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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (80.208 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Ohio State University Research and Scholarship

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 838

  1. ACADEMIC USE OF MOBILE TECHNOLOGY BY STUDENT ATHLETES AT A LARGE DIVISION I MIDWESTERN UNIVERSITY: A GROUNDED THEORY STUDY

    Kraft, Nicole
    The purpose of this grounded theory study was to examine the process by which student-athletes at a large Division I Midwestern university use mobile technology for academic purposes, and develop a theory about how they can more effectively incorporate those devices in their academic course work. A grounded theory study was chosen and research was conducted using interviews, combined with participant observations, to identify emerging patterns. Applying the results will help focus, facilitate, and implement, use of mobile devices for academic purposes among student-athletes. Voluntary sampling was used to select study participants from student-athletes who received an iPad from the...

  2. Undergraduate Student Government Lighting Task Force Report

    Sai, Sunder
    The USG Lighting Task Force used Lux Meters to measure light posts in the area of the University District known as the Core, one of the most populated off-campus living areas for OSU students. The area that was evaluated encompassed street segments east to west, from North High Street to 4th Street, and north to south, from Chittenden Avenue to Northwood Avenue. According to NOAA, the recommended luminance level is 5 lux for local sidewalks. We considered measurements below 5 lux to be low and this was the standard we used to evaluate lighting off-campus. Spring 2018 crime rates were...

  3. Alzheimer's Amyloid-β is an Antimicrobial Peptide: A Review of the Evidence

    Gosztyla, Maya; Brothers, Holly; Robinson, Stephen
    The amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide has long been considered to be the driving force behind Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, clinical trials that have successfully reduced Aβ burden in the brain have not slowed the cognitive decline, and in some instances, have resulted in adverse outcomes. While these results can be interpreted in different ways, a more nuanced picture of Aβ is emerging that takes into account the facts that the peptide is evolutionarily conserved and is present throughout life in cognitively normal individuals. Recent evidence indicates a role for Aβ as an antimicrobial peptide (AMP), a class of innate immune defense...

  4. A Physiologic Role for Serotonergic Transmission in Adult Rat Taste Buds

    Jaber, Luc; Zhao, Fang-li; Kolli, Tamara; Herness, Scott
    Of the multiple neurotransmitters and neuropeptides expressed in the mammalian taste bud, serotonin remains both the most studied and least understood. Serotonin is expressed in a subset of taste receptor cells that form synapses with afferent nerve fibers (type III cells) and was once thought to be essential to neurotransmission (now understood as purinergic). However, the discovery of the 5-HT1A serotonin receptor in a subset of taste receptor cells paracrine to type III cell suggested a role in cell-to-cell communication during the processing of taste information. Functional data describing this role are lacking. Using anatomical and neurophysiological techniques, this study...

  5. Particle Backtracking Improves Breeding Subpopulation Discrimination and Natal-Source Identification in Mixed Populations

    Fraker, Michael E.; Anderson, Eric J.; Brodnik, Reed M.; Carreon-Martinez, Lucia; DeVanna, Kristen M.; Fryer, Brian J.; Heath, Daniel D.; Reichert, Julie M.; Ludsin, Stuart A.
    We provide a novel method to improve the use of natural tagging approaches for subpopulation discrimination and source-origin identification in aquatic and terrestrial animals with a passive dispersive phase. Our method integrates observed site-referenced biological information on individuals in mixed populations with a particle-tracking model to retrace likely dispersal histories prior to capture (i.e., particle backtracking). To illustrate and test our approach, we focus on western Lake Erie’s yellow perch (Perca flavescens) population during 2006–2007, using microsatellite DNA and otolith microchemistry from larvae and juveniles as natural tags. Particle backtracking showed that not all larvae collected near a presumed hatching...

  6. Chemoproteomics reveals Toll-like receptor fatty acylation

    Chesarino, Nicholas M.; Hach, Jocelyn C.; Chen, James L.; Zaro, Balyn W.; Rajaram, Murugesan VS; Turner, Joanne; Schlesinger, Larry S.; Pratt, Matthew R.; Hang, Howard C.; Yount, Jacob S.
    Background: Palmitoylation is a 16-carbon lipid post-translational modification that increases protein hydrophobicity. This form of protein fatty acylation is emerging as a critical regulatory modification for multiple aspects of cellular interactions and signaling. Despite recent advances in the development of chemical tools for the rapid identification and visualization of palmitoylated proteins, the palmitoyl proteome has not been fully defined. Here we sought to identify and compare the palmitoylated proteins in murine fibroblasts and dendritic cells. Results: A total of 563 putative palmitoylation substrates were identified, more than 200 of which have not been previously suggested to be palmitoylated in past proteomic studies. Here we validate the...

  7. Chemoproteomics reveals Toll-like receptor fatty acylation

    Chesarino, Nicholas M.; Hach, Jocelyn C.; Chen, James L.; Zaro, Balyn W.; Rajaram, Murugesan VS; Turner, Joanne; Schlesinger, Larry S.; Pratt, Matthew R.; Hang, Howard C.; Yount, Jacob S.
    Background: Palmitoylation is a 16-carbon lipid post-translational modification that increases protein hydrophobicity. This form of protein fatty acylation is emerging as a critical regulatory modification for multiple aspects of cellular interactions and signaling. Despite recent advances in the development of chemical tools for the rapid identification and visualization of palmitoylated proteins, the palmitoyl proteome has not been fully defined. Here we sought to identify and compare the palmitoylated proteins in murine fibroblasts and dendritic cells. Results: A total of 563 putative palmitoylation substrates were identified, more than 200 of which have not been previously suggested to be palmitoylated in past proteomic studies. Here we validate the...

  8. RNA-Seq reveals a xenobiotic stress response in the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines, when fed aphid-resistant soybean

    Bansal, Raman; Mian, MAR; Mittapalli, Omprakash; Michel, Andy P.
    Background: While much recent research has expanded our understanding of the molecular interactions between aphids and their host plants, it is lacking for the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines. Since its North American invasion, A. glycines has become one of the most damaging insect pests on this important crop. Five soybean genes for host plant resistance to A. glycines have been identified, but populations of A. glycines have already adapted to overcome these resistance genes. Understanding the molecular interactions between resistant soybean and A. glycines can provide clues to its adaptation mechanisms. Here, we used RNA-Sequencing to compare and contrast A. glycines gene expression when fed resistant...

  9. RNA-Seq reveals a xenobiotic stress response in the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines, when fed aphid-resistant soybean

    Bansal, Raman; Mian, MAR; Mittapalli, Omprakash; Michel, Andy P.
    Background: While much recent research has expanded our understanding of the molecular interactions between aphids and their host plants, it is lacking for the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines. Since its North American invasion, A. glycines has become one of the most damaging insect pests on this important crop. Five soybean genes for host plant resistance to A. glycines have been identified, but populations of A. glycines have already adapted to overcome these resistance genes. Understanding the molecular interactions between resistant soybean and A. glycines can provide clues to its adaptation mechanisms. Here, we used RNA-Sequencing to compare and contrast A. glycines gene expression when fed resistant...

  10. A Prospective Analysis of Pharmacists Integration in the Patient-Centered Medical Home: Preparing for Value-Based Care

    Kome, Anne M.; Barnette, Debra; Barnes, Kelli D.; Beatty, Stuart J.
    Objective: The purpose of this project was to describe pharmacy services in a patient-centered medical home to demonstrate pharmacists’ involvement in the evolving delivery of primary care. Design: This was a prospective, qualitative study. Setting and Participants: This project analyzed the work of eight pharmacists employed at a National Committee for Quality Assurance tier III patient-centered medical home associated with a large, academic medical center. Outcome Measures: The primary outcome was to identify and quantify the types of services completed by pharmacists in a patient-centered medical home. Secondary outcomes included determining the percentage of pharmacist recommendations accepted by providers and...

  11. A Prospective Analysis of Pharmacists Integration in the Patient-Centered Medical Home: Preparing for Value-Based Care

    Kome, Anne M.; Barnette, Debra; Barnes, Kelli D.; Beatty, Stuart J.
    Objective: The purpose of this project was to describe pharmacy services in a patient-centered medical home to demonstrate pharmacists’ involvement in the evolving delivery of primary care. Design: This was a prospective, qualitative study. Setting and Participants: This project analyzed the work of eight pharmacists employed at a National Committee for Quality Assurance tier III patient-centered medical home associated with a large, academic medical center. Outcome Measures: The primary outcome was to identify and quantify the types of services completed by pharmacists in a patient-centered medical home. Secondary outcomes included determining the percentage of pharmacist recommendations accepted by providers and...

  12. Improving Pharmacy Student Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) Skills: Designing A Library EBM Resource Page as an Education Tool - Poster Presentation

    Griggs, Michael; Barnette, Debra; Kupferberg, Natalie
    Poster presented at the 2015 ACCP Global Conference on Clinical Pharmacy-Scientific Abstracts

  13. Improving Pharmacy Student Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) Skills: Designing A Library EBM Resource Page as an Education Tool - Poster Presentation

    Griggs, Michael; Barnette, Debra; Kupferberg, Natalie
    Poster presented at the 2015 ACCP Global Conference on Clinical Pharmacy-Scientific Abstracts

  14. Improving Pharmacy Student Evidence Based Medicine Skills: Designing an Online Library EBM Resource Page as an Educational Tool

    Griggs, Michael; Barnette, Debra; Kupferberg, Natalie
    Objectives: Develop an online Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) resource page to improve student utilization of EBM. Evaluate potential clinical and educational benefit of resource page by college faculty. Identify perceptions of P4 student EBM skill level. Methods: EBM related literature and resources were reviewed to create an online resource page. Surveys were distributed to pharmacy faculty assessing perceptions of EBM knowledge and skill of P4 students, overall usefulness of the resource page, and demographics. Constructs were evaluated using a 5-point Likert scale. Results: The EBM resource page was available university wide summer 2015. The resource page was viewed positively by all...

  15. Improving Pharmacy Student Evidence Based Medicine Skills: Designing an Online Library EBM Resource Page as an Educational Tool

    Griggs, Michael; Barnette, Debra; Kupferberg, Natalie
    Objectives: Develop an online Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) resource page to improve student utilization of EBM. Evaluate potential clinical and educational benefit of resource page by college faculty. Identify perceptions of P4 student EBM skill level. Methods: EBM related literature and resources were reviewed to create an online resource page. Surveys were distributed to pharmacy faculty assessing perceptions of EBM knowledge and skill of P4 students, overall usefulness of the resource page, and demographics. Constructs were evaluated using a 5-point Likert scale. Results: The EBM resource page was available university wide summer 2015. The resource page was viewed positively by all...

  16. Designing an Evidence Based Medicine Resource Page to Help Student Pharmacists

    Griggs, Michael; Barnette, Debra; Kupferberg, Natalie
    Objectives: Develop an online Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) resource page to improve student utilization of EBM. Evaluate potential clinical and educational benefit of resource page by college faculty. Identify perceptions of P4 student EBM skill level. Methods: EBM related literature and resources were reviewed to create an online resource page. Surveys were distributed to pharmacy faculty assessing perceptions of EBM knowledge and skill of P4 students, overall usefulness of the resource page, and demographics. Constructs were evaluated using a 5-point Likert scale. Results: The EBM resource page was available university wide summer 2015. The resource page was viewed positively by all...

  17. Animals in Ohio long-term care facilities

    Stull, Jason; Landers, Tim; Fauver, Chelsea
    There is strong evidence that animals provide many health benefits to residents living in a long-term care facility (Nursing Home). Although animals may provide benefits to this population, there are also health risks associated with animal interactions. This brochure provides long-term care facility administrators, activity coordinators and family members with a brief overview of best practices that should be implemented during animal activities. Additionally, Ohio law requires long-term care facilities to create and implement an animal protocol. The accompanying suggested animal protocol provides long-term care facilities with a model protocol that abides by Ohio law and incorporates best practices and...

  18. Supplementary material for [article to be submitted]

    Liu, Chang; Beauchemin, James; Wang, Xiafei; Lee, Mo Yee

  19. Some Spiffing Up To Be Happy

    Mirisola, Marcelo
    English translation of: Basta um Verniz para Ser Feliz.

  20. Data for "Gender in science and engineering faculties: demographic inertia revisited"

    Thomas, Nicole R.; Poole, Daniel J.; Herbers, Joan M.

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