Crafoord Prize, the National Medal of Honor, and numerous other awards. A geophysicist extraordinaire, he contributed much to our understanding of the structure and dynamics of the interior of Earth. The book, comprised largely of chapters written at Anderson's invitation, reflects his interdisciplinary career. It includes papers on anisotropy, the seismic structure of the mantle, mantle convection, the statistics of melting anomalies, planetary geology, tectonics, the thermal budget of Earth, lithospheric structure, geochemistry, and flood basalts.
History of Original Ideas and Basic Discoveries in Particle Physics - Newman, Harvey B.; Ypsilantis, Thomas
The International Conference on the History of Original Ideas and Basic Discoveries, held at the "Ettore Majorana" Centre for Scientific Culture in Erice, Sicily, July 27-August 4, 1994, brought together sixty of the leading scientists including many Nobel Laureates in high energy physics, principal contributors in other fields of physics such as high T_c superconductivity, particle accelerators and detector instrumentation, and thirty-six talented younger physicists selected from candidates throughout the world.
Genomic Control Process: Development and Evolution - Peter, Isabelle S.; Davidson, Eric H.
In our time, the sheer volume of published experimental measurements, their scope and technical sophistication, compounded with a proliferation of diverse approaches, objectives, and model systems, has made it particularly difficult to see the conceptual forest for the trees. Yet all of the elegant and sophisticated though disparate and unconnected data sets with which we are confronted represent biological output of the same fundamental operating principles. Each experimental system provides a different window which offers a pathway to these principles. In this book we provide a conceptual framework that we hope will make accessible the principles by which the genomic...