Assessing the effects of tourist provisioning on the health of wild Barbary Macaques in Morocco - Marechal, Laetitia; Semple, Stuart; Majolo, Bonaventura; MacLarnon, Ann
Feeding wildlife is a very popular tourist activity, largely because it facilitates the close observation of animals in their natural habitat. Such provisioning may benefit animals by improving their survival and reproductive success, especially during periods of natural food shortage. However, provisioning by tourists may also have negative impacts on the health of the animals involved; to date such impacts are poorly understood. Here, we investigated the effects of tourist provisioning on the health of wild adult Barbary macaques, Macaca sylvanus, in Morocco. We compared health measures between a heavily provisioned group and a group that received negligible food from...
Evidence-based practice for nurses and healthcare professionals - Barker, Janet; Linsley, Paul; Kane, Ros
In the current healthcare climate, it is more important than ever to be able to select and find the right evidence for your practice to ensure patients receive safe, high quality care. The fully updated new edition of this comprehensive book helps nurses and healthcare professionals understand how to use evidence in all aspects of care, with plenty of examples and activities to help relate concepts to practice. The new edition features:
* Explanation of what values-based practice means and how it fits alongside evidence-based practice
* A new chapter on innovation and improvement to help you make a difference in your...
Finding the evidence - Barker, Janet; Ortega, Marishona
The chapter explores how to:
1. search for relevant literature
2. choose appropriate resources to search for evidence
3. understand the use of keywords, subject headings, truncation and wildcards
4. develop a search strategy
A novel μCT analysis reveals different responses of bioerosion and secondary accretion to environmental variability - Silbiger, Nyssa J.; Guadayol roig, Oscar; Thomas, Florence I. M.; Donahue, Megan J.
Corals build reefs through accretion of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) skeletons, but net reef growth also depends on bioerosion by grazers and borers and on secondary calcification by crustose coralline algae and other calcifying invertebrates. However, traditional field methods for quantifying secondary accretion and bioerosion confound both processes, do not measure them on the same time-scale, or are restricted to 2D methods. In a prior study, we compared multiple environmental drivers of net erosion using pre- and post-deployment micro-computed tomography scans (μCT; calculated as the % change in volume of experimental CaCO3 blocks) and found a shift from net accretion to...
Systematic reviews and evidence-based practice - Barker, Janet; Ortega, Marishona
The chapter discusses the systematic review process and its basic traits; key areas for consideration when critically appraising systematic reviews as well as identifies issues to be considered when assessing the rigour of systematic reviews.
Clinical judgement and decision making - Trueman, Ian; Linsley, Paul; Barker, Janet
This chapter discusses the nature of clinical judgement and decision making though allowing the reader to recognise the processes involved in clinical judgement and decision making and identifying and using appropriate decision making frameworks.
Ireland: arrivals and departures - Brewster, Scott; Huber, Werner
A decade ago, with its economy and cultural confidence surging, and with new political alignments possible in the North, Ireland seemed to have ‘arrived’ on the world stage by conventional measures of success. Yet the recent financial storms and accompanying social pressures are a reminder of the challenges as well as the opportunities of leaving behind old certainties and becoming ‘global’. It has equally meant reappraising values, attitudes and practices seemingly consigned to the past, and questioning the verities that have driven the heady but uneven transformation of modern Ireland. This volume explores the Irish experience, both within the contemporary...
‘It be only for a moment’: placing women into the history of industrial militancy in Liverpool - Cowman, Krista
While historians of women's politics concur that the majority of their activity took place at the local level, the history of political movements is still largely a national one. Women's under-representation has been challenged by research on the twentieth century, but the history of their involvement in fin de siècle politics, especially on the left, remains largely unknown. This article explores organisation among Liverpool's ropemakers in the 1890s with the duel intention of restoring their activity to the historical record while at the same time using a close local focus to suggest some reasons why women's collective action was often...
Evaluations of and reasoning about normative and deviant ingroup and outgroup members: development of the black sheep effect - Abrams, Dominic; Palmer, Sally B.; Rutland, Adam; Cameron, Lindsey; Van de Vyver, Julie
Research with adults has demonstrated a “black sheep effect” (BSE) whereby, relative to evaluations of normative group members, ingroup deviants are derogated more than outgroup deviants. The developmental subjective group dynamics (DSGD) model holds that the BSE should develop during middle childhood when children apply wider social norms. Three hundred and thirty-eight children who were between 5 and 12 years old judged a normative (socially desirable) and a deviant (socially undesirable) member from an ingroup or an outgroup school. Results confirmed a developmental increase in the BSE, the first time this has been demonstrated. Children’s own evaluations of group members...
Equality hypocrisy, inconsistency, and prejudice: the unequal application of the universal human right to equality - Abrams, Dominic; Houston, Diane M.; Van de Vyver, Julie; Vasiljevic, Milica
In Western culture, there appears to be widespread endorsement of Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (which stresses equality and freedom). But do people really apply their equality values equally, or are their principles and application systematically discrepant, resulting in equality hypocrisy? The present study, conducted with a representative national sample of adults in the United Kingdom (N 2,895), provides the first societal test of whether people apply their value of “equality for all” similarly across multiple types of status minority (women, disabled people, people aged over 70, Blacks, Muslims, and gay people). Drawing on theories of...
Testing the prosocial effectiveness of the prototypical moral emotions: elevation increases benevolent behaviors and outrage increases justice behaviors - Van de Vyver, Julie; Abrams, Dominic
How can we overcome apathy and instigate a desire to help others? This research tests and compares the prosocial effects of two of the most prototypical emotions on a range of prosocial intentions and behaviors. Emotion-inducing videos were used to instigate states of moral elevation (felt when witnessing a moral virtue) and/or moral outrage (felt when witnessing a moral transgression). Although elevation and outrage are derived from opposing appraisals, separate strands of research show that they both instigate a desire to help others. The current research tests the appraisal tendency framework to explore whether elevation and outrage increase prosociality across...