UPCommons - E-prints UPC Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
E-prints UPC cobreix dues finalitats: per una banda, és el dipòsit institucional de la UPC que recull els articles de revista, les comunicacions de congrés i els reports de recerca generats en les activitats de recerca del personal docent i investigador de la universitat; per l'altra, és una eina que permet accelerar la producció científica, allotjant versions de documents prèvies a la publicació en una revista o a les actes d’un congrés.
Development and implementation of a dynamic PV emulator with HMI interface for high power inverters - Heredero Peris, Daniel; Capó Lliteras, Macià; Miguel Espinar, Carlos; Lledó Ponsati, Tomàs; Montesinos Miracle, Daniel
In this paper a 10 kVA photovoltaic emulator is presented. The system implemented generates photovoltaic V-I characteristic curves to analyse and test maximum power point tracking algorithms of real
photovoltaic inverters according to the standard EN50530. The power converter used includes a threephase ac-dc active rectifier. The power stage selected allows to minimize the harmonic current content
and permits to be closed to the unity power factor with a fast response. The emulator is controlled by a digital signal processor that communicates with a human-machine-interface. It allows to emulate static
and dynamic responses. Furthermore, the interface is also capable of simulating weather evolution...
Simulation of an electric racing car using energetic macroscopic representation - Montesinos Miracle, Daniel; Fontán Tebar, Cristian; Vidal Salvia, Humbert
Formula Student is a university competition around
the world where students are required to design, construct and
compete with a race car in static and dynamic tests. Since few
years ago, this competition has moved to electric propulsion.
ETSEIB Motorsport Team at Barcelona, Spain has develop an
electric race car and this paper presents the EMR and IBC
developed for that in order to analyze the car and further improve
the braking and traction system.
The CDMtek-PM: An educational platform for learning about motion control and electrical drives - Armero Almazán, Pablo; Montesinos Miracle, Daniel; Galcerán Arellano, Samuel; Rull Duran, Joan; Villafafila Robles, Roberto; Boix Aragonès, Oriol
The module CDMtek-PM has been developed with the needs of the electrical engineering students in mind. It is intended to serve as a platform to begin to consolidate the theoretical knowledge learned during the classes by providing a practical tool where they can program the software, for example with the CDMtek-DS module, and then observe, analyse and make real-time measures of the electrical and mechanical part of an electrical drive.
The CDMtek-DS - an educational platform for entering into the microcontrollers world - Armero Almazán, Pablo; Galcerán Arellano, Samuel; Bergas Jané, Joan Gabriel; Sumper, Andreas; Gomis Bellmunt, Oriol; Sudrià Andreu, Antoni
The module CDMtek-DS is a standalone module with which the student can learn how to program a microcontroller or a digital signal processor and interact with the peripherals included in the module. It also includes a CAN transceiver to get into the industrial communications world. This module is intended to be used with the CDMtek-PM to build a complete platform for motion control.
Hysteresis motor with self sustained rotor for high speed applications - Granados García, Xavier; Márquez, Isabel; Mora Serrano, Javier; Fontcuberta, Josep; Obradors Berenguer, Xavier; Pallarés, J.; Bosch Tous, Ricardo
Pellets of YBCO HTSC have been used to construct a cylindrically shaped rotor. A four poles/four phases stator has been wound in order to build a motor. The motor behaves as an hysteresis motor when it starts and as synchronous in the steady state. The levitation forces associated to the flux inside the rotor region and the flux dispersed at the basal surfaces contribute to maintain the rotor anchored to its cavity in a self-sustained configuration. Power and torque in the synchronous regime, centering forces, static excitation field mapping and field distribution at the HTSC surface have been investigated.
Comparison of the occupational hazards in the Spanish mining sector based on the type of workplace in the period 2003-2012 - Sanmiquel Pera, Lluís; Freijo Álvarez, Modesto; Rossell Garriga, Josep Maria; Bascompta Massanés, Marc
Methods and background: This review has done a comparison of the 3 types of workplace in the Spanish mining sector. The 3 workplaces considered are: mines, quarries and mineral processing plants. The 10 most frequent accidents and deviations have been obtained for each one. It has also been calculated the annual incidence, frequency, average duration and severity indexes as well as the risk index for each one. Besides, the accident distribution has been modelling, based on exponential distribution function of the lost days in the 3 workplaces mentioned. Results: The main sort of accident is due to physical overexertion and...
Workplace accidents in mining of Catalonia in 2012 - Freijo Álvarez, Modesto; Sanmiquel Pera, Lluís; Vintró Sánchez, Carla
Objective: To compare in Catalonia , the incidence of fatal occupational injuries and non-fatal accidents for workers in the mining sector Subterrania workers with open-pit mining in 2012 . Methods : Data from accident injuries came from the Ministry of Labour and Immigration and the Department of Industry , Mines i Energia de la Generalitat de Catalunya. The incidence of fatal and non-fatal injuries was calculated by accident and the Odds Ratio (OR ) in the confidence interval of 95% ( 95 % CI) for mineworkers in Subterrania compared to workers in the mining opencast Results and discussion: the OR...
A hierarchical control structure for multi-terminal VSC-based HVDC grids with GVD characteristics - Rouzbehi, Kumars; Miranian, Arash; Candela García, José Ignacio; Luna Alloza, Álvaro; Rodríguez Cortés, Pedro
This paper presents a hierarchical control structure for Multi terminal HVDC grids. The hierarchical control structure is inspired by the three-layer control structure of largescale AC power systems and it is divided into primary, secondary and tertiary control. This structure permits to create an easy interaction between power dispatch and the lower controllers.
Moreover, a generalized voltage droop (GVD) characteristic is also proposed which facilitates control issues inside the Multi
terminal HVDC grids. In the proposed control structure, the coefficients of the GVD characteristics are set based on the
solution of a DC power flow algorithm, executed in the secondary
Optimized control of multi-terminal DC GridsUsing particle swarm optimization - Rouzbehi, Kumars; Miranian, Arash; Luna Alloza, Álvaro; Rodríguez Cortés, Pedro
This paper addresses the important issue of Multi-Terminal DC (MTDC) grid control strategy based on the particle swarm optimization (PSO) technique. The MTDC grid is controlled by the concept of vector control, in which the AC currents and voltages are transformed into the rotating directquadrature (d-q) reference quantities which are subsequently used for decoupled control of the active and reactive powers as well as the DC and AC voltages. The paper employs an efficient PSO algorithm for optimal tuning of the controllers’ parameters in an MTDC grid. In addition, voltage droop control scheme is utilized to ensure the balance of...
Comprehensive analogy between conventional AC grids and DC grids characteristics - Rouzbehi, Kumars; Gavriluta, Catalin; Candela García, José Ignacio; Luna Alloza, Álvaro; Rodríguez Cortés, Pedro
The high penetration of renewable energy resources, such as wind and photovoltaic, as well as the development of power electronics devices play an important role in the
development of DC grids. However, the evolution of DC-systems from point-to-point connections to ‘Multi-terminal’ DC (MTDC)
networks is not so straight forward. At the current moment there is a large gap in the literature concerning the dynamics, control
and operation of MTDC networks. On the other hand, conventional AC networks have been studied exhaustively in the past decades providing for a rich inspiration source.
In this paper we are going to establish a comprehensive analogy between the...
Adaptive droop for primary control in MTDC networks with energy storage - Gavriluta, Catalin; Candela García, José Ignacio; Luna Alloza, Álvaro; Rocabert Delgado, Joan; Rodríguez Cortés, Pedro
Multi-terminal DC (MTDC) systems are drawing a lot of interest lately in applications related to distributed generation, especially in those that integrate wind or PV systems together with energy storage. This paper proposes an improved strategy for the primary control of MTDC integrating energy storage (ES) units. The concept is based on the combination of a droop control method and dc-bus signaling in order to provide a generic approach to be used as basis for a hierarchical control structure in a multi-point DC-bus system.
The proposed method considers the State of Charge (SoC) of the energy storage system at the primary...
A generalized voltage droop strategy for control of multi-terminal DC grids - Rouzbehi, Kumars; Miranian, Arash; Luna Alloza, Álvaro; Rodríguez Cortés, Pedro
This paper proposes a generalized voltage droop (GVD) control strategy for control and power sharing in voltage source converter (VSC)-based multi-terminal DC (MTDC) grids. In the proposed approach, the conventional voltage droop characteristics of voltage-regulating VSC stations are replaced by the GVD characteristics. The proposed GVD control strategy can be operated in three different control modes including conventional voltage droop control, fixed active power control and fixed DC voltage control by proper adjustment of the GVD characteristics of the voltage-regulating converters. The proposed strategy improves the control and power-sharing capabilities of the conventional voltage droop, and enhances its maneuverability. Simulation...
Decentralized control of MTDC networks with energy storage and distributed generation - Gavriluta, Catalin; Candela García, José Ignacio; Citro, Costantino; Luna Alloza, Álvaro; Rodríguez Cortés, Pedro
Multi-terminal dc (MTDC) networks are drawing a lot of interest lately in applications related to distributed generation, especially in those that integrate energy storage. Several approaches for controlling the operation of such systems have been proposed in the literature; however the existing structures can be significantly enhanced. This paper proposes an improved primary control layer, based on droop and dc-bus signaling to serve as a base framework for implementing a hierarchical control structure in a MTDC system. As it will be further discussed in this work, five operating bands as well as various droop characteristics for different elements connected to...
Magnet shape influence on the performance of AFPMM with demagnetization - Saavedra Ordóñez, Harold; Riba Ruiz, Jordi-Roger; Romeral Martínez, José Luis
In this paper the effect of the magnets shape on the AFPMM performance under a demagnetization fault has been analyzed by means of 3D-FEM simulations. Demagnetization
faults in permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) may generate specific fault harmonic frequencies in the stator currents, output torque and the zero-sequence voltage component (ZSVC) spectra the ones can affect motor behavior, and so these parameters have been studied and compared, for each magnet
configuration in each condition. These analyses are carried out to find out the more suitable geometry for an operation under
healthy and faulty condition.
Sliding mode control of a single-phase LCL full-bridge rectifier - Biel Solé, Domingo; Dòria Cerezo, Arnau; Fossas Colet, Enric
This paper presents a dynamic analysis and the
control design for a singe-phase full bridge recti¿er with a
LCL ¿lter. The control algorithm is based on the sliding mode
control techniques that provides good tracking performances and
robustness against parameter variations. The control design also
considers the connection to a non ideal power network with a
grid impedance as well as higher harmonics components in the
voltage. The control law has been tested in numerical simulations
with satisfactory results (also in the case of non ideal power grid).
Control en modo deslizante de un rectificador monofásico con un filtro LCL - Biel Solé, Domingo; Dòria Cerezo, Arnau; Fossas Colet, Enric
En este artículo se presenta el análisis dinámico
y el diseño de un controlador para un rectificador monofásico
controlado con un filtro LCL. El algoritmo de control está
basado en las técnicas de modos deslizantes que permiten
unas buenas prestaciones de seguimiento y robustez en los
convertidores de potencia. Durante el diseño se ha considerado
la conexión a una red débil y con fuerte contenido armónico. La
ley de control se ha validado mediante simulaciones numéricas
con resultados satisfactorios incluso en casos de una red no